Transverse cervical artery

Transverse cervical artery
Artery: Transverse cervical artery
Thyrocervical trunk.png
Superficial dissection of the right side of the neck, showing the carotid and subclavian arteries. Transverse cervical artery is labeled, branching from the thyrocervical_trunk.
Superficial and deep branches.png
Superficial and deep branches from the transverse cervical artery.
Latin arteria transversa cervicis, arteria transversa colli
Gray's subject #148 82
Supplies Trapezius
Sternocleidomastoid
Source Thyrocervical trunk   
Branches Superficial branch
Deep branch
Vein Transverse cervical veins

The transverse cervical artery (transverse artery of neck, transversa colli artery) is a branch of the thyrocervical trunk, running at a higher level than the suprascapular artery.

Contents

Path

It passes transversely above the inferior belly of the omohyoid muscle to the anterior margin of the trapezius, beneath which it divides into a superficial and a deep branch.

It crosses in front of the phrenic nerve and the scalene muscles, and in front of or between the divisions of the brachial plexus, and is covered by the platysma and sternocleidomastoid muscles, and crossed by the omohyoid and trapezius.

Branches

The transverse cervical artery splits into two branches, a superficial one and a deep one:

Additional images

External links

  • SUNY Labs 01:04-0100 – "Muscles of the Back: Spinal Accessory Nerve (CN XI) and Transverse Cervical Vessels"
  • SUNY Figs 26:03-04 – "Branches of the first part of the subclavian artery."

This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained within it may be outdated.



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  • transverse cervical artery — n an inconstant branch of the thyrocervical trunk or of the subclavian artery that when present supplies or divides into branches supplying the region at the base of the neck and the muscles of the scapula * * * arteria transversa cervicis …   Medical dictionary

  • Superficial branch of transverse cervical artery — Infobox Artery Name = PAGENAME Latin = ramus superficialis arteriae transversae colli GraySubject = GrayPage = Caption = Superficial and deep branches from the transverse cervical artery. Caption2 = BranchFrom = transverse cervical artery… …   Wikipedia

  • Transverse cervical veins — Infobox Vein Name = PAGENAME Latin = venae transversae cervicis GraySubject = GrayPage = Caption = Caption2 = DrainsFrom = Source = DrainsTo = External jugular vein Artery = Transverse cervical artery MeshName = MeshNumber = DorlandsPre = v 05… …   Wikipedia

  • Deep cervical artery — Artery: Deep cervical artery Costocervical trunk with branches. Right side. Latin arteria cervicalis profunda Gray s …   Wikipedia

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  • Subclavian artery — Infobox Artery Name = Subclavian artery Latin = arteria subclavia GraySubject = 148 GrayPage = 575 Caption = Schematic of the proximal aorta and its branches. The left subclavian artery is the fifth branch of the aorta and the third branch from… …   Wikipedia

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