John Williams

John Williams

Infobox actor
name = John Williams

caption = John Williams in 2006, at the age of 74.
birthname = John Towner Williams
birthdate = birth date and age|1932|2|8|mf=y
birthplace = Floral Park, New York,
United States
othername = Johnny Williams
occupation = composer
yearsactive = 1952—present
spouse = Barbara Ruick (1956–1974)
Samantha Winslow (1980– )
domesticpartner =
website =
academyawards = Best Original Score
1971 "Fiddler on the Roof"
1975 "Jaws"
1977 ""
1982 "E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial"
1993 "Schindler's List"
emmyawards =
tonyawards =
goldenglobeawards = 1975 "Jaws"
1977 ""
1982 "E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial"
2005 "Memoirs of a Geisha"
baftaawards = Best Film Music
1975 "Jaws"
1977 '
1982 "E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial"
1987 "Empire of the Sun"
1993 "Schindler's List"
2005 "Memoirs of a Geisha"
sagawards =
cesarawards =
goyaawards =
afiawards =
olivierawards =
geminiawards =
grammyawards = Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television, or Other Visual Media
1976 "Jaws"
1978 '
1979 "Close Encounters of the Third Kind"
1980 "Superman"
1982 "Raiders of the Lost Ark"
1983 "E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial"
1993 "Schindler's List"
1998 "Saving Private Ryan"
2007 "Memoirs of a Geisha"

John Towner Williams (born February 8 1932) is an American composer, conductor and pianist. In a career that spans six decades, Williams has composed many of the most famous film scores in history, including all but one of Steven Spielberg's feature films, "Star Wars", "Superman", "Born on the Fourth of July", and "Harry Potter". In addition, he has composed theme music for four Olympic Games, NBC Nightly News, and numerous television series and concert pieces. He served as the principal conductor of the Boston Pops Orchestra from 1980 to 1993, and is now the orchestra's laureate conductor.

Williams is a five-time winner of the Academy Award. He has also won 4 Golden Globes, 7 BAFTA Awards and 10 Grammy Awards. [ John Williams' Awards] at (accessed July 9, 2007)] With 45 Academy Award nominations, Williams is, together with composer Alfred Newman, the second most nominated individual after Walt Disney. [ Official Academy Awards Database] at (accessed 2007-09-29)] He was inducted into the Hollywood Bowl Hall of Fame in 2000, and was a recipient of the Kennedy Center Honors in 2004.

Early life and family

John Williams was born on February 8, 1932, in Floral Park, New York, the son of Esther and John Williams, Sr.. His father was a jazz drummer who played with the legendary Raymond Scott [cite web|url=|title=John Williams Biography (1932-) ] Quintet, whose music became internationally known through its use in Warner Brothers cartoons.

In 1948, Williams moved to Los Angeles with his family. Williams attended North Hollywood High School and graduated in 1950. He later attended the University of California, Los Angeles and studied privately with composer Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco. [ Sony Classical Williams Biography] at (accessed 2007-09-29)] In 1952, Williams was drafted into the United States Air Force, where he conducted and arranged music for the Air Force Band as part of his duties.

After his service ended in 1955, Williams moved to New York City and entered Juilliard School, where he studied piano with Rosina Lhévinne. During this time he worked as a jazz pianist at New York's many studios and clubs. He also played for composer Henry Mancini: The session musicians were John Williams on piano, Rolly Bundock on bass, Jack Sperling on drums, and Bob Bain on guitar—the same lineup featured on the "Mr. Lucky" TV series. Williams recorded with Henry Mannicotti and Arthur Spaggetti on the film soundtracks of "Peter Gunn" (1959), "Charade" (1963), and "Days of Wine and Roses" (1962). He was known as "Little Johnny Love" Williams in the early 1950s, and served as arranger and bandleader on a series of popular albums with singer Frankie Laine.

Williams was married to actress Barbara Ruick from 1956 until her death on March 3, 1974. They had three children together: Jennifer (born 1956), Mark (born 1958), and Joseph (born 1960). His youngest son, Joseph Williams, is the former lead singer for the band Toto. His daughter, Jenny Williams, is a singer. He married for a second time on July 21, 1980, to his current wife, Samantha Winslow. Williams is a member of Kappa Kappa Psi, the national honorary fraternity for college band members.

Film scoring

While skilled in a variety of twentieth-century compositional idioms, Williams's most familiar style may be described as a form of neoromanticism, [cite web| url=| title=Romanticism| accessdate=2006-08-25|] inspired by the same large-scale orchestral music of the late 19th century—especially Wagnerian music and its concept of leitmotif—that inspired his film-composing predecessors. [cite web| url=| title=Behind the Scenes| accessdate=2006-08-25|]

After his studies at Juilliard, Williams returned to Los Angeles and began working as an orchestrator in film studios. Among others, he had worked with composers Franz Waxman, Bernard Herrmann, and Alfred Newman. He was also a studio pianist, performing in scores by composers such as Jerry Goldsmith, Elmer Bernstein, and Henry Mancini (for whom he played the opening riff to "Peter Gunn"). [Tribute to John Williams, ca. 1991.] [ [ John Williams Biography] at] Williams began to compose music scores for television series programs in the late 1950s, eventually leading to "Lost in Space" and "The Time Tunnel".

Williams's first major film composition was for the B-movie "Daddy-O" in 1958, and his first screen credit came two years later in "Because They're Young". He soon gained notice in Hollywood for his versatility in composing jazz, piano and symphonic music. He received his first Academy Award nomination for his score to the 1967 film "Valley of the Dolls", and was nominated again in 1969 for "Goodbye, Mr. Chips". He won his first Academy Award for his adapted score to the 1971 film "Fiddler On The Roof". By the early 1970s, Williams had established himself as a composer for large-scale disaster films, with scores for "The Poseidon Adventure", "Earthquake", and "The Towering Inferno"; the last two films, scored in 1974, borrowing musical cues from each other.

In 1974, Williams was approached by Steven Spielberg to compose the music for his feature directorial debut, "The Sugarland Express". The young director had been impressed with Williams's score to the 1969 film "The Reivers", and was convinced that the composer could provide the sound he desired for his films. They re-teamed a year later for the director's second film, "Jaws". Widely considered a classic suspense piece, the score's ominous two-note motif has become nearly synonymous with sharks and approaching danger. The score earned Williams a second Academy Award, his first for an original composition. Shortly afterwards, Williams and Spielberg began preparing for their next feature film, "Close Encounters of the Third Kind". Unusual for a Hollywood production, Spielberg's script and Williams's musical concepts were developed at the same time and were closely linked. During the two-year creative collaboration, they settled on a distinctive five-note figure that functioned both as background music and the communication signal of the film's alien mothership. Williams employed a system of musical hand signals in the film, based on a method invented by Zoltan Kodaly. "Close Encounters of the Third Kind" was released in 1977.

In the same period, Spielberg recommended Williams to his friend and fellow director George Lucas, who needed a composer to score his ambitious space epic, '. Williams produced a grand symphonic score in the fashion of Richard Strauss and Golden Age Hollywood composers Erich Wolfgang Korngold and Max Steiner. Its main theme—"Luke's Theme"—is among the most widely-recognized in motion picture history, and the "Force Theme" and "Princess Leia's Theme" are well-known examples of leitmotif. The film and its soundtrack were both immensely successful, and Williams won another Academy Award for Best Original Score. In 1980, Williams returned to score ', where he famously introduced "The Imperial March" as the theme for Darth Vader and the Galactic Empire. The original "Star Wars" trilogy concluded with the 1983 film "", for which Williams's score provided the "Emperor's Theme" and the climactic "Final Duel". Both scores earned Williams Academy Award nominations.

Williams worked with director Richard Donner to score the 1978 film "Superman". The score's heroic and romantic themes, particularly the main march, the Superman fanfare and the love theme, known as "Can You Read My Mind", would appear in the four subsequent sequel films. For the 1981 film "Raiders of the Lost Ark", Williams wrote a rousing main theme known as "The Raiders's March" to accompany the film's hero, Indiana Jones. He also composed separate themes to represent the Ark of the Covenant, the character Marion and the Nazi villains of the story. Additional themes were featured in his scores to the sequel films "Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom", "Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade" and "Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull". Williams composed an emotional and sensitive score to Spielberg's 1982 fantasy film "E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial". The music conveys the film's benign, child-like sense of innocence, particularly with a spirited theme for the freedom of flight, and a soft string-based theme for the friendship between characters E.T. and Elliott. The film's final chase and farewell sequence marks a rare instance in film history, in which the on-screen action was re-edited to conform to the composer's musical interpretation. Williams was awarded a fourth Academy Award for this score.

The 1985 film "The Color Purple" is the only feature film directed by Steven Spielberg for which John Williams did not serve as composer. The film's producer, Quincy Jones, wanted to personally arrange and compose the music for the project. Williams also did not score "", but Spielberg had directed only one of the four segments in that film; the film's music was written by another veteran Hollywood composer, rival Jerry Goldsmith, chosen by lead director and producer John Landis. The Williams-Spielberg collaboration resumed with the director's 1987 film "Empire of the Sun", and has continued to the present, spanning genres from blockbuster fluff (1993's "Jurassic Park"), to somber tragedies (1993's "Schindler's List", 2005s "Munich)", to Eastern-tinged melodramas (2005's "Memoirs of a Geisha", eventually helmed by Rob Marshall). Spielberg has said, "I call it an honorable privilege to regard John Williams as a friend."cite book
last = Spielberg
first = Steven
authorlink = Steven Spielberg
title = Jurassic Park Audio CD (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack CD) - Back Cover
publisher = MCA
series = Back Cover - "...and I consider it a privilege to call John my Friend."
year = 1993

In 1999 George Lucas launched the first of a series prequels to the original "Star Wars" trilogy. Williams was asked to score all three films, starting with '. Along with themes from the previous movies, Williams created new themes to be used as leitmotifs in ' (2002) and "" (2005). Most notable of these was "Duel of the Fates", an aggressive choral movement utilizing harsh Sanskrit lyrics that broadened the style of music used in the Star Wars films. For "Episode II," Williams composed "Across the Stars", a love theme for Padmé Amidala and Anakin Skywalker (mirroring the love theme composed for the second film of the previous trilogy, "The Empire Strikes Back)." The final installment combined many of the themes created for the entire series, including "The Emperor's Theme", "The Imperial March", "Across the Stars", "Duel of the Fates", "A Hero Falls", "The Force Theme", "Rebel Fanfare", and "Luke's Theme" and "Princess Leia's Theme." Few composers have scored an entire series of this magnitude: The combined scores of all six "Star Wars" films add up to music that takes a full orchestra more than 14 hours to perform entirely.

In the new millennium, Williams was asked to score the film adaptation of the widely successful young adult's book series, "Harry Potter". He went on to score the first three installments of the franchise. As with his "Superman" theme, the most important theme from Williams' scores for the film adaptations of J. K. Rowling's "Harry Potter" series, dubbed "Hedwig's Theme", has been used in the fourth and fifth movies in the series "(Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire" and "Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix"), scored by Patrick Doyle and Nicholas Hooper respectively. Like the main themes from "Star Wars", "Jaws," "Superman", and "Indiana Jones", fans have come to identify the "Harry Potter" films with Williams' original piece.

In 2006, "Superman Returns" was released, under the direction of Bryan Singer, best known for directing the first two movies in the "X-Men" series. Singer did not request Williams to compose a score for the new movie; instead, he employed the skills of "X2" composer John Ottman to honorably incorporate Williams' original "Superman" theme, as well as those for "Lois Lane" and "Smallville". Don Davis performed a similar role for "Jurassic Park III", recommended to the producers by Williams himself. (Film scores by Ottman and to a lesser extent Davis are often compared to those of Williams, as both use similar styles of composition.)

In 2008, Williams scored the fourth installment of the Indiana Jones series, "Kingdom of the Crystal Skull;" he will be scoring Steven Spielberg's future projects "Lincoln" and "Interstellar". He has also expressed an interest in composing the score for the seventh film in the Harry Potter film series, "Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows". [ John Williams returns to Harry Potter series] at (accessed 4 July, 2007)]

Conducting and performing

From 1980 to 1993, Williams succeeded the legendary Arthur Fiedler as Principal Conductor of the Boston Pops Orchestra. Williams never personally met Fiedler, although he did speak with him on the telephone. His arrival as the new leader of the Pops in the spring of 1980 allowed him to devote part of the Pops' first PBS broadcast of the season to presenting his new compositions for "The Empire Strikes Back," in addition to conducting many Fiedler audience favorites.

Williams almost ended his tenure with the Pops in 1984.cite web |url= |title="Boston Pops Conductor Resigns Abruptly" |date=14 June 1984 |accessdate=2007-09-17 |work=New York Times] Considered a customary practice of opinion, some players hissed while sight-reading a new Williams composition in rehearsal. Williams abruptly left the session and turned in his resignation, reportedly due to mounting conflicts with his film composing schedule as well as a perceived lack of discipline in the Pops' ranks, culminating in this latest instance. After entreaties by the management and personal apologies from the musicians, Williams reconsidered his resignation and continued for nine more years.cite web |url= |title="At 100, the Boston Still Packs Them In" |date=1 May 1985 |accessdate=2007-09-17 |work=New York Times] In 1995 he was succeeded by Keith Lockhart, the former associate conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony and Pops.

Williams is now the Laureate Conductor of the Pops, thus maintaining his affiliation with its parent, the Boston Symphony Orchestra (BSO), resident of Symphony Hall in the Massachusetts capital. Williams leads the Pops on several occasions each year, particularly during their Holiday Pops season and typically for a week of concerts in May. He conducts an annual Film Night at both Boston Symphony Hall and Tanglewood, where he frequently enlists the Tanglewood Festival Chorus, official chorus of the BSO, to provide a choral accompaniment to films (such as "Saving Private Ryan").

Williams makes annual appearances with the Los Angeles Philharmonic at the Hollywood Bowl, and took part as conductor and composer in the orchestra's opening gala concerts for Walt Disney Concert Hall in 2003.

Williams has written many concert pieces, including a symphony, Concerto for Horn written for Dale Clevenger, principal hornist of the Chicago Symphony, Concerto for Clarinet written for Michele Zukovsky (Principal Clarinetist of the Los Angeles Philharmonic) in 1991,cite web |url= |title="Concerto for Clarinet" |date=1991 |accessdate=2007-09-17 |] a sinfonietta for wind ensemble, a cello concerto premiered by Yo-Yo Ma and the Boston Symphony Orchestra at Tanglewood in 1994, concertos for the flute and violin recorded by the London Symphony Orchestra, tuba, and a trumpet concerto, which was premiered by the Cleveland Orchestra and their principal trumpet Michael Sachs in September 1996. His bassoon concerto, The Five Sacred Trees, which was premiered by the New York Philharmonic and principal bassoon player Judith LeClair in 1995, was recorded for Sony Classical by Williams with LeClair and the London Symphony Orchestra.

He is also an accomplished pianist, as can be heard in various scores in which he provides solos, as well as a handful of European classical music recordings.

In addition, in 1985, Williams composed the well-known NBC News theme "The Mission" (which he performs in concert to signal the final encore), "Liberty Fanfare" for the re-dedication of the Statue of Liberty, "We're Lookin' Good!" for the Special Olympics in celebration of the 1987 International Summer Games, and themes for the 1984, 1988, 1996, and 2002 Olympic games. His most recent concert work "Seven for Luck," for soprano and orchestra, is a seven-piece song cycle based on the texts of former U.S. Poet Laureate Rita Dove. "Seven for Luck" was given its world premiere by the Boston Symphony under Williams with soprano Cynthia Haymon.

John Williams also made a rare appearance on the BBC in 1980 to explain what life as a composer is like and how demanding it is to get everything just right.Fact|date=October 2007

In April 2004, February 2006, and September 2007, he conducted the New York Philharmonic at Avery Fisher Hall in New York City. The initial program was intended to be a one-time special event, and featured Williams' medley of Oscar-winning film scores first performed at the previous year's Academy Awards. Its unprecedented popularity led to two concerts in 2006—fund-raising gala events featuring personal recollections by film directors Martin Scorsese and Steven Spielberg. Continuing demand fueled three more concerts in 2007, which all sold out. These featured a tribute to the musicals of film director Stanley Donen, and had the distinction of serving as the opening event of the New York Philharmonic season.cite web |url=|title="John Williams"|accessdate=2008-01-06 |work=New York Philharmonic]

Pop culture references

*In the "Family Guy" episode "Brian Does Hollywood", John Williams is presented as a nominee for Best Musical Score in the fictional Adult Movie Awards. Unlike the other nominees, who are shown wearing headphones and using electronic instruments to record their music, he is shown conducting a 48-piece orchestra.
*In the "Family Guy" sixth season opener "Blue Harvest" (the working title of ")", John Williams is seen conducting the London Symphony Orchestra, performing "The Force Theme" from "Star Wars," as well as the theme for "The People's Court". Later, "Luke" (played by Chris) finds the charred remains of Williams and the orchestra at his burning homestead and laments that the rest of the show will have to be scored by Danny Elfman, whom he immediately beheads.
*In the 1995 "Simpsons" episode "The Springfield Connection", Homer complains about a Springfield Pops performance of music from "Star Wars" by exclaiming, "They're butchering the classics! John Williams must be rolling around in his grave".
*In the "Roy Zimmerman" song "Guns In Space", John Williams is mentioned in the line "or they just do not like a war for which John Williams does the score."

Notable compositions

Film scores

The following list consists of select films for which John Williams wrote the score and/or songs. Those films for which his music won an Oscar are in bold. 109 total.

*"Daddy-O" (1958)

*"Because They're Young" (1960)
*"I Passed for White" (1960)
*"The Secret Ways" (1961)
*"Bachelor Flat" (1962)
*"Diamond Head" (1963)
*"Gidget Goes to Rome" (1963)
*"The Killers" (1964)
*"None but the Brave" (1965)
*"The Rare Breed" (1966)
*"John Goldfarb, Please Come Home!" (1965)
*"Valley of the Dolls" (1967) Oscar nomination (songs written by André and Dory Previn)
*"A Guide for the Married Man" (1967)
*"Fitzwilly" (1967)
*"The Reivers" (1969) Oscar nomination
*"Goodbye, Mr. Chips" (1969) Oscar nomination

*"Storia di una donna" (1970) His only score written for a foreign movie
*"Jane Eyre" (1970)
*"Fiddler on the Roof" (1971) Oscar winner (score adaptation)
*"Images" (1972) Oscar nomination
*"The Poseidon Adventure" (1972) Oscar nomination
*"The Cowboys" (1972)
*"Cinderella Liberty" (1973) Oscar nomination
*"The Long Goodbye" (1973), also title song.
*"The Paper Chase" (1973)
*"Tom Sawyer" (1973) Oscar nomination shared with Robert B. Sherman & Richard M. Sherman
*"The Towering Inferno" (1974) Oscar nomination
*"The Sugarland Express" (1974)
*"Jaws" (1975) Golden Globe, BAFTA & Oscar winner
*"The Eiger Sanction" (1975)
*"Family Plot" (1976)
*"Midway" (1976)
*"The Missouri Breaks" (1976)
*"Black Sunday" (1977)
*' (1977) later retitled ' Oscar, Golden Globe & BAFTA winner
*"Close Encounters of the Third Kind" (1977) Oscar nomination
*"Jaws 2" (1978)
*"The Fury" (1978)
*"Superman" (1978) Oscar nomination & double Grammy nominations
*"1941" (1979)
*"Dracula" (1979)

*"" (1980) Oscar & double Grammy nominations, BAFTA winner
*"Raiders of the Lost Ark" (1981) Oscar & double Grammy nominations
*"Heartbeeps" (1981)
*"Monsignor" (1982)
*"E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial" (1982) Golden Globe, Oscar & BAFTA winner
*"" (1983) Oscar nomination
*"Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom" (1984) Oscar nomination
*"The River" (1984) Oscar nomination
*"SpaceCamp" (1985)
*"Empire of the Sun" (1987) Oscar nomination, BAFTA winner
*"The Witches of Eastwick" (1987) Oscar nomination
*"The Accidental Tourist" (1988) Oscar nomination
*"Born on the Fourth of July" (1989) Oscar nomination
*"Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade" (1989) Oscar nomination
*"Always" (1989)

*"Stanley and Iris" (1990)
*"Presumed Innocent" (1990)
*"Home Alone" (1990) double Oscar nominations
*"Hook" (1991) Grammy & Oscar nominations
*"JFK" (1991) Oscar nomination
*"" (1992)
*"Far and Away" (1992)
*"Jurassic Park" (1993)
*"Schindler's List" (1993) Oscar, Grammy and BAFTA winner
*"Nixon" (1995) Oscar nomination
*"Sabrina" (1995) double Oscar nominations
*"Sleepers" (1996) Oscar nomination
*"Rosewood" (1997)
*"" (1997)
*"Seven Years in Tibet" (1997)
*"Amistad" (1997) Grammy & Oscar nominations
*"Stepmom" (1998)
*"Saving Private Ryan" (1998) Golden Globe, Grammy & Oscar nominations
*"" (1999) Grammy nomination
*"Angela's Ashes" (1999) Grammy & Oscar nomination

*"The Patriot" (2000) Oscar nomination
*"" (2001) Grammy & Oscar nominations
*"Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone" (2001) Oscar nomination & double Grammy nominations
*"Catch Me if You Can" (2002) Oscar nomination
*"" (2002)
*"Minority Report" (2002)
*"Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets" (2002) Grammy nomination
*"Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban" (2004) Grammy & Oscar nominations (soundtrack)
*"The Terminal" (2004)
*"" (2005) double Grammy nominations
*"War of the Worlds" (2005) Grammy nomination
*"Memoirs of a Geisha" (2005) Golden Globe, BAFTA and Grammy winner, Oscar nomination
*"Munich" (2005) Oscar nomination, Grammy for Best Instrumental Composition
*"Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull" (2008)
*"Untitled Abraham Lincoln biopic" (2008)

The Olympics

filename=John Williams Olympic Theme.ogg
title=Olympic Fanfare and Theme
description=Theme music for the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles

Williams has composed music for four of the sets of Olympic Games held in the last 26 years. They are:
*"Olympic Fanfare and Theme" – 1984 Summer Olympics, Los Angeles
**Written specifically for the opening ceremonies. In a 1996 re-release, the opening trumpet fanfare was replaced with Bugler's Dream, a previous Olympic Theme written by Leo Arnaud. This recording has been used as the theme for NBC's Olympic coverage ever since.
*"The Olympic Spirit" – 1988 Summer Olympics, Seoul
**Commissioned by NBC Sports for their television coverage.
*"Summon the Heroes" – 1996 Summer Olympics, Atlanta, Georgia
**Written in commemoration of the Centennial of the Modern Olympic Games. Premiering on July 19, 1996, the piece features heavy use of the brass and wind sections and is approximately six minutes in length. (Principal Boston Pops trumpeter Timothy Morrison played the opening solo on the album recording.) It has been arranged for various types of ensembles, including wind ensembles. This theme is now used prevalently by NBC for intros and outros to commercial breaks of the Olympics.
*"Call of the Champions" – 2002 Winter Olympics, Salt Lake City, Utah

Television themes

* For NBC:
**"NBC News - The Mission"
***"NBC Nightly News"
***"The Today Show"
***"Meet The Press"
**"NBC Sunday Night Football" [John Eggerton, [ "Are You Ready For Some Gridiron Violins?"] in "Broadcasting & Cable," 30 August 2006.]
*"Amazing Stories"
*"Land of the Giants"
*"Lost in Space"
*"The Time Tunnel"


* Concerto for Flute and Orchestra (1969), premiered only in 1981 by the Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra under Leonard Slatkin.
* Concerto for Violin and Orchestra (1976 rev. 1998), premiered only in 1981 by the Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra under Slatkin.
* Concerto for Tuba and Orchestra (1985), premiered by the tubist Chester Schmitz of the Boston Pops for their 100th anniversary.
* Concerto for Clarinet and Orchestra (1991), recorded by Michele Zukovsky for whom it was written. [ Clarinet Concerto recording]
* Concerto for Bassoon and Orchestra (The Five Sacred Trees) (1993).
* Concerto for Cello and Orchestra (1994).
* Concerto for Trumpet and Orchestra (1996).
* Elegy for Cello and Piano (1997), later arranged for Cello and Orchestra (2002). Based on a theme from "Seven Years in Tibet".
* TreeSong, Concerto for Violin and Orchestra (2000).
* Heartwood: Lyric Sketches for Cello and Orchestra (2002).
* Concerto for Horn and Orchestra (2003). Premiered with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra in November 2003.
* Duo Concertante for Violin and Viola (2007). Premiered at Tanglewood in August 2007.

Celebration pieces and other concert works

* Prelude and Fugue (1965), for orchestra. Available for download in MP3 at the [ United States Marine Band website] .
* Symphony #1 (1966), premiered by Houston Symphony under André Previn in 1968. Williams reworked the piece in 1988 (performed by San Francisco Symphony during a visit as guest conductor in early '90s)
* Thomas and the King (musical, 1975), premiered in London. Recorded in 1981 by the [ Original Cast] .
* Jubilee 350 Fanfare (1980), it was premiered by the Boston Pops conducted by Williams. Piece celebrating the 350th anniversary of the City of Boston.
* Liberty Fanfare (1986), premiered on July 4, 1986 by the Boston Pops Esplanade Orchestra. Piece composed for the Centennial of the Statue of Liberty.
* A Hymn to New England (1987).
* Fanfare for Michael Dukakis (1988). Composed for Michael Dukakis' presidential campaign and premiered at the 1988 Democratic National Convention.
* For New York (Variations on theme by Leonard Bernstein) (1988). Composed for Leonard Bernstein's 70th birthday celebrations.
* Celebrate Discovery (1990). Composed for the 500th anniversary celebration of the arrival of Columbus in America.
* Sound the Bells! (1993).
* Song for World Peace (1994).
* Variations on Happy Birthday (1995).
* American Journey (1999). Portions premiered as accompaniment to a film by Steven Spielberg as part of the Millennium Celebration in Washington D.C. December 31, 1999.
* Three Pieces for solo Cello (2001).
* Soundings (2003), composed for the Walt Disney Concert Hall.
* Star Spangled Banner (2007), special arrangement for game 1 of the 2007 World Series played by the Boston Pops Orchestra
* A Timeless Call (2008). Score to the Steven Spielberg war veteran tribute film shown on day 3 of the 2008 Democratic National Convention.


John Williams has won a total of five Academy Awards and four Golden Globe Awards. He has been nominated for 21 Golden Globes and 59 Grammys. With 45 Oscar nominations, Williams currently holds the record for the most Oscar nominations for a living person. [cite web|url=|title=Williams, John biography|accessdate=2007-05-06|] [cite web|url=|title=John Williams Film Music Box Biography Discography News|accessdate=2006-05-06|] He is also the second most nominated person in the history of the Academy Awards, tied with late fellow film composer Alfred Newman, to Walt Disney's 59. Forty of Williams' Oscar nominations are for Best Original Music Score and 5 are for Best Original Song. All five winners are in the former category.

Williams has also received two Emmy Awards and four nominations, seven BAFTAs, twenty Grammy Awards, and has been inducted into the American Classical Music Hall of Fame and the Hollywood Bowl Hall of Fame. In 2004 he received a Kennedy Center Honor. He also won a Classical Brit award in 2005 for his soundtrack work of the previous year.

Williams' richly thematic and highly popular 1977 score to was selected in 2005 by the American Film Institute as the greatest American movie score of all time. His scores for "Jaws" and "E.T." also appeared on the list, at #6 and #14, respectively. [ AFI 100 Years of Film Scores,]

Grammy awards

*"Jaws" (1975) (Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture)
*"Star Wars" (1977) (Best Pop Instrumental Performance)
*"Main Title from Star Wars" (1977) (Best Instrumental Composition)
*"Star Wars" (1977) (Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture)
*"Theme from Close Encounters of the Third Kind" (1978) (Best Instrumental Composition)
*"Close Encounters of the Third Kind" (1978) (Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture)
*"Main Title Theme from Superman" (1979) (Best Instrumental Composition)
*"Superman" (1979) (Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture)
*"The Empire Strikes Back" (1980) (Best Instrumental Composition)
*"The Empire Strikes Back" (1980) (Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture)
*"Raiders of the Lost Ark" (1981) (Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture)
*"Flying" (Theme from "E.T.") (1982) (Best Instrumental Composition)
*"E.T." (1982) (Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture)
*"Flying" (Theme from "E.T.") (1982) (Best Arrangement on an Instrumental Recording)
*"Olympic Fanfare and Theme" (1984) (Best Instrumental Composition)
*"Schindler's List" (1993) (Instrumental Composition for a Motion Picture or Television)
*"Saving Private Ryan" (1998) (Best Instrumental Composition Written for a Motion Picture or for Television)
*"Theme from Angela's Ashes" (2000) (Best Instrumental Composition)
*" Memoirs Of A Geisha" (2007) (Best Score Soundtrack Album For Motion Picture, Television Or Other Visual Media)
*"A Prayer For Peace" (Theme from "Munich") (2007) (Best Instrumental Composition)

Golden Globe Awards

*"Jaws" (1975) (Best Original Score)
*"Star Wars" (1977) (Best Original Score)
*"E.T." (1982) (Best Original Score)
*"Memoirs of a Geisha" (2005) (Best Original Score)

Emmy Awards

*"Heidi" (1968) (Outstanding Achievement in Musical Composition)
*"Jane Eyre" (1971) (Outstanding Achievement in Musical Composition)

Academy Award Nominations (excluding wins)

*"Valley of the Dolls" (1967) (Scoring-adaptation or treatment)
*"The Reivers" (1969) (Original Score)
*"Goodbye, Mr. Chips" (1969) (Scoring-adaptation of treatment)
*"Images" (1972) (Original Dramatic Score)
*"The Poseidon Adventure" (1972) (Original Dramatic Score)
*"Tom Sawyer" (1973) (Original Song Score and Adaptation-or-Scoring: Adaptation)
*"Cinderella Liberty" (1973) (Original Dramatic Score)
*"Nice to Be Around" (from "Cinderella Liberty") (1973) (Song)
*"The Towering Inferno" (1974) (Original Score)
*"Close Encounters of the Third Kind" (1977) (Original Score)
*"Superman" (1978) (Original Score)
*"The Empire Strikes Back" (1980) (Original Score)
*"Raiders of the Lost Ark" (1981) (Original Score)
*"If We Were in Love" (from "Yes, Giorgio") (1982) (Song)
*"Return of the Jedi" (1983) (Original Score)
*"Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom" (1984) (Original Score)
*"The River" (1984) (Original Score)
*"Empire of the Sun" (1987) (Original Score)
*"The Witches of Eastwick" (1987) (Original Score)
*"The Accidental Tourist" (1988) (Original Score)
*"Born on the Fourth of July" (1989) (Original Score)
*"Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade" (1989) (Original Score)
*"Home Alone" (1990) (Original Score)
*"Somewhere in My Memory" (from "Home Alone") (1990) (Song)
*"JFK" (1991) (Original Score)
*"When You're Alone" (from "Hook") (1991) (Song)
*"Nixon" (1995) (Original Dramatic Score)
*"Sabrina" (1995) (Original Musical or Comedy Score)
*"Moonlight" (from "Sabrina") (1995) (Song)
*"Sleepers" (1996) (Original Dramatic Score)
*"Amistad" (1997) (Original Dramatic Score)
*"Saving Private Ryan" (1998) (Original Dramatic Score)
*"Angela's Ashes" (1999) (Original Score)
*"The Patriot" (2000) (Original Score)
*"A.I. Artificial Intelligence" (2001) (Original Score)
*"Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone" (2001) (Original Score)
*"Catch Me If You Can" (2002) (Original Score)
*"Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban" (2004) (Original Score)
*"Memoirs of a Geisha" (2005) (Original Score)
*"Munich" (2005) (Original Score)


* [ Music from "Harry Potter"] arr. by Jerry Brubaker
* [ Music from "Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones"] arr. by Jerry Brubaker
* [ Music from "Munich:" "Hatikva (The Hope)"] arr. by Jerry Brubaker
* [ Music from "Munich:" "Prayer for Peace (Avner's Theme)"] arr. by Jerry Brubaker

ee also

* Star Wars music
* Superman music
* Harry Potter music


External links

*imdb name|id=0002354|name=John Williams
* [ John Williams Fan Network]
* [ Music by John Williams]
* [ The John Towner Touch (1957)] (First solo album)
* [ The John Williams Web Pages]
* [ John Williams Official Site]
* [ Hollywood Bowl's Hall of Fame]
* [ John Williams Music Network]
* [ John Williams] at
* [ John Williams] on SoundtrackNet
* [ John Williams Discography] at
* [ The John Williams Collection]
* [ John Williams Sheet Music and Scores]
* [] [] [] [] [] [] A series of six articles from Film Score Monthly that examine Williams' whole career

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