- Rice vermicelli
Rice vermicelli Strands of bihon vermicelli Chinese name Chinese 米粉 Transcriptions Hakka - Romanization mi fun Mandarin - Hanyu Pinyin mífěn Min - Hokkien POJ bí-hún Wu - Shanghainese
mi3 fen1 Cantonese (Yue) - Jyutping mai3 fen2 Filipino name Tagalog bihon or bijon Malay name Malay bihun Tamil name Tamil சேவை (sevai) Thai name Thai วุ้นเส้น (woot sen) Vietnamese name Vietnamese bún
Rice vermicelli are thin noodles made from rice and are a form of rice noodles. They are sometimes referred to as rice noodles or rice sticks, but they should not be confused with cellophane noodles, which is another type of vermicelli.
Etymology and preparation
Rice vermicelli are a part of several Asian cuisines, where they are often eaten as part of a soup dish, stir fry, or salad. One particularly well known, slightly thicker variety, is called Guilin mǐfěn (桂林米粉), comes from the southern Chinese city of Guilin, where it is a breakfast staple.
- Cantonese noodles: A large number of Cantonese dishes use this ingredient (called maifun in Cantonese). Usually the noodles are simmered in broth with other ingredients such as fish balls, beef balls, and/or fish slices.
- In Fujian and Teochew cuisine, rice vermicelli is a commonly used noodle and is served either in soup, stir-fried and dressed with a sauce, or even 'dry' (without soup) with added ingredients and condiments.
- Taiwanese fried rice vermicelli is the dry, stir-fried local style (particularly known in the Hsinchu region). Its main ingredients include sliced pork, dried shrimp, and carrots.
- A Hsinchu specialty is to serve rice vermicelli 'dry' 乾 (gan, not in a soup) with mushroom and ground pork.
- Singapore style noodles (星州炒米, Xīng zhōu cháo mǐ) is a dish of fried rice vermicelli common in Hong Kong Cantonese-style eateries, inspired by the spicy cuisines of Southeast Asia.
- Bánh hỏi
- Bún riêu is rice vermicelli in soup with crab meat.
- Bún thịt nướng is a Vietnamese dish consisting of grilled pork (often shredded) and vermicelli noodles over a bed of greens (salad and sliced cucumber), herbs and bean sprouts. Also, it often includes a few chopped egg rolls, spring onions, and shrimp. It is commonly served with roasted peanuts on top and a small bowl of nước chấm.
- Summer roll is rice vermicelli with shrimp and herbs in a rice paper roll.
- Bún bò Huế
Singapore and Malaysia
- Kerabu bee hoon is a Nyonya-style rice vermicelli dish, mixed with herbs and other seasonings.
- Hokkien mee, commonly in Singapore, consists of rice vermicelli mixed with yellow noodles and fried with shrimp, sliced cuttlefish and pork bits. Hokkien mee throughout Malaysia varies considerably due to regional differences.
- Satay bee hoon is rice vermicelli served with spicy peanut satay sauce, common in Singapore.
- Mohinga, in Myanmar, is rice vermicelli served with curry gravy and fish.
- Mont Di is rice vermicelli served with clear fish soup or as salad with fish flakes.
India and Pakistan
- Sawaeyaa is a famous dish made from vermicelli cooked in milk sugar and dry nuts. It is eaten on Diwali, Eid, and other happy occasions in parts of India and Bangladesh.
- Paayasam is a famous South Indian sweet dish made from vermicelli, sago, sugar, spices and nuts and milk.
- Santhakai is a staple South Indian breakfast dish.
- ^ Lori Alden (2005). "Asian Rice Noodles". http://www.foodsubs.com/NoodlesRice.html. Retrieved November 4, 2011.
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