- Zubin Mehta
Zubin Mehta (born April 29, 1936) is an
Indian conductor of Western classical music.
Zubin Mehta was born into a Parsi family in
Bombay(now Mumbai), India, the son of Mehli and Tehmina Mehta. His father Mehli Mehtawas a violinist and founding conductor of the Bombay Symphony Orchestra.
Zubin is an alumnus of
St. Mary's (ISC) High School, Mazagoan, Mumbai and St. Xavier's College, Mumbai. Zubin initially intended to study medicine, but eventually became a music student in Vienna at the age of 18, under the eminent instructor Hans Swarowsky. Also at the same academy along with Zubin were conductor Claudio Abbadoand conductor/pianist Daniel Barenboim.
In 1958, Mehta made his conducting debut in
Vienna. The same year he won the International Conducting Competition in Liverpooland was appointed assistant conductor of the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra.
Mehta soon rose to the rank of chief conductor when he was made Music Director of the
Montreal Symphony Orchestrain 1960, a post he held until 1967. In 1961, he was named assistant conductor of the Los Angeles Philharmonic; however, the orchestra's music director designate, Georg Solti, was not consulted on the appointment, and Solti subsequently resigned in protest [cite news | title=Buffie & the Baton | url=http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,872266,00.html | work=Time | date=14 April 1961 | accessdate=2007-11-08] ; soon after, Mehta himself was named Music Director of the orchestra, and held the post from 1962 to 1978.
In 1978 Mehta became the Music Director and Principal Conductor of the
New York Philharmonicand remained there until his resignation in 1991, becoming the longest holder of the post.
Israel Philharmonic Orchestraappointed Mehta its Music Advisor in 1969, Music Director in 1977, and made him its Music Director for Life in 1981. [ [http://www.newsday.com/entertainment/music/ny-etclassical0128,0,1776682.story?coll=ny-music-headlines Justin Davidson, "His life's work: Zubin Mehta and the Israel Philharmonic". "Newsday", 28 January 2007.] ]
Since 1985, Mehta has been chief conductor of the Teatro del Maggio Musicale Fiorentino in Florence. Additionally, from 1998 until 2006, Mehta was Music Director of the
Bavarian State Operain Munich. The Munich Philharmonic Orchestranamed him its Honorary Conductor. Since 2005, Mehta has been the main conductor (together with Lorin Maazel) of the new opera houseof the Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciènciesin Valencia.
Zubin Mehta received praise early in his career for dynamic interpretations of the large scale symphonic music of
Anton Bruckner, Richard Strauss, Gustav Mahlerand Franz Schmidt. He has also made a recording of Indian instrumentalist, Ravi Shankar's Sitar Concerto No. 2, with Shankar and the London Philharmonic Orchestra. His conducting is also renowned as being flamboyant and forceful in performance.
Mehta has conducted the
Vienna New Year's Concertin the years 1990, 1995, 1998 and 2007.
As a double bassist, one of his most memorable performances was in a collaboration with
Itzhak Perlman, Pinchas Zuckerman, Jacqueline du Préand Daniel Barenboimin a performance of Schubert's Trout Quintetin the summer of 1969.
In 1990, he conducted the Orchestra del Maggio Musicale Fiorentino and the Orchestra del Teatro dell'Opera di Roma in the first ever
Three Tenorsconcert in Rome, joining the tenors again in 1994 at the Dodger Stadium, Los Angeles. In June 1994, Mehta performed the Mozart Requiem, along with the members of the SarajevoSymphony Orchestra and Chorus at the ruins of Sarajevo's National Library, in a fund raising concert for the victims of armed conflict and remembrance of the thousands of people killed in the Yugoslav wars. On August 29, 1999, he conducted Mahler Symphony No. 2 ("Resurrection"), at the vicinity of Buchenwald concentration campin the German city of Weimar, with both the Bavarian State Orchestraand the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, sitting alongside each other. He toured his native country India and home city Mumbai (Bombay) in 1984, with the New York Philharmonic Orchestra, and again in November-December 1994, with the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, along with soloists Itzhak Perlmanand Gil Shaham. In 1997 and 1998, Mehta worked in collaboration with Chinese film director Zhang Yimouon a production of the opera " Turandot" by Giacomo Pucciniwhich they took to Florence, Italyand then to Beijing, Chinawhere it was staged, in its actual surroundings, in the Forbidden City with over 300 extras and 300 soldiers. for eight historic performances. The making of this production was chronicled in a documentary called "The Turandot Project" which Mehta narrated.
On 26 December 2005, the first anniversary of the Indian Ocean Tsunami, Zubin Mehta along with the
Bavarian State Orchestraperformed for the first time in Chennai(formerly called Madras) at the world famous " Madras Music Academy". This special Tsunamimemorial concertwas organised by the Madras German consulate along with the Max-Mueller Bhavan/ Goetheinstitute. The team performed to a packed hall of select invitees. Nearly 3000 people turned up including eminent personalities such as Amartya Sen(Nobel Laureate in economics) and the Tamil Nadugovernor, Surjit Singh Barnala. He also performed in Delhion December 28 at the Indira Gandhi Stadium. 2006 will be his last year with the Bavarian State Orchestra.
Honors and awards
In 1999 Zubin Mehta was presented the "Lifetime Achievement Peace and Tolerance Award" of the United Nations.
In 2001, the
Government of Indiahonoured him with the Padma Vibhushan, India's second highest civilian award.
In September, 2006 the
Kennedy Centerannounced Maestro Mehta as one of the receipients of that year's Kennedy Center Honors. These were presented on December 2, 2006.
On February 3, 2007, Zubin Mehta was the recipient of the Second Annual Bridgebuilder Award at
Loyola Marymount University
Karl Böhmawarded Mehta the Nikisch Ring — the Vienna Philharmonic Ring of Honor.
Mehta is an honorary citizen of both Florence and Tel Aviv and was made an honorary member of the Vienna State Opera in 1997. In 2001 he was bestowed the title of “Honorary Conductor” of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra and in 2004 the Munich Philharmonic Orchestra awarded him the same title, as did the Los Angeles Philharmonic and the Teatro del Maggio Musicale Fiorentino in 2006. At the end of his tenure with the Bavarian State Opera he was named Honorary Conductor of the Bavarian State Orchestra and Honorary Member of the Bavarian State Opera, and the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde Wien appointed him honorary member in November 2007.
Mehta's first marriage was from 1958-1964 to Canadian soprano Carmen Lasky. They have son Mervon (1960) and daughter Zarina (1958). The divorce was amicable [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,841207-8,00.html 19 Jan 1968 Time Magazine "Gypy Boy"] . "We grew apart. It just happened. I never did anything nasty to him, and he never did anything nasty to me," Carmen said in 1968.
Nancy Kovack, a former American film and television actress, on 20 July 1969 [http://theclassicalstation.org/trivia/15.shtmlinfo from 91 ed of Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Music and Musicians] .
Two years after divorcing Zubin, Carmen married Zubin's brother
Zarin Mehta. Carmen and Zarin have daughter Rohanna (1967) and son Rustom (1969). In 2000 his brother, Zarin Mehta, was appointed executive director of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra.
Mehta's life has been documented in
Terry Sanders' film "Portrait of Zubin Mehta" and in a book by Martin Bookspan and Ross Yockey entitled "Zubin: The Zubin Mehta Story". His autobiography, written with Renate von Matuschka is "Die Partitur meines Lebens".
References in popular culture
Muppet, Zubin Beckmesser, is named after him. The second part of the name (Beckmesser) being a character from Richard Wagner's opera, The Mastersingers of Nuremberg.
Frank Zappasong " Billy the Mountain" includes a character of whom it is said "some folks say he looked like Zubin Mehta." This is a reference to a performance by the Los Angeles Philharmonic in 1970, in the UCLA basketball arena, of a series of Zappa's orchestral pieces. The performance was prefaced by a short speech from Zappa, who then turned to Mehta and said, "Hit it, Zubin!"
Sidney Sheldon's novel, Master of the Game, the protagonist mentions Zubin Mehta after watching her great grandson perform a musical piece.
Michael Moore's film Roger & Me, Zubin Mehta's wife, Nancy Kovackis mentioned as a famous person who grew up in Flint, Michigan.
* [http://www.zubinmehta.net Official Website]
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9WCrP0XBTMw Kennedy Center Tribute to Zubin Metha]
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-kt2O551m54 Conducting the Israel Philharmonic with the young violinist Viviane Hagner]
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ONywU5ChMvw Conducting the Los Angeles Philharmoic in 1977]
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9WCrP0XBTMw Kennedy Center Tribute to Zubin Metha] (Video)
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-kt2O551m54 Conducting the Israel Philharmonic with the young violinist Viviane Hagner] (Video)
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ONywU5ChMvw Conducting the Los Angeles Philharmoic in 1977] (Video)
* [http://www.musicweb-international.com/classrev/2006/Jun06/Mehta_box_4757470.htm Ates Orga "Zubin Mehta: A 70th Birthday Tribute" (2006)]
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