- Suman (food)
Suman is a
rice cakeoriginating from the Philippines. It is made from glutinous ricecooked in coconut milk, and often steamed in bananaleaves. It is served wrapped in "buli" or "buri" palm ( Corypha) leaves and usually eaten sprinkled with sugar.
There are numerous varieties of suman, with almost every town or locality having their speciality. Some are described below [cite web| title=IN PRAISE OF SUMAN PAST |url=http://www.tagalog-dictionary.com/source.php?a=suman |first=Elmer I |last=Nocheseda |work=Tagalog Dictionary |accessdate=2008-01-27] :
"Suman sa Ibus" - An ubiquitous variety of suman in the Philippines, the
glutinous riceis washed, and is then mixed with salt and coconut milk. The mixture is poured over pre-made coil containers of young palm leaves called Ibus, and fixed with the leaf's central shaft. This is then steamed using water mixed with "luyang dilaw" ( Turmeric) - giving it that distinctly yellow colour - and served either with a mixture of shredded coconut and sugar, or latik - (reduce coconut milk until white lumps form and simmer until golden brown).
"Suman sa Inantala" - The ingredients are similar to the Ibus variety, but the Inantala differs in that the mixture itself is cooked, and then poured over a small square mat cut from
"Suman sa Lihiya" - Soaked
glutinous ricemixed with coconut milkis treated with lye, wrapped in bananaleaves, and boiled for two hours. It is served especially with either of two varieties of latik - the brown one which has been darkened with extended cooking, and has a stronger coconutflavor or the white one which is more delicate.
"Suman sa Binuo" - A rare variety of suman, the
glutinous riceis soaked, milled, mixed with coconut milkand sugar, wrapped in the leaves of the Tagbak plant, and steamed. The leaves give this variety of suman a uniquely balmy, minty flavor, and the suman itself is chewier than the whole-rice varieties.
"Sumang Kamoteng Kahoy" -
Cassavais finely ground, mixed with coconut milk, sugar, wrapped in banana leaves, and steamed.
"Sumang Wilmacale" -
Cassavasuman of more solid consistency, sweetened with brown sugar and cocojam, steamed in banana leaves and served skewered.
Suman wrapping is a unique art in itself, and can be traced to pre-colonial roots which have had contact with Indian traditions. Wrappers utilize a wide variety of indigenous materials such as palm ,
banana, "anahaw" and bambooleaves, coconutshells, and others. Some wrappings are simple folds such as those found in the "binuo" and the "kamoteng kahoy", resulting in rectangular "suman". Others are in vertical coils like the "inantala", giving it a tubular form. Still others are in pyramid-like shapes, like the "balisungsong". Some forms of "suman" are eaten like ice cream–with cones made from banana leaves, and still others are in very complex geometric patterns like the "pusu" ("heart"). Some are woven into the shape of a banana blossom (which in the Philippines is referred to as the banana plant's "heart"), or the "pinagi" (from the word "pagi", meaning stingray), a complex octahedral star. [cite web| title=IN PRAISE OF SUMAN PAST |url=http://www.tagalog-dictionary.com/source.php?a=suman |first=Elmer I |last=Nocheseda |work=Tagalog Dictionary |accessdate=2008-01-27]
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