- Popliteal artery
Name = PAGENAME
Latin = arteria poplitea
GraySubject = 159
GrayPage = 632
Caption = The arteries of the gluteal and posterior femoral regions. (Popliteal labeled at bottom center.)
Caption2 = Lymph glands of popliteal fossa.
BranchTo = anterior tibial,
posterior tibial artery, sural, superior genicular (medial, lateral), middle genicular, inferior genicular (medial, lateral)
MeshName = Popliteal+Artery
MeshNumber = A07.231.114.681
DorlandsPre = a_61
DorlandsSuf = 12155539
human anatomy, the popliteal artery is defined as the extension of the "superficial" femoral arteryafter passing through the adductor canaland adductor hiatusabove the knee. The termination of the popliteal artery is its bifurcation into the anterior tibial arteryand posterior tibial artery.
The popliteal artery, through numerous smaller branches, supplies blood to the
knee jointand muscles in the thighand calf. It is accompanied, along its length, by the popliteal vein.
The branches of the popliteal artery are:
anterior tibial artery
posterior tibial artery
medial superior genicular artery
lateral superior genicular artery
middle genicular artery
lateral inferior genicular artery
medial inferior genicular artery
fibular arterytypically arises from the posterior tibial artery.cite journal | author = Day C, Orme R | title = Popliteal artery branching patterns -- an angiographic study | journal = Clin Radiol | volume = 61 | issue = 8 | pages = 696–9 | year = 2006 | pmid = 16843754 | doi = 10.1016/j.crad.2006.03.014] Therefore, the posterior tibial artery proximal to the fibular artery origin is sometimes called the " tibial-peroneal trunk" or "tibial-fibular trunk" and it could be said that the popliteal artery bifurates into the "tibial-fibular trunk" and "anterior tibial artery".
Embryologically, the popliteal artery is derived from the
fetal sciatic artery, which is distinct from the femoral artery.Fact|date=January 2008
pulsecan be palpated behind the knee, but is generally more challenging to find than other arteries of the leg.
Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome
* - "Arteries of the lower extremity shown in association with major landmarks."
* [http://anatomy.med.umich.edu/surface/pulses/pulses.html Image at umich.edu - pulse]
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