- Suzanne Farrell
Suzanne Farrell (born
August 16, 1945) one of the most noted ballerinas of the 20th century, and the founder of the Suzanne Farrell Ballet, at the Kennedy Center, Washington, D.C.
She was born Roberta Sue Ficker in
Cincinnati, and received her early training at the Cincinnati Conservatory of Music. In 1959, she was selected to study at George Balanchine's School of American Balletwith a Ford Foundationscholarship; she started there in 1960, and joined the New York City Ballet(NYCB) in 1961.
Early career at NYCB
Initially part of the "
corps de ballet" at NYCB, Farrell soon moved on to dancing featured roles. The first roles created especially for her came in 1963, and in 1965 she was promoted to principal dancer. George Balanchinequickly fell in love with his "alabaster princess," and created many roles for her. In 1965 he created Don Quixote, thought to be a valentine to his newest "muse." In 1968 he cast her as the lead in the "Diamonds" section of his three-act plotless ballet "Jewels."
Balanchine was married to the polio-stricken former ballerina
Tanaquil LeClerq, however, and Farrell was a Catholic. She refused to consummate the relationship, and married a fellow dancer the same week Balanchine obtained a divorce.
When she married
Paul Mejia, a dancer in the company, in 1969, her bond with Balanchine suffered, and they left the New York City Ballet in 1970. After a spell in Europe, she eventually returned to Balanchine and the New York City Ballet in 1975, where her partnership with Balanchine lasted until his death in April, 1983; his last works were solos for Farrell.
Career as a dance teacher
She had an unusually long performing career for a ballerina. After 28 years of an occupation which takes a tremendous physical toll on the body - began to come to an end in 1983. She started to develop
arthritisin her right hip and despite two years of varied treatments, by 1985 (at the age of 40), her career on stage was almost over. She struggled for several years, but retired from performing in 1989.
She then moved on to passing on the ballets of Balanchine to the next generation of ballet dancers, working with famed companies around the world, such as those in
Berlinand Vienna, as well as the Paris Opera Ballet, Kirov Balletand the Bolshoi Ballet. In 1993, The New York City Ballet dismissed her from her teaching and coaching (but un-titled) position with the company. [cite news | last =Dunning | first =Jennifer | title =City Ballet Breaks Off Its Long Relationship With Suzanne Farrell | publisher = NY Times | date = 4 August 1993 | url =http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F0CE2D81731F937A3575BC0A965958260| accessdate = 2008-03-23 ]
Career at the Kennedy Center
In 2000 Suzanne Farrell started her own company, the
Suzanne Farrell Ballet, now a full-fledged company produced by the Kennedy Center.
Farrell's engagement with the Kennedy Center began in 1993 and 1994, when the Center offered two series of ballet master classes for students with Farrell. This series provided intermediate-to-advanced level ballet students, ages 13 to 17, an opportunity to study with one of the greatest ballerinas of the 20th century. Due to the uniqueness of Farrell's place in the ballet world and the quality of her teaching, the Kennedy Center expanded the program to a national level in 1995 in order to fulfill the Center's mission to enhance the arts education of America's young people. This three weeks long yearly initiative of intense study grew into a full-fledged program, "Exploring Ballet with Suzanne Farrell".
In the fall of 1999, Farrell received critical acclaim for the successful Kennedy Center engagement and East Coast tour of "Suzanne Farrell Stages the Masters of 20th Century Ballet". Following the Kennedy Center's debut, the newly named
Suzanne Farrell Ballet, a group of professional dancers hand selected by Farrell, has since performed at the Kennedy Center during engagements in 2001 and 2002, been on an extensive East Coast tour, and returned to the Kennedy Center as part of the 2003-2004 Ballet Season following a 7-week national tour. Suzanne Farrell was selected as one of the five recipients of the 2005 Kennedy Center Honors, one of the highest honors for lifetime artistic achievement.
"Exploring Ballet with Suzanne Farrell" is an initiative of the Kennedy Center Education Department and is made possible in part by the
U.S. Department of Educationand the Kennedy Center Corporate Fund. Additional support is provided by the Margaret Abell Powell Fund.
Suzanne Farrell was prominently featured in "Balanchine" (2004) a documentary about the life of George Balanchine.
Farrell has received honorary degrees from
Harvard, Yale, Notre Dame, Georgetown University, among others. She has also been a tenured professor of dance at Florida State Universitysince 2000, and in 2003 she received the National Medal of Arts. She was recently celebrated in 2005 at the Kennedy Center Honorsas one of the most influential ballerinas of the 20th century, among such talents as Tina Turnerand Robert Redford. She also was the 2005 recipient of the CapezioDance Award.
Further reading and viewing
* Suzanne Farrell, Toni Bentley, "Holding on to the Air" (Summit Books, New York, 1990)
* [http://www.amazon.com/Suzanne-Farrell-Elusive-Anne-Belle/dp/B00005KA78 Suzanne Farrell - Elusive Muse, (Directed by Anne Belle and Deborah Dickson 1990)]
* "I'm thought of as a cool unemotional dancer but inside I'm most certainly not. As soon as I hear music something in me starts to vibrate."
* "When you get on a stage you can do anything."
* "When I first met Peter [Martins] , I said to Mr. B, "Well, at least he's tall." I did not even think about how handsome he was. And he was very handsome."
* [http://www.kennedy-center.org/programs/ballet/farrell/ The Suzanne Farrell Ballet]
* [http://www.kennedy-center.org/education/farrell/ Exploring Ballet with Suzanne Farrell]
* [http://editorial.gettyimages.com/source/search/FrameSet.aspx?s=ImagesSearchState%7c0%7c0%7c-1%7c28%7c0%7c0%7c0%7c1%7c%7c%7c0%7c0%7c0%7c0%7c0%7c0%7c0%7c0%7c3%7c%7cSuzanne+Farrell%7c2233391784121335%7c0%7c0%7c0%7c0&p=3&tag=1 Photos of Suzanne Farrell courtesy of Getty Images]
* [http://www.ballerinagallery.com/farrell.htm The Ballerina Gallery - Suzanne Farrell]
* [http://capeziodance.com/about/foundation/award/recipients/2005.html Capezio Dance Award - Suzanne Farrell 2005]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.