- Emissary veins
Vein: Emissary veins Latin vena emissaria
The emissary veins are valveless veins which normally drain external veins of the skull into the dural venous sinuses. However, because they are valveless, pus can flow into the skull through them as well, making them a possible route for transmission of extracranial infection to get into the skull.
One important emissary vein communicates from outside the skull through the sphenoidal emissary foramen inferior to the zygomatic arch with the cavernous sinus on the inside of the skull. This is an important route for spread of infection because cranial nerves III, IV, V1, V2, and VI and the internal carotid pass through the cavernous sinus. Subsequent infection or inflammation in the cavernous sinus can result in damage to any of the cranial nerves that pass through it or meningitis. Also, rupturing the emissary veins will result in a subdural hematoma which will compress the brain.
There are also emissary veins passing through the Foramen Ovale,Jugular Foramen,Foramen Lacerum and Hypoglossal canal.
Circulatory system: Arteries and veins (TA A12.0, TH H3.09.02, GA 6.543/GA 7.641) Systemic circulation Pulmonary circulation Blood vessels Arteries Veins Lymphatic Veins (emissary, jugular and others) of head and neck (drainage patterns can vary) (TA A12.3.04–06, GA 7.644) External jugularDirect Internal jugularTo COSTo CSTo IJVDirect BrachiocephalicDirect
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