Dolly Parton

Dolly Parton
Dolly Parton

Parton in 2005
Background information
Birth name Dolly Rebecca Parton
Also known as Dolly
Born January 19, 1946 (1946-01-19) (age 65)
Sevierville, Tennessee, U.S.
Genres Country, Country Pop, Bluegrass
Occupations Singer-songwriter, record producer, actress, author, philanthropist, musician, businesswoman
Instruments Vocals, guitar, banjo, autoharp, piano, drums, appalachian dulcimer, harmonica, pennywhistle, recorder, fiddle, bass guitar, saxophone
Years active 1957–present
Labels Goldband (1957–59)
Mercury Records (1962–64)
Monument (1965–67)
RCA (1967–86)
CBS (1987–95)
Rising Tide (1995–97)
Decca (1997–98)
Sugar Hill (1999–2006)
Dolly Records (2007–present)
Associated acts Reba McEntire, Porter Wagoner, Cat Stevens, Kenny Rogers, Emmylou Harris, Linda Ronstadt, Loretta Lynn, Tammy Wynette, Shania Twain, Juice Newton, Stella Parton, The Larkins, Altan, Billy Ray Cyrus, Miley Cyrus, Willie Nelson, Alison Krauss, Ricky Van Shelton, Vince Gill, Carrie Underwood

Dolly Rebecca Parton (born January 19, 1946[1]) is an American singer-songwriter, author, multi-instrumentalist, actress and philanthropist, best known for her work in country music. Dolly Parton has appeared in movies like 9 to 5, The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas, Steel Magnolias and Straight Talk. She is one of the most successful female country artists of all time, with more #1 hits than any other[2] and was recently dubbed "The Queen of Country Music." [3]


Early years

Dolly Parton was born in Sevierville, Tennessee, the fourth of twelve children born to Robert Lee Parton (March 22, 1921 – November 12, 2000) and Avie Lee Parton (née Owens; October 5, 1923 – December 5, 2003). Her family was, as she described them, "dirt poor".[4] She described her family's lack of money in a number of her early songs, notably "Coat of Many Colors" and "In the Good Old Days (When Times Were Bad)". They lived in a rustic, dilapidated one-room cabin in Locust Ridge, Tennessee, a hamlet just north of the Greenbrier Valley in the Locust Ridge area of the Great Smoky Mountains in Sevier County, a predominantly Pentecostal area.

Music played an important role in her early life. She once told an interviewer that her grandfather was a Pentecostal "holy-roller" preacher.[5] When appearing in live concerts, she frequently performs spiritual songs.

Career discovery

Parton began performing as a child, singing on local radio and television programs in the Eastern Tennessee area. By age nine, she was appearing on The Cas Walker Show on both WIVK Radio and WBIR-TV in Knoxville, Tennessee. At thirteen, she was recording (the single "Puppy Love"[6]) on a small Louisiana label, Goldband Records, and appeared at the Grand Ole Opry in Nashville, Tennessee. It was at the Opry where she first met Johnny Cash who encouraged her to go where her heart took her, and not to care what others thought.[7] The day after she graduated from high school in 1964, Parton moved to Nashville taking many traditional elements of folklore and popular music from East Tennessee with her.

Parton's initial success came as a songwriter, writing two top ten hits with her uncle Bill Owens: Bill Phillips's "Put it Off Until Tomorrow" and Skeeter Davis' 1967 hit "Fuel to the Flame". She also wrote a minor chart hit for Hank Williams Jr during this period.[8] She had signed with Monument Records in late 1965, where she was initially pitched as a bubblegum pop singer,[9] earning only one national-chart single, "Happy, Happy Birthday Baby," which did not crack the Billboard Hot 100.

The label agreed to let Parton sing country music after her composition, "Put It Off Until Tomorrow," as recorded by Bill Phillips (and with Parton, uncredited, on harmony), went to number six on the country music charts in 1966. Her first country single, "Dumb Blonde" (one of the few songs during this era that she recorded but did not write), reached number twenty-four on the country music charts in 1967, followed the same year with "Something Fishy," which went to number seventeen. The two songs anchored her first full-length album, Hello, I'm Dolly.


On May 30, 1966, she and Carl Thomas Dean were married in Ringgold, Georgia.[10] She had met Dean at the Wishy-Washy Laundromat two years earlier on her first day in Nashville. His very first words to her were: "Y'all gonna get sunburnt out there, little lady."[11]

Dean, who runs an asphalt road-surface-paving business in Nashville, has always shunned publicity and rarely accompanies her to any events. According to Parton, he has only ever seen her perform once. However, she has also commented in interviews that, although it appears they do not spend much time together, it is simply that nobody sees him. She has also commented on Dean's romantic side claiming that he will often do spontaneous things to surprise her, and sometimes even writes her poems.[12]

The couple partly raised several of Parton's younger siblings at their home in Nashville, leading her nieces and nephews to refer to her as "Aunt Granny". She has no children of her own.

Parton is also the godmother of actress and singer Miley Cyrus.

The couple are also the sole guardian of a family friend's son whose parents died within two years of each other, though in keeping with the very private nature of the family, not much is known of him.[citation needed]

On May 30, 2011, they celebrated their 45th anniversary. Later, she said, "We're really proud of our marriage. It's the first for both of us. And the last."[13]

Music career

1967–75: Country music success

In 1967, country entertainer Porter Wagoner invited Parton to join his organization, offering her a regular spot on his weekly syndicated television program The Porter Wagoner Show, as well as in his road show.

Initially, much of Wagoner's audience was unhappy that Norma Jean, the performer whom Parton had replaced, had left the show, and was reluctant to accept Parton (sometimes chanting loudly for Norma Jean from the audience).[citation needed] With Wagoner's assistance, however, Parton was eventually accepted. Wagoner also convinced his label, RCA Victor, to sign Parton. RCA decided to protect their investment by releasing her first single as a duet with Wagoner. That song, a cover of Tom Paxton's "The Last Thing on My Mind," released in late 1967, reached the country top ten in January 1968, launching a six-year streak of virtually uninterrupted top ten singles for the pair.

Parton's first solo single for RCA, "Just Because I'm a Woman," was released in the summer of 1968 and was a moderate chart hit, reaching number seventeen. For the remainder of the decade, none of her solo efforts – even "In the Good Old Days (When Times Were Bad)", which later became a standard – were as successful as her duets with Wagoner. The duo was named Vocal Group of the Year in 1968 by the Country Music Association, but Parton's solo records were continually ignored. Wagoner and Parton were both frustrated by her lack of solo success, because he had a significant financial stake in her future: as of 1969, he was her co-producer and owned nearly half of Owepar, the publishing company Parton had founded with Bill Owens.

By 1970, both Parton and Wagoner had grown frustrated by her lack of solo chart success, and Porter had her record Jimmie Rodgers' "Mule Skinner Blues", a gimmick that worked. The record shot to number three on the charts, followed closely, in February 1971, by her first number-one single, "Joshua." For the next two years, she had a number of solo hits – including her signature song "Coat of Many Colors" (number four in 1971) – in addition to her duets. Though she had successful singles, none of them were blockbusters until "Jolene". Released in late 1973, the song topped the singles chart in February 1974 (it would eventually also chart in the UK, reaching No. 7 in 1976, representing Parton's first UK success). Parton and Wagoner performed their last duet concert in April 1974, and she ceased appearing on his TV show in mid-1974, though they remained affiliated, with him helping to produce her records through 1976.[14] The pair continued to release duet albums, their final release being 1975's Say Forever You'll Be Mine.

In 1974, her song, "I Will Always Love You," written about her professional break from Wagoner, went to number one on the country music charts. Around the same time, Elvis Presley indicated that he wanted to cover the song. Parton was interested until Presley's manager, Colonel Tom Parker, told her that it was standard procedure for the songwriter to sign over half of the publishing rights to any song Elvis recorded.[15] Parton refused, and that decision is credited with helping to make her many millions of dollars in royalties from the song over the years.

1976–86: Branching out into pop music

From 1974 to 1980, she consistently charted in the country Top 10, with no fewer than eight singles reaching number one. Parton had her own syndicated-television variety show, Dolly! (1976–1977). During this period, many performers, including Rose Maddox, Kitty Wells, Olivia Newton-John, Emmylou Harris, and Linda Ronstadt, covered her songs, and her siblings Randy and Stella all received recording contracts of their own.[16]

It was also during this period that Parton began to embark on a high profile crossover campaign, attempting to aim her music in a more mainstream direction and increase her visibility outside of the confines of country music. In 1976, she signed with the Los Angeles PR firm Katz-Gallin-Morey, working closely with Sandy Gallin, who would serve as her personal manager for the next twenty-five years.

With her 1976 album All I Can Do, co-produced by herself with Porter Wagoner, Parton began taking more of an active role in production, and began specifically aiming her music in a more mainstream, pop direction. Her first entirely self-produced effort, 1977's New Harvest ... First Gathering, highlighted Parton's pop sensibilities, both in terms of choice of songs—the album contained covers of the pop and R&B classics "My Girl" and "Higher and Higher" – and the album's production. While receiving generally favorable reviews, however, the album did not achieve the crossover success Parton had hoped for. Though it topped the country albums charts, it stalled at No. 71 on the pop albums chart; the album's single, "Light of a Clear Blue Morning" only reached No. 87 on the Hot 100.

After New Harvest's disappointing chart performance, Parton turned to high profile pop producer Gary Klein for her next album. The result, 1977's Here You Come Again, became her first million-seller, topping the country albums chart and reaching No. 20 on the pop albums chart; the Barry Mann-Cynthia Weil-penned "title track" topped the country singles chart, and became Parton's first top-ten single on the pop charts (reaching number three). A second single, the double A-sided single "Two Doors Down"/"It's All Wrong But It's All Right" also topped the country singles chart and crossed over to the pop top twenty. For the remainder of the 1970s and into the early '80s, many of Parton's subsequent singles charted on both pop and country charts, simultaneously. Her albums during this period were developed specifically for pop-crossover success.

In 1978 Parton won a Grammy Award for Best Female Country Vocal Performance for her Here You Come Again album. She continued to have hits with "Heartbreaker" (1978), "Baby I'm Burning" and "You're the Only One" (both 1979), all of which charted in the pop singles Top 40, and all of which also topped the country-singles chart; 1979's "Sweet Summer Lovin'" became the first Parton single in two years to not top the country singles chart (though it still nonetheless reached the top ten). During this period, Parton's visibility continued to increase, with television appearances in 1977, 1978 and 1979. A highly publicized candid interview on The Barbara Walters Special in December 1977 (timed to coincide with Here You Come Again's release) was followed by appearances in 1978 on Cher's ABC television special, and her own joint special with Carol Burnett on CBS, Carol and Dolly in Nashville. She also served as one of three co-hosts (along with Roy Clark and Glen Campbell) on the CBS special Fifty Years of Country Music. In 1979, Parton hosted the NBC special The Seventies: An Explosion of Country Music, performed live at the Ford Theatre in Washington, D.C., and whose audience included President Jimmy Carter.

Parton's commercial success continued to grow during 1980, with three number-one hits in a row: the Donna Summer-written "Starting Over Again", "Old Flames Can't Hold a Candle to You", and "9 to 5", which topped the country and pop charts in early 1981.[14]

With less time to spend songwriting as she focused on a burgeoning film career, during the early 1980s Parton recorded a larger percentage of material from noted pop songwriters, such as Barry Mann and Cynthia Weil, Rupert Holmes, Gary Portnoy and Carole Bayer Sager.

Parton in Honolulu, Hawaii, 1983.

"9 to 5", the theme song to the feature film Nine to Five (1980) Parton starred in along with Jane Fonda and Lily Tomlin, not only reached number one on the country charts, but also, in February 1981, reached number one on the pop and the adult-contemporary charts, giving her a triple-number-one hit. Parton became one of the few female country singers to have a number-one single on the country and pop charts simultaneously. It also received an Academy Award nomination for Best Original Song.

Parton's singles continued to appear consistently in the country Top 10: between 1981 and 1985, she had 12 Top 10 hits; half of those were number-one singles. Parton continued to make inroads on the pop charts as well with a re-recorded version of "I Will Always Love You" from the feature film The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas (1982) scraping the Top 50 that year and her duet with Kenny Rogers, "Islands in the Stream" (written by the Bee Gees and produced by Barry Gibb), spent two weeks at number one in 1983.[14] Other chart hits during this period included Parton's chart-topping cover of the 1969 First Edition hit "But You Know I Love You" and "The House of the Rising Sun" (both 1981), "Single Women", "Heartbreak Express" and "Hard Candy Christmas" (1982) and 1983's "Potential New Boyfriend", which was accompanied by one of Parton's first music videos, and which also reached the U.S. dance charts.

She also continued to explore new business and entertainment ventures such as her Dollywood theme park, that opened in 1986 in Pigeon Forge, Tennessee.

By the mid-1980s, her record sales were still relatively strong, with "Save the Last Dance for Me", "Downtown", "Tennessee Homesick Blues" (all 1984); "Real Love" (another duet with Kenny Rogers), "Don't Call It Love" (both 1985); and "Think About Love" (1986) all reaching the country-singles Top 10. ("Tennessee Homesick Blues" and "Think About Love" reached number one. "Real Love" also reached number one on the country-singles chart and also became a modest pop-crossover hit). However, RCA Records did not renew her contract after it expired that year, and she signed with Columbia Records in 1987.[17]

1987–94: Return to country roots

Along with Harris and Ronstadt, she released the decade-in-the-making Trio (1987) to critical acclaim. The album strongly revitalized Parton's somewhat stagnant music career, spending five weeks at number one on Billboard's Country Albums chart, selling several million copies and producing four Top 10 country hits including Phil Spector's "To Know Him Is to Love Him", which went to number one. Trio won the Grammy Award for Best Country Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal and was nominated for a Grammy Award for Album of the Year. In 1987, she revived her television variety show, Dolly.

After a further attempt at pop success with 1987's Rainbow, Parton refocused on recording country material. White Limozeen (1989) produced two number-one hits in "Why'd You Come in Here Lookin' Like That" and "Yellow Roses". Although it looked like Parton's career had been revived, it was actually just a brief revival before contemporary country music came in the early 1990s and moved all veteran artists out of the charts.[17]

A duet with Ricky Van Shelton, "Rockin' Years" (1991) reached number one but Parton's greatest commercial fortune of the decade came when Whitney Houston recorded "I Will Always Love You" for the soundtrack of the feature film The Bodyguard (1992); both the single and the album were massively successful.

She recorded "The Day I Fall In Love" as a duet with James Ingram for the feature film Beethoven's 2nd (1993). The songwriters (Sager, Ingram, and Clif Mangess) were nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Song and Parton and Ingram performed the song on the awards telecast.

Similar to her earlier collabrative album with Harris and Ronstadt, Parton recorded Honky Tonk Angels (1994) with Loretta Lynn and Tammy Wynette.[18] It was certified as Gold Album by the Recording Industry Association of America and helped revive both Wynette's and Lynn's careers.

Also in 1994, Parton contributed the song "You Gotta Be My Baby" to the AIDS benefit album Red Hot + Country produced by the Red Hot Organization.


In 1995 Parton re-recorded "I Will Always Love You" as a duet with Vince Gill on her album Something Special for which they won the Country Music Association's Vocal Event of the Year Award.

A second and more contemporary collaboration with Harris and Ronstadt, Trio II (1999), was released and its cover of Neil Young's "After the Gold Rush" won a Grammy Award for Best Country Collaboration with Vocals. Parton was also inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1999.[18]

She recorded a series of bluegrass albums, beginning with The Grass Is Blue (1999), winning a Grammy Award for Best Bluegrass Album, and Little Sparrow (2001), with its cover of Collective Soul's "Shine" winning a Grammy Award for Best Female Country Vocal Performance. The third, Halos & Horns (2002) included a bluegrass version of the Led Zeppelin classic "Stairway to Heaven".

Parton released Those Were The Days (2005), her interpretation of hits from the folk-rock era of the late 1960s through the early 1970s. It featured such classics as John Lennon's "Imagine", Cat Stevens's "Where Do the Children Play?", Tommy James's "Crimson and Clover", and Pete Seeger's anti-war song "Where Have All the Flowers Gone?".

Parton earned her second Academy Award nomination for Best Original Song for "Travelin' Thru", which she wrote specifically for the feature film Transamerica (2005). Because of the song's theme of uncritical acceptance of a transgender woman, Parton received death threats.[19] She also returned to number one on the country charts later in 2005 by lending her distinctive harmonies to the Brad Paisley ballad, "When I Get Where I'm Goin'".[18]

In September 2007, Parton released her first single from her own record company, Dolly Records, entitled, "Better Get to Livin'", which eventually peaked at number forty-eight on the Billboard's Hot Country Songs chart. It was followed by the studio album, "Backwoods Barbie", which was released February 26, 2008, and reached number two on the country charts. The album's debut at number seventeen on the all-genre Billboard 200 albums chart has been the highest in her career.[20] Backwoods Barbie produced four additional singles, including the title track, which was written as part of her score for 9 to 5: The Musical, an adaptation of her feature film Nine to Five.

After the sudden death of Michael Jackson, whom Parton knew personally, she released a video in which she somberly told of her feelings on Jackson and his death.[21][22]

On October 27, 2009, Parton released a 4-CD box set entitled "Dolly" which features 99 songs and spans most of her career.[23] She is now set to release her second live DVD and album, "Live From London" in October 2009 which was filmed during her sold out 2008 concerts at London's O2 Arena.[24] She is also currently working on a dance-oriented album, "Dance with Dolly", which she hopes to release in 2010.[25]

Longtime friend Billy Ray Cyrus, singer of Brother Clyde, released their self-titled debut album on August 10, 2010. Parton is featured on "The Right Time", which she co-wrote with Cyrus and Morris Joseph Tancredi.

She stated in 2010 that she would like to start recording a country-dance album in November, and that it should be set for release in 2011. On January 6, 2011, Dolly announced her new album would be titled, Better Day. In February 2011, Dolly announced that she would embark on the Better Day World Tour on July 17, 2011, with shows in northern Europe and the United States.[26] The album's lead-off single, "Together You and I," was released on May 26, 2011, and Better Day was released on June 28, 2011.[27]

In 2011 Dolly voiced the character Dolly Gnome in the British-made animated film Gnomeo and Juliet.

In concert and on tour

Parton toured extensively from the late 1960s until the early 1990s. In the 60's and 70's, Parton toured alongside other country musicians including Porter Wagoner, George Jones and Linda Ronstadt. Parton toured as a headline act in 1977 and 1978 for promote her albums, Here You Come Again and Heartbreaker. From 1984 to 1985, she toured alongside Kenny Rogers for the "Real Love Tour". She continued touring in 1986 with the "Thinkin' About Love Tour" and in 1989 for the "White Limozeen Tour". Her only tour in the 1990s was the "Eagle When She Files Tour" which was performed in 1991 and 1992. In 2002 she returned to the concert stage; she later went on the Backwoods Barbie Tour in 2008 promoting Backwoods Barbie.

Dollywood Foundation Shows

From the early 1990s through 2001, her concert appearances were primarily limited to one weekend a year at Dollywood to benefit her Dollywood Foundation. The concerts normally followed a theme (similar to a Legends in Concert or, for example, a "fifties-music"-tribute concert). They have also included holiday shows during the Christmas season.

Halos & Horns Tour

After a decade-long absence from touring, Parton decided to return in 2002 with the Halos & Horns Tour, an 18-city, intimate club tour to promote Halos & Horns (2002). House of Blues Entertainment, Inc. produced the tour and it sold out all its U.S. and European dates (her first[clarification needed] in two decades).

Hello, I'm Dolly Tour

She returned to mid-sized-stadium venues in 2004 with her 36-city, U.S. and Canadian Hello, I'm Dolly Tour, a glitzier, more-elaborate stage show than two years earlier. With nearly 140,000 tickets sold, it was the tenth-biggest country tour of the year and grossed more than $6 million.

The Vintage Tour

In late 2005 Parton completed a 40-city tour with The Vintage Tour promoting her new Those Were the Days (2005).

An Evening with Dolly Parton

Parton scheduled mini concerts in late 2006 throughout the U.S. and Canada as a gear-up to her 17-city, 21-date An Evening with Dolly Parton. Running from March 6 – April 3, 2007, this was her first world tour in many years and her first tour in the United Kingdom since 2002.[28]

The tour sold out in every European city and gained positive reviews. It grossed just over $16 million. The most-noted feature of the shows, despite Parton being 60, was that most in attendance had never seen her in concert before. This, coupled with Parton's European popularity, led to a rapturous reception whenever she took to the stage.

Backwoods Barbie Tour

In 2008 Parton went on the Backwoods Barbie Tour. It was set to begin in the U.S. (February–April 2008) to coincide with the release of Backwoods Barbie (2008), her first mainstream-country album in 17 years.[29] However, because of back problems she postponed all U.S. dates. The tour started March 28, 2008, with 13 U.S. dates[30], followed by 17 European shows.[31][32]

She returned to the U.S. with a concert at Humphrey's By The Bay in San Diego, California, on August 1, 2008. She performed her Backwoods Barbie Tour on August 3, 2008, at the Greek Theatre in Los Angeles, California, to a sold-out crowd and standing ovations. From August 1 to November 1, she has scheduled 16 dates on both the east and west coasts of the U.S.[dated info][31]

Better Day World Tour

In 2011, Dolly plans to embark on the Better Day World Tour visiting northern Europe, the United States and Australia (for the first time in almost 30 years).


Parton is a successful songwriter, having begun by writing country-music songs with strong elements of folk music, based upon her upbringing in humble mountain surroundings, and reflecting her family's evangelical-Christian background. Her songs "Coat of Many Colors", "I Will Always Love You" and "Jolene" have become classics in the field, as have a number of others. As a songwriter, she is also regarded as one of country music's most-gifted storytellers, with many of her narrative songs based on persons and events from her childhood. On November 4, 2003, Dolly Parton was honored as a BMI Icon at the 2003 BMI Country Awards.[33] She has earned over 35 BMI Pop and Country Awards throughout her prolific songwriting career.[34] In 2001, she was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame.[35]

In a 2009 interview with CNN's Larry King Live, Parton indicated that she had written "at least 3,000" songs, having written seriously since the age of seven. Parton went on to say that she writes something every day, be it a song or an idea.[36]

Compositions in films and television and covers

Parton's songwriting has been featured prominently in several films.

In addition to the title song for Nine to Five (1980), she also recorded a second version of "I Will Always Love You" for The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas (1982). The second version proved to be another number-one country hit and also managed to reach the pop charts going to number 53 in the U.S.

"I Will Always Love You" has been covered by many country artists, including Ronstadt, on Prisoner In Disguise (1975); Kenny Rogers, on Vote for Love (1996); and LeAnn Rimes, on Unchained Melody: The Early Years (1997). Whitney Houston performed it on The Bodyguard (1992) film soundtrack and her version became the best-selling hit ever both written and performed by a female vocalist, with worldwide sales of over twelve million copies. In addition,the song has been translated into Italian and performed by the Welsh opera singer Katherine Jenkins, a fact referred to by Dolly herself in the Birmingham (UK) concert of the 'Backwoods Barbie' Tour.

As a songwriter, Parton has twice been nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Song, for "9 to 5" (1980) and "Travelin' Thru" (2005). "Travelin' Thru" did win as Best Original Song award at the Phoenix Film Critics Society Awards (2005). The song was also nominated for both the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song (2005) and the Broadcast Film Critics Association Award (also known as the Critics' Choice Awards) for Best Song (2005).

A cover version of "Love Is Like A Butterfly", recorded by singer Clare Torry, was used as the theme music for the British TV show Butterflies.

American Idol appearance

The music-competition, reality-television show American Idol (since 2002) has weekly themes and the April 1–2, 2008, episodes' theme was "Dolly Parton Songs" with the nine then-remaining contestants each singing a Parton composition. Parton participated as a "guest mentor" to the contestants and also performed "Jesus and Gravity" (from Backwoods Barbie and released as a single in March 2008) receiving a standing ovation from the studio audience.

9 to 5: The Musical

Parton wrote the score (and Patricia Resnick wrote the book) for 9 to 5: The Musical, a musical-theatre adaptation of Parton's feature film Nine to Five (1980). The musical ran at the Ahmanson Theatre, Los Angeles, California, in Fall 2008.

It opened on Broadway at the Marquis Theatre in New York City, on April 30, 2009, to mixed reviews.[37] The title track of her Backwoods Barbie (2008), was written for the musical's character Doralee.[38] Though her score (as well as the musical debut of actress Allison Janney) was praised, the show struggled and closed on September 6, 2009 after 24 previews and 148 performances.

Developing the musical was not an overnight process. According to a broadcast of the public-radio program Studio 360 (October 29, 2005),[39] in October 2005 Parton was in the midst of composing the songs for a Broadway musical-theatre adaptation of the film. In late June 2007, 9 to 5: the Musical was read for industry presentations. The readings starred Megan Hilty, Allison Janney, Stephanie J. Block, Bebe Neuwirth and Marc Kudisch.[40]


Parton plays the autoharp, banjo, drums, dulcimer, fiddle, guitar, harmonica, flute, pennywhistle and piano.[41] She began composing songs at the age of four, her mother often writing down the music as she heard Parton singing around the house. Parton often describes her talent as having "the gift of rhyme".

Acting career

During the mid-1970s, Parton wanted to expand her audience base. Although her first attempt, the television variety show Dolly! (1976–1977), had high ratings, it lasted only one season, with Parton requesting to be released from her contract because of the stress it was causing her vocal cords. (She later tried a second television variety show, also entitled Dolly (1987–1988); it also lasted only one season.)


In her first feature film she portrayed a secretary in a leading role with Jane Fonda and Lily Tomlin in 9 to 5 (1980). Parton received Golden Globe Award nominations for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy and New Star Of The Year – Actress.[42][43]

She also wrote and recorded the biggest solo hit of her career with the film's title song. It received a nomination for Academy Award for Best Song along with a Golden Globe Award nomination for Best Original Song.[43] Released as a single, the song won two Grammy Awards: Best Female Country Vocal Performance and Best Country Song. The song also reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100 and in was placed number 78 on the American Film Institute's "100 Years... 100 Songs" list released in 2004. Parton was also named Top Female Box Office Star by the Motion Picture Herald in both 1981 and 1982.

Parton's second film The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas (1982), co-starring Burt Reynolds and Dom DeLuise.[42] earned her a second Golden Globe nomination for Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy.[43]

In 1984, she was teamed with Sylvester Stallone, for the comedy-film, Rhinestone. The film was released with high-hopes; but, upon release was critically panned, and is noted for being a box-office failure.

In 1989, Parton would regain her success with the "chick-flick" film Steel Magnolias. The film co-starred, Sally Field, Shirley MacLaine, and newcomer Julia Roberts.

In 1991, Straight Talk, co-starred Parton with James Woods, released by Hollywood Pictures. Released in April-1992, the film was critically panned, and met with little success at the box-office.

Parton then tried to launch a TV series entitled The Dolly Show, but the project never bore fruit.[42]

In 1993 Parton played made a cameo appearance as herself in The Beverly Hillbillies (an adaptation of the long-running television situation comedy of the same name).

In 2002 Parton appeared as an overprotective mother in Frank McKlusky, C.I. with Dave Sheridan, Cameron Richardson and Randy Quaid.

In 2005 Parton again played herself in a cameo appearance in Miss Congeniality 2: Armed and Fabulous (the sequel to Sandra Bullock's earlier Miss Congeniality (2000)).

In 2008 Parton was featured in The Book Lady a documentary about her campaign for children’s literacy.[44] She was expecting to repeat her television role as Hannah's godmother in Hannah Montana: The Movie but the character was omitted from the final screenplay.[45]

In 2011 Dolly was in the movie Gnomeo and Juliet, a film about Shakespeare's story of Romeo and Juliet about gnomes.

Parton co-stars with Queen Latifah in Joyful Noise, a gospel-choir feature film from Alcon Entertainment, which finished filming in April 2011.[46] In Joyful Noise, Parton will plays choir director's widow who joins forces with Queen Latifah's mother of two teens to save the Pacashau gospel choir after the death of her husband.[47]


In addition to her performing appearances on the Wagoner Show in the 1960s and into the 1970s; her two self-titled television variety shows in the 1970s and 1980s; and on American Idol in 2008 and other guest appearances, Parton has also acted in television roles. In 1979 she received an Emmy award nomination as "Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Variety Program" for her guest appearance in a Cher special. During the 1980s, she starred in two popular television concert specials: 1983's Dolly in London, filmed live in London's Dominion Theatre, and Dolly & Kenny: Real Love, a 1985 concert special with Kenny Rogers, filmed during their joint concert tour. (Parton and Rogers also filmed a popular 1984 holiday special for CBS, and the two teamed up with Willie Nelson in 1989 for another concert special Something Inside So Strong.)

Parton has appeared as a frequent presenter and performer on a number of awards shows, from the 1960s through the 2010s, and she remains a popular guest on a number of talk shows.

She starred in the television movie A Smoky Mountain Christmas (1986); Wild Texas Wind (1991) Unlikely Angel (1996), portraying an angel sent back to earth following a deadly car crash; and Blue Valley Songbird (1999), where her character lives through her music.

Parton has also done voice work for animation for television series, playing herself in the Alvin and the Chipmunks (episode "Urban Chipmunk", 1983) and the character Katrina Eloise "Murph" Murphy in The Magic School Bus (episode "The Family Holiday Special", 1994).

Parton has guest starred in a number of sitcoms, including a 1990 episode of Designing Women (episode "The First Day of the Last Decade of the Entire Twentieth Century") as herself, the guardian movie star of Charlene's baby.[48] She also appeared in the situation comedy series Reba (episode "Reba's Rules of Real Estate") portraying a real-estate agency owner, and on The Simpsons (episode "Sunday, Cruddy Sunday", 1999). She also appeared as herself in 2000 on the Halloween episode of Bette Midler's sitcom Bette, and episode 14 of the Fox sitcom Babes (which was produced by Sandollar Productions, Parton and Sandy Gallin's joint production company).

She also made cameo appearances on the Disney Channel as "Aunt Dolly" visiting Hannah and her family in the fellow Tennessean Miley Cyrus's series Hannah Montana (episodes "Good Golly, Miss Dolly", 2006, "I Will Always Loathe You", 2007, and "Kiss It All Goodbye", 2010). The role came about because of her real-life relationship as Cyrus's godmother. She was nominated for a Outstanding Guest Actress in Comedy Series.[49]


In 1998, Nashville Business ranked her as the wealthiest country-music star.[50]

The Dollywood Company

Parton invested much of her earnings into business ventures in her native East Tennessee, notably Pigeon Forge. She is a co-owner of The Dollywood Company, which operates the theme park Dollywood (a former Silver Dollar City), a dinner theatre, Dolly Parton's Dixie Stampede, and the waterpark, Dollywood's Splash Country, all in Pigeon Forge.

Dollywood is ranked as the 24th-most-popular theme park in the U.S., with about three million visitors annually.[51] The area is a thriving tourist attraction, drawing visitors from large parts of the Southeastern and Midwestern U.S. This region of the U.S., like most areas of Appalachia, had suffered economically for decades; Parton's business investment has helped revitalize the area.

The Dixie Stampede business also has venues in Branson, Missouri, and Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. A former Dixie Stampede location in Orlando, Florida closed in January 2008 after the business's land and building were sold to a developer.[52] Starting in June 2011, the Myrtle beach location became Pirates Voyage Fun, Feast & Adventure; Parton appeared for the opening, and the South Carolina General Assembly declared June 3, 2011 Dolly Parton Day.[53]

Film and television production company

Parton is a co-owner of Sandollar Productions with Sandy Gallin, her former manager. A film-and-television-production company, it produced the Common Threads: Stories from the Quilt (1989) which won an Academy Award for Best Documentary (Feature); the television series Babes (1990–1991) and Buffy the Vampire Slayer (1997–2003); and the feature films Father of the Bride (1991), Father of the Bride: Part II (1995) Straight Talk (1992) (in which Parton also starred), Sabrina (1995), among other shows. In a 2009 interview singer Connie Francis revealed that Dolly had been contacting her for years in an attempt to film the singer's life story. Francis turned down Parton's offers as she was already in negotiations with singer Gloria Estefan to produce the film, a collaboration which has now ended.[54]

Other businesses

Briefly from 1987, Parton owned Dockside Plantation, a restaurant in the upscale neighborhood of Hawaiʻi Kai in Honolulu, Hawaii. She also had a "signature line" of wigs from Revlon in the early 1990s. The best-selling style, "Dolly's Own", is still sold by Revlon, albeit under a new style name.

Philanthropic efforts

Since the mid-1980s Parton has supported many charitable efforts, particularly in the area of literacy, primarily through her Dollywood Foundation.

Dolly Parton's Imagination Library

Her literacy program, "Dolly Parton's Imagination Library",[55] a part of the Dollywood Foundation, mails one book per month to each enrolled child from the time of their birth until they enter kindergarten. It began in Sevier County but has now been replicated in 566 counties across 36 U.S. states (as well as in Canada[56]). In December 2007 it expanded to Europe with the South Yorkshire town of Rotherham, United Kingdom, being the first British locality to receive the books. The program distributes more than 2.5 million free books to children annually.

In 2006 Parton published a cookbook Dolly's Dixie Fixin's: Love, Laughter and Lots of Good Food.[57][58] The net profits support the Dollywood Foundation.

Other philanthropy

Dollywood has been noted for bringing jobs and tax revenues to a previously depressed region. She has also worked to raise money on behalf of several other causes, including the American Red Cross and a number of HIV/AIDS-related charities.

In December 2006, Parton pledged $500,000 toward a proposed $90-million hospital and cancer center to be constructed in Sevierville in the name of Dr. Robert F. Thomas, the physician who delivered her; she also announced plans for a benefit concert to raise additional funds for the project. The concert went ahead playing to about 8,000 people.[59]

In May 2009, Parton gave the commencement address at the University of Tennessee. Her speech was about her life lessons, and she encouraged the graduates to never stop dreaming.

Awards and honors

Parton is one of the most-honored female country performers of all time. The Record Industry Association of America has certified 25 of her single or album releases as either Gold Record, Platinum Record or Multi-Platinum Record. She has had 26 songs reach number one on the Billboard country charts, a record for a female artist. She has 42 career-top-10 country albums, a record for any artist, and 110 career-charted singles over the past 40 years. All inclusive sales of singles, albums, hits collections, paid digital downloads and compilation usage during Parton's career have reportedly topped 174 million records around the world.[60]

Parton during a reception for The Kennedy Center honorees in the East Room of the White House in Washington, D.C., on December 3, 2006.

She has received eight Grammy Awards and a total of 45 Grammy Award nominations.[61][62] At the 2011 Grammies she was given a Lifetime Achievement Award. At the American Music Awards she has won three awards, but has received 18 nominations. At the Country Music Association, she has received 10 awards and 42 nominations. At the Academy of Country Music, she has won seven awards and 39 nominations. She is one of only six female artists (including Reba McEntire, Barbara Mandrell, Shania Twain, Loretta Lynn, and Taylor Swift), to win the Country Music Association's highest honor, Entertainer of the Year (1978). She has also been nominated for two Academy Awards and a Tony Award.

She was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for Recording in 1984, located at 6712 Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood, California; a star on the Nashville Star Walk for Grammy winners; and a bronze sculpture on the courthouse lawn in Sevierville. She has called that statue of herself in her hometown "the greatest honor," because it came from the people who knew her.

Parton was inducted into the Grand Ole Opry in 1969, and in 1986 was named one of Ms. Magazine's Women of the Year. In 1986, Parton was inducted into the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame. In 1999, Parton received country music's highest honor, an induction into the Country Music Hall of Fame. She received an honorary doctorate degree from Carson-Newman College (Jefferson City, Tennessee) in 1990. This was followed by induction into the National Academy of Popular Music/Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2001. In 2002, Parton ranked number four in CMT's 40 Greatest Women of Country Music.

She was honored in 2003 with a tribute album called Just Because I'm a Woman: Songs of Dolly Parton. The artists who recorded versions of Parton's songs included Melissa Etheridge ("I Will Always Love You"), Alison Krauss ("9 to 5"), Twain ("Coat of Many Colors"), Me'Shell NdegéOcello ("Two Doors Down"), Norah Jones ("The Grass is Blue"), and Sinéad O'Connor ("Dagger Through the Heart"); Parton herself contributed a rerecording of the title song, originally the title song for her first RCA album in 1968. Parton was awarded the Living Legend Medal by the U.S. Library of Congress on April 14, 2004, for her contributions to the cultural heritage of the United States.[63]

U.S. President George W. Bush and First Lady Laura Bush, with the Kennedy Center honorees in the Blue Room of the White House during a 2006 reception. From left: singer/songwriter William "Smokey" Robinson; composer Andrew Lloyd Webber; Dolly Parton; film director Steven Spielberg; and conductor Zubin Mehta.

This was followed in 2005 with the National Medal of Arts, the highest honor given by the U.S. government for excellence in the arts and is presented by the U.S. President.

On December 3, 2006, Parton received the Kennedy Center Honors from the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts for her lifetime of contributions to the arts. Other 2006 honorees included Zubin Mehta, Steven Spielberg, Smokey Robinson and Andrew Lloyd Webber. During the show, some of country music's biggest names came to show their admiration. Carrie Underwood performed Parton's hit "Islands in the Stream" with Rogers, Parton's original duet partner. Krauss performed "Jolene" and duetted "Coat of Many Colors" with Twain. McEntire and Reese Witherspoon also came to pay tribute.

On November 16, 2010, Parton accepted the Liseberg Applause Award, the theme park industry's most prestigious honor, on behalf of Dollywood theme park during a ceremony held at IAAPA Attractions Expo 2010 in Orlando.

Philanthropy-related honors

In 2003, her efforts to preserve the bald eagle through the American Eagle Foundation's sanctuary at Dollywood earned her the Partnership Award from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Parton received the Woodrow Wilson Award for Public Service from the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars of the Smithsonian Institution at a ceremony in Nashville on November 8, 2007.

For her work in literacy, Parton has received various awards including:

With Tennessee Senator Bob Corker at the rededication ceremony for the Great Smoky Mountains National Park in 2009.

On May 8, 2009, Parton gave the commencement speech at the commencement ceremony in Knoxville, Tennessee, for the University of Tennessee, Knoxville's College of Arts and Sciences.[64] During the ceremony she received an honorary degree, a doctorate of humane and musical letters, from the university. It was only the second honorary degree to be given by the university and in presenting the degree, the university's chancellor, Jimmy G. Cheek, said, "Because of her career not just as a musician and entertainer, but for her role as a cultural ambassador, philanthropist and lifelong advocate for education, it is fitting that she be honored with an honorary degree from the flagship educational institution of her home state."[65]


Parton has turned down several offers to pose for Playboy magazine, although she did appear on the cover of Playboy's October 1978 issue wearing a Playboy bunny outfit, complete with ears (the October 1978 Playboy issue also featured Lawrence Grobel's extensive and candid interview with Parton, representing one of her earliest high profile interviews with the mainstream press). The association of breasts with Parton's public image is illustrated in the naming of Dolly the sheep after her, since the sheep was cloned from a cell taken from an adult ewe's mammary gland.[66][67] When Parton was asked whether she minded being an eponym in this way, she joked, "No, there's no such thing as baa-ad publicity."

She has had plastic surgery.[68][69] On a 2003 broadcast of The Oprah Winfrey Show, Winfrey asked what kind of cosmetic surgery Parton had undergone. Parton stated that she felt that cosmetic surgery was imperative in keeping with her famous image, but jokingly admitted, "If I have one more facelift, I'll have a beard!" Parton has repeatedly joked about her physical image and surgeries, saying, "If I see something sagging, bagging, and dragging, I'm going to nip it, suck it and tuck it. Why should I look like an old barn yard dog if I don't have to?" and "It takes a lot of money to look this cheap." Her breasts also garnered mention of her in several songs in the 1980s and 1990s, including "Dolly Parton's Hits" by Bobby Braddock, "Talk Like Sex" by Kool G Rap and DJ Polo, "Dolly Parton's Tits" by MacLean & MacLean,"Crazy Rap" by Afroman, and "Make Me Proud" by Drake ft. Nicki Minaj.

Press agent Lee Solters represented Parton and has remarked that he knew her "since she was flat-chested".[70]


Studio Albums:


List of film acting performances
Motion-picture title Release year Role Notes Gross revenue
9 to 5 1980 Doralee Rhodes Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy $107,000,000
Best Little Whorehouse in Texas, TheThe Best Little Whorehouse in Texas 1982 Mona Stangley Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy $72,000,000
Rhinestone 1984 Jake $32,000,000
Steel Magnolias 1989 Truvy Jones $98,000,000
Straight Talk 1992 Shirlee Kenyon $28,000,000
Beverly Hillbillies, TheThe Beverly Hillbillies 1993 Herself cameo appearance $113,000,000
Frank McKlusky, C.I. 2002 Edith McKlusky $18,000,000
Miss Congeniality 2: Armed and Fabulous 2005 Herself cameo appearance $102,000,000
Gnomeo and Juliet 2011 Dolly Gnome voice $29,000,000
The Year Dolly Parton Was My Mom 2011 Herself Voice cameo
Joyful Noise 2012 G.G. Sparrow
List of television acting performances
TV program Release year Role Notes Episode title
Dolly and Carol in Nashville 1979 Trudy/Herself TV movie
Lily: Sold Out 1981 Herself TV movie
Smoky Mountain Christmas, AA Smoky Mountain Christmas 1986 Lorna Davis TV movie
Wild Texas Wind 1991 Thiola "Big T" Rayfield TV movie
Heavens to Betsy 1994 Betsy Baxter TV series Pilot episode, unaired
Mindin' My Own Business 1994 Catering business owner Pilot episode, unaired
Unlikely Angel 1996 Ruby Diamond TV movie
The Magic School Bus 1996 Katrina Eloise 'Murph' Murphy TV series "The Family Holiday Special"
Blue Valley Songbird 1999 Leanna Taylor TV movie
Reba 2005 Dolly Majors TV series "Reba's Rules of Real Estate"
Hannah Montana 2006, 2007, 2010 Aunt Dolly TV series
  • "Good Golly Miss Dolly" (2006)
  • "I Will Always Loathe You" (2007)
  • "Kiss It All Goodbye" (2010)
List of television appearances as singer
Title Year Role Notes Episodes
Porter Wagoner Show, TheThe Porter Wagoner Show 1967–1974 regular singer All
Dolly! 1976–1977 host and performer All
Cher... Special 1978 herself Nominated—Emmy Award for Individual Performance in a Variety or Music Program
Lily Tomlin Special, TheThe Lily Tomlin Special 1981 herself
Alvin and the Chipmunks 1987 herself one episode
Dolly 1987–1988 host 22 episodes
Bob Hope's Christmas Special 1988 herself
Designing Women 1990 Herself – The Guardian Movie Star "The First Day of the Last Decade of the Entire 20th century: Part 1 & 2"
Babes 1991 Herself Cameo appearance "Hello Dolly"
Big Dreams and Broken Hearts: The Dottie West Story 1995 Herself Cameo appearance
Naomi & Wynonna: Love Can Build a Bridge 1995 Herself
Get to the Heart: The Barbara Mandrell Story 1997 Herself Cameo appearance
Simpsons, TheThe Simpsons 1999 Herself "Sunday, Cruddy Sunday"
Jackie's Back 1999 Herself Cameo appearance
Bette 2000 Herself Cameo appearance "Halloween"
19 Kids and Counting" 2009 Herself Cameo "Duggars Go To Dollywood"

See also


  1. ^ Dolly PARTON, interview with Dale WINTON, BBC Radio 2, 1900 hrs Sat Aug 27, 11
  2. ^ "Chart Beat Thursday: Ke$ha, Janet, Reba". Billboard. December 24, 2009. Retrieved December 26, 2009. 
  3. ^ Billy Sloan (April 17, 2011). "Country music legend Dolly Parton spills secrets of her incredible 56-year career". The Daily Record. Retrieved September 24, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Dolly Parton talks new album, tour", CNN, July 9, 2002.
  5. ^ "Backwoods glam", The Washington Times, December 1, 2006.
  6. ^ Info on (retrieved 2011-10-12)
  7. ^ Cash 1998, p. ??.
  8. ^ Whitburn 2005, pp. 108, 422.
  9. ^ Nash 1978, pp. 64–70.
  10. ^ "Dolly Rebecca Parton (19 Jan 1947 – )". May 2, 2011. Retrieved October 10, 2011. 
  11. ^ Parton 1994, p. 142.
  12. ^ Parton, Dolly. "Dolly: My Life and Other Unfinished Business". HarperCollins, 1994, p.214
  13. ^ "Dolly Parton a quote machine". Toronto Sun. July 23, 2010. 
  14. ^ a b c "Dolly Parton at Allmusic"
  15. ^ "Dolly Parton Reflects on Her Greatest Moments", CMT, July 7, 2006.
  16. ^ Dolly Parton biography at Allmusic
  17. ^ a b Dolly Parton biography at Allmusic
  18. ^ a b c Dolly Parton biography at
  19. ^ ""Review: Backwoods Barbie," "Christianity Today"". August 4, 2008. Retrieved October 10, 2011. 
  20. ^ "Janet Dethrones Jack To Top Billboard 200" Billboard Online, March 5, 2008"
  21. ^ Franich, Darren (June 30, 2009). " "Dolly Parton remembers Michael Jackson", June 30, 2009". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved October 10, 2011. 
  22. ^ om een reactie te plaatsen! (June 30, 2009). ""Dolly's Video Diary: Rest in Peace Michael"". YouTube. Retrieved October 10, 2011. 
  23. ^ ""Legacy Records Press Release"". August 18, 2009. Retrieved October 10, 2011. 
  24. ^ ""DOLLY PARTON TO RELEASE ‘DOLLY: LIVE FROM LONDON’ DVD & CD 2-DISC SET AVAILABLE NOVEMBER 10," "Mitch Schneider Organization Press Release"". Retrieved October 10, 2011. 
  25. ^ Sterdan, Darryl (October 22, 2009). ""Parton ways," "Winnipeg Sun"". Retrieved October 10, 2011. 
  26. ^ Lee, Joyce (March 25, 2011). "Dolly Parton plans world tour, new album". CBS News. CBS Corporation. Retrieved March 30, 2011. 
  27. ^ "Dolly Parton Releases “Better Day” Her Latest Studio Album". June 28, 2011. Retrieved October 10, 2011. 
  28. ^ ""Dollymania FAQ – No 2"". Retrieved October 10, 2011. 
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  30. ^ ""Dolly Parton On-Line / Tour & Concert Tickets"". Retrieved October 10, 2011. 
  31. ^ a b ""Dolly Parton Tour Schedule From Official Publicist's Website"". Retrieved October 10, 2011. 
  32. ^ "Dollymania FAQ No. 2". Retrieved August 10, 2008.
  33. ^ "Dolly Parton to be Honored as BMI ICON at Country Awards". Retrieved October 2, 2010. 
  34. ^ "Songwriters Dolly Parton, Conway Twitty and Johnny Bond inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame". Retrieved October 2, 2010. 
  35. ^ Songwriters Hall of Fame press release announcing 2001 inductees, April 16, 2001
  36. ^ "Dolly Parton Speaks Out; Variety Entertainer Danny Gans Does Impressions and Talks About Comedy". CNN LARRY KING LIVE. March 7, 2009. 
  37. ^ "9 to 5 The Musical"
  38. ^ Jones, Kenneth."Hello, Dolly! 9 to 5 Books Broadway's Marquis; Full Casting Announced",, July 15, 2008
  39. ^ Studio 360 Archive[dead link]
  40. ^ "Playbill News: A Cup of Ambition: 9 to 5 Musical Takes Next Step in NYC Reading with Neuwirth, Janney, Block". Playbill. Retrieved October 10, 2011. 
  41. ^ ""Dollymania FAQ No. 30"". Retrieved October 10, 2011. 
  42. ^ a b c "Dolly Parton (Songwriters Hall of Fame)". Songwriters Hall of Fame. Retrieved September 25, 2011. 
  43. ^ a b c "Dolly Parton Golden Globe Awards & Nominations". Hollywood Foreign Press Association (Golden Globes). Retrieved September 25, 2011. 
  44. ^ The Book Lady
  45. ^ "Feb. 16–23: He Said, She Said". Yahoo! Music. February 19, 2008. 
  46. ^ McNary, Dave (August 20, 2010). "Queen Latifah, Dolly Parton make Noise". Variety. Retrieved October 10, 2011. 
  47. ^ "Dolly Parton to Return To Film After 18 Years in Joyful Noise". Retrieved October 10, 2011. 
  48. ^ Designing Women Season 4 Episode Guide. Airdate January 1, 1990.
  49. ^ "Dolly Parton interview". US*99.5's Morning Show hosts Lisa Dent & Ramblin' Ray. November 2, 2007.
  50. ^ ""Dollymania FAQ – No 24"". Retrieved October 10, 2011. 
  51. ^ "Dollymania FAQ No 23", accessed May 1, 2009
  52. ^ Blake, Scott (January 8, 2008). "Orlando's Dixie Stampede shuts down". Florida Today. Archived from the original on January 19, 2008. Retrieved March 23, 2011. 
  53. ^ Grooms, Vicki (December 31, 2010). "Pirates Voyage docks in Myrtle Beach". The Sun News. Retrieved December 31, 2010. 
  54. ^ Daeida Magazine (December 2009) – Interview by: David Ybarra pg. 26 LINK
  55. ^ Dolly Parton's Imagination Library, official website
  56. ^ "Details of Canadian Scheme". Retrieved October 10, 2011. 
  57. ^ Penguin USA (2006) Dolly's Dixie Fixin's: Love, Laughter and Lots of Good Food at, ASIN: B000SSP25C
  58. ^ Dolly's Dixie Fixin's, official website.
  59. ^ "Parton pledges $500,000 to hospital". USA Today. December 13, 2006. 
  60. ^ ""Dollymania – Awards"". Retrieved October 10, 2011. 
  61. ^ "Relix: The Magazine For Music – From Rags To Riches With Dolly Parton, January 14, 2008"
  63. ^ Fischer, Audrey. "Dolly Parton, Living Legend". Library of Congress. 
  64. ^ Video (video requires Adobe Flash; transcript provided) (May 8, 2009). "Dolly Parton Presents Commencement Speech" University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Retrieved September 8, 2009.
  65. ^ News release (2009-5-08). "UT Knoxville Awards Dolly Parton Honorary Doctorate". University of Tennessee, Knoxville Office of Communications & Marketing. Retrieved September 8, 2009.
  66. ^ Staff writer (Undated). "1997: Dolly the Sheep Is Cloned". BBC News ("On This Day – 1950–2005" database). Retrieved September 8, 2009. 
  67. ^ Weise, Elizabeth (July 4, 2006). "Dolly Was World's Hello to Cloning's Possibilities". USA Today. Retrieved September 7, 2009. 
  68. ^ Salamone, Gina (October 7, 2007). "Boom in breast implants as attitudes change". New York Daily News. 
  69. ^ "Nipped, Tucked & Talking". People (magazine). September 1, 2003.,,20140945,00.html. 
  70. ^ Martin, Douglas (May 21, 2009). "Lee Solters, Razzle-Dazzle Press Agent, Dies at 89". The New York Times. Accessed May 22, 2009. (website registration required)


  • Cash, Johnny (1998). Cash; the Autobiography. 
  • Nash, Alanna (1978). Dolly. Los Angeles, California: Reed Books. ISBN 0891695230. 
  • Parton, Dolly (1994). Dolly: My Life And Other Unfinished Business. Harper Collins. ISBN 0060177209. 
  • Whitburn, Joel (2005). Top Country Songs 1944–2005. Billboard/Record Research Inc.. ISBN 0-89820-165-9. 

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