- Inferior vesical artery
Name = Inferior vesical artery
Latin = arteria vesicalis inferior
GraySubject = 155
GrayPage = 615
Caption = The arteries of the pelvis.
Caption2 = Same picture, showing the source of inferior vesical artery, the
internal iliac artery, with other branches.
Internal iliac artery
Vesical venous plexus
Prostate, seminal vesicle, urinary bladder, vas deferens
DorlandsPre = a_61
DorlandsSuf = 12156518
The inferior vesical artery is an artery in the
pelvisthat supplies the lower part of the bladder.
The inferior vesical artery is a branch (direct or indirect) of the anterior division of the
internal iliac artery. It frequently arises in common with the middle rectal artery, and is distributed to the fundusof the bladder. In males, it also supplies the prostateand the seminal vesicles. The branches to the prostate communicate with the corresponding vessels of the opposite side.
Some texts consider it to be found only in males, and cite the
vaginal arteryas the homologous structure in females.cite book |author=Kyung Won, PhD. Chung |title=Gross Anatomy (Board Review) |publisher=Lippincott Williams & Wilkins |location=Hagerstown, MD |year=2005 |pages=289 |isbn=0-7817-5309-0 |oclc= |doi=]
Other texts consider it to be present in both males and females. [SUNYAnatomyLabs|43|13|03|01 - "The Female Pelvis: Branches of Internal Iliac Artery"] In these contexts, the inferior vesical artery in females is a small branch of a vaginal artery.
Superior vesical artery
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