Laura Bush

Laura Bush
Laura Bush
First Lady of the United States
In office
January 20, 2001 – January 20, 2009
Preceded by Hillary Rodham Clinton
Succeeded by Michelle Obama
First Lady of Texas
In office
January 17, 1995 – December 21, 2000
Preceded by Rita Crocker Clements
Succeeded by Anita Thigpen Perry
Personal details
Born Laura Lane Welch
November 4, 1946 (1946-11-04) (age 64)
Midland, Texas
Spouse(s) George W. Bush
Relations Harold Welch (father) and Jenna Hawkins (mother)
Children Barbara Pierce Bush (b. 1981)
Jenna Bush Hager (b. 1981)
Alma mater Southern Methodist University (SMU)
University of Texas at Austin
Occupation Author, Teacher, Librarian, First Lady
Religion United Methodist

Laura Lane Welch Bush (born November 4, 1946) is the wife of the 43rd President of the United States, George W. Bush. She was the First Lady of the United States from January 20, 2001, to January 20, 2009. She has held a love of books and reading since childhood and her life and education have reflected that interest. She graduated from Southern Methodist University in 1968 with a bachelor's degree in education and soon took a job as a second grade school teacher. After attaining her Master's degree in Library Science at the University of Texas at Austin, she was employed as a librarian. She met George Walker Bush in 1977 and they were married later that year. The couple had twin daughters born to them in 1981.

Bush's political involvement began with her marriage. She campaigned during her husband's unsuccessful 1978 run for the United States Congress and later his successful Texas gubernatorial campaign. As First Lady of Texas, Bush implemented many initiatives focused on health, education, and literacy. In 1999, she aided her husband in campaigning for the presidency of the United States in a number of ways, most notably delivering a keynote address at the 2000 Republican National Convention, which gained her national attention. She became first lady of the United States after her husband defeated Democrat Al Gore in the controversial 2000 election.

Polled by Gallup as one of the most popular first ladies,[1] Laura Bush was involved in topics of both national and global concern during her tenure. She continued to advance her trademark interests of education and literacy by establishing the semi-annual National Book Festival in 2001 and encouraged education on a worldwide scale. She also advanced women's causes through The Heart Truth and Susan G. Komen for the Cure. She represented the United States during her foreign trips, which tended to focus on HIV/AIDS and malaria awareness. In May 2010, Bush released her memoir, Spoken from the Heart, in conjunction with a national tour.


Early life and career

Laura Lane Welch was born in Midland, Texas, as the only child of Harold Welch (1912–1995) and Jenna Louise Hawkins Welch (born 1919).[2] Her father was a home builder and later successful real estate developer[3] while her mother worked as the bookkeeper for her father's business.[2] Early on, her parents encouraged her to read, leading to what would become her love of reading.[2] She said, "I learned [how important reading is] at home from my mother. When I was a little girl, my mother would read stories to me. I have loved books and going to the library ever since. In the summer, I liked to spend afternoons reading in the library. I enjoyed the Little House on the Prairie books and Little Women, and many others... Reading gives you enjoyment throughout your life."[4]

She attended James Bowie Elementary School, San Jacinto Junior High School, and Robert E. Lee High School in Midland.[5] She graduated from Lee in 1964[6] and went on to attend Southern Methodist University in Dallas where she was a member of Kappa Alpha Theta.[7] She graduated in 1968 with a Bachelor of Science degree in education.

On the night of November 6, 1963, Laura Welch ran a stop sign, causing a fatal car accident that killed her friend in another car.[8][9] The driver of the other car was her close friend and classmate Michael Dutton Douglas. By some accounts, he had been Welch's boyfriend at one time.[10] Welch and her passenger, both 17, were treated for minor injuries.[11] According to the accident report released by the city of Midland in 2000, in response to an open-records request, she was not charged in the incident.[11][12] Bush's spokesman said, "It was a very tragic accident that deeply affected the families and was very painful for all involved, including the community at large."[11] In her book Spoken from the Heart, she says that the accident caused her to lose her faith "for many, many years".[13]

After graduating from SMU, she began her career as a second grade school teacher at Longfellow Elementary School in the Dallas Independent School District.[7] She then taught for three years at John F. Kennedy Elementary School, a Houston Independent School District school in Houston, until 1972.

In 1973, Welch attained a Master of Science degree in Library Science from the University of Texas at Austin.[7] She was soon employed as a librarian at the Kashmere Gardens Branch at the Houston Public Library. The following year, she moved back to Austin and took another job as a librarian in the Austin Independent School District school Dawson Elementary until 1977. She reflected on her employment experiences to a group of children in 2003, saying, "I worked as a teacher and librarian and I learned how important reading is in school and in life."[4]

Marriage and family

She met George W. Bush in July 1977 when mutual friends John and Jan O'Neill invited her and Bush to a backyard barbecue at their home. He proposed to her at the end of September and they were married on November 5 of that year[14][15] at the First United Methodist Church in Midland, the same church in which she had been baptized.[16] Laura bought a tan, two-toned dress off the rack for the wedding.[17] The couple honeymooned in Cozumel, Mexico.[14]

Laura and George W. Bush with their daughters Jenna and Barbara Bush, Kennebunkport, 1990

The year after their marriage, the couple began campaigning for George W. Bush's 1978 Congressional candidacy. According to George Bush, when he asked her to marry him, she had said, "Yes. But only if you promise me that I'll never have to make a campaign speech."[18] She soon relented, and gave her first stump speech for him in 1978 on the courthouse steps in Muleshoe, Texas.[19] After narrowly winning the primary, he lost the general election.[15]

The Bushes had tried to conceive for three years, but pregnancy did not happen easily. On November 25, 1981, Laura Bush gave birth to twin daughters, Barbara and Jenna.[16] The twins were born five weeks early by an emergency Caesarean section, as Laura had developed life-threatening pre-eclampsia (toxemia).[15] The twins graduated from high school in 2000 and attended Yale University and the University of Texas at Austin, respectively, in 2004. To date, Bush is the only First Lady to give birth to twins.

George W. Bush credited his wife with his decision to stop drinking in 1986.[7][20] She is also credited with having a stabilizing effect on his private life.[15] According to People magazine reporter Jane Simms Podesta, "She is the steel in his back. She is a civilizing influence on him. I think she built him, in many ways, into the person he is today."[15]

Several times a year, Bush and her husband travel to their sprawling family estate, the Bush compound, better known as Walker's Point. Located in Kennebunkport, Maine, the compound is where Bush family gatherings have been held for nearly 100 years.

First Lady of Texas

Laura Bush with husband Governor George W. (right) and father-in-law George H. W. (left) at the dedication of the George Bush Presidential Library, 1997

Bush became the First Lady of Texas when her husband was elected as the Governor of Texas and served as first lady of that state from January 17, 1995, to December 21, 2000.[21] Asked about her interest in politics, she responded, "It doesn't drive me."[22]

Though during her years in the Governor's Mansion, she did not hold a single formal event,[23] Laura worked for women's and children's causes including health, education, and literacy.[21] She implemented four major initiatives: Take Time For Kids, an awareness campaign to educate parents and caregivers on parenting; family literacy, through cooperation with the Barbara Bush Foundation for Family Literacy, she urged Texas communities to establish family literacy programs; Reach Out and Read, a pediatric reading program; and Ready to Read, an early childhood educational program.[21]

She raised money for public libraries through her establishment of the Texas Book Festival,[21] and established the First Lady's Family Literacy Initiative, which encouraged families to read together.[24] Bush further established "Rainbow Rooms" across the state, in an effort to provide emergency services for neglected or abused children.[21] Through this, she promoted the Adopt-a-Caseworker Program to provide support for Child Protective Services.[21] She used her position to advocate Alzheimer's disease and breast cancer awareness as well.[21]

Her husband announced his campaign for President of the United States in mid-1999, something that she agreed to. She did say, however, that she had never dreamed that he would run for office.[22] In July, she delivered a keynote address to the delegates at the 2000 Republican National Convention, which put her on the national stage.[18][25] In December 2000, her husband resigned as Governor of Texas to prepare for his inauguration as President of the United States in January 2001.

First Lady of the United States

As First Lady, Bush was involved in issues of concern to children and women, both nationally and internationally.[26] Her major initiatives included education and women's health.[26]

Education and children

Romanian children greet President and Mrs. Bush upon their landing in Bucharest, 2002
The First Lady shares a laugh with fifth graders in Des Moines, Iowa, 2005

Early into the administration, Bush made it known that she would focus much of her attention on education. This included recruiting highly qualified teachers to ensure that young children would be taught well.[27] She also focused on early child development.[27] In 2001, to promote reading and education, she partnered with the Library of Congress to launch the annual National Book Festival. To promote American patriotic heritage in schools, she helped launch the National Anthem Project.

Immediately following the September 11, 2001 attacks; Bush spoke regarding America's children:

"[W]e need to reassure our children that they are safe in their homes and schools. We need to reassure them that many people love them and care for them, and that while there are some bad people in the world, there are many more good people."[28]

The following day, she composed open letters to America's families, focusing on elementary and middle school students, which she distributed through state education officials.[29][30] She took an interest in mitigating the emotional effects of the attacks on children, particularly the disturbing images repeatedly replayed on television.[31] On the one-year anniversary, she encouraged parents to instead read to their children, and perhaps light a candle in memoriam, saying, "Don't let your children see the images, especially on September 11, when you know it'll probably be on television again and again — the plane hitting the building or the buildings falling."[31]

Later in her tenure, she was honored by the United Nations, as the body named her honorary ambassador for the United Nations' Decade of Literacy. In this position, she announced that she would host a Conference on Global Literacy.[32] The conference, held in September 2006, encouraged a constant effort to promote literacy and highlighted many successful literacy programs.[33] She coordinated this as a result of her many trips abroad where she witnessed how literacy benefited children in poorer nations.[33]

Women's health

Another of her signature issues were those relating to the health and well being of women. She established the Women's Health and Wellness Initiative and became involved with two major campaigns.

Bush first became involved with The Heart Truth awareness campaign in 2003.[34] It is an organization established by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute to raise awareness about heart disease in women, and how to prevent the condition.[35] She serves in the honorary position of ambassador for the program[34] leading the federal government's effort to give women a "wake up call" about the risk of heart disease.[34] She commented on the disease: "Like many women, I assumed heart disease was a man's disease and cancer was what we would fear the most. Yet heart disease kills more women in our country than all forms of cancer combined. When it comes to heart disease, education, prevention, and even a little red dress can save lives."[34] She has undertaken a signature personal element of traveling around the country and talking to women at hospital and community events featuring the experiences of women who live, or had lived, with the condition.[34] This outreach was credited with saving the life of one woman who went to the hospital after experiencing symptoms of a heart attack.[34]

U.S. President George W. Bush and First Lady Laura Bush, with the Kennedy Center honorees in the Blue Room of the White House during a 2006 reception. From left: singer/songwriter William "Smokey" Robinson; composer Andrew Lloyd Webber; singer Dolly Parton; film director Steven Spielberg; and conductor Zubin Mehta.

With her predecessor, former First Lady Nancy Reagan, Bush dedicated the First Ladies Red Dress Collection at the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts in May 2005. It is an exhibit containing red suits worn by former First Ladies Lady Bird Johnson, Betty Ford, Rosalynn Carter, Nancy Reagan, Barbara Bush, Hillary Clinton, and Laura Bush meant to raise awareness by highlighting America's first ladies.[36] She has participated in fashion shows displaying red dresses worn on celebrities as well.[37]

Bush's mother, Jenna Welch, was diagnosed with breast cancer at the age of 78. She endured surgery and currently has no further signs of cancer. Laura Bush has become a breast cancer activist on her mother's behalf[38] through her involvement in the Susan G. Komen for the Cure. She applauded the foundation's efforts in eliminating cancer and said, "A few short years ago, a diagnosis of breast cancer left little hope of recovery. But thanks to the work of the Komen Foundation... more women and men are beating breast cancer and beating the odds."[38] She used her position to gain international support for the foundation through the Partnership for Breast Cancer Awareness and Research of the Americas, an initiative that unites experts from the United States, Brazil, Costa Rica and Mexico.[39]

In November 2001, she became the first person other than a president to deliver the weekly presidential radio address. She used the opportunity to discuss the plight of women in Afghanistan during the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan, saying, "The brutal oppression of women is a central goal of the terrorists."[40] In May 2002, she made a speech to the people of Afghanistan through Radio Liberty, a radio station in Prague, Czech Republic.

Laura W. Bush Institute for Women's Health

Mrs. Bush and her mother, Jenna Welch, at the dedication of the Jenna Welch Women's Center, 2010

In August 2007, the Laura W. Bush Institute for Women's Health (LWBIWH) within the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center was approved. This institute began the effort to establish a multi-campus women's health institute in Amarillo, El Paso, Lubbock and the Permian Basin. The institute seeks to integrate research, education and community outreach in a multidisciplinary approach to women’s health.[41]

Named for Bush's mother, the Jenna Welch Women’s Center of the LWBIWH, opened in Midland, Texas, on August 10, 2010, to deliver expert medical care for women and their families. Operating in partnership with LWBIWH, the Jenna Welch Women's Center strives for excellence in research, education and community outreach.[42]

Popularity and style

Laura's husband, President George W. Bush, is sworn into a second term on January 20, 2005 by Chief Justice William Rehnquist, as Laura Bush and daughters Barbara and Jenna look on.

Laura Bush's approval ratings have consistently ranked very high.[43] In January 2006, a USA Today/CBS/Gallup poll recorded her approval rating at 82 percent and disapproval at 13 percent.[1][44][45] That places Bush as one of the most popular first ladies.[1] Former White House Press Secretary Ari Fleischer said, "She is more popular, and more welcome, in many parts of the country than the president... In races where the moderates are in the most trouble, Laura Bush is the one who can do the most good."[44]

She disagreed with Fox News' Chris Wallace in 2006 when Wallace asked why the American people were beginning to lose confidence in President Bush, saying, "Well, I don't think they are. And I don't really believe those polls. I travel around the country, I see people, I see their response to my husband, I see their response to me. There are a lot of difficult challenges right now in the United States... All of those decisions that the President has to make surrounding each one of these very difficult challenges are hard. They're hard decisions to make. And of course some people are unhappy about what some of those decisions are. But I think people know that he is doing what he thinks is right for the United States, that he's doing what he — especially in the war on terror, what he thinks he is obligated to do for the people in the United States, and that is to protect them... When his polls were really high they weren't on the front page."[46]

During the January 2005 second inauguration ceremonies for her husband, Laura Bush was looked highly upon by People magazine, The Washington Post, and others for her elegance and fashion sense.[47] At the inauguration she wore a winter white cashmere dress and matching coat designed by Oscar de la Renta.[48] Following the inauguration were the inaugural galas, to which Bush wore a pale, aqua lace gown, sprinkled with crystals, with long sleeves in a silver blue mist.[48] The tulle gown was also designed for her by de la Renta. According to The Washington Post, "[I]t made her look radiant and glamorous."[48]

Foreign trips

Laura Bush talks with Raphael Lungo of Zambia as a part of her 2007 African trip
Laura Bush with her husband and several other dignitaries from around the world at the funeral of Pope John Paul II.

During President George W. Bush's second term, Laura was more involved in foreign matters. She traveled to numerous countries as a representative of the United States.

As First Lady, she took five goodwill trips to Africa.[49] The purpose of these has mostly been to raise awareness about HIV/AIDS and malaria, but Bush has also stressed the need for education and greater opportunities for women.[50] She has taken many other trips to other countries to promote and gain support for President Bush's Emergency Plan for AIDS relief;[51] these countries include Zambia (2007),[52] Mozambique (2007),[53] Mali (2007),[54] Senegal (2007),[55] and Haiti (2008).[51]

In mid-2007, she took a trip to Burma where she spoke out in support of the pro-democracy movement, and urged Burmese soldiers and militias to refrain from violence.[56] Later that October, she ventured to the Middle East. Bush said she was in the region in an attempt to improve America's image by highlighting concern for women's health, specifically promoting her breast cancer awareness work with the US-Middle East Partnership for Breast Cancer Awareness and Research.[56][57] She defined the trip as successful, saying that stereotypes were broken on both sides.[56]

Views on policy

Bush is a Republican and has identified herself with that party since her marriage.

When asked about abortion in 2000, Bush said she doesn't believe that Roe v. Wade should be overturned. She did not comment on whether women had the right to an abortion.[58] She did say, however, that the country should do "what we can to limit the number of abortions, to try to reduce the number of abortions in a lot of ways, and that is, by talking about responsibility with girls and boys, by teaching abstinence, having abstinence classes everywhere in schools and in churches and in Sunday school."[58]

Bush responded to a question during a 2006 interview concerning the Federal Marriage Amendment by calling for elected leaders not to politicize same-sex marriage: "I don't think it should be used as a campaign tool, obviously. It requires a lot of sensitivity to just talk about the issue... a lot of sensitivity."[59]

On July 12, 2005, while in South Africa, Bush suggested her husband replace retiring Supreme Court justice Sandra Day O'Connor with another woman. On October 2, during a private dinner at the White House with Laura, President Bush nominated Harriet Miers to replace O'Connor.[60] Later that month, after Miers had faced intense criticism, Laura Bush questioned whether the charges were sexist in nature.[61]

On May 11, 2010, during an interview on Larry King Live, Bush was asked about same-sex marriage. She said she views it as a generational issue and said she believes it will be made legal in the future. Bush offered support for the issue by saying, "...when couples are committed to each other and love each other...they ought to have the same sort of rights that everyone has." Bush referred to her 2000 interview, reaffirming her support for Roe v. Wade: "I think it's important that [abortion] remain legal. Because I think it's important for people - that for medical reasons and, and other reasons."[62]

Awards and honors

King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia with U.S. President George W. Bush and Laura Bush (2001).

During her tenure as the First Lady, Laura Bush received a number of awards and honors. In October 2002, the Elie Wiesel Foundation for Humanity honored her in recognition of her efforts on behalf of education[63] and the American Library Association honored her for her years of support to America's libraries and librarians in April 2005.[64] The Progressive Librarians Guild opposed her being honored, because of her support of the USA PATRIOT Act and her cancellation of a poetry forum due to concern that some of the poets would express opposition to the war in Iraq.[65]

She received an award in honor of her dedication to help improve the living conditions and education of children around the world, from the Kuwait-American Foundation in March 2006.[66] She accepted The Nichols-Chancellor's Medal on behalf of disaster relief workers around the world in May 2006 from Vanderbilt University.

Four learning facilities have been named for her: the Laura Welch Bush Elementary School in Houston, Texas,[67] the Laura W. Bush Elementary School in the Leander ISD just outside Austin, Texas,[68] and the Laura Bush Education Center at Camp Bondsteel, a U.S. military base in Kosovo and the Laura Bush Middle School in Lubbock, Texas.[69] She was awarded the 2008 Christian Freedom International Freedom Award.[70]

She is portrayed by Elizabeth Banks in Oliver Stone's film W.[71]

Curtis Sittenfeld's bestseller novel "American Wife" is based on much of Laura Bush's life.[72]


  1. ^ a b c Jones, Jeffery M (February 9, 2006). "Laura Bush Approval Ratings Among Best for First Ladies". Gallup Organization. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  2. ^ a b c "Laura Bush Biography". Advameg, Inc. Retrieved 2008-05-24. 
  3. ^ "Laura Bush: A supportive but behind-the-scenes spouse". CNN. 2001. Archived from the original on 2008-05-14. Retrieved 2008-05-25. [dead link]
  4. ^ a b "Mrs. Bush's Remarks at Laura Bush Foundation for America's Libraries Grant Awards". The White House. May 20, 2003. Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  5. ^ "History and research". George W. Bush Childhood Home, Inc. Retrieved 2008-05-24. 
  6. ^ "Laura Welch Bush." Encyclopædia Britannica
  7. ^ a b c d "Laura Welch Bush" (PDF). CBS. Retrieved 2008-05-24. 
  8. ^ ’The Perfect Wife’: The Un-Hillary February 15, 2004, New York Times.
  9. ^ Inside (the) private world of Laura Bush, April 5, 2006, BBC News.
  10. ^ "Claim: While a teenager, future First Lady Laura Bush caused the death of a classmate in a car accident. Status: True.",
  11. ^ a b c "Mrs. Bush ran stop sign in fatal crash". USA Today. May 3, 2000. Retrieved 2008-05-24. 
  12. ^ Midland police report
  13. ^ O'Connor, Anahad (April 27, 2010). "Laura Bush Opens Up About Crash". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-04-30. 
  14. ^ a b Bush, Laura (2010). Spoken from the Heart. Scribner. ISBN 978-1-4391-5520-2.  excerpt available at
  15. ^ a b c d e "Read her lips: Literacy efforts on first lady's agenda". CNN. April 8, 2001. Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  16. ^ a b Stritof, Sheri and Bob. "George and Laura Bush". The New York Times Company. Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  17. ^ Winik, Lyric Wallwork (January 16, 2005). "'We Need To Pay More Attention To Boys' (First Lady Laura Bush)". Parade. Retrieved April 21, 2011. 
  18. ^ a b Reaves, Jessica (August 1, 2000). "Now making her bow: The un-Hillary". CNN. Retrieved 2008-05-28. 
  19. ^ Hanchette, John (Juse 23, 2000). "Laura Welch Bush: Shy no more". USA Today. Retrieved April 21, 2011. 
  20. ^ Leonard, Mary (January 23, 2000). "Turning Point: George W. Bush, A Legacy Reclaimed". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on 2004-05-07. Retrieved 2009-08-23. 
  21. ^ a b c d e f g "Texas Governor George W. Bush: An Inventory of First Lady Laura Bush's Files (Part I) at the Texas State Archives, about 1994–1999, bulk 1995–1999". University of Texas. Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  22. ^ a b Berke, Richard L (August 3, 1999). "First Lady of Texas Plays a Firm Second Fiddle". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-05-28. 
  23. ^ "Literacy efforts on first lady's agenda". CNN. Retrieved 2006-12-13. 
  24. ^ Kolsti, Nancy (August 5, 1997). "First lady of Texas Laura Bush to speak at UNT September 4". University of North Texas. Retrieved 2006-12-13. 
  25. ^ "The Republicans; Excerpts From Laura Bush's Speech to the G.O.P. Convention". The New York Times. August 1, 2000. Retrieved 2008-05-28. 
  26. ^ a b "Biography". The White House. Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  27. ^ a b "First Lady Laura Bush Launches Education Initiatives". U.S. Department of Education. February 26, 2001. Retrieved 2008-05-26. 
  28. ^ "Mrs. Laura Bush Speaks at the National Press Club". The White House. November 8, 2001. Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  29. ^ "Mrs. Bush's Letter to Middle and High School Students Following Terrorist Attacks". The White House. September 12, 2001. Retrieved 2006-12-13. 
  30. ^ "Mrs. Bush's Letter to Elementary School Students Following Terrorist Attacks". The White House. September 12, 2001. Retrieved 2006-12-13. 
  31. ^ a b "First lady: Turn off TVs on 9/11". CNN. September 11, 2002. Archived from the original on June 1, 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-25. [dead link]
  32. ^ "Secretary Spellings Spoke at UNESCO's 'Education for All' Event". U.S. Department of Education. April 26, 2006. Retrieved 2008-05-26. 
  33. ^ a b "Mrs. Laura Bush Hosts White House Conference on Global Literacy". The White House. September 18, 2006. Retrieved 2008-05-26. 
  34. ^ a b c d e f "The Heart Truth Ambassador". National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  35. ^ "What is The Heart Truth?". National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  36. ^ "First Ladies Red Dress Collection". National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  37. ^ "Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week: The Red Dress Collection 2008". National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  38. ^ a b "Remarks by Mrs. Bush at Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation "Embrace the Race" Event". The White House. March 12, 2003. Retrieved 2006-12-13. 
  39. ^ "Susan G. Komen for the Cure, Mrs. Laura Bush Welcome Mexico to the Breast Cancer Awareness, Research Partnership". Susan G. Komen for the Cure. March 14, 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  40. ^ Laura Bush (2001-11-17). "Radio Address by Mrs. Bush". Office of the First Lady. Retrieved 2006-12-13. 
  41. ^ Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center :: LWBIWH : History and More About Us
  42. ^ Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center :: About the Jenna Welch Women's Center
  43. ^ Stolberg, Sheryl Gay (October 15, 2007). "First Lady Raising Her Profile Without Changing Her Image". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  44. ^ a b Keil, Richard (October 19, 2006). "Laura Bush, Unlike George, a Hit on Republican Campaign Trail". Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  45. ^ Benedetto, Richard (May 21, 2006). "Laura Bush travels without 'all the political baggage'". USA Today. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  46. ^ "Interview of Mrs. Laura Bush by Fox News". The White House. May 12, 2006. Retrieved 2008-05-28. 
  47. ^ "Laura Bush: Belle Of The Balls". CBS. January 21, 2005. Retrieved 2006-12-13. 
  48. ^ a b c Givhan, Robin (January 21, 2005). "Laura Bush, Stepping Out". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  49. ^ "President and Mrs. Bush Discuss Africa Policy, Trip to Africa". The White House. February 14, 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-28. 
  50. ^ "HIV/AIDS, Malaria Focus of Laura Bush's Africa Trip". June 22, 2007. Retrieved 2008-05-28. 
  51. ^ a b "First Lady Laura Bush Tours Haiti To Highlight U.S. HIV/AIDS Programs". Medical News Today. March 14, 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-28. 
  52. ^ "African Health, Education Emphasis of Laura Bush Trip". Retrieved 2008-05-28. 
  53. ^ "Laura Bush presses AIDS fight in Africa". USA Today. Associated Press. July 2007. Retrieved 2008-05-28. 
  54. ^ Goss, Addie (July 1, 2007). "Ahead of First Lady's Visit, A School's Facelift". NPR. Retrieved 2008-05-28. 
  55. ^ Terhune, Lea (June 22, 2007). "Africa: HIV/Aids, Malaria Focus of Laura Bush's Africa Trip". United States Department of State. Retrieved 2008-05-28. 
  56. ^ a b c Wolfson, Paula (October 28, 2007). "Laura Bush Defines Her Policy Role". VOA News. Retrieved 2008-05-28. 
  57. ^ Mrs. Bush's Remarks on the U.S.-Saudi Partnership for Breast Cancer Awareness and Research
  58. ^ a b "Laura Bush's abortion comments 'personal views,' Fleischer says". CNN. January 19, 2001. Retrieved 2008-05-28. 
  59. ^ Pickler, Nedra (May 14, 2006). "Mrs. Bush: Don't Campaign on Marriage Ban". Associated Press. The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2006-12-13. [dead link]
  60. ^ Fletcher, Michael (October 4, 2005). "White House Counsel Miers Chosen for Court". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2006-12-13. 
  61. ^ VandeHei, Jim (October 12, 2005). "Laura Bush Echoes Sexism Charge in Miers Debate". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2006-12-13. 
  62. ^ Laura Bush For Gay Marriage & Pro-Choice! - YouTube
  63. ^ "Laura Bush Honored at the Elie Wiesel Foundation for Humanity Award Dinner". The Elie Wiesel Foundation for Humanity. October 8, 2002. Archived from the original on October 3, 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-13. 
  64. ^ Murphy, Bernadette (April 12, 2005). "ALA honors Mrs. Laura Bush for service to libraries". ALA Washington Office. Retrieved 2006-12-13. 
  65. ^ "Progressive Librarians Guild OpposesALA "Award" to Laura Bush". Progressive Librarians Guild. November 4, 2007. Retrieved 2008-05-28. 
  66. ^ Craighead, Shealah (March 8, 2005). "News & Policies > March 2006 Images". The White House. Retrieved 2006-12-13. 
  67. ^ "Laura Welch Bush Elementary". Retrieved 2010-06-14. 
  68. ^ "Laura Welch Bush Elementary School". Retrieved 2006-12-18. 
  69. ^ "Camp Bondsteel". October 20, 2006. Retrieved 2008-05-28. 
  70. ^ "First Lady Laura Bush Receives the 2008 Christian Freedom International Freedom Award". Christian Freedom International. Retrieved 2008-12-08. [dead link]
  71. ^ W. (2008) - IMDb
  72. ^ "Curtis Sittenfeld's American Wife Provides Fictionalized Portrait Of Laura Bush". Retrieved 2010-02-20. 

Further reading

  • Felix, Antonia. Laura: America's First Lady, First Mother. The first biography on Laura Bush. ISBN 1-58062-659-9
  • Gerhart, Ann. The Perfect Wife: The Life and Choices of Laura Bush. A biography. ISBN 0-7432-4383-8
  • Gormley, Beatrice. Laura Bush: America's First Lady. A biography. ISBN 0-689-85366-1
  • Kelley, Kitty. The Family: The Real Story of the Bush Dynasty. ISBN 0-385-50324-5
  • Kessler, Ronald. Laura Bush: An Intimate Portrait of the First Lady. A biography. ISBN 0-385-51621-5
  • Montgomery, Leslie. Were It Not For Grace: Stories From Women After God's Own Heart; Featuring Condoleezza Rice, First Lady Laura Bush, Beth Moore & Others. Laura Bush shares her story about how God has had his hand on her life. ISBN 0-8054-3178-0

External links

Laura Bush Interview About Life After The White House, Reinvention Convention Blog

Honorary titles
Preceded by
Hillary Rodham Clinton
First Lady of the United States
January 20, 2001 – January 20, 2009
Succeeded by
Michelle Robinson Obama
Honorary Chair of the President's Committee on the Arts and Humanities
Serving with Chairwoman Adair Wakefield Margo

2001 - 2009
Preceded by
Rita Crocker Clements
First Lady of Texas
Succeeded by
Anita Thigpen Perry

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Laura Bush — (* 4. November 1946 in Midland, Texas als Laura Lana Welch) ist die Frau des ehemaligen US amerikanischen Präsidenten George W. Bush und war damit die First Lady der Vereinigten Staaten von 2001 bis 2009 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Laura Bush — Laura Welch Bush 45.a Primera Dama de Estados Unidos (cargo protocolar) 20 de enero de 2001 – 20 de enero de 2009 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Laura Bush — Portrait de Laura Bush. Laura Bush (née Laura Welch le 4 novembre 1946 à Midland, Texas) était, en sa qualité d épouse du 43e président des États Unis d Amérique, George Walker Bush, la « première dame » des Éta …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Laura Welch Bush — Laura Bush Laura Bush (* 4. November 1946 in Midland, Texas als Laura Lana Welch) ist die Frau des ehemaligen US amerikanischen Präsidenten George W. Bush und war damit die First Lady der Vereinigten Staaten von 2001 bis 2009. Im November 1963… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Laura Welch Bush — Laura Bush Laura Bush Laura Bush Naissance 4 novembre 1946 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Laura — ist ein weiblicher Vorname und eine Kurzform von Laurentia, dem Pendant zum männlichen Vornamen Laurentius. Der Name stammt vom lateinischen Wortstamm für Lorbeeren. Laura bedeutet so die „Lorbeergeschmückte“, die „Siegerin“. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Laura — is a female name deriving from the Latin word for laurel.According to the Social Security Administration, the name Laura was among the top 50 names for female babies for much of the early 20th century in the United States, but dropped to top 100… …   Wikipedia

  • Bush (Familienname) — Bush ist ein Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 2.1 USA Präsidentenfamilie 2.2 Namensträger (alphabe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bush — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El término Bush puede referirse a: George Walker Bush, presidente de los Estados Unidos, desde 2001 a 2009; George Herbert Walker Bush, presidente de los Estados Unidos desde 1989 a 1993; Prescott Bush, senador… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bush, Président — Bush Président Bush Président Titre original That s My Bush! Genre Série comique, politique Créateur(s) Trey Parker Matt Stone Pays d’origine  États Unis …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”