Elephant Trunk Hill, the Symbol of Guilin
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Guilin in
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map_caption1 = Administrative divisions within Guilin
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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = China
subdivision_type1 = Region
timezone = China Standard
utc_offset = +8
latd=25 |latm=16 |lats=14 |latNS=N
longd=110 |longm=17 |longs=31 |longEW=E
postal_code_type =Postal code
postal_code = 541000
footnotes = Guilin ( _zh. wd|桂wd|林;
pinyin: "Guìlín") is a city in China, situated in the northeast of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Regionon the west bank of the Li River. Its name means "forest of Sweet Osmanthus", owing to the large number of fragrant Sweet Osmanthus trees located in the city. The city has long been renowned for its unique scenery.
314 BC, a small settlement was established along the banks of the Li River.
111 BC, during the reign of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, Shi An County was established, which could be regarded as the beginning of the city.
In 507 AD, the town was renamed Guizhou.
Guilin prospered in the Tang and Song dynasties but remained a county. The city was also a nexus between the central government and the southwest border, and it was where regular armies were placed to guard that border.
Canals were built through the city so that food supplies could be directly transported from the food-productive Yangtze plain to the farthest southwestern point of the empire.
In 1921, Guilin became one of the headquarters of the Northern Expeditionary Army led by Dr.
In 1940, the city acquired its present name.
In 1981, this ancient city was listed by the
State Councilas one of the four cities (the other three being Beijing, Hangzhouand Suzhou) where the protection of historical and cultural heritage, as well as natural scenery, should be treated as a priority project.
*Area: 27,809 km²
*Typical karst formation
Diecai Hill(叠彩山), Elephant Trunk Hill(象鼻山), Seven-Star Cave(七星岩), Wave-Subduing Hill(伏波山), Lipu Mountains, The Cat Mountains(猫儿山） and Yaoshan Mountains
The Reed Flute Cave（芦笛岩），Seven Star Cave （七星岩）
Guilin administers 17
* Five city districts:
Xiufeng District(秀峰区), Xiangshan District(象山区), Diecai District(叠彩区), Qixing District(七星区), Yanshan District(雁山区).
* Ten counties:
Lingui County(临桂), Yangshuo County(阳朔), Lingchuan County(灵川), Xing'an County(兴安), Quanzhou County(全州), Yongfu County(永福), Ziyuan County(资源), Guanyang County(灌阳), Pingle County(平乐), Lipu County(荔浦).
autonomous counties: Gongcheng Yao Autonomous County(恭城瑶族自治县), Longsheng Autonomous County(龙胜各族自治县).
*Warm and rainy
*Plenty of sunshine and clear division of the four seasons
*Average temperature: 19°C annually
* The GDP per capita was ¥15775 (ca. US$1910) in 2003, ranked no. 125 among 659 Chinese cities.
* Local industry:
pharmaceutical goods, tires, machinery, fertilizer, silk, perfume, wine, tea, cinnamon, herbal medicine
*Local agricultural products:
Shatian Pomelo, summer orange, fructus momordicae, ginkgo, moon persimmon, Lipu Tara, Sanhua Alcohol, pepper sauce, fermented bean curd, Guilin Rice Noodle, water chestnut, grain, fishand dried bean milk cream in tight rolls
Guilin Liangjiang International AirportTrain：Guilin Train Station
Colleges and universities
*Guilin Medical College (桂林医学院)
* [http://www.glite.edu.cn Guilin Institute of Technology] (桂林工学院)
Guilin University of Electronic Technology(桂林电子科技大学)
*Guangxi Normal University (广西师范大学）
Note: Institutions without full-time bachelor programs are not listed.
Jingjiang Princes Cityis a royal complex dating from the Ming Dynastythat lies near the center of modern Guilin.
Other scenic spots around Guilin include:
Seven Star Park
Seven-Star Caveand Ludi (Reed-Flute) Cave
*Camel Mountain and
Elephant Trunk Hill
Piled Festoon Hill
*Huangbu (Yellow Cloth) Beach
Longsheng Rice Terrace
Guilin cuisine is known for its snacks and the use of spices, especially chili. The famous Guilin chili sauce, "Guìlín làjiāojiàng" (桂林辣椒酱), used widely in cooking by locals, [http://www.happyyangshuo.com/] is made of fresh chili, garlic, and fermented soybeans, and is considered one of the city's Three Treasures (桂林三宝). The other two of the Three Treasures are Guilin Sanhua Jiu (桂林三花酒), a variety of "
rice baijiu", or liquor distilled from rice; and Guilin pickled tofu(桂林豆腐乳).
Guilin rice noodles (桂林米粉; pinyin: Guìlín mǐfěn) have been the local breakfast staple since the Qin dynasty and are renowned for their delicate taste. Legend has it that when Qin troops suffering from diarrhea entered this region, a cook created the Guilin rice noodles for the army because they had trouble eating the local food. Specifically, the local specialty is noodles with
horse meat, but this dish can also be ordered without the horse meat. Zongzi(粽子; pinyin: "zòngzi"), a dumpling made from glutinous riceand mung bean paste wrapped in a bamboo or banana leaf) [http://www.yangshuohotel.com/] is another popular delicacy in Guilin.
*Guilin was used as the planet Kashyyyk in
* Many scenes from "
The Painted Veil (2006 film)", adapted from the 1925 W. Somerset Maughamnovel "The Painted Veil" were filmed in Guilin and the surrounding area.
*The scenery from the twenty Yuan bill is that of the Li River.
*Guilin is the final area of the video game "
Shenmue II" and the home of Shenhua.
*Guilin was mentioned in the novel "
The Joy Luck Club" as the original home of Suyuan Woo, the mother of the primary narrator of the story, Jing-mei Woo.
:"I often sent pictures of the hills of Guilin which I painted to friends back home, but few believed what they saw." ::-
Fan Chengda(Chinese Song Dynastyscholar):桂林山水甲天下 - "Guilin’s scenery is best among all under heaven."::- popular Chinese saying
Chinese alcoholic beverage
Transportation in Macau
NishikatsuraTown (西桂町), Japan
*Sister City: Hastings, New Zealand
* [http://www.guilin.gov.cn/ Official website of Guilin Government]
* [http://www.chinahighlights.com/guilin/attraction/ Guilin Attractions]
* [http://www.nationalparkofchina.com/guilin.html Guilin and Lijiang River National Park]
* [http://www.socher.org/gallery2/v/China2006/ 300 photos from Guilin and Surroundings (Longsheng, Yangshuo, Li Fluss) ]
* [http://www.yunnan.fr/guilin/guilin.html Photos, map and tips about Guilin]
* [http://www.trekinu.com/viewtrek.aspx?trkid=qytw9sef3syg3di Travel to Guilin photos and map]
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