- International recognition of Kosovo
This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
- Declaration of independence
- Diplomatic response
- UNSC Resolution 1244
- Kosovo status process
- Standards for Kosovo
- Belgrade–Pristina negotiations
- UNMIK · EULEX · KFOR
- International Steering Group
- Kosovo Police
- Kosovo Security Force
- Anthem of Kosovo "Europe"
- Atifete Jahjaga
- Prime Minister
- Foreign relations
- Political parties
- Kosovan passport
- Provisional Institutions
- Subdivisions of Kosovo
See also Portal:Politics
Kosovo's declaration of independence from Serbia was enacted on Sunday, 17 February 2008 by the Assembly of Kosovo with a unanimous quorum. All 11 representatives of the Serb minority boycotted the proceedings. International reaction was mixed, and the world community continues to be divided on the issue of the international recognition of Kosovo.
As of 11 October 2011, the Republic of Kosovo has received 87 diplomatic recognitions as an independent state. Notably, 85 out of 193 (44%) United Nations member states, 22 out of 27 (81%) European Union member states, 24 out of 28 (86%) NATO member states, and 27 out of 57 (47%) member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) have recognised Kosovo. Serbia refuses to recognise it.
- 1 Background
- 2 Serbia's reaction
- 3 Positions taken by states
- 4 Positions taken by intergovernmental organisations
- 5 Positions taken by non-state actors
- 6 See also
- 7 References
A number of states expressed concern over the unilateral character of Kosovo's declaration, or announced explicitly that they will not recognise an independent Kosovo. The UN Security Council remains divided on this issue: of its five members with veto power, three (the United States, United Kingdom, France) have recognised the declaration of independence, while the People's Republic of China has expressed concern, urging the continuation of the previous negotiation framework. Russia has rejected the declaration and considers it illegal. On 15 May 2008, Russia, China, and India released a joint statement where they called for new negotiations between the authorities of Belgrade and Pristina.
Although EU member states decide individually whether to recognise Kosovo, by consensus the EU has commissioned the European Union Rule of Law Mission in Kosovo (EULEX) to ensure peace and continued external oversight. Due to the dispute in the UN Security Council, the reconfiguration of the UN Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) and partial handover to the EULEX mission met with difficulties. In spite of Russian and Serbian protests, the UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon proceeded with the reconfiguration plan. On 15 July 2008, he stated: "In the light of the fact that the Security Council is unable to provide guidance, I have instructed my Special Representative to move forward with the reconfiguration of UNMIK... in order to adapt UNMIK to a changed reality". According to the Secretary-General, the "United Nations has maintained a position of strict neutrality on the question of Kosovo's status". On 26 November 2008, the UN Security Council gave the green light to the deployment of the EULEX mission in Kosovo. The EU mission is to assume police, justice and customs duties from the UN, while operating under the UN resolution 1244 that first placed Kosovo under UN administration in 1999.
As of late July 2008, UNMIK no longer provides the citizens of Kosovo with travel documents, while their ability to travel using the new Kosovan passport does not coincide with diplomatic recognition: for example Greece, Romania and Slovakia make it possible, despite not recognising Kosovo. The three neighbouring states that recognise Kosovo—Albania, Montenegro and Macedonia—all accept the Kosovan passport, which Serbia refuses.
A UN General Assembly resolution adopted on 8 October 2008 backed the request of Serbia to seek an advisory opinion from the International Court of Justice on the legality of Kosovo's unilaterally proclaimed independence. The International Court of Justice delivered its advisory opinion on 22 July 2010 and concluded that the declaration of independence of Kosovo "did not violate any applicable rule of international law", because it was not issued by the Assembly of Kosovo, Provisional Institutions of Self-Government, or any other official body and thus the authors, who named themselves "representatives of the people of Kosovo" were not bound by the Constitutional Framework (promulgated by UNMIK) or by UNSCR1244 that is addressed only to United Nations Member States and organs of the United Nations.
Due to Serbian claims over Kosovo being a part of its sovereign territory, its reactions included recalling its ambassadors from countries that recognised Kosovo for consultations for several months, indicting the Kosovar leaders on charges of high treason, and announcing plans to litigate the case at the International Court of Justice. Serbia also expelled ambassadors from countries that recognised Kosovo after the vote in the United Nations General Assembly in which the initiative of Serbia to seek an advisory opinion by the International Court of Justice was adopted.
Positions taken by states
States which recognise Kosovo as independent
UN member states
Country Date of recognition Relevant international membership 1 Afghanistan 18 February 2008 OIC member 2 Costa Rica 18 February 2008  3 Albania 18 February 2008, de jure since 21 October 1991 NATO member
4 France 18 February 2008 UNSC permanent member
5 Turkey 18 February 2008 NATO member
6 United Kingdom 18 February 2008 UNSC permanent member
7 United States 18 February 2008 UNSC permanent member
8 Australia 19 February 2008 9 Senegal 19 February 2008 OIC member 10 Latvia 20 February 2008 EU member
11 Germany 20 February 2008 EU member
12 Estonia 21 February 2008 EU member
13 Italy 21 February 2008 EU member
14 Denmark 21 February 2008 EU member
15 Luxembourg 21 February 2008 EU member
16 Peru 22 February 2008 17 Belgium 24 February 2008 EU member
18 Poland 26 February 2008 EU member
19 Switzerland 27 February 2008 20 Austria 28 February 2008 EU member 21 Ireland 29 February 2008 EU member 22 Sweden 4 March 2008 EU member 23 Netherlands 4 March 2008 EU member
24 Iceland 5 March 2008 NATO member 25 Slovenia 5 March 2008 EU member
President country of Council of the European Union at time of declaration
26 Finland 7 March 2008 EU member 27 Japan 18 March 2008 28 Canada 18 March 2008 NATO member 29 Monaco 19 March 2008 30 Hungary 19 March 2008 EU member
31 Croatia 19 March 2008 NATO member 32 Bulgaria 20 March 2008 EU member
33 Liechtenstein 25 March 2008 34 South Korea 28 March 2008 35 Norway 28 March 2008 NATO member 36 Marshall Islands 17 April 2008 37 Nauru 23 April 2008 38 Burkina Faso 24 April 2008 OIC member 39 Lithuania 6 May 2008 EU member
40 San Marino 11 May 2008 41 Czech Republic 21 May 2008 EU member
42 Liberia 30 May 2008 43 Sierra Leone 13 June 2008 OIC member 44 Colombia 6 August 2008 45 Belize 7 August 2008 46 Malta 21 August 2008 EU member 47 Samoa 15 September 2008 48 Portugal 7 October 2008 EU member
49 Montenegro 9 October 2008 50 Macedonia 9 October 2008 51 United Arab Emirates 14 October 2008 OIC member 52 Malaysia 31 October 2008 OIC member 53 Federated States of Micronesia 5 December 2008 54 Panama 16 January 2009 55 Maldives 19 February 2009 OIC member 56 Palau 6 March 2009 57 Gambia 7 April 2009 OIC member 58 Saudi Arabia 20 April 2009 OIC member 59 Comoros 14 May 2009 OIC member 60 Bahrain 19 May 2009 OIC member 61 Jordan 7 July 2009 OIC member 62 Dominican Republic 10 July 2009 63 New Zealand 9 November 2009 64 Malawi 14 December 2009 65 Mauritania 12 January 2010 OIC member 66 Swaziland 12 April 2010 67 Vanuatu 28 April 2010 68 Djibouti 8 May 2010 OIC member 69 Somalia 19 May 2010 OIC member 70 Honduras 3 September 2010 71 Kiribati 21 October 2010 72 Tuvalu 18 November 2010 73 Qatar 7 January 2011 OIC member 74 Guinea-Bissau 10 January 2011 OIC member 75 Oman 4 February 2011 OIC member 76 Andorra 8 June 2011 77 Central African Republic 22 July 2011 78 Guinea 12 August 2011 OIC member 79 Niger 16 August 2011 OIC member 80 Benin 18 August 2011 OIC member 81 Saint Lucia 19 August 2011 82 Nigeria 12 September 2011 OIC member 83 Gabon 13 September 2011 OIC member 84 Côte d'Ivoire 20 September 2011 OIC member 85 Kuwait 11 October 2011 OIC member
Other states and entities
State or Entity Date of recognition Relevant international membership Republic of China (Taiwan) 18 February 2008 Sovereign Military Order of Malta 2009 UN Permanent Observer
States which do not recognise Kosovo as independent
UN member states
Country Position Relevant international membership Algeria In March 2008, Mourad Medelci, Foreign Affairs Minister, stated that while Algeria sympathised with all Muslim countries, it believed that international laws had to be adhered to. A year later, Medelci reaffirmed the Algerian position of Kosovo being an integral part of Serbia. In May 2009, the Ambassador of Algeria to Serbia, Abdelkader Mesdoua stated that Algeria would reconsider the issue of Kosovo if Serbia changed its own position. OIC member Angola On 23 June 2008, President José Eduardo dos Santos sent a message to his Serbian counterpart, Boris Tadić, regarding the unilateral declaration of independence of Kosovo through Vicente Muanda, chargé d'affaires of the Angolan Embassy in Serbia. Muanda handed over the letter to Jovan Ratković, foreign policy advisor to the President. It reiterated the solidarity of President Eduardo dos Santos and Angola to Serbia, in regard to the preservation of its sovereignty and integrity. Argentina In February 2008, Argentine Foreign Minister Jorge Taiana said "if we were to recognize Kosovo, which has declared its independence unilaterally, without an agreement with Serbia, we would set a dangerous precedent that would seriously threaten our chances of a political settlement in the case of the Falkland Islands". He said that President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner would not give any official statement on the issue, reiterating that there would be no recognition of Kosovo. Argentina will not recognise also because it "supports the principle of territorial integrity". Additionally, he stressed that the 1999 UN Resolution 1244 called for the mutual agreement of all parties to solve the dispute.
In a 2 December 2009 hearing at the International Court of Justice, the Argentine delegation said that Kosovo's declaration of independence "breaches an obligation to respect the territorial integrity of Serbia, the obligation of peaceful settlement of disputes and principle of non-intervention. The resolution has no legal basis in the principle of self-determination," and that it "did not, and could not, abolish Serbia's sovereignty over Kosovo".
Armenia On 12 March 2008, President Serzh Sargsyan stated that "Armenia's possible recognition of Kosovo's independence will not strain the Armenian-Russian relations" but also noted that "Kosovo recognition issue needs serious discussion... Armenia has always been an adherent to the right of nations to self-determination and in this aspect we welcome Kosovo's independence."
On 3 September 2008 President Serzh Sargsyan stated: "Today one is wondering from time to time why Armenia is not recognizing the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. The answer is simple: for the same reason that it did not recognize Kosovo's independence. Having the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, Armenia can not recognize another entity in the same situation as long as it has not recognized the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic". A nation's right to self-determination "takes times", requiring the understanding of "all interested parties". Accordingly, Armenia is trying to "convince" Azerbaijan to accept the loss of Karabakh, stated the president. In November 2008, whilst commenting on Russia's recognition of Georgia's breakaway regions, Sargsyan said "In case with Kosovo the right of nations to self-determination was applied. However, Russia's similar step was given a hostile reception".
At a meeting in May 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Armen Martirosyan, the representative of Armenia to the UN, Mr. Martirosyan reportedly promised that the request for recognition would be forwarded to his government.
On a July 2009 state visit to Armenia, Serbian President Boris Tadić discussed the issues of Kosovo and Nagorno-Karabakh with Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan. The two leaders agreed that regional conflicts must be resolved without the use of force and only by peaceful means in keeping with international law. Tadić also met with Prime Minister Tigran Sargsyan where the same issues were discussed. The Kosovo and Nagorno-Karabakh issues can only be solved through negotiations and "any imposed solutions are absolutely unacceptable and we fully agree on that," Tadić said afterwards. On 4 April 2011 Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan said that Armenia would not recognise the independence of Kosovo contrary to the interests of Serbia.
Azerbaijan In February 2008, a spokesman of the Foreign Ministry, Khazar Ibrahim, said "We view this illegal act as being in contradiction with international law. Proceeding from this, Azerbaijan's position is clear: it does not recognise [Kosovo's] independence". Azerbaijan has also withdrawn peacekeepers from Kosovo. Zahid Oruj, member of the parliamentary committee on defence and security, explained it by saying "Owing to the change of situation in Kosovo, the Azeri peacekeeping battalion performing its mission within the Turkish contingent will be withdrawn. Azerbaijan acts in compliance with the country's political stance". At the summit of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference on 10 March 2008, Azerbaijan opposed adoption of the document, proposed by Turkey, that would lend support to Kosovo's declaration of independence. On 19 June 2008, during the meeting of Organisation of the Islamic Conference, Azerbaijan was among countries that opposed the recognition of Kosovo as an independent country.
In a 3 December 2009 hearing at the International Court of Justice, the Azerbaijani delegation said that entities that declare secession while violating the internal laws of the state can not be considered to be states, and that a fait accompli may not be accepted - power is not the right, and the force is not the law.
At a meeting with Serbian President in Baku in May 2010, President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev said that Serbia and Azerbaijan mutually help each other in the international arena and that his country provides strong support for the territorial integrity of Serbia. He stated that the unilaterally proclaimed independence of Kosovo is an illegal move and called on all UN member states to respect the international law.
OIC member Bahamas At a meeting on 18 June 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Paulette A. Bethel, the representative of the Bahamas to the UN, Ms. Bethel reportedly said that she would forward the request for recognition to her government.
In April 2010, Bahamian Foreign Minister Brent Symonette said, "We have considered and continue to consider the situation on the ground on both sides and maintain a status of awaiting the outcome of negotiations between Kosovo and its neighbouring countries before committing support to either of the two countries".
Bangladesh On 29 June 2008 the Prime Minister, Fakhruddin Ahmed, during a meeting with the United States Ambassador to Bangladesh, James F. Moriarty, affirmed that "Bangladesh will recognize the new European country". The Prime Minister also assured the US ambassador that "Bangladesh is committed to lobbing [sic] Asian Muslim countries to recognize Kosovo. Bangladesh will actively contribute to the development of Kosovo".
Following a meeting on 17 December 2008 between Bangladeshi Foreign Adviser Dr. Iftekhar Ahmed Chowdhury and United States Ambassador James F. Moriarty, the media were told that the question of Kosovo recognition was under "active consideration of the [Bangladeshi] government."
In a press briefing on 22 August 2009, Bangladesh's Foreign Secretary Mohamed Mijarul Quayes said "We don't feel the necessity to recognize Kosovo at this moment". He said that his government would consider "many factors" before making its decision. "If we recognize Kosovo, we are certainly taking a side. But if we don't, we are not leaning to any side," he said.
In a meeting with US Ambassador James F. Moriarty on 15 November 2009, Quayes said that an independent decision would be made on Bangladesh's recognition of Kosovo, keeping the country's national interests in consideration. It has been reported that Bangladesh has not yet recognised Kosovo as it is focusing on strengthening ties with Moscow - Russia had formally requested Bangladesh not to recognise.
Following a September 2010 meeting with the Prime Minister of Bangladesh, Albanian President Sali Berisha said that Bangladesh had promised to decide positively regarding recognition of Kosovo.
OIC member Barbados At a meeting in January 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Kurt Mach, Barbados' general consul assigned to Vienna, Mr. Mach promised to inform his government about Kosovo's achievements, and that he would encourage his country to consider recognising Kosovo. Belarus In February 2008, President Alexander Lukashenko wrote in a letter to Serbian President Boris Tadić that "Belarus expresses its solidarity with the Serbians' intention to defend their sovereignty and territorial integrity". The National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus had issued a statement condemning the declaration of independence and encouraged all nations to call the move "illegal" under international law.
The Foreign Ministry of the Republic of Belarus published a statement saying "that the settlement of the Kosovo and Metochia [sic] status should progress under international law, based on UN Security Council resolution 1244 (of 1999) which is a fundamental document for the Kosovo settlement certifying the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of Serbia, and based on the key provisions of the UN Charter and Helsinki Final Act, with the essential role of the UN Security Council bearing a predominant responsibility for safeguarding international peace and security".
In a 3 December 2009 hearing at the International Court of Justice, the Belarussian delegation said that secession by international law was allowed only in former colonies, or in cases where the minority population was oppressed for a long period of time and was denied the participation in government, however the situation in Kosovo has not met these criteria traditionally interpreted as the right for "external" self-determination. The internal law of Serbia as well as UNSC resolutions are satisfactory for the "internal" self-determination of the Albanian population.
Bhutan At a meeting on 28 May 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Lhatu Wangchuk, the representative of Bhutan to the UN, Mr. Wangchuk reportedly said that he had conveyed Kosovo's request for recognition to his government on 3 February, and he is awaiting the decision of his government. Bolivia In February 2008, President Evo Morales refused to recognise Kosovo's independence and compared Kosovo separatists to the leaders of four eastern Bolivian states who have demanded greater autonomy from the federal government.
In a 4 December 2009 hearing at the International Court of Justice, the Bolivian delegation said that Kosovo is an integral part of Serbia and that the Republic of Kosovo does not exist. A unilateral declaration of independence cannot change the international regime established by the UNSC resolution, or decide the outcome of negotiations.
Bosnia and Herzegovina On 21 February 2008, Republika Srpska, one of the two entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina, adopted a resolution through which it denounced and refused to recognise the unilateral declaration of independence of Kosovo from Serbia. In addition, the parliament adopted a resolution stating that in the event that a majority of EU and UN states recognise Kosovo's independence, Republika Srpska would cite the Kosovo secession as a precedent and move to hold a referendum on its own constitutional status within Bosnia and Herzegovina. Finally, the resolution called upon all Republika Srpska officials to do everything in order to prevent Bosnia and Herzegovina from recognising Kosovo's declared independence.
On 27 August 2008, former Bosnian ambassador in Turkey Hajrudin Somun wrote an editorial discussing Kosovan passports, where he summarised to-date the Bosnian position on Kosovo: "As in many other matters, Bosnia and Herzegovina is deeply divided over Kosovo's independence. The parliament of the 'Republika Srpska' entity, which covers 49 percent of the country's territory, adopted a special resolution denouncing Kosovo's independence and wide demonstrations have been organized there in protest. Keeping in mind that Serb leaders of that entity have threatened to secede from Bosnia and Herzegovina and join Serbia as compensation for losing Kosovo, Bosnian Presidency Chairman Haris Silajdžić said simply that his country is 'unlikely to recognize Kosovo's independence any time soon due to strong objections from its own Serb community'".
The Foreign Minister Sven Alkalaj informed the public on 2 August 2008 that by law Bosnia and Herzegovina cannot accept Kosovan passports, until the Bosnian presidency makes such a determination.
On 26 September 2008 while attending General Assembly of the United Nations in New York, Bosnian President Haris Silajdžić said in a Voice of America interview broadcast back to Bosnia in Bosnian language that he supports Kosovo's independence and is opposed to Serbia's request that the International Court of Justice issue an opinion on the legitimacy of Kosovo's independence. Silajdžić spoke in his own name because the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina did not adopt a platform which would allow him to speak officially.
In August 2009 the Forum of Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) of Kosovo requested that Bosnia recognise Kosovo and the travel documents of its citizens. In response, Presidency member Nebojša Radmanović stated that the Presidency would not discuss the issue in the foreseeable future, and that those making such demands must consider "what kind of state Bosnia-Herzegovina is, what tendencies are present, and what could be the consequences of such a move". He said, "Sometimes, thinking with the heart is not good for the bigger political goals".
In July 2010, Zeljko Komsic, the Croat member of Bosnia-Herzegovina's Presidency, announced that he recognised Serbia without Kosovo.
Botswana In a September 2010 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and his Botswanan counterpart, Phandu Skelemani, Mr. Skelemani said that the International Court of Justice had given "a clear decision", and said that he would soon formally present a position for recognition to his government. Brazil In February 2008, the Brazilian government reaffirmed its belief that a peaceful solution for the issue of Kosovo must continue to be sought through dialogue and negotiation, under the auspices of the United Nations and the legal framework of Resolution 1244 of the Security Council. In his recent declarations, the Minister of Foreign Relations Celso Amorim defended that Brazil should await a UN Security Council decision before defining its official position on the matter of Kosovo's independence.
According to Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremić, Brazil will support Serbia by presenting their negative opinion about Kosovo independence to the ICJ.
In September 2009, Ambassador of Brazil to Serbia Dante Coelho de Lima said that "Our fundamental position is that we respect Serbia's territorial integrity. We supported Security Council resolution 1244, under which Kosovo is a part of Serbia. We also think that the principle of self-determination should not run counter to respect for international law".
In a 4 December 2009 hearing at the International Court of Justice, the Brazilian delegation said that the unilateral declaration of independence ignored not only the authority of the UN Security Council, but also the principle of protecting the territorial integrity of states. There is no basis to justify the unilateral declaration of independence in the UNSC resolution 1244 because it predicted a solution agreed by both parties. Since such an agreement was not reached, the Kosovo dispute can be decided only by the UN Security Council.
Brunei At a meeting on 28 May 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Latif Tuah, the representative of Brunei Darussalam to the UN, Mr. Tuah reportedly said that Brunei is considering the case for recognition.
In September 2011, Kosovo's Prime Minister Hashim Thaçi met with Prince Al-Muhtadee Billah of Brunei, who reportedly promised that his country would soon consider the recognition of Kosovo.
OIC member Burundi In a 4 December 2009 hearing at the International Court of Justice, the Burundian delegation said that declaring the declaration of independence illegal will not have any practical effect because Kosovo exists as a fact. However, the court should limit the right to self-determination only to former and present colonies. There is no right to create new states outside the process of decolonisation, but this will not affect the existence of the Kosovo state. Cameroon In January 2011, the General Secretary of Cameroon's Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ferdinand Ngoh Ngoh, reportedly said that his government cannot deny that Kosovo's independence is irreversible, but that it would have to be careful on how to proceed in order not to create a situation that would damage Cameroon's interests and position in the world.
In November 2011, in a meeting with First Deputy Prime Minister of Kosovo, Behgjet Pacolli, Cameroon's Prime Minister, Philémon Yang, reportedly said that the recognition of Kosovo was underway.
OIC member Cape Verde At a meeting in May 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Antonio Pedro Monteiro Lima, the representative of Cape Verde to the UN, Mr. Lima reportedly said that the decision on recognition of Kosovo is only "a matter of time" and that "Cape Verde knows very well the price of freedom".
In December 2010, Cape Verde's National Director of Political Affairs and Cooperation, José Luis Rocha, said that his country will wait until there is consensus at the UN Security Council before considering its position.
Chile In a 27 February 2008 press release, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Chile called on the parties concerned to achieve, by peaceable means, through dialogue and adherence to the international law, a solution that respects the principles and purposes of the United Nations Charter. Chile will continue to analyse the discussions that have taken and are taking place, both in the UN Security Council, and in the Council of Ministers of the European Union. People's Republic of China In February 2008, the Chinese Foreign Minister has made a statement stressing that the PRC "expresses grave concern" over Kosovo's unilateral declaration of independence. The Minister's remarks go on to add that "The resolution of the Kosovo issue bares [sic] on peace and stability of the Balkan region, the fundamental norms governing international relations as well as the authority and role of the UN Security Council. China always believes that a plan acceptable to both Serbia and Kosovo through negotiations is the best way to resolve this issue. The unilateral move taken by Kosovo will lead to a series of consequences. China is deeply worried about its severe and negative impact on peace and stability of the Balkan region and the goal of establishing a multi-ethnic society in Kosovo. China calls upon Serbia and Kosovo to continue negotiations for a proper resolution within the framework of the international law and work together to safeguard peace and stability of the Balkan region. The international community should create favorable conditions for that."
On 15 May 2008, the Foreign Ministers of India, Russia and China made a joint statement regarding Kosovo during a conference in Yekaterinburg. It was read by the host minister, Sergey Lavrov of Russia, and it said "In our statement, we recorded our fundamental position that the unilateral declaration of independence by Kosovo contradicts Resolution 1244. Russia, India and China encourage Belgrade and Pristina to resume talks within the framework of international law and hope they reach an agreement on all problems of that Serbian territory".
On 23 August 2009, Boris Tadić and Hu Jintao signed a joint declaration on the establishment of strategic partnerships. In point VI this document reconfirms that China respects the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Serbia. It considers that the best way to resolve the Kosovo issue is to develop a plan that would be acceptable for both sides, through dialogue and negotiations between the Government of Serbia and Kosovo authorities, in accordance with the purposes and principles of the UN Charter and relevant resolutions of United Nations Security Council, within international law. The declaration says that unilateral action will not contribute to resolving this issue, and that the international community should create favourable conditions for solving it.
In 2009, for the first time in its history, China entered a process before the International Court of Justice. China backed the position of Serbia saying that sovereign states have a right to prevent unilateral secessions and protect their integrity.
UNSC permanent member Democratic Republic of the Congo In November 2009, President Joseph Kabila said that Congo will not recognise the independence of Kosovo for as long as he lives. Cuba On 29 February 2008, writing in his personal "Reflections of Fidel" column, which is published in the official newspaper of the Communist Party of Cuba, Granma Internacional (and since translated into English and archived on the Trabajadores website), Fidel Castro, the ex-President and First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba, attacked Javier Solana, accusing him of being the ideological father of Kosovo's "independence", and by doing so, putting at risk the ethnic cohesion and the very state integrity of Spain or the United Kingdom, both of which experience separatist movements of their own. He referred to Kosovo independence in quotes as "independence".
In December 2009, Ambassador of Cuba to Serbia, Mercedes Martínez Valdés, said that Cuba supports the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Serbia regarding the issue of Kosovo and advocates for the respect of international law.
In a September 2010 meeting between the Foreign Ministers of Albania and Cuba, Edmond Haxhinasto and Bruno Rodriguez Parrilla, Mr. Parrilla said that Cuba is reconsidering recognition of Kosovo in light of the decision made by the International Court of Justice.
Cyprus On 11 February 2008, then Foreign Minister Erato Kozakou-Marcoullis, of the Papadopoulos administration, stated that "Cyprus will never recognize a unilateral declaration of independence outside the U.N. framework, and in particular by side-stepping the role of the Security Council".
Current President, Dimitris Christofias, confirmed in March 2008 that Cyprus would not recognise Kosovo as an independent country, out of respect for the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Serbia. Christofias reiterated his opposition to recognition in an interview with a Russian newspaper, saying, "The one thing that Kosovo and Cyprus have in common, as far as the situation in these regions is concerned, is that in both cases, the basic principles of international law and legality, as well as UN decisions, are constantly being violated". The Cypriot president underlined that the territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of both Serbia and the Republic of Cyprus were being violated in the most brutal manner.
On 23 February 2009, in a meeting with Serbian President Boris Tadić, Christofias said that "Cyprus has not recognized the unilaterally declared independence of Kosovo and we will not recognize it in the future. We are on your side, not only because your case is similar to ours, but because it is a matter of principles". On 16 June 2009, Minister of Defence of Cyprus Costas Papakostas said that Cyprus will never recognise the independence of Kosovo. In October 2009 this stance was reiterated by President Christofias who said Cyprus would not recognise Kosovo, even if all other EU members did so.
EU member Dominica At a meeting on 28 May 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Crispin S. Gregoire, the representative of Dominica to the UN, Mr. Gregoire reportedly said "we recognize the right of the Kosovo people to self-determination and having their place in the family of free nations".
In a September 2010 meeting between Skënder Hyseni and Dominican Foreign Affairs Minister, Alvin Bernard, Mr. Bernard said that his government will pay attention to the request for recognition, and in time a decision would be made. Mr. Bernard said, "our presence in this meeting is an indicator with regard to your request".
Ecuador In response to a request from the University of Oxford regarding the analysis of developments related to the independence of Kosovo, in August 2008 the Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated that there should be "unrestricted compliance with the rules and principles of the United Nations Charter and International Law".
At a meeting in January 2009 between Kosovan Foreign Minister Skënder Hyseni and Maria Elena Moreira, Ecuador's Ambassador to Austria, Mrs. Moreira said that the government of her country has carefully followed developments in Kosovo, and taking into account the recognition of Kosovo by European and Latin American countries, Ecuador will seriously consider the request for recognition of Kosovo as an independent and sovereign country. At a meeting on 25 March 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Diego Morejón-Pazmino, the Ambassador of Ecuador to the UN, Mr. Morejón-Pazmino said that Ecuador has been carefully following developments in Kosovo, and he stressed the importance of building democratic institutions and a society with rights guaranteed to all communities. Mr. Morejón-Pazmino also said that Ecuador would carefully examine developments before making a decision on whether to recognise Kosovo.
Egypt Soon after Kosovo's declaration of independence, an Egyptian Foreign Ministry spokesman urged the parties to abide by international law and support regional stability, but did not say whether Egypt would recognise Kosovo.
At the summit of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference on 10 March 2008, Egypt opposed adoption of the document, proposed by Turkey, that would lend support to Kosovo's declaration of independence.
On 19 June 2008, during the meeting of Organisation of the Islamic Conference, Egypt was among countries that opposed the recognition of Kosovo as an independent country.
On 29 September 2008, Foreign Minister Ahmed Aboul Gheit said that his government was closely following all developments in Kosovo and the region, and that his country would act at the right time regarding the issue of the recognition of Kosovo. In an interview with Večernje novosti on 29 September 2008, the Ambassador of Egypt to Serbia, Adel Ahmed Naguib, stated that Egypt respects Serbia's sovereignty and territorial integrity, and believes that an agreement should be found to satisfy both sides, for a win-win outcome. In early November 2008, presidential adviser and former deputy foreign minister, Abdullah el-Esha'al stated "that recognition of Kosovo independence will assertively come from Egypt very soon, because we are keen to contribute to peace and stability to this part of the world, and now we are very well informed about your history and self-determination endeavors to build your independent state".
In late November 2008, however, Egypt blocked Kosovo's delegation from taking part in the Organisation of the Islamic Conference's second Ministerial Conference on Women to be held in Cairo. Even though the OIC had previously allowed Kosovo to participate with guest status on the request of Albania, Egypt objected and barred the delegation from talks.
On 1 April 2009, then President Hosni Mubarak assured Serbian President Boris Tadić that Egypt will not recognise Kosovo, according to Tadić. The two leaders agreed that all global problems should be resolved within the United Nations.
At a meeting on 26 May 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Maged A. Abdelaziz, the representative of Egypt to the UN, Mr. Abdelaziz reportedly said that Egypt is closely tracking developments, and that Egypt will sooner or later join the countries that have recognised Kosovo.
On 22 March 2010, the Egyptian Foreign Ministry announced that Egypt will not recognise Kosovo as an independent state before the ICJ gives its advisory opinion on the legality of Kosovo's unilaterally proclaimed independence.
In a 29 September 2010 meeting with Skënder Hyseni, Egypt's Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ahmed Aboul Gheit, Mr. Gheit said that Egypt is considering Kosovo's request for recognition and will make a decision at the right time. He explained that the delay in recogntion was not due to Kosovo, but for other reasons.
On 11 April 2011, after the Egyptian revolution had resulted in the installment of temporary military rule in place of the previous government, the Egyptian Deputy Foreign Minister, Ahmed Amin Fathallah, said that Egypt is taking practical steps towards recognising Kosovo.
On 6 September 2011, Egypt's Foreign Minister Mohamed Kamel Amr said that even with a new government, Egypt would not change its position on recognising Kosovo.
On 20 September 2011, the Secretariat of the Revolutionary Council of Egypt announced that it recognised Kosovo's independence, but that this was not a recognition by the current interim government.
OIC member El Salvador On 15 May 2009, Arber Geci, a spokesman for the New Kosovo Alliance Party announced that party leader Behgjet Pacolli had received a promise of recognition from the President-elect of El Salvador, Mauricio Funes. Geci said that this recognition would be made when Funes took charge on 1 June. At a meeting on 27 May 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Carmen M.G. Hernandez, the representative of El Salvador to the UN, Ms. Hernandez reportedly said that the issue of recognition is on the agendas of both the outgoing and incoming governments. She said that El Salvador is following up the situation in Kosovo and a decision will be taken in time. Equatorial Guinea In a 1 September 2010 press conference, Equatorial Guinea's Permanent Representative to the UN, Anatolio Ndong Mba, said that his country's foreign policy favours Kosovo's independence.
In September 2011, the president of Equatorial Guinea, Teodoro Obiang, is reported to have responded positively to a request for recogition by Kosovo.
On 21 November 2011, in a meeting with First Deputy Prime Minister of Kosovo, Behgjet Pacolli, President of Equatorial Guinea, Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo reportedly promised to immediately begin formalising the recognition of Kosovo.
Eritrea In September 2011, the president of Eritrea, Isiah Afewerki, is reported to have responded positively to a request for recogition by Kosovo. Ethiopia At a meeting in January 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Kongit Sinegiorgis, Ethiopia's Ambassador to Austria, Mrs. Sinegiorgis stated that the Ethiopian Government remains committed to considering Kosovo and its recognition, and will bring a decision at the right time.
According to Serbia, Kosovo's Foreign Minister Skënder Hyseni and other members of his delegation were denied entry into Ethiopia in January 2010. They allegedly wanted to attend an African Union summit in order to lobby African nations to recognise Kosovo. Their visas were denied after pressure by the Serbian government, the Serbian Foreign Ministry said. Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremić, who attended the summit, thanked his Ethiopian counterpart for denying the visas and supporting Serbia's cause. However, the Kosovo Foreign Ministry denies that they submitted any requests for visas.
Georgia The Foreign Minister of Georgia, David Bakradze, said on 18 February 2008 that Tbilisi would not recognise Kosovo's independence, adding: "I think everyone in Georgia, regardless of political orientation, is unanimous on this". On 29 March 2008 the Prime Minister, Lado Gurgenidze, gave a recorded interview in Estonia, in which he clearly said in English that as Georgia's friends have recognised Kosovo, it is only natural that eventually Georgia will do likewise. The printed publication of the interview elicited demands by the opposition to impeach him, and the government spokesman stated that the Prime Minister was misinterpreted, after which the Estonian paper Postimees, which conducted and printed the interview, released the audio to the world. On 9 May 2008 President of Georgia, Mikheil Saakashvili, said "We are saying loud and clear that we have never planned to recognize Kosovo. Nor do we plan to do so in the future. The way out of the situation that has been chosen is not the best one. The Serbs should have been given more time for negotiations. The solution for Kosovo was a hasty one". Ghana In mid-March 2008, Ghanaian president John Agyekum Kufuor stated that Ghana "would be guided by consultations through the United Nations (UN) system", and that he "wished the best for Serbia to attain genuine peace and stability". At a meeting on 25 March 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Leslie Kojo Christian, Ghana's ambassador to the UN, Mr. Christian said that in time, his government would make a decision on the recognition of Kosovo.
Following a meeting with Ghana's Deputy Foreign Minister, Chris Kpodo in November 2009, Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremić stated that Ghana would remain faithful to its position of not recognising the independence of Kosovo.
In a 21 September 2010 meeting between Hyseni and the Ghanaian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Muhammad Mumuni, Mr. Mumuni said that he is closely following closely developments in Kosovo, that Ghana believes in self-determination and that it will make public its position on recognition at the right time.
Greece The day after the declaration, Greece stated that it would make a decision whether to recognise independent Kosovo or not after examining the issue in depth and that its decision would come as a result of close cooperation with European and neighbouring countries, bearing in mind Serbia's role in maintaining regional stability.
On 29 August 2008, following the South Ossetia war, an MFA spokesman replied in passing during a press briefing that Greece did not recognise Kosovo and will not recognise South Ossetia and Abkhazia because "the basic principle of respect for the territorial integrity and independence of states" is of "long-standing importance to, and is a fundamental constant of, the Greek foreign policy of all Greek governments". Subsequent official statements issued by the Greek Foreign Minister Dora Bakoyannis in August and September 2008 about Greece's engagement in EULEX said that Greece has interest in the betterment of the living conditions in Kosovo, especially that of minorities.
In February 2009, a spokesman from the Greek embassy in Belgrade said that Greece has no plans to alter its stance on Kosovo despite the adoption of EP resolution calling on EU states that have not recognised Kosovo to do so. He also added that all Greek MEPs who attended the debate in Strasbourg "voted against the resolution".
In May 2009, Greece backed Kosovo's IMF bid and voted in favour of it to become the IMF's latest member.
On 2 July 2009, President of Greece, Karolos Papoulias, stated "When it comes to Kosovo, the Greek position is well known. Our country has always been in favour of a mutually acceptable solution which would be based on international law, which would respect minority rights and would produce neither winners nor losers".
In September 2009, new Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou commented on the issue of Kosovo's independence by saying that "its unilateral recognition is a flagrant violation of international law" and added that "Greece's insistence on international law is a profoundly patriotic stance". In a June 2008 letter to French President Nicolas Sarkozy, he had stated that "unilateral declaration of independence by Kosovo and its recognition by some EU member-states in violation of the principles of International Law and UN Security Council's resolutions and without a previous decision by the EU's 27 member-states, does not contribute to the region's stability".
In September 2011, it was reported that Greece supported Kosovo's membership in the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
Grenada At a meeting on 24 March 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Dessima M. Williams, Grenada's Ambassador to the UN, Mrs. Williams (the then chair of CARICOM in the UN) said that Grenada, along with other CARICOM member countries, is trying to achieve unity to make a decision for Kosovo. She has also said that Grenada is closely following developments in Kosovo and the decision for recognition will be considered at the right time.
In August 2010, Albanian Parliament Speaker Jozefina Topalli received a letter from the chairman of the Grenadian Parliament, George J. McGuire, stating that Grenada considers Kosovo to be a legitimate and independent nation, and that it will process its request for recognition.
Guatemala At a meeting on 26 March 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Gert Rosenfal, the Ambassador of Guatemala to the UN, Mr. Rosenfal said that his country's government is carefully studying the developments in Kosovo, and the ongoing preparations to present a case to the International Court of Justice. He also said that Guatemala is working with others in Latin America to reach a decision. Guyana In a 22 September 2010 meeting with Kosovan politician Behgjet Pacolli, Guyanan Foreign Minister Carolyn Rodruiges-Birkett reportedly said that Guyana will continue communicating with her CARICOM counterparts regarding a fast block recognition of Kosovo from those countries. OIC member Haiti On 28 August 2008, the Parliament Speaker of the Republic of Kosovo, Jakup Krasniqi, was informed in a meeting with the Ambassador of Haiti to the US, Raymond Joseph, that the "Haitian government is in the process of recognition of Kosovo independence". At a meeting on 25 March 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Léo Mérorès, the Ambassador of Haiti to the UN, Mr. Mérorès said that the government of Haiti would very soon examine Kosovo's demand for recognition. In another meeting on 26 May 2009, Mr. Mérorès reiterated that the Government of Haiti would evaluate the righteousness of the request for recognition. India On 18 February 2008, in response to questions on developments regarding Kosovo, an official spokesperson of the Indian Ministry of Foreign Affairs said, "It has been India's consistent position that the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all countries should be fully respected by all states. We have believed that the Kosovo issue should have been resolved through peaceful means and through consultation and dialogue between the concerned parties. We have taken note of the Unilateral Declaration of Independence by Kosovo. There are several legal issues involved in this Declaration. We are studying the evolving situation".
In March 2008, the Indian ambassador to Serbia, Ajay Swarup, told a Serbian newspaper, "India's position on Kosovo has been and still is consistent, and that is that the sovereignty and territorial integrity of every country must be fully respected by all other countries". Swarup added that a "high level of India's support to Serbia" can be seen from the comments and articles which appeared in the Indian press following Kosovo's declaration. Swarup also pointed out that Kosovo "can set a very dangerous precedent for similar cases around the world".
On 15 May 2008, the Foreign Ministers of India, Russia and China made a joint statement regarding Kosovo during a conference in Yekaterinburg. It was read by the host minister, Sergey Lavrov of Russia, and it said "In our statement, we recorded our fundamental position that the unilateral declaration of independence by Kosovo contradicts Resolution 1244. Russia, India and China encourage Belgrade and Pristina to resume talks within the framework of international law and hope they reach an agreement on all problems of that Serbian territory".
On 31 July 2008, Ambassador Swarup stated that "India abides by the principles of international law and does not recognize Kosovo's secession".
In January 2009, Ajay Swarup, the Indian ambassador to Belgrade, stated "India will support Serbia on the issue of protection of her sovereignty in all international forums". In April 2011 the Indian Foreign Office stated that "Delhi is willing to recognise … Kosovo, but the situation in disputed Kashmir has barred it from doing so."
Indonesia On 19 February 2008, Foreign Ministry spokesman Kristiarto Soeryo Legowo said that the Indonesian government will closely observe developments in Kosovo and is not yet in a position to give its recognition to the unilaterally declared independence. The issue will be debated in parliament among the Indonesian parties. At the summit of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference on 10 March 2008, Indonesia opposed adoption of the document, proposed by Turkey, that would lend support to Kosovo's declaration of independence. On 27 March 2008, Indonesian Foreign Minister Hassan Wirajuda stated that Indonesia does not see Kosovo as a religious, but as an ethnic and political problem as well as the question of principle of respecting sovereignty and territorial integrity of a UN member. He said that "Indonesia supports a solution to the Kosovo problem with peaceful means, through dialogue and negotiations", and added that "Indonesia supports Serbia's idea that the UN General Assembly asks for opinion from the International Court of Justice on the legality of declaration of independence by Kosovo". On 19 June 2008, during the meeting of Organisation of the Islamic Conference, Indonesia was among countries that opposed the recognition of Kosovo as an independent country. On 26 August 2008, the Ambassador of Indonesia in Belgrade, Muhammad Dalimunthe, said that "Indonesia stands firmly behind the notion that every move on the international scene must be based on international law, and that is not the case with the unilateral proclamation of Kosovo's independence. Our stance starts with the fact that we respect Serbia's integrity", and that Indonesia insisted among Islamic countries that Kosovo is a political and not a religious issue. In January 2009, the Indonesian ambassador in Belgrade said that the setting up of the Kosovo Security Force was unnecessary and that Indonesia has not changed its position that it backs UN Security Council Resolution 1244 which guarantees the territorial integrity of Serbia.
Whilst giving a lecture at a London school of Economics on 31 March 2009, President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono said "for now it is quite possible that Indonesia to accept the independent status of Kosovo after we examine carefully that there is a different situation in Myanmar, after the process of Balkanization you have the independent state of Kosovo" and that "we are still following the situation in Kosovo now and it is quite possible that some day Indonesia recognize the independence of Kosovo".
In August 2009, the Ambassador of Indonesia to Serbia Muhammad Abduh Dalimunthe said that Indonesia respects international law, the integrity of Serbia and all the steps that Serbia has taken with the International Court of Justice regarding the legality of Kosovo's unilaterally proclaimed independence. He also said that every problem must be solved in a peaceful way, that the UN Security Council Resolution 1244 on Kosovo must be respected and that it is necessary to wait for the decision of the ICJ on Kosovo.
At a meeting in September 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Nur Hassan Wirajuda, Indonesian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Wirajuda said that Indonesia was closely looking at Kosovo's request and that a decision would be taken when appropriate.
In February 2010, Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono said that respect of international law was a foundation of foreign policy for Indonesia, and that his country would not recognise the independence of Kosovo. In July 2010, the Indonesian Foreign Ministry spokesman, Teuku Faizasyah, said the government would look further into the decision. "For the record, the ICJ's ruling was not unanimous and there was dissenting opinion. The ruling was more of a procedural matter and cannot be defined as a recognition of the freedom of Kosovo legally." Defence Ministry spokesman, I Wayan Midhio, said there would not be growing separatist movements affected by the ruling. "A country's sovereignty and integrity is part of its national interest and a country is obliged to improve its people's welfare. When that obligation is missed, separatist movements will rise." He asserted that the 2004 Regional Autonomy Law secured welfare in all regions.
In August 2011, Taufiq Kiemas, the chairman of Indonesia's People's Consultative Assembly, promised to write to Indonesia's president to recommend recognition of Kosovo.
OIC member Iran On 13 March 2008, President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said that Iran, after considering the region's issues and conditions, had not recognised the independence of Kosovo.
In early March 2008, Gholamreza Ansari, Ambassador of Iran to Russia, said that "this question has very important aspects. Frankly speaking, the United Nations divided one of its members into two parts, though Article 1244 confirms the territorial integrity of Serbia. This is a very strange event. We think that some countries try to weaken international organizations. Presently, Iran is studying the question of Kosovo's future. Iran... expresses its concern over the weakening of international organizations".
OIC member Iraq At a meeting on 28 May 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Hamid Al Bayati, the representative of Iraq to the UN, Mr. Al Bayati reportedly said that Kosovo deserves to be recognised by other states and that Iraq's decision to recognise will come at a suitable time.
At a meeting in September 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Hoshyar Zabari, Iraqi Foreign Minister, Mr. Zabari said that Kosovo's request for recognition was being studied closely. He said that he would forward the request to his Government, and that "we understand the right of peoples to self-determination".
On 18 February 2010, following a meeting with Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremić said that Serbia strongly supports Iraq's territorial integrity just as Iraq supports Serbia.
In May 2010, Ali al-Baldawi, a representative of the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq, reportedly said that relations would be established with Kosovo once his party, which won the latest elections, forms a new government.
On 6 August 2010, following a meeting with Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, the Serbian Defence Minister Dragan Šutanovac said that Iraq did not recognise the independence of Kosovo and added that Iraq had supported the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Serbia.
In March 2011 Hashim Thaçi met with the Iraqi Vice President Tarik al-Hashim, who promised that Iraq would consider the recognition of Kosovo in the immediate future to open the way for promotion of good relations between the two countries.
In October 2011 Iraq's ambassador to Belgrade, Falah Abdulsada, said that Iraq supports international law and international mechanisms, and has not changed its position of non-recognition of Kosovo.
OIC member Israel "We haven't decided when we're going to decide, and instead will monitor events and consider the issue," an Israeli Foreign Ministry official[who?] said in February 2008. Israel will not recognise Kosovo's independence at this time, in part because of the possibility of Palestinians using recognition of Kosovo to justify their own unilateral declaration of independence. According to The Jewish Chronicle, Foreign Ministry officials and politicians[who?] are privately voicing a general sympathy towards the Kosovar cause, however Israel still won't recognise Kosovo. Knesset representative Ruhama Avraham Balila said that "at present the government of Israel has made decision not to join the group of countries which recognised the independence of Kosovo". She also said that Israel considers the situation "very disturbing".
On 28 April 2009, Arthur Koll, the Israeli ambassador to Serbia, said it had been more than a year since Kosovo unilaterally declared independence, and that Israel had no intention of recognising that independence and that "Israel is asked from time to time how solid this decision is, but the fact is that Israel's position has not changed throughout this time. The Serbian people and government should appreciate Israel's position, which also demonstrates the friendship between the two states".
On 16 September 2009, Israeli foreign minister Avigdor Lieberman said that Israel is "monitoring the situation between Serbia and Kosovo" and that Israel hopes for "a really comprehensive and peaceful solution" which would be established through negotiations between Belgrade and Pristina. Liberman said that his country would be able to withstand the pressure made on it to recognise Kosovo because Israel has "been under pressure since 1948 on many issues and we know how to deal with any pressure". "Israeli officials have confirmed that Israel will remain firm in its stand [on Kosovo]," Serbian Interior Minister Ivica Dačić said during a visit to Israel in late October 2009.
In June 2011, Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman said that Kosovo's independence is a "sensitive issue" and that Israel may recognise Kosovo after other countries like Greece and Spain accept it.
Jamaica Following April 2010 meetings with Jamaican officials, Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremić stated that Serbia can count on Jamaica's continued support in the preservation of its sovereignty and territorial integrity. Kazakhstan In February 2008, a Kazakh foreign ministry spokesperson said that Kazakhstan opposes Kosovo's unilateral proclamation of independence. Kazakhstan insists the Kosovo issue should be solved peacefully in accordance with UN principles on national sovereignty and territorial integrity, the spokesperson said. In October 2008, Foreign Minister Marat Tazhin said that "the principle of territorial integrity is key in international law" and that for this reason Kazakhstan did not recognise Kosovo or Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
In December 2008, Prime Minister Karim Masimov stated that "We have an official position. Kazakhstan did not recognise Kosovo and does not recognise Abkhazia and South Ossetia. We consider that borders are defined and Kazakhstan will not recognise any new states".
OIC member Kenya On 30 July 2008, in a meeting between Kenya's Minister for Foreign Affairs Moses Wetangula, and Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremić, Wetangula spoke of Kenya's principled position regarding Kosovo and the territorial integrity of Serbia. At a meeting on 27 May 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Zachary D. Muburi Muita, the representative of Kenya to the UN, Mr. Muita reportedly said that "Kosovo deserves a place in the family of nations" and that he will pass the request for recognition to his government. He also said that a right for self-determination is an undeniable right.
Following a September 2010 meeting with Kenyan politicians, Albanian President Sali Berisha said that Kenya had promised to decide positively regarding recognition of Kosovo.
OIC member Kyrgyzstan An official statement issued in early 2008 states that Kyrgyzstan will not recognise Kosovo's independence and considers it a dangerous precedent for separatist organisations in the world. OIC member Laos On 27 February 2008, the Foreign Ministry issued a statement saying that "The Lao PDR urged all sides to respect the resolution of the UN Security Council No 1244, dated 10 June 1999, recognizing Kosovo as a Serbian province". Lebanon At a meeting on 28 May 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Nawaf Salam, the representative of Lebanon to the UN, Mr. Salam reportedly said that Lebanon will continue to support Kosovo and that the government of Lebanon is seeking the moment for recognition.
In a November 2009 meeting between an Albanian delegation led by Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Edith Harxhi, and Lebanese officials including Prime Minister Saad Hariri, the Lebanese side reportedly said that Lebanon would soon recognise Kosovo. However, the Lebanese ambassador in Belgrade, Cehad Mualem, was later reported as saying that there was no possibility of Lebanon recognising Kosovo in the near future. He said that Lebanon would wait for the decision of the ICJ.
OIC member Lesotho Following a 3 September 2010 meeting with Lesotho's Minister of Foreign Affairs Mohlabi Kenneth Tsekoa, Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremić stated that Lesotho will support Serbia in all stages of the diplomatic struggle to preserve its sovereignty and territorial integrity.
In March 2011, J.T. Metsing, Principal Secretary to Lesotho's Minister of Foreign Affairs is reported to have said that his government and the Ministry agree that Kosovo should be an independent country, but that they want it done right to ensure peace and stability.
Libya According to Serbia, Abdulhati Al Obeidi, Secretary for European Affairs of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, after meeting with the Serbian Minister of Foreign Affairs Vuk Jeremić on 17 March 2008, stated that Libya will not recognise a unilateral declaration of independence by Kosovo. Al Obeidi said that Libya strongly supports the position of Serbia regarding Kosovo, despite the pressure from the European Union and some Islamic nations to recognise, and that Libya considers the unilateral declaration of independence illegal. Al Obeidi stated that Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi considers the UN Security Council to be the only place where the Kosovo problem can be solved the right way.
On 2 October 2008, according to Kosovan Foreign Minister Skënder Hyseni, the Libyan ambassador at the United Nations, Giadalla Ettalhi, pledged to back Kosovo's independence while opposing Serbia's initiative to contest this. However, Libya did not partake in the vote.
According to Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremić, President Muammar al-Gaddafi reassured him, during an 9 April 2009 meeting, that Libya will not recognise Kosovo.
In the written statement supplied to the International Court of Justice in April 2009, Libya stated that "the proclamation of the independence of the Province of Kosovo unilaterally by its institutions of self-government is a violation of international law" and that "the commitment to the principle of the territorial integrity of the Republic of Serbia is in keeping with international law, which gives absolute sovereignty to States over their regions".
Following a September 2009 meeting between Gaddafi and Kosovar politician Behgjet Pacolli, Pacolli's New Kosovo Alliance party stated that Gaddafi had promised to carefully examine the possibility of Libya recognising Kosovo. Gaddafi also reportedly told Pacolli that there would be no barrier to free movement of Kosovars in Libya, or the development of economic, and other, relations. In a subsequent interview, Pacolli said "Today I say that Muammar Gadafi is not against Kosovo... I have to say also that the problem is the relation of Libya with Russia... Even though he knows Kosovo, President Gadafi said to me that it's not the right time to recognize Kosovo". It has also been reported that during Pacolli's visit, Gaddafi said that he would "never recognise Kosovo as long as their leaders remained American poodles".
OIC member Mali Mali's President Amadou Toumani Touré was reported in the press in March 2008 as having expressed the Malian stance on Kosovo as follows: "International norms must be respected, because their abuse and the violation of territorial integrity could threaten a series of countries with a similar problem".
In a 21 May 2010 meeting with Serbian Prime Minister, Mirko Cvetković, Mali's Minister of Foreign Affairs, Moctar Ouane, said that Serbia can count on Mali's support in its efforts to preserve its sovereignty and territorial integrity.
In August 2011, President Touré is reported to have said that recognition of Kosovo will be seriously considered by Mali.
OIC member Mexico On 19 February 2008, the Foreign Ministry issued a statement: "Our country is closely paying attention to the situation as it develops in order to adopt, at an opportune moment, a position on what took place last Sunday". The same statement calls on all parties to agree peacefully, through dialogue, on the final status of Kosovo and to reach an agreement on the rights of minorities and maintaining peace and security in the Balkans. Moldova Kosovo's declaration creates "deep concerns in the Republic of Moldova," the Moldovan government said in a February 2008 statement. Moldova will not recognise Kosovo's independence. Mongolia On 8 May 2009 Kosovan President Fatmir Sejdiu met Nyamaa Enkhbold, the Mongolian Deputy Parliament Speaker, to request recognition of Kosovo by Mongolia. Mr. Enkhbold reportedly promised to deal with the request once he had returned home. Morocco At a meeting in January 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni and Omar Zniber, Morocco's Ambassador to Austria, Mr. Zniber said that the Kingdom of Morocco is carefully watching developments in Kosovo. He said, "People and institutions of my country understand and support the will of Kosovo people. We have been and remain close to Kosovo; I can tell you that my country is having wide consult[ation]s with other countries on the issue of Kosovo recognition. We will make a decision for Kosovo at [the] right time".
During a September 2009 visit to Rabat, Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremić said that Moroccan leaders had confirmed that Rabat had consolidated its position on not recognising Kosovo. Morocco's Foreign Minister Taieb Fassi Fihri stated that entities could not become states by unilateral declarations of independence, but only through UN processes or mutual consent.
In June 2011, Moroccan government representatives explained that they had difficulty in recognising Kosovo due to the political context of Western Sahara.
OIC member Mozambique In February 2008, Mozambican Deputy Foreign Minister Henrique Banze said in reference to Kosovo's declaration of independence, "We shall wait for the appropriate moment. It's a very sensitive matter and like all matters of this kind, it demands a lot of thought. Our government will work so that it may make the most appropriate decision in this case". In November 2008 Mozambique's ambassador to the UN, Filipe Chidumo, stated that his government is monitoring developments, and that it "understands Kosovo's people's will for freedom and independence".
At a meeting on 18 June 2009 between Ambassador Chidumo and the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, Mr. Chidumo reportedly said that the issue of Kosovo continues to remain on Mozambique's agenda and that he would resubmit the request for recognition to his government.
OIC member Namibia In September 2010, following a meeting with a Foreign Minister of Namibia, Utoni Nujoma, Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremić stated that he received assurances that Namibia will never recognise Kosovo. Nujoma stated that the most important thing is to continue to search for a peaceful solution to the problem of Kosovo and that the opportunities should be sought for reconciliation between nations in the Balkans. Nicaragua In February 2008, the chancellor of Nicaragua, Samuel Santos, said that the government of his country maintains a position of "observation" to the unilateral declaration of independence of Kosovo. "Nicaragua is watching the issue of Kosovo's independence, we have friends who are in agreement with this independence and other friends who disagree, there are some who are saying that [independence] is a threat to peace in that tender area. We just look at [this case and] we have no opinion on this issue." Pakistan In February 2008, the Pakistani Foreign Ministry released the following statement: "We understand and support the legitimate aspirations of the Kosovars and the need for peace in Kosovo and the region. Pakistan is watching the developments in Kosovo carefully. We have noted the recognition extended by a number of important countries to the declaration of independence by the Kosovo Parliament and the statement made by the OIC Secretary General expressing happiness over this development, and solidarity and support with the Kosovars. Our policy will be guided by these developments and the aspirations of the people of Kosovo. It remains our earnest desire that situation remains calm and peaceful in Kosovo and the region."
At a meeting on 28 January 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Mr. Shahbaz, Pakistan's Ambassador to Austria, the ambassador said that the people and government of Pakistan support Kosovo on its path. He said that Pakistan is conducting intensive talks with its neighbours and other members of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference on the issue, and that it is just a matter of time before Pakistan takes the decision to recognise Kosovo.
At a meeting on 26 May 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Abdullah Hussain Haroon, the representative of Pakistan to the UN, Mr. Haroon reportedly said "finally we support your cause".
In a 20 May 2010 conversation with the Turkish Prime Minister, Pakistani Prime Minister Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani said "that Pakistan was keenly observing the current situation" in Kosovo, and that Pakistan would "wait for ICJ's opinion before taking any decision". In April 2011, the Pakistani Foreign Office stated that "Islamabad is willing to recognise the Kosovo Republic, Pakistan is being pressed by several Muslim states and the United States to recognise the republic. Also, the people of Kosovo, whom it had been supporting in their freedom struggle against Serbian occupation, are also eagerly awaiting recognition by Pakistan, but the situation in Balochistan does not allow us to do so... We are sorry we can't do so, Pakistan finds it impossible to translate its desire into a reality." On 13 April 2011, Israr Hussain the Director for Europe at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Pakistan stated that the issue of Kosovo's recognition by Pakistan will be discussed very soon and that it is a priority for the Government of Islamabad.
OIC member Papua New Guinea On 21 December 2009, Kosovar politician Behgjet Pacolli said that he had been informed by Papua New Guinea's Minister of Foreign Affairs, Samuel Abal, that his country is to recognise the independence of Kosovo, and that an official letter of recognition would be sent to his Kosovan counterpart in January 2010.
On 8 April 2010, Pacolli stated that Kosovo's Ministry of Foreign Affairs had already received a note of recognition from Papua New Guinea, but for some reason this had not been announced by Kosovo's government.
Paraguay In February 2008, Paraguay took note of the independence declaration and was analysing the situation.
In April 2010, it was reported that the Paraguayan president had told Kosovan pilot James Berisha, who was on an awareness-raising journey around Central and South America, that Paraguay had already recognised Kosovo's independence but had not made this known so as not to jeopardise their relationship with Russia.
Philippines In February 2008, Foreign Secretary Alberto Romulo said in a statement: "Considering the existing sensibilities in the region, continued dialogue should be encouraged among all the parties concerned to ensure regional stability". They also said they are not willing to recognise Kosovo as an independent nation. On 19 February 2008, Alberto Romulo, the Secretary of Foreign Affairs stated that recognition could complicate peace talks with Muslim separatists in Mindanao. He said that "while the Philippines does not oppose the idea of independence for Kosovo, it would prefer a settlement...taking into account the internationally accepted principles of sovereignty and territorial integrity". Romania On 18 February 2008, a joint session of Parliament voted not to recognise Kosovo's independence by 357 to 27, with support from all parties except the UDMR. Also the President and the Prime Minister oppose recognition.
In February 2009, Romanian Minister of Foreign Affairs Cristian Diaconescu said that "Romania does not change its position and will not recognize Kosovo's independence, which contradicts to the norms and principles of the international law" and that the EP resolution on Kosovo is not binding.
In September 2009, Traian Băsescu announced that Romania will partner Serbia in its action at the International Court of Justice and said that "Territorial partitions are unacceptable, regardless of what explanations [are] put forward to support them".
On 24 September 2010, Romanian Prime Minister Emil Boc said in an address to the UN General Assembly that while Romania respected the International Court of Justice's opinion on the legality of Kosovo's independence it did not examine the key issue which was the legality of the creation of a new state. Romania will continue to not recognise Kosovo's independence.
Russia In February 2008, Russian President Vladimir Putin described the recognition of Kosovo's unilaterally declared independence by several major world powers as "a terrible precedent, which will de facto blow apart the whole system of international relations, developed not over decades, but over centuries", and that "They have not thought through the results of what they are doing. At the end of the day it is a two-ended stick and the second end will come back and hit them in the face". During an official state visit to Serbia following the declaration, Russian President-elect Dmitry Medvedev reiterated support for Serbia and its stance on Kosovo.
In March 2008, Russia said that the recent violence in Tibet is linked with the recognition by some states of the independence of Serbia's breakaway province, Kosovo. Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, in an interview with a Russian newspaper, also linked the demands for greater autonomy by ethnic Albanians in Macedonia with the Kosovo issue. Lavrov said, "There are ground[s] to presume that this is not occurring by chance. You can see what is happening in Tibet, how the separatists there are acting. The Albanians in Macedonia are already demanding a level of autonomy that is a clear step toward independence. Furthermore, events in other areas of the world give us grounds to assume that we are only at the beginning of a very precarious process".
On 23 March 2008, Vladimir Putin ordered urgent humanitarian aid for Kosovo Serb enclaves. The Prime Minister of Kosovo, Hashim Thaçi, opposed this plan, stating that Russia could only send aid if it were agreed and coordinated with Government in Pristina.
On 15 July 2008, President Dmitry Medvedev stated in a major foreign policy speech "For the EU, Kosovo is almost what Iraq is to the United States... This is the latest example of the undermining of international law".
On 19 February 2009, Hashim Thaçi announced that Russia is planning the recognition of Kosovo. The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Russia, Sergey Lavrov, responded on the following day by saying "I think Mr. Thaci is indulging in wishful thinking... Mr. Thaci is the last person to make statements on behalf of the Russian Federation" and that "When discussing the problem of Kosovo, the Russian side confirms that our position remains the same and supports the settlement of this problem in accordance with Security Council Resolution 1244. Our support for Serbia's course of action in defending its sovereignty and territorial integrity also stays firm".
On 29 May 2009, President Dmitry Medvedev described Serbia as a "key partner" for Russia in Southeast Europe and announced "We intend to continue to coordinate our foreign policy moves in future, including the ones related to the solving of the issue with Kosovo".
Russian ambassador to Serbia Aleksandr Konuzin told a Belgrade daily in June 2009 that "Russia's stand is rather simple — we are ready to back whatever position Serbia takes (with regards to Kosovo)."
In September 2009, Vitaly Churkin when asked by journalists why Abkhazia and South Ossetia should be internationally recognised and Kosovo not, said that "the strongest argument is the fact that at the time when Kosovo's authorities made the UDI, nobody was threatening them or putting them in a position where they had to secede. On the contrary, Belgrade even went so far as to refrain from exerting any military or economic pressure on Pristina."
On 29 November 2009, the Russian ambassador to Serbia Aleksandr Konuzin said that Russia will continue to help Serbia defend its sovereignty and territorial integrity. He also said that "Kosovo echoes in the hearts of all Russians with the same pain as it does in your hearts".
During the debate before the International Court of Justice, Russia said that general international law prevents Kosovo from declaring independence and that the people of Kosovo do not enjoy a right to self-determination. Russia also rejected the claims coming from those countries who support the unilateral declaration that international law "does not regulate independence declarations", and reminded that the UN Security Council declared Northern Cyprus and Rhodesia's independence to be illegal, since secession is forbidden outside the colonial context.
UNSC permanent member Saint Kitts and Nevis On 27 March 2008, Kosovo's declaration of independence was discussed at a meeting of St. Kitts & Nevis' Foreign Affairs Consultative Committee. It is "to be researched for fuller examination in future meetings". The St. Kitts & Nevis Foreign Ministry had the following to say in a commentary article: "The feud between Serbs and Albanians in Kosovo date[s] back to the 7th century and it would be naïve to expect the conflict will be resolved overnight. The issues relating to territory, sovereignty, religion, ethnicity and minority rights are intricate to the fracas in the Balkans". São Tomé and Príncipe On 30 October 2011, following a meeting with the Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe, Patrice Trovoada, Behgjet Pacolli, Kosovo's First Deputy Prime Minister, reported that recognition from São Tomé was expected soon.
On 21 November, following a meeting with Behgjet Pacolli, the Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe, Patrice Trovoada reportedly said that the recognition of Kosovo was underway.
Singapore On 18 February 2008, the Singapore Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a statement through its spokesman regarding Kosovo's declaration of independence: "Singapore is still studying the matter. This is a controversial move that has many complex ramifications around the world. The situation under international law is not clear and the kind of precedent that could be set needs to be carefully assessed. We hope international mediation efforts would continue so that a solution acceptable to all parties can be found". According to the Serbian Foreign Minister, Vuk Jeremić, who met with Singaporean officials in August 2008, Singapore does not intend to recognise Kosovo and it considers the unilateral declaration a dangerous precedent which could cause instability throughout the world. On 8 October the representative of Singapore at the UN said that he was sympathetic to the quest of the people of Kosovo, as they, indeed, had suffered terrible treatment in the past and that many countries had expressed sympathy for some form of autonomy for Kosovo. However he said that to date, Singapore had not supported Kosovo’s unilateral declaration of independence, and was concerned about the precedent it could set. He also said that Singapore preferred that the matter be resolved peacefully by the concerned parties.
In a 25 September 2010 meeting between the Foreign Ministers of Kosovo and Singapore, Skënder Hyseni and George Yeo, Mr. Yeo said that Singapore had been awaiting the outcome of the International Court of Justice case before making a decision on recognising Kosovo. Now that the court has made its decision, Singapore is studying it very carefully.
Slovakia On the day of the declaration, the Slovak Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued this statement on its website: "Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Slovak Republic takes note of the Kosovo unilateral declaration of independence. For the time being Slovakia does not consider recognizing Kosovo on the basis of this declaration. Slovakia has always been in favour of the final settlement of the Kosovo status based upon an agreement with the decisive role of the UN Security Council in accordance with the UN-approved principles of the Contact Group. Slovakia will support all activities of the UN, European Union, NATO OSCE and Council of Europe regarding Kosovo, primarily by the means of Slovak participation at NATO (KFOR) and the EU (EULEX) missions based on the UN Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999)".
Shortly afterwards, in February 2008, several high officials of Slovakia made statements regarding Kosovo independence. Prime Minister Robert Fico said "I do not exclude the possibility that Slovakia will never recognize Kosovo. Kosovo is not some independent territory, it is an integral part of Serbia where Serbs, and members of the Albanian ethnic minority live. The declaration of independence violate[s] the basic principles of international law". Fico also said that he wanted Kosovo to be debated at the UN, since it is the only organisation that can decide on the change of borders. Fico added "Historians compare what is happening today in Serbia with what happened at Munich in 1938 or with the Vienna arbitration". President Ivan Gašparovič said that Slovakia still had enough time to take a prudent stance. "I am sure that it will take not a year or two, but maybe even ten years, until countries can take a final position on Kosovo." Deputy Prime Minister Dušan Čaplovič said that by declaring independence without Serbian consent, Kosovo broke international law and created a precedent.
During 2009 there were several statements regarding Kosovo from Slovakia, most notable were made by President of Slovakia Ivan Gašparovič who said that "Slovakia prefers respect for international law, and therefore doesn't acknowledge independence for Kosovo." and by Foreign Minister Miroslav Lajčák who said that there is broad consensus across the Slovak Parliament, crossing party lines (with the exception of the Party of the Hungarian Coalition), that supports the government's stance on Kosovo recognition. Ján Škoda, the Spokesman of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Slovakia stated that Slovakia will wait until the International Court of Justice produces its verdict before it takes the final decision towards Kosovo. In September 2009, Prime Minister of Slovakia Robert Fico explained that there was not a single reason for Slovakia to change its stance on Kosovo.
At a meeting in September 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Miroslav Lajčák, Slovakian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Lajčák said that Slovakia sees Kosovo as a sui generis case, and said "we are aware that the process is irreversible". In a subsequent visit to Belgrade, Lajčák told the Serbian government that he would not support any initiative that put recognising Kosovo as a condition for Serbia to join the EU. Afterwards, Serbian president Boris Tadić thanked Slovakia for maintaining its support for Serbia's territorial integrity and sovereignty.
In a 3 December 2009 meeting with Serbian President Boris Tadić, Slovak President Ivan Gašparovič said that Slovakia would not recognise Kosovo even if the International Court of Justice rules against Belgrade.
On 2 September 2010, Slovak Minister of Foreign Affairs Mikulas Dzurinda stated that he had never said Slovakia would never recognise Kosovo. On 5 January 2011, Dzurinda said that Slovakia would not change its position on the case.
South Africa Following Kosovo's declaration of independence, South Africa, in its capacity as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, called for further negotiation between Serbia and Kosovo.
At a press conference on 19 February 2008, a spokesman from South Africa's Department for Foreign Affairs stated that the South African "government will be studying... the political and legal implications of this new development", that "there is no way South Africa can consciously not want to take a position on this. But you can only take a position in a matter that is not ongoing... It's a question of time before South Africa takes a definite position", and that "it's not a question of us being in the majority or minority, as it has never been. It's not a question of us being with Russia or China and it has never been and it will never be. We've got our own principles that guide us".
On 9 May 2009, Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremić met the new South African President Jacob Zuma and other officials. Afterwards, Jeremić said, "Serbia is grateful for the support and consistency of the Republic of South Africa not to recognize Kosovo's self-proclaimed independence".
At a meeting on 28 May 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Baso Sangqu, the representative of South Africa to the UN, Mr. Sangqu reportedly said that he would forward the request for recognition to his government, and that South Africa is closely following developments in Kosovo.
In a 30 August 2010 meeting with Vuk Jeremić, South African International Relations and Cooperation Minister Maite Nkoana-Mashabane confirmed that her country will not change its decision not to recognise Kosovo.
In September 2011, it was reported that President Zuma had promised Kosovo's First Deputy Prime Minister, Behgjet Pacolli, that South Africa would proceed with priority recognition of Kosovo.
South Sudan In July 2011, Kosovo's First Deputy Prime Minister, Behgjet Pacolli, was invited to attend South Sudan's independence ceremony. Spain On 18 February 2008, Spanish Foreign Minister Miguel Ángel Moratinos said that Spain would not recognise Kosovo because the declaration of independence did not respect international law. He also said that the independence of Kosovo would only be legal if it was the result of agreement by all sides involved or if there had been a UN Security Council resolution. Spain will not take part in the EULEX mission until legal questions over how it will replace the UN administration are answered. Moratinos told a meeting of European Union Foreign Ministers in Slovenia that Spain will not send its contingent to the EULEX mission until there has been a formal transfer of powers from the United Nations.
In February 2009, Ambassador of Spain to Serbia Íñigo de Palacio España said that Spain's position not to recognise Kosovo independence "would not change even after the adoption of the resolution by the European Parliament" and that "Most UN members do not recognize Kosovo's independence. Just 54 of 194 have recognized. The EP resolution is not mandatory and was adopted by a narrow majority, which indicated that there was a division within the institution on the issue of Kosovo's independence".
In May 2009 José García-Margallo, Spanish member of the EU parliament, said that Spain does not recognise Kosovo because of principles related to Spain's Basque and Catalonia autonomous communities. However he also stressed that these Spanish autonomous communities are not comparable with Kosovo which is fundamentally different. García-Margallo said that despite Spain's non-recognition of Kosovo it will continue to support Kosovo and its development.
On 14 May 2009, Juan Fernando López Aguilar, head of the Spanish Socialist Party (PSOE) list for the European Parliament Elections (and former minister of justice), hinted that Spain might recognise Kosovo in the very long run, referring to the development of relations between Spain and Israel.
At the press conference during the 64th Session of the UN General Assembly Prime Minister of Spain José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero said that Spain has a consistent position on the question of recognition of the creation of independent States that required the respect of international law and that from Spain's point of view, it was not correct to recognise Kosovo. He stated that Spain will not change its position despite more than 60 countries that recognised and that "the question could be reverse: why are there more than 100 countries that have not recognized Kosovo and why do those 60 not see what the other 100 see?".
Sri Lanka In February 2008, the Foreign Ministry of Sri Lanka called Kosovo's declaration of independence a violation of the UN Charter and emphasised its concern that the act "could set an unmanageable precedent in the conduct of international relations, the established global order of sovereign States and could thus pose a grave threat to international peace and security".
In a June 2009 meeting with Serbian President Boris Tadić, Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa re-affirmed his country's solidarity with Serbia and stated that Sri Lanka remained firmly opposed to Kosovo's independence as it threatened the international order. Rajapaksa said that there could be no right for countries to be formed by secession, which was in violation of the UN Charter and the principles of national sovereignty.
Sudan At the summit of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference on 10 March 2008, Sudan opposed adoption of the document, proposed by Turkey, that would lend support to Kosovo's declaration of independence. On 28 August 2008, Sudan's envoy to the UN Abdel-Haleem Abdel-Mahmood stated that his government remains opposed to the independence of Kosovo and that they will support Serbia's request that the UN General Assembly ask for an advisory opinion from the International Court of Justice.
In a September 2010 meeting between the Foreign Ministers of Kosovo and Sudan, Skënder Hyseni and Ali Karti, Mr. Karti said that Sudan has closely followed the decision of the International Court of Justice, and will, sooner or later, support Kosovo.
Suriname At a meeting on 28 May 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Henry Leonard MacDonald, the representative of Suriname to the UN, Mr. MacDonald reportedly ensured that he would submit the application for recognition to his government. OIC member Syria On 13 May 2009, Syria's ambassador to Serbia, Majed Shadoud, reported that Syrian President Bashar al-Assad told Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremić that that his country continues to oppose the recognition of the independence of Kosovo. Shadoud quoted as-Assad as saying "Syria urges a political solution for the situation in the Balkans and the Middle East and is opposed to any kind of divisions in both regions, regardless of whether religious, ethnic or nationalist reasons are in question". OIC member Tanzania According to Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremić, during an 8 April 2009 meeting in Libya, the Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete reassured him that Tanzania would keep its policy of not recognising Kosovo's independence.
In May 2010, the Foreign Minister of Tanzania, Bernard Membe Kamillius is reported to have told his Kosovan counterpart that Tanzania is now seriously considering recognition of Kosovo. In April 2011, Bernard Membe Kamillius stated that "Africa is ready to recognise Kosovo – even tomorrow morning – if the UK and the US acknowledge Western Sahara's sovereignty... We wish them all the best, and hope that they get will the 21 countries they still need" however until then "Kosovo is part of Serbia, as Pemba is to Tanzania" and that Tanzania has "excellent bilateral relations with Serbia".
In May 2011, it was reported that Tanzania's refusal to recognise Kosovo was due to fear of jeopardising relations with Russia.
In September 2011, Tanzania's President and Minister of Foreign Affairs, Jakaya Kikwete and Bernard Membe, are reported to have responded positively to a request for recogition by Kosovo.
Tajikistan In February 2008, Asomudin Saidov, Foreign Minister, stated that Tajikistan will not recognise Kosovo's independence as it considers it to be the violation of legal norms and a danger for Europe. OIC member Thailand In February 2008, Thailand was awaiting the decision of the United Nations Security Council. Timor-Leste On 14 November 2008, it was reported that Kosovo's Foreign Minister Skënder Hyseni had received a promise of imminent recognition from Timor-Leste.
At a meeting on 26 May 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Nelson Santos, the representative of Timor-Leste to the UN, Mr. Santos reportedly said that Kosovo is quite high up on Timor-Leste's agenda, that recognition of Kosovo from Timor-Leste is "just a matter of time" and that it is clear that "Kosovo's independence is irreversible".
Following a September 2010 meeting with the President of Timor-Leste, Albanian President Sali Berisha said that Timor-Leste had started a parliamentary debate on the recognition of Kosovo.
Tonga At a meeting in May 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Sonatane Taumoepeau-Tupou, the representative of Tonga to the UN, Mr. Taumoepeau-Tupou reportedly said he would convey the request for recognition to his government. Trinidad and Tobago At a meeting on 25 March 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Maria Annette Valere, the Ambassador of Trinidad and Tobago to the UN, Mrs. Valere said that her country knows how important the process of international recognition is for Kosovo, and that the government of Trinidad and Tobago would address the request for recognition in the near future. Tunisia At a meeting on 28 May 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Jalel Snoussi, the representative of Tunisia to the UN, Mr. Snoussi reportedly said that he would inform the Tunisian authorities of Kosovo's request for recognition.
In November 2009, the Ambassador of Tunisia to Serbia, Houria Ferchichi, said that Tunisia supports Serbia's commitment to a peaceful and compromised solution of the Kosovo issue through the UN, and the efforts of Serbian diplomacy in that direction.
In a September 2010 meeting between the Foreign Ministers of Kosovo and Tunisia, Skënder Hyseni and Kamel Morjane, Mr. Morjane said that Tunisia will take the opinion of the International Court of Justice very seriously, and will review Kosovo's request for recognition in government.
On 29 October 2011, following a meeting with representatives of Tunisia's Hizb al-Nahḍah party, Behgjet Pacolli, Kosovo's First Deputy Prime Minister, reported that Tunisia was expected to recognise Kosovo following the forthcoming elections.
OIC member Turkmenistan In a September 2010 meeting with Albanian Prime Minister Sali Berisha, Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow said that his country would consider the recognition of Kosovo at the right time. OIC member Uganda In February 2008, a senior Ugandan official said that the Ugandan government is carefully studying Kosovo's declaration of independence before it makes a decision to recognise it as a state or not. At a meeting on 26 March 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Ruhakana Rugunda, the Ambassador of Uganda to the UN, Mr. Rugunda expressed the need for intensification of contacts between the two countries for the purposes of information and co-operation. He also said that Uganda would in time take the optimal decision for Kosovo.
In August 2011, Ugandan Foreign Minister Sam Kutesa wrote to Kosovo's Deputy Prime Minister Behgjet Pacolli promising to review the request for recognition in line with the ICJ decision.
OIC member Ukraine On 18 February 2008, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated that "The multilateral mechanisms, such as EU, OSCE, UN, should play an important role".
Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko stated on 19 February 2008 that Ukraine's position on the situation is to first of all follow national interests and international law. He emphasised that Ukraine's position proceeds from the opinion that the decision on recognising Kosovo or not requires timing for most of the world's countries. "We proceed from hope that resources of regulation through talks have not been yet exhausted."
On 16 April 2008, the Office of Mass Media Relations of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Ukraine Secretariat issued the following statement on the Government Portal official website: "Ukraine will decide on its position concerning [the] independence of Kosovo after [a] corresponding assessment by international institutions". Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko furthermore stated that Ukraine lies in the neighbourhood of several countries facing territorial problems and "That's why before taking any decision, Ukraine wishes to know whether Kosovo is already a norm, a common practice or a unique event the world should react on". Tymoshenko noted that Ukraine is holding multilateral diplomatic consultations, with the aim of establishing how Kosovo independence is perceived, which will allow it to determine its stand in this issue.
On 22 October 2008, Deputy Foreign Minister Kostyantyn Yeliseyev stated that Ukraine intends to maintain its neutral stance. "If Ukraine chooses any position, the security of our peacemakers will be put in question," he said.
On 4 December 2008, speaking at the OSCE meeting about separatism that took place in 2008, Foreign Minister Volodymyr Ohryzko said that "Ukraine will never make a compromise on question of territorial integrity of any state". In October 2009, Ukrainian Ambassador to Russia Kostyantyn Hryshchenko said that there are no cases in which Ukraine should recognise Kosovo, Abkhazia or South Ossetia.
On 4 June 2010, Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych said, "I have never recognized Abkhazia, South Ossetia or Kosovo's independence. This is a violation of international law".
On 27 July 2010, Press Secretary of the Foreign Ministry of Ukraine Oleksandr Dikusarov said, "Ukraine's position not to recognize the independence of Kosovo remains unchanged: Relying on basic international legal documents… Ukraine is committed to the principle of absolute respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all states with recognized international borders".
Uruguay According to Ultimas Noticias, a news agency from Uruguay, in March 2008 "Uruguay has not recognised Kosovo's declaration of independence, because doing so would not be in accordance with its required three pillars of recognition: the principle of territorial integrity of states, achieving a solution through dialogue and consensus, and recognition by international organisations."
On 27 September 2010, Uruguay's Deputy Foreign Affairs Minister Roberto Conde, stated that Uruguay would never recognise the independence of Kosovo.
Uzbekistan In February 2008, the Uzbek government believes that questions of independence should be decided in the UN assembly. As for Kosovo, Uzbekistan has yet to come up with a final position. OIC member Venezuela In February 2008, Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez announced that Venezuela does not recognise Kosovo's independence on the grounds that it has been achieved through U.S. pressure and criticised a recent political movement calling out for a more autonomous Zulia State. On 24 March 2008, Chavez accused Washington of trying to "weaken Russia" by supporting independence for Kosovo. He called Kosovo's new leader, Prime Minister Hashim Thaçi, a "terrorist" put in power by the U.S. and noted that the former rebel leader's nom de guerre was "The Snake". Vietnam In February 2008, UN Ambassador Le Luong Minh "reaffirmed Vietnam policy that the fact that Kosovo's unilateral declaration of independence is not a correct implementation of the U.N. Security Council Resolution 1244 and that will only complicate the situation in Kosovo and the Balkan region".
In a 23 February 2011 meeting between Vietnamese Deputy Prime Minister Pham Gia Khiem and Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremić, Khiem reaffirmed Vietnam's position of supporting "Kosovo-related issues under the United Nations Security Council's decree to gain comprehensive measures in terms of respecting national sovereignty and territorial integrity, and assuring the benefits of involved nations".
Yemen At a meeting on 26 May 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Abdullah M. Alsaidi, the representative of Yemen to the UN, Mr. Alsaidi reportedly said that he will be personally working to speed the process of recognition up on the part of Yemen Government. He is also reported to have said that "Kosovo's independence had no other alternative" and "is irreversible".
At a meeting in September 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Abu Bakr al-Qirbi, Yemeni Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr. al-Qiribi said that Yemen would recognise Kosovo's independence soon.
In September 2011, Yemen's Minister of Foreign Affairs, al-Qirbi said that recognition of Kosovo is a priority for his government.
OIC member Zambia In early March 2008, Foreign Affairs Minister, Kabinga Pande, said that Zambia has not decided its position on the declaration of Kosovo's independence. Pande said the government needs more time to analyse the matter.
In a September 2010 meeting with Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, Mr. Pande said that Zambia is carefully studying the opinion of the International Court of Justice and that the request for recognition will be processed soon.
In a subsequent meeting with the Albanian Foreign Minister, Edmond Haxhinasto, Mr. Pande said that Kosovo's independence is an irreversible reality and that the decision of the ICJ's opinion eased the decision on recognition of Kosovo for many African countries. On 27 February 2011, regarding a request to recognise Kosovo, Pande stated that "We will evaluate that request. It will have to undergo scrutiny like we always do".
Other states and entities
Country Position Relevant international membership Abkhazia President Sergei Bagapsh of the Republic of Abkhazia, another country with partial recognition, regards "the promotion of Kosovo by the U.S.A. and some European states towards the declaration of independence as a visible demonstration of the policy of double standards". "Why does not the world community put any attention to the violent actions against ethnic minorities living in Kosovo..., the lack of interethnic reconciliation...", Sergey Bagapsh noted. "We are solidly convinced of the fact that [now] we have got an even wider moral base for the recognition of our independence." On 5 September 2008, the Abkhazian Minister of Foreign Affairs Sergei Shamba, said he was ready to recognise Kosovo's independence, "if Kosovo agrees to recognize our own (Abkhazia) independence, we will certainly recognize them as well". Nagorno-Karabakh Republic In February 2008, Georgiy Petrosyan, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the non-recognised, de facto independent Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh, said that he does not regard the conflict between his motherland and Azerbaijan, and the conflict between Kosovo and Serbia as completely similar. He noted that "approaches and solutions, which have recommended themselves while regulating one problem, can be used when looking for a solution to another one". Petrosyan stated that "the recognition of independent Kosovo will become an additional factor strengthening the status of [the] Stepanakert government" that he represents.
On 12 March 2008 following Kosovo's declaration of independence, the parliament of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic adopted a statement calling on the world's parliaments to be consistent in their recognition of states established on the basis of the right for self-determination and not to use double standards. The statement commended the stance of the international community respecting the human and civil rights of the majority of Kosovo's population.
Northern Cyprus The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) is recognised only by Turkey and is an observer of The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation. In February 2008, the then President Mehmet Ali Talat welcomed Kosovo's independence, but the TRNC has not yet decided to recognise Kosovo. OIC Observer State of Palestine Shortly after the declaration, two senior Palestinian officials representing the Mahmoud Abbas West Bank-controlling government, who also are part of the team negotiating with Israel, disagreed on what the Kosovo events implied for Palestine. Yasser Abed Rabbo said, "If things are not going in the direction of continuous and serious negotiations, then we should take the step and announce our independence unilaterally. Kosovo is not better than us. We deserve independence even before Kosovo, and we ask for the backing of the United States and the European Union for our independence". Saeb Erekat responded that the Palestine Liberation Organization had already declared independence in 1988. "Now we need real independence, not a declaration," said Erekat, "We need real independence by ending the occupation. We are not Kosovo. We are under Israeli occupation and for independence we need to acquire independence".
During a July 2009 state visit to Serbia, President Mahmoud Abbas, when discussing both the situations in the Middle East and Kosovo said, "We are looking for a way to resolve these problems in a peaceful way, by upholding international law. We cannot impose solutions nor can we accept imposed solutions. That is why we must negotiate".
In June 2011, Dr. Khraishi Ibrahim, Palestine's representative to the UN, stated that Palestine supports the process started for Kosovo's integration into the European and international communities, and supports its independence.
In September 2011 during the meeting of Foreign Ministers of the Non-Aligned Movement summit in Belgrade, the Palestinian Ambassador to the United Nations Riyad Mansour said that Palestine was a "typical foreign occupation which cannot be compared to the issue of Kosovo" as confirmed by international law and the UN.
UN Permanent Observer Non-state entity
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic The Polisario Front, which governs the partially recognised Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, has stated that the speedy recognition of Kosovo's independence by many countries shows the double standards of the international community, considering that the Western Sahara issue remains unsolved after three decades. African Union member Somaliland President Ahmed Silanyo said in 2010, "We are heartened by Kosovo and what's happened to Southern Sudan that means it opens the door for us. The principle that countries should remain as they were at the time of independence has changed so why should it not work for us as well". South Ossetia President Eduard Kokoity of the Republic of South Ossetia, stated that it is not fair to compare this breakaway region with Kosovo because South Ossetians have far more right to a state of their own than Kosovo Albanians. He said that "Kosovo Albanians got independence after NATO's aggression on Serbia. Americans and NATO member countries took away Serbia's province. I feel sincerely for the Serb people," and that "Serbs had a well-organized state that provided for a normal life for Albanians. For this reason, what Americans have done to the Serbs is injustice". Transnistria Transnistria, a de-facto independent state, recognised only by Abkhazia and South Ossetia, seceded from Moldova in 1990, and has no policy towards Kosovo, but the Foreign Ministry has said that "The declaration and recognition of Kosovo are of fundamental importance, since thereby a new conflict settlement model has been established, based on the priority of people's right to self-determination. Pridnestrovie [Transnistria] holds that this model should be applicable to all conflicts which have similar political, legal, and economic bases". Vatican City (Holy See) In February 2008 Pope Benedict XVI said the Vatican called for "prudence and moderation" in Kosovo and Serbia. The Holy See urged politicians in the region to show "a decisive and concrete commitment to ward off extremist reactions and violence", Vatican spokesman Father Federico Lombardi announced. "The Holy Father continues to look with affection at the people of Kosovo and Serbia, is close to them and is praying at this crucial moment of their history," the statement said.
In April 2008, Monsignor Miguel Maury revealed to US diplomats that the Vatican had de facto recognised Kosovo and that its independence was irreversible, however it was not able to formally recognise in case this undermined its relations with the government of Serbia and the ecumenical dialogue with the Serbian Orthodox Church.
In June 2008, Cardinal Walter Kasper, President of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, stated that the Vatican has not recognised the independence of Kosovo and does not intend to do so in the near future.
At a meeting in September 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Dominique Mamberti, the Holy See's Secretary for Relations with States, Archbishop Mamberti said that the Holy See was closely following developments in and around Kosovo, and he expressed his willingness to continue and intensify mutual communications.
Following a meeting in November 2009 between the Serbian President Boris Tadić and Pope Benedict XVI, Tadić said that the Vatican supported Serbia's integration and membership within the European Union and the sovereignty and preservation of its territorial integrity.
On 10 February 2011, the Vatican appointed a new nuncio to Slovenia, who is also to exercise the function of apostolic delegate to Kosovo. In a press release, the Vatican stressed that this appointment was "completely distinct from considerations regarding juridical and territorial situations or any other question inherent to the diplomatic activity of the Holy See".
In September 2011, Juliusz Janusz, Apostolic Delegate of the Vatican to Kosovo, indicated that there would soon be good news for Kosovo regarding its recognition by the Holy See. However, the head of the Vatican Press Service, Father Federico Lombardi, later stated that there was no change in the attitude of the Holy See toward Kosovo.
UN Permanent Observer State
Positions taken by intergovernmental organisations
Intergovernmental organisations do not themselves diplomatically recognise any state; their member states do so individually. However, depending on the intergovernmental organisation's rules of internal governance and the positions of their member states, they may express positive or negative opinions as to declarations of independence, or choose to offer or withhold membership to a partially recognised state.
International organisation Position Arab League In May 2009, the Secretary General of the Arab League, Amr Moussa, welcomed a request by Kosovo's Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, to establish regular communications. At a meeting on 18 June 2009 between the Kosovan Foreign Minister, Skënder Hyseni, and Yahya A. Mahmassani, the representative of the Arab League to the UN, Ambassador Mahmassani said that the Kosovo issue is being discussed at the Arab League, and that there would be gradual movement towards recognition as most Arab states are supportive of Kosovo. Caribbean Community (CARICOM) In August 2010, Albanian Parliament Speaker Jozefina Topalli received a letter from the chairman of the Grenadian Parliament, George J. McGuire, stating that CARICOM members would soon make a joint decision on the recognition of Kosovo.
On 19 August 2011, it was reported that the CARICOM members had made a joint decision to recognise Kosovo, with each state making an official recognition in the coming hours or days.
Council of Europe (CoE) Kosovo plans to apply for membership in the Council of Europe since it considers that it fulfills the statutory requirements to do so. If Kosovo receives 2/3 votes from the member countries, it will be admitted to the Council. Kosovo has already been recognised by 2/3 of the CoE members, thus it should be able to join the organisation.
European Union (EU) The EU, like other IGOs, does not possess the legal capacity to diplomatically recognise any state; member states do so individually. The majority of member states have recognised Kosovo. To articulate a common EU policy of either support or opposition to Kosovo's independence would require unanimity on the subject from all 27 member states, which does not presently exist. On 18 February 2008, the EU officially stated that it would "take note" of the resolution of the Kosovo assembly. The EU is sending a EULEX mission to Kosovo, which includes a special representative and 2000 police and judicial personnel.
Although the European Parliament is not formally vested with the authority to shape the EU's foreign policy, it was seen to be expressing its acceptance of Kosovan independence when it hosted the Kosovan Assembly in an interparliamentary meeting on 30 May 2008. This was also the first time Kosovo's flag was officially hoisted at an EU institution. On 5 February 2009, the European Parliament adopted a resolution that encouraged all EU member states to recognise Kosovo. The resolution also welcomed the successful deployment of EULEX across Kosovo, and rejected the possibility of Kosovo's partition. It was passed with 424 voted in favour, and 133 against. Some Romanian and Communist representatives called for a new international conference on Kosovo's status or to allow the northern part of the country to join Serbia. On 8 July 2010, the European Parliament adopted a resolution welcoming "the recognition by all Member States of the independence of Kosovo", and stating that EU Member States should "step up their common approach towards Kosovo". The resolution rejected the possibility of a partition of Kosovo.
International Monetary Fund (IMF) On 15 July 2008, the IMF issued a statement saying "It has been determined that Kosovo has seceded from Serbia as a new independent state and that Serbia is the continuing state," thus acknowledging the separation of Kosovo from Serbia. Kosovo became a member after it signed the IMF's Articles of Agreement on 29 June 2009. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) NATO maintains that its ongoing Kosovo Force mission and mandate remain unchanged and that "NATO reaffirms that KFOR shall remain in Kosovo on the basis of UNSCR 1244, as agreed by Foreign Ministers in December 2007, unless the UN Security Council decides otherwise". Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) In February 2008, Secretary General of the OIC Prof. Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu said "Kosovo has finally declared its independence after a long and determined struggle by its people. As we rejoice this happy result, we declare our solidarity with and support to our brothers and sisters there. The Islamic Umma wishes them success in their new battle awaiting them which is the building of a strong and prosperous a state capable of satisfying of its people". The OIC did not call on its individual member states to extend recognition, as some member states, including Azerbaijan, Egypt, Indonesia and Sudan, were firmly against any issuance of such a statement.
On 25 May 2009, at the OIC's 36th session of the Council of Foreign Ministers in Damascus, the 57 member states adopted a resolution that noted Kosovo's declaration of independence, upheld the role of the United Nations in Kosovo, reaffirmed the strong interest of the OIC regarding Muslims in the Balkans, welcomed the co-operation of Kosovo with the OIC Economic and Financial institutions, and called on the international community to continue contributing to the fostering of Kosovo's economy. It has been reported that an earlier draft of the resolution (tabled by Saudi Arabia) had called for recognition of Kosovo by Islamic countries, but this was rejected by some member states, including Syria, Egypt and Azerbaijan. The OIC mechanism is similar to the one adopted by the EU which leaves it up to member states to decide.
In June 2011, the OIC adopted a resolution calling on member states to consider recognising Kosovo but once again it left the recognition issue to individual member states.
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) On 19 February 2008, Chairman Ilkka Kanerva and OSCE Minorities Commissioner Knut Vollebæk called for Kosovo's government to vigorously implement agreed-upon frameworks regarding minorities. Serbia has vowed to oppose OSCE membership for Kosovo and is calling for the organisation to condemn the declaration of independence.
United Nations (UN) Russia called an emergency session of the United Nations Security Council on 17 February 2008, but the council members, given differences in stated position between permanent members, failed to reach a consensus. Russia requested another meeting on 18 February. In March 2008 the UNMIK mission in Kosovo told the Serbian government to cease its interference in North Kosovo after local Serbs burned down a customs office set up by the Republic of Kosovo. It is expected that Russia's refusal to recognise Kosovo will prevent Kosovo from attaining a seat at the UN, as Russia is one of the five permanent members of the Security Council from which Kosovo will need unanimous approval. Britain, France, and the United States, which take the opposite position and recognise Kosovo, and China, which has expressed concern, are the other permanent members. There are ten other non-permanent members, five of which have recognised Kosovo.
World Bank On 29 June 2009, the Republic of Kosovo became a full member of the World Bank.
Positions taken by non-state actors
Autonomous regions and secessionist movements
Entity Position Basque Government The regional Basque government, unlike the central Spanish government in Madrid, responded very positively to Kosovo's declaration of independence. A regional government spokeswoman said that "It's a lesson to be followed when it comes to peaceful and democratic solutions of the identity and allegiance problems... It shows that respect of the citizens' will is the key to solving difficult political problems". Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (government in exile) Usman Ferzauli, the Foreign Minister of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria's government in exile, said that the rebels "welcome the declaration of state independence by Kosovo and do not question the right of the people of Kosovo to distance themselves from the state that terrorized it".
Akhmed Zakayev, the government in exile's acting president, stated in an April 2010 interview that to him and his nation, Kosovo represented a hope, and also made reference to a letter he had apparently sent to Thaci congratulating the latter.
East Turkestan (government in exile) The self-declared East Turkistan Government-in-Exile is based in the United States, and does not have formalised relations with any UN-recognised state. On 18 February 2008, Ansar Yusuf Turani, the representative of the government-in-exile, released a press statement saying "On behalf of the people of East Turkistan, the East Turkistan Government in Exile hereby recognizes Kosovo as an independent and sovereign state and wishes peace and prosperity for the people of Kosovo". Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front On 11 March 2008, the Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front staged a demonstration in Brussels in front of the European Union Commission building. It was headed by one of its leaders, Barrister Abdul Majeed Tramboo, and its agenda cited Kosovo's independence, demanding equal treatment and commensurate application of the same solution by the EU in the Kashmir dispute involving India, Pakistan and China. Protesters included EU Parliament members, students and various NGO constituents and representatives. Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People (Crimea in Ukraine) Mustafa Cemilev, the Chairman of the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People declared that he supported the right of self-determination for every nation, including Kosovo. He also added that the Crimean Tatars will not start a secession process from Ukraine if their rights are respected. Cemilev stated that he believes the motive for the Kosovars to declare independence was the anti-Albanian situation in Kosovo.
International non-governmental organisations
International organisation Position International Olympic Committee An Olympic Committee of Kosovo has been in existence since 1992, which is not recognised by the IOC. On 17 February 2008, the president of the IOC's commission of international relations announced that the IOC is set to recognise Kosovo. A day later, an IOC spokeswoman specified the requirements that Kosovo needs to meet before being recognised by the IOC, most notably it has to be recognised by the United Nations as independent first, a condition not imposed on the Republic of China or Palestine. Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO) The Hague-based Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization, whose members comprise 69 entities seeking self-determination and representation, of which Kosovo (listed as Kosova) is one, issued a statement on 18 February 2008: "for regions in similar conditions, Kosova's independence represents new hope for the future of their own potential statehood".
In the days that followed, several African UNPO members expressed their own individual secession-minded reactions to Kosovo's independence.
Norwegian Nobel Committee After former President of Finland Martti Ahtisaari received the 2008 Nobel Peace Prize "for his important efforts... to resolve international conflicts", including his work in Kosovo as a UN special envoy, the Norwegian Nobel Committee Secretary, who is also the Director of the Norwegian Nobel Institute, Professor Geir Lundestad, said that the committee believed "there is no alternative to an independent Kosovo". International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Kosovo is not currently a member of the governing structures for the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).
Independently of its ISO membership status, ISO will also potentially issue a standardised country code for Kosovo. According to rules of procedure followed by the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency based in Geneva, a new ISO 3166-1 code for Kosovo will only be issued once it appears in the United Nations Terminology Bulletin Country Names or in the UN Statistics Division's list of Country and Region Codes for Statistical Use. To appear in the terminology bulletin, it must either (a) be admitted into the United Nations, (b) join a UN Specialised Agency or (c) become a state party to the Statute of the International Court of Justice. Criterion (b) was met when Kosovo joined the International Monetary Fund and World Bank; a terminology bulletin has yet to be circulated.
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) ICANN, through its Country Code Names Supporting Organization, is responsible for adding new country code top-level domains (ccTLDs) for use in Internet addressing. Rules of procedure dictate Kosovo must first receive an ISO 3166-1 code (discussed above) before the ccTLD can be introduced; speculation has centred on ".ks" as the likeliest candidate. International Road and Transport Union (IRU) Kosovo officially became the 181st member of the IRU in May 2009.
- International Court of Justice advisory opinion on Kosovo's declaration of independence
- List of states with limited recognition
- Membership of Kosovo in international sports federations
- ^ Kosovo MPs proclaim independence, BBC, 2008-02-17
- ^ Transkript: Nga Seanca Plenare e Jashtëzakonshme Solemne e Kuvendit Të Kosovës Me Rastin e Shpalljes Së Pavarësisë, Të Mbajtur Më 17 Shkurt 2008, Republic of Kosovo Assembly, 2008-02-17 (in Albanian)
- ^ Kosovo breakaway illegal, says Putin, The Guardian, 2008-02-15
- ^ a b c Russia, India, China urge resumption of Kosovo talks, Xinhua, 2008-05-15
- ^ Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo, 15 July 2008 (S/2008/458), United Nations, 2008-07-18
- ^ U.N. council clears way for EU mission in Kosovo, Reuters UK, 2008-11-27
- ^ a b Kosovo receives recognition boost, BBC, 2008-10-10
- ^ Backing Request by Serbia, General Assembly Decides to Seek International Court of Justice Ruling on Legality of Kosovo’s Independence, United Nations, 2008-10-08
- ^ Accordance with international law of the unilateral declaration of indepedence in respect of Kosovo, Nspm.rs, 2010-07-22
- ^ Accordance with international law of the unilateral declaration of independence in respect of Kosovo, International Court of Justice, 2010-07-22
- ^ Serbia Expels Macedonia Envoy over Kosovo, Balkan Insight, 2008-10-10
- ^ Countries that have recognized the Republic of Kosova, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo
- ^ The Statement of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan on the Recognition of Independence of Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Afghanistan, 2008-02-18
- ^ Costa Rica se pronuncia por la independencia de Kósovo, Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Culto, 2008-02-17 (in Spanish)[dead link]
- ^ 17 February 2008 local time
- ^ Statement of Prime Minister of Albania Mr. Sali Berisha on Recognition of Independence of Kosova, Republic of Albania Council of Ministers, 2008-02-18
- ^ According to the official text of recognition the Republic of Albania recognised the Republic of Kosovo, based on the law of 1991, which recognised the Republic of Kosova in 1991, Republic of Albania Council of Ministers, 2008-02-18
- ^ Kosovo declares independence, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, France, 2008-02-18
- ^ Statement of H.E. Mr. Ali Babacan, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Turkey, Regarding the Recognition of Kosovo by Turkey, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Turkey, 2008-02-18
- ^ UK to recognise independent Kosovo, United Kingdom Prime Minister's Office, 2008-02-18
- ^ U.S. Recognizes Kosovo as Independent State, U.S. Department of State, 2008-02-18
- ^ Australia Recognises the Republic of Kosovo, Australia Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, 2008-02-19
- ^ Senegal recognises Kosovo's independence: ministry, haaba.com, 2008-02-19
- ^ Baltics recognize Kosovo, The Baltic Times, 2011-02-20
- ^ Germany recognises Kosovo, German Federal Government, 2008-02-20
- ^ Estonia recognises Republic of Kosovo, Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2008-02-21
- ^ Consiglio dei Ministri n. 93 del 21 febbraio 2008, Italian Council of Ministers, 2008-02-21 (in Italian)
- ^ Denmark recognizes Kosovo as an independent state, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark, 2008-05-12
- ^ Le Luxembourg reconnaît formellement le Kosovo, Le Gouvernement du Grande-Duché de Luxembourg, 2008-02-21 (in French)
- ^ Perú decide reconocer independencia de Kósovoe, Peruvian Ministry of External Relations, 2008-02-22 (in Spanish)
- ^ België erkent nieuwe staat Kosovo, DeMorgen.be, 2008-02-18 (in Dutch)
- ^ Government has recognised the independence of Kosovo, The Chancellery of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland, 2008-02-26[dead link]
- ^ Calmy-Rey liess Couchepin den Vortritt, Tages-Anzeiger, 2008-02-27 (in German)
- ^ Plassnik: "Letter on Kosovo's recognition signed", Austrian Foreign Ministry, 2008-02-28
- ^ Minister for Foreign Affairs Dermot Ahern TD Announces Ireland's recognition of the Republic of Kosovo, Department of Foreign Affairs, 2008-02-29
- ^ Sweden recognises the Republic of Kosovo, Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, 2008-03-04
- ^ The Netherlands recognises Kosovo, Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2008-03-04
- ^ The Government of Iceland formally recognizes Kosovo, Iceland Foreign Ministry, 2008-03-05
- ^ Slovenia Recognizes Kosovo, Slovenian Press Agency, 2008-03-05
- ^ Finland recognised the Republic of Kosovo, Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland, 2008-03-07
- ^ Statement by Foreign Minister Masahiko Koumura on the Recognition of the Republic of Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan, 2008-03-18
- ^ Canada-Kosovo Relations, Government of Canada, 2010-07-12
- ^ Principata e Monakos njohu Republikën e Kosovës, President of the Republic of Kosovo, 2008-03-19 (in Albanian)[dead link]
- ^ Hungary recognizes Kosovo's Independence, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Hungary, 2008-03-19
- ^ Croatia recognises Kosovo, Government of the Republic of Croatia, 2008-03-19
- ^ Sofia Officially Recognizes Pristina Sovereignty, novinite.com, 2008-03-20
- ^ Liechtenstein anerkennt den Kosovo, Liechtenstein government, 2008-03-28 (in German)
- ^ Recognition of the Republic of Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of the Republic of Korea, 2008-03-28
- ^ Norway recognises Kosovo as an independent state, Norway – Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2008-03-28
- ^ Marshall Islands recognize Kosovo, B92, 2008-04-18
- ^ Republika e Naurusë Njohi Republikën e Kosovës, President of the Republic of Kosovo, 2008-04-23 (in Albanian)[dead link]
- ^ Burkina Faso recognizes Kosovo, New Kosova Report, 2008-04-24
- ^ Lietuvos Respublikos Seimo Rytinis Posėdis, ELTA, 2008-05-06 (in Lithuanian)
- ^ Congresso di Stato: San Marino riconosce il Kosovo, San Marino RTV, 2008-05-06 (in Italian)
- ^ The Czech Republic has recognized independence of Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic, 2008-05-21[dead link]
- ^ Liberia Recognizes Kosovo, Liberian Daily Observer, 2011-02-20
- ^ Sierra Leone Recognized Kosovo, Press Release of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Kosovo), 2008-06-13
- ^ Colombia, Belize recognize Kosovo independence, Xinhua News Agency, 2008-08-08
- ^ Belize njeh pavarësinë e Kosovës, President of the Republic of Kosovo, 2008-08-07 (in Albanian)[dead link]
- ^ Malta recognises independence of Kosovo, timesofmalta.com, 2008-08-21
- ^ Samoa recognizes independent Kosovo, New Kosova Report, 2008-09-15
- ^ Ministério dos Negócios Estrangeiros: Comunicado de Imprensa – Kosovo, 2008-10-07 (in Portuguese)
- ^ Saopštenje sa sjednice Vlade Crne Gore, Government of Montenegro, 2008-10-09 (in Montenegrin)[dead link]
- ^ Macedonia recognizes Kosovo, Macedonian Information Agency, 2008-10-09
- ^ UAE recognises Kosovo, Emirates News Agency, 2008-10-14
- ^ Press Statement by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Malaysia on the recognition of Kosovo's independence, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia, 2008-11-01[dead link]
- ^ Micronesia recognizes Kosovo independence, New Kosova Report, 2008-12-06
- ^ Comunicado de prensa sobre reconocimiento de la República de Kosovo, Presidencia de la República de Panamá, 2009-01-16 (in Spanish)[dead link]
- ^ Maldives extends full diplomatic recognition to the Republic of Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Maldives, 2009-02-19
- ^ Official recognition letter by President of Palau, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo
- ^ Gambia recognizes Kosovo's independence, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-04-07
- ^ The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia recognizes the Republic of Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-04-20
- ^ Note verbale, Le Ministère des Relations Extérieures, de la Coopération, chargé de la Diaspora de la Francophonie et du Monde Arabe de l'Union des Comores, The Kosovo Times, 2009-05-14 (in French)[dead link]
- ^ Bahrain recognizes Kosovo, Bahrain News Agency, 2009-05-19
- ^ Jordan recognizes the Republic of Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-07-08
- ^ Dominican Republic recognized the Republic of Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-07-11
- ^ New Zealand recognizes the Republic of Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-11-09
- ^ Republika e Malavit njohu Kosovën, shtet të pavarur dhe Sovran, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-12-16 (in Albanian)
- ^ The Islamic Republic of Mauritania recognized the Republic of Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2010-01-14
- ^ Recognition of the Republic of Kosovo by the Kingdom of Swaziland, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2010-04-12
- ^ AKR: Vanuatu e ka njohur Kosovën, Kohanet, 2010-04-28 (in Albanian)
- ^ Recognition is confirmed by Djibouti, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2010-05-12
- ^ Somalia recognized the Republic of Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2010-05-21
- ^ Honduras recognises the Republic of Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2010-09-03
- ^ Kiribati recognises the Republic of Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2010-10-25
- ^ Tuvalu recognises Republic of Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2010-11-19
- ^ Qatar recognized the Republic of Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2011-01-07
- ^ The Republic of Guinea-Bissau Recognized the Republic of Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2011-01-10
- ^ Republic of Kosovo Established Diplomatic Relations with Sultanate of Oman, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2011-02-04
- ^ Recognition from the Sultanate of Oman is reconfirmed, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2011-10-20
- ^ The Principality of Andorra recognizes Kosovo's independence, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2011-06-08
- ^ Central African Republic recognized Kosovo independence, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2011-07-22
- ^ a b The Republic of Niger and the Republic of Guinea Conakry recognize Kosovo’s independence, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2011-08-16
- ^ Note, Kosovapress.com, 2011-08-16
- ^ The Republic of Benin is the 80th state to recognize Kosovo’s independence, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2011-08-18
- ^ Santa Lucia is the 81st UN member state to recognize the Republic of Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2011-08-22
- ^ Nigeria recognizes Kosovo Independence, Top Channel, 2011-09-13
- ^ Kosovo’s recognition confirmed by the Republic of Gabon, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kosovo, 2011-10-13
- ^ Ivory Coast recognizes Kosovo, Top Channel, 2011-09-21
- ^ Bregu i Fildishtë njeh Kosovën, NOA, 2011-09-21 (in Albanian)
- ^ Kuwait formally recognizes the Republic of Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2011-10-11
- ^ MOFA Statements, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of China
- ^ Deputy Prime Minister Selimi received in a meeting Malta’s Order of Templars, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo
- ^ Permanent Observer Mission of the Order of Malta to the U.N. 216 East 47th Street New York, NY 10017 (USA)
- ^ RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY without reference to a Main Committee (A/48/L.62 and Add.1)
- ^ Medelci : "L'Algérie ne reconnaîtra pas encore le Kosovo", Le Soir d'Algérie, 2008-03-03 (in French)
- ^ Algérie-Serbie : Entretiens Medelci-Vuk Jeremic à Alger, El Moudjahid, 2009-03-21 (in French)[dead link]
- ^ "Kosovo is about secession, not self-determination", B92, 2009-05-17
- ^ Angola: Head of State Sends Message to Serbian Counterpart, Angola Press Agency, 2008-06-24
- ^ Argentina rules out recognition, B92, 2008-02-29
- ^ Por las Malvinas, el Gobierno decidió no reconocer a Kosovo, Clarín, 2008-02-20
- ^ ICJ Hears Further Kosovo Arguments, Balkan Insight, 2009-12-02
- ^ Public hearing continues in Kosovo case, B92, 2009-12-02
- ^ a b Armenia doesn't view Kosovo as precedent, PanArmenian.net, 2008-03-12
- ^ Armenia Rules Out Abkhazia, South Ossetia Recognition, Armenialiberty.org, 2008-09-04
- ^ Armenia can't recognize Abkhazia and South Ossetia before it recognizes Karabakh, PanArmenian.net, 2008-11-11
- ^ a b c Paralajmërohen njohje të reja, Telegrafi, 2009-05-28 (in Albanian)
- ^ Tadić ends Armenia visit, B92, 2009-07-29
- ^ Tadic and Sargasjan – full consent on conflict resolution, Radio Srbija, 2009-07-29
- ^ Armenia would not recognise the independence of Kosovo, Trend.az, 2011-04-05
- ^ Azerbaijan says not recognizing Kosovo independence, Reuters, 2008-02-25
- ^ Azerbaijan going to withdraw peacekeepers from Kosovo, PanArmenian.net, 2008-02-27
- ^ a b c d Turkey lobbying for stronger Muslim support for Kosovo, APA, 2008-03-11
- ^ a b c OIC foreign ministers split over Kosovo, APA, 2008-06-19
- ^ a b Treći dan rasprave o Kosovu, RTS, 2009-12-03 (in Serbian)
- ^ Dobra saradnja sa Azerbejdžanom, RTS, 2010-05-13 (in Serbian)
- ^ a b c A report on meetings held by Minister Hyseni today in New York, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-06-18
- ^ Kosovo NGO to lobby Bahamian government, The Tribune, 2010-05-01
- ^ Kosovo to receive more recognitions, New Kosova Report, 2008-06-30
- ^ Moriarty congratulates Iftekhar on lifting of emergency, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Bangladesh, 2008-12-17[dead link]
- ^ Bangladesh not to recognize Kosovo 'at this moment', Earth Times, 2009-08-22
- ^ US seeks Dhaka's support, The Daily Star, 2009-11-16
- ^ a b c Bangladeshi e Kenia pro pavarësisë së Kosovës, Gazeta Express, 2010-09-21 (in Albanian)
- ^ Minister Hyseni requests recognition from Barbados, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-01-28
- ^ Belarus supports Serbians' pursuit of territorial integrity, National Center of Legal Information of the Republic of Belarus, 2008-02-28
- ^ Belarus' Parliament issues statement in connection with Kosovo self-declaration of independence, BelTA, 2008-02-21
- ^ ЗАЯВЛЕНИЕ Постоянной комиссии Совета Республики по международным делам и национальной безопасности и Постоянной комиссии Палаты представителей по международным делам и связям с СНГ Национального собрания Республики Беларусь, National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus, 2008-02-21 (in Russian)
- ^ Statement by the Foreign Ministry of the Republic of Belarus relating to the unilateral proclamation of independence by the Kosovo temporary authorities of self-government, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Belarus
- ^ The Government of Bhutan is expected to take a decision on recognition, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-05-28
- ^ a b Venezuela's Chavez won't recognise independent Kosovo, International Herald Tribune, 2008-02-21[dead link]
- ^ a b c MSP, dan četvrti, RTS, 2009-12-04 (in Serbian)
- ^ Priznanje Kosova i referendum u RS, Tanjug, 2008-02-22 (in Serbian)
- ^ Doubtful Kosovo passports, Today's Zaman, 2008-08-27
- ^ Bosnia to refuse Kosovo passports, www.B92.net, 2008-08-02 (Serbia)
- ^ VOA Interviews Balkan Presidents on Kosovo, Voice of America, 2008-09-27
- ^ Nebojša Radmanović: "Silajdžić istupa u svoje ime", 24sata.info, 2008-09-18 (in Serbian)[dead link]
- ^ Presidency "won't discuss Kosovo", B92, 2009-08-13
- ^ Komsic: E njoh Serbinë, por pa Kosovën, telegrafi.com, 20 July 2010 (in Albanian)
- ^ Minister Hyseni meets the Foreign Ministers of Botswana and the United Arab Emirates, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2010-09-22
- ^ Brasil não reconhece Kosovo sem acordo com Sérvia, Grupo RBS, 2008-02-22
- ^ Brasil não reconhece Kosovo sem acordo com Sérvia, Canal Rural, 2008-02-22 (in Portuguese)
- ^ Jeremić: Process of century at ICJ, B92, 2009-04-18
- ^ Brazil to take part in ICJ hearings, B92, 2009-09-04
- ^ The Government of Brunei Darussalam is analyzing recognition, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-05-28
- ^ a b Aktivitet i ngjeshur diplomatik në New York, Gazeta Express, 2011-09-21 (in Albanian)
- ^ Cameroon, Flying for Kosovo, 2011-01-13
- ^ Pacolli: Njohja nga Kameruni në proces e sipër, Telegrafi, 2011-11-19 (in Albanian)
- ^ James Berisha em Cabo Verde para reconhecimento da independência do Kosovo, ASemana, 2010-12-08 (in Portuguese)
- ^ Comunicado de Prensa Situaciòn en Kosovo, Chile Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2008-02-27 (in Spanish)
- ^ Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Liu Jianchao's Remarks on Kosovo's Unilateral Declaration of Independence, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China, 2008-02-18
- ^ a b Russia, China & India insist Kosovo and Serbia resume talks, Russia Today, 2008-05-15
- ^ Zajednička izjava Srbije i Kine, Vreme, 2009-08-20 (in Serbian)
- ^ The Biggest Case in ICJ History, De-Construct.net, 2009-04-21[dead link]
- ^ China: Kosovo declaration violates intl. law, B92, 2009-12-07
- ^ Kabila: Dok sam živ neću priznati nezavisno Kosovo, Blic, 2009-11-26 (in Serbian)
- ^ I hope I never have reason to be ashamed, "Reflections of Fidel Castro", Trabajadores, 2008-04-12
- ^ Kuba podržava teritorijalni integritet Srbije, SMedia, 2009-09-25 (in Serbian)
- ^ Ministri i Punëve të Jashtme, z. Edmond Haxhinasto u takua me Ministrin e Punëve të Jashtme të Kubës, z. Bruno Rodriguez Parrilla, Albanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2010-09 (in Albanian)
- ^ FM: Cyprus will never recognize unilaterally declared independence of Kosovo, People's Daily Online, 2008-02-12
- ^ Cyprus president 'plans for unity', Al Jazeera, 2008-03-07
- ^ "Cyprus doesn't recognize Kosovo independence", B92, 2006-03-26
- ^ "Cyprus will never recognize Kosovo", B92, 2009-02-23
- ^ Papakostas: Kipar nikada neće priznati nezavisnost Kosova, Blic.rs, 2009-06-16
- ^ Papakostas: We will not recognize independence of Kosovo, Radio Srbija, 2009-06-16
- ^ Cyprus will never recognise Kosovo, Serbian Government, 2009-10-16
- ^ Dominican Representative: We recognize the people of Kosovo's right to self-determination, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-05-28
- ^ Minister Hyseni meets Minister of State in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Dominica, Alvin Bernard, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2010-09
- ^ Informes de Gestión – Representaciones ecuatorianas en el exterior, República del Ecuador – Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, Comercio e Integración (in Spanish)[dead link]
- ^ Ecuador seriously considers the recognition of Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-01-28
- ^ Ekuadori po ndjek me kujdes zhvillimet në Kosovë, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-03-26 (in Albanian)
- ^ a b Kosovo's proclaimed independence provokes mixed responses from international community, Xinhua, 2008-02-17
- ^ Kosovo leaders continue their activity at the UN, New Kosova Report, 2008-09-29
- ^ Egypt: Serbia defending rights, B92, 2008-09-29
- ^ Diplomat: Egypt will recognize Kosovo soon, New Kosova Report, 2008-11-02
- ^ Njohja nga Egjipti do të vijë shumë shpejt, Telegrafi.com, 2008-11-01 (in Albanian)[dead link]
- ^ Egypt 'Weighing' Kosovo Recognition, Balkan Insight, 2008-11-03
- ^ Kosovo Barred from Islamic Conference Talks, Balkan Insight, 2008-11-24
- ^ Mubarak: Egypt will not recognize Kosovo, B92, 2009-04-01
- ^ Egypt, is expected, sooner or later, to join the countries which have recognized Kosovo's independence, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-05-26
- ^ Egypt Says Not to Recognize Kosovo Prior to ICJ Advisory Opinion, CRI English, 2010-03-23
- ^ Minister Hyseni meets Foreign Minister of Egypt, Ahmed Aboul Gheit, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2010-09-29
- ^ Egjipti po e shqyrton njohjen e Kosovës, Telegrafi, 2011-04-11 (in Albanian)
- ^ Amr: Egipat neće priznati nezavisnost Kosova, Blic, 2011-09-06 (in Serbian)
- ^ Revolucionarët egjiptianë përkrahin pavarësinë e Kosovës, KosovaSot, 2011-09-20 (in Albanian)
- ^ AKR: El Salvadori do ta njohë Kosovën më 1 qershor, Telegrafi, 2009-05-14 (in Albanian)[dead link]
- ^ The Kosovo authorities will be informed shortly about El Salvador's decision, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-05-27
- ^ At UN, Equatorial Guinea President's Son's $ 100 Million Wired Into USA is "Just Business," Pro Moroccan, Pro Kosovo, Inner City Press, 2010-09-06
- ^ Pacolli kërkon njohjen e Kosovës nga liderët afrikanë, Telegrafi, 2011-09-21 (in Albanian)
- ^ Guineja Ekuatoriale, së shpejti formalizon njohjen e Kosovës (in Albaninan), Zëri, 2011-11-21
- ^ Ethiopia to come up with a decision for Kosovo at right time, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-01-28
- ^ Serbia, Kosovo Spar Over Ethiopia Visa Question, Balkan Insight, 2010-01-29
- ^ Georgia not planning to recognise Kosovo-minister, Reuters, 2008-02-18
- ^ Georgia Will Not Recognize Kosovo – Foreign Minister, The Georgian Times, 2008-02-19
- ^ Estonian Paper Releases Audio of PM Saying Georgia would Recognize Kosovo, The Financial, Business News & Multimedia, 2008-04-05
- ^ "Georgia will not recognize Kosovo", B92, 2008-05-09
- ^ President John Agyekum Kufuor has received Letters of Credence of five new Ambassadors and High Commissioners appointed to the country at the Osu Castle, Accra Metropolitan Assembly, 2008-03-19
- ^ Hyseni kërkon njohje nga Kina, Gana, Grenada, Bahreini, Libia..., Telegrafi, 2009-03-25 (in Albanian)[dead link]
- ^ Ghana will not recognise independence of Kosovo-Metohija, Serbian Government, 2009-11-21
- ^ Minister Hyseni meets the Foreign Ministers of Ghana, Indonesia and a number of other High Representatives, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2010-09-21
- ^ Statements of FM Ms. Bakoyannis following the EU General Affairs and External Relations Council (GAERC, Brussels), Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Greece, 2008-02-18
- ^ Briefing of diplomatic correspondents by Foreign Ministry spokesman Mr. G. Koumoutsakos, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Greece, 2008-08-29
- ^ Greece unmoved by EP resolution, B92, 2009-02-06
- ^ "Kosovo says it is able to join IMF", Financial Times, 06 May 2009-05-06
- ^ Srbiji je mesto u Evropskoj uniji, RTS, 2009-07-02 (in Serbian)
- ^ Papandreou proposes new national strategy for country, ANA, 2009-10-05
- ^ President Sarkozy Calls for 'New France-Greece' Alliance, Greek News, 2008-06-09
- ^ Greqia, pro anëtarësimit të Kosovës në BERZH, Zëri, 2011-09-03 (in Albanian)
- ^ Minister Hyseni's activities in New York, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-03-25
- ^ a b Vendet e CARICOM, vendim të përbashkët për njohjen e Kosovës, Telegrafi, 2010-08-31 (in Albanian)
- ^ Time is on Kosovo's side, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-03-26
- ^ Behgjet Pacolli lobon në Karaibe, Zëri, 2010-09-23 (in Albanian)
- ^ Kosovo speaker meets with ambassadors, world officials, New Kosova Report, 2008-08-28
- ^ Haiti së shpejti do të shqyrtojë kërkesën e Kosovës për njohje, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-03-26 (in Albanian)
- ^ Haiti is expected to respond positively to the request for recognition of independence, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-05-26
- ^ In response to questions on developments regarding Kosovo, Ministry of External Affairs, New Delhi, 2008-02-18[dead link]
- ^ Ambassador: India's Kosovo stand consistent, B92, 2008-03-31
- ^ India to back Serbian UN GA bid, B92, 2008-07-31
- ^ Ambassador: India continues to back Serbia, B92, 2009-01-24
- ^ a b Declaration of independence: Pakistan, India in a bind over Kosovo status, Tribune, 2011-04-10
- ^ Indonesia urged to recognise Kosovo's independence, Antara, 2008-02-20[dead link]
- ^ Indonesia supports Kosovo problem solution through negotiations[dead link]
- ^ Indonesia in strong support over Kosovo, B92, 2008-08-26
- ^ "Indonesia does not plan to recognize Kosovo", Ekonomist Media Group, 2009-01-30
- ^ Indonesia to recognize Kosovo soon, New Kosova Report, 2009-04-02
- ^ Indonesia open towards recognition of Kosovo, Kosovo Thanks You, 2009-04-02
- ^ Indonezija poštuje integritet Srbije, Radio Television of Serbia, 2009-08-14 (in Serbian)
- ^ Indonesia is closely looking at recognition of Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-09-30
- ^ "Indonesia will not recognize Kosovo", B92, 2010-02-25
- ^ ICJ ruling 'could inspire RI separatists', Jakarta Post, 2010-07-27
- ^ Rexchep Boja, Minta Indonesia Akui Kemerdekaan Kosovo, Sinar Pagi News, 10 August 2011 (in Indonesian)
- ^ Ahmadinejad: US 'Enemies of All Humanity', Alalam, 2008-03-14[dead link]
- ^ Golamreza Ansari, Iran's Ambassador to Russia: "We don't have such missiles", Moscow News, 2008-03-13[dead link]
- ^ Kosovo's Foreign Minister engaged in tough lobbying campaign, Kosovo Times, 2009-05-28[dead link]
- ^ Iraq is considering the request for recognition of Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-09-29
- ^ Iraq will not change stance on Kosovo-Metohija issue, Serbian Government, 2010-02-18
- ^ Premtimi irakian, Gazeta Express, 2010-05-18 (in Albanian)
- ^ Iraq supports sovereignty, territorial integrity of Serbia, Serbian Government, 2010-08-06
- ^ Prime Minister Thaçi meets Iraqi Vice President Tarik al-Hashim, Office of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Kosovo, 2011-03-15
- ^ Irak ne menja stav oko Kosova, B92, 2011-08-10
- ^ Israel won't recognize Kosovo, for now, The Jerusalem Post, 2008-02-19
- ^ Israel breaks ranks on Kosovo, The Jewish Chronicle, 2008-02-21
- ^ Израиль пока не намерен признавать независимость Косово, RIA Novosti, 2008-02-19 (in Russian)
- ^ "Israeli position on Kosovo firm", B92, 2009-04-28
- ^ Izrael ne menja stav o nezavisnosti Kosova, RTS, 2009-04-28 (in Serbian)
- ^ Press conference with FM Liberman in Belgrade, Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2009-09-16
- ^ "Israel firm in refusing to recognize Kosovo", B92, 2009-10-28
- ^ Israeli will recognize Kosovo after Spain and Greece, says FM, AlbanianEconomy.com, 2011-06-28
- ^ Jamaica endorses Serbia's sovereignty, territorial integrity, Serbian Government, 2010-04-13
- ^ a b Kosovo's proclamation of independence triggers more mixed responses, Xinhua News Agency, 2008-02-18
- ^ Казахстан не станет признавать Южную Осетию, Komsomolskaya Pravda, 2008-10-02 (in Russian)
- ^ Руководство Казахстана не будет признавать независимость Абхазии и Южной Осетии, Polit.ru, 2008-12-12 (in Russian)
- ^ Вести амбасаде, Embassy of the Republic of Serbia – Nairobi, Kenya, 2008-07-30 (in Serbian)
- ^ The representative of Kenya: Kosovo deserves a place in the family of nations, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-05-27
- ^ The position of the Kyrgyz Republic on Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- ^ Kirgisien erkennt Kosovo-Unabhängigkeit nicht an, RIA Novosti, 2008-02-20 (in German)
- ^ Archive-Laonews: Laos comments on Kosovo, Yahoo groups archive of KPL News
- ^ a b Lebanon, searching for the right moment for recognition; South Africa, following closely developments in Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-05-28
- ^ Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mrs. Edith Harxhi holds a series of meetings in Lebanon, Republic of Albania, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2009-11-22
- ^ Mualem: No recognition of Kosovo in near future, Radio Srbija, 2009-11-27
- ^ Lesotho respects Serbia's sovereignty, territorial integrity, Serbian Government, 2010-09-03
- ^ Lesotho, Flying for Kosovo, 2011-03-06
- ^ Libya does not recognise Kosovo independence, Serbian Government, 2008-03-18
- ^ Libya 'Won't Back Serbia's Kosovo Case', Balkan Insight, 2008-10-02
- ^ Gaddafi: Libya has no intention of recognizing Kosmet independence, Radio Srbija, 2009-04-09
- ^ Note concerning the proclamation by the Province of Kosovo of its secession from the Republic of Serbia, International Court of Justice, 2009-04-17
- ^ Pacolli kërkon nga Gaddafi të njohë Kosovën, Telegrafi, 2009-09-09 (in Albanian)
- ^ Pacolli: Libya to debate recognizing Kosovo, New Kosova Report, 2009-09-10
- ^ Interview of Newspaper "Express" with Mr. Behgjet Pacolli – Gadafi reckons Pacolli, Behgjet Pacolli, 2009-09
- ^ http://www.economist.com/blogs/easternapproaches/2011/02/libyas_balkan_connections, The Economist, 2011-02-25
- ^ New governments of Spain and Cyprus will refuse Kosovo recognition, Kosovo Compromise, 2008-03-11
- ^ Serbia can count on Mali's support on Kosovo, Serbian Government, 2010-05-21
- ^ Pacolli merr garanci për njohje nga Guineja, Zëri, 13 August 2011 (in Albanian)
- ^ (Exact Spanish as given by the MFA website: Nuestro país seguirá atento a la evolución de la situación para adoptar, en el momento oportuno, una posición sobre lo ocurrido el pasado domingo.)
- ^ Pronunciamiento de México en Torno a la Situación en Kosovo, México – Secretaria de Relaciones Exteriores, 2008-02-19 (in Spanish)
- ^ Moldova will not recognise Kosovo's independence, Associated Press, 2008-02-18[dead link]
- ^ Sejdiu: Mongolia te njohe Kosoven, Top TV, 2009-05-08 (in Albanian)
- ^ People and institutions of Morocco Kingdom support the will of Kosovo people, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-01-29
- ^ Jeremić: Morocco won't recognize Kosovo, B92, 2009-09-15
- ^ Zv.Kryeministri z. Pacolli viziton Marokon, AKR, 2011-06-28 (in Albanian)
- ^ Mozambique: Country Still Thinking About Kosovo Recognition, AllAfrica.com, 2008-02-27
- ^ a b More Kosovo Recognitions 'Soon', Balkan Insight, 2008-11-14
- ^ Namibia will not recognise unilaterally declared independence of Kosovo, Serbian Government, 2010-09-02
- ^ Nicaragua mantiene postura de observación ante independencia de Kosovo, Terra, 2008-02-19 (in Spanish)
- ^ Declaration of Independence by Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Pakistan, 2008-02-19
- ^ Recognition of Kosovo by Pakistan just a matter of time, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2008-01-28
- ^ The Pakistan Government supports Kosovo's cause, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-05-26
- ^ Turkish leader telephones PM Gilani, Associated Press of Pakistan, 2010-05-20
- ^ Pakistan will recognise Kosovo, Albeu, 2011-04-13
- ^ Party says New Guinea "recognized Kosovo", B92, 2009-12-22
- ^ Swaziland e ka njohur Kosovën, sipas Pacollit, Gazeta Express, 2010-04-08 (in Albanian)
- ^ According to Mr Behgjet Pacolli Swaziland Recognized the Independence of Kosovo, Behgjet Pacolli, 2010-04-09
- ^ Comunicado de Prensa sobre la Declaración de Independencia de Kosovo., Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, 2008-02-25[dead link]
- ^ Pilot on mission to promote Kosovo, Trinidad and Tobago Guardian, 2010-04-02[dead link]
- ^ Philippines prefers negotiated settlement to Kosovo's independence declaration, International Herald Tribune, 2008-02-19[dead link]
- ^ Philippines tiptoes around Kosovo recognition, Reuters Tribune, 2008-02-19
- ^ President Basescu says Romania not to recognise Kosovo independence, HotNews.ro, 2008-02-19
- ^ Romania will not recognise Kosovo independence, Reuters, 2008-02-19
- ^ FM Diaconescu reiterates Romania's stance on Kosovo, Nine o'Clock, 2009-02-09[dead link]
- ^ Romania will not recognize Kosovo independence: FM, Centre for SouthEast European Studies, 2009-02-10
- ^ a b Romania ready to partner Serbia in World Court action against Kosovo, Sofia Echo, 2009-09-04
- ^ General Assembly of the United Nations General Debate: 65th Session Statement Summary, United Nations, 2010-09-24
- ^ Putin calls Kosovo independence 'terrible precedent', 2008-02-22[dead link]
- ^ Medvedev pledges support for Serbia, Al Jazeera, 2008-02-26
- ^ Russia links Tibet violence to Kosovo precedent, RIA Novosti, 2008-03-18
- ^ Russia's Putin orders aid for Kosovo Serb enclaves, Reuters, 2008-03-24
- ^ Thaci opposes Russian aid to Kosovo Serbs, B92, 2008-03-26
- ^ Russia's Medvedev condemns Western 'paternalism', ABC News, 2008-06-16
- ^ Thaçi: Russia will recognize Kosovo, New Kosova Report, 2009-02-19
- ^ Moscow on Kosovo: no means no!, Russia Today, 2009-02-20
- ^ Russia not getting ready to recognize Kosovo – Lavrov, RIA Novosti, 2009-02-20
- ^ Medvedev calls Serbia Russia's key partner, Makfax, 2009-05-29[dead link]
- ^ Ambassador underlines Russian backing, B92, 2009-06-12
- ^ Russian envoy: Kosovo in Russia's heart, B92, 2009-11-29[dead link]
- ^ Kosovo između Rusije i Amerike, RTS, 2009-12-08 (in Serbian)
- ^ Россия поддержала позицию Сербии по Косово в Международном суде, 8 December 2009, RIA Novosti, 2009-12-08 (in Russian)[dead link]
- ^ The Foreign Affairs Consultative Committee Holds Its Inaugural Meeting, St. Kitts & Nevis Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2008-03-27
- ^ Kosovo's Declaration of Independence, SKNVibes
- ^ a b Sao Tome dhe Tunizia afër njohjes së Kosovës, Zëri, 2011-10-30 (in Albanian)
- ^ Sao Tome ka nis procedurat për njohjen e Kosovës (in Albanian), KosovaTimes, 2011-11-21
- ^ MFA Spokesman's Comments in Response to Media Queries on Kosovo's unilateral declaration of independence, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Singapore, 2008-02-18
- ^ Singapore to support ICJ initiative, B92, 2008-08-13
- ^ Backing Request by Serbia, General Assembly Decides to Seek International Court of Justice Ruling on Legality of Kosovo's Independence, United Nations, 2008-10-08
- ^ Minister Hyseni meets Foreign Minister of Singapore, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2010-09-25
- ^ Slovak MFA takes note of Kosovo unilateral declaration of independence, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Slovak Republic, 2008-02-17[dead link]
- ^ Slovakia: Declaration violates basic international law, B92, 2008-02-25
- ^ Slovakia Never To Recognize Kosovo, Serbianna, 2008-02-24[dead link]
- ^ Slovaks divided on Kosovo, The Slovak Spectator, 2008-02-25
- ^ Jeremic: Co-operation With Vojvodina Slovaks Is at Good Level, TASR, 2009-03-02[dead link]
- ^ Lajčak: International law based on principles, B92, 2009-05-05
- ^ Slovakia to consider Kosovo’s recognition after the end of the ICJ process, Kosovo Times, 2009-06-08[dead link]
- ^ Словачка подршка Србији, PTC, 2009-09-21 (in Serbian)
- ^ Slovak PM: No recognition of Kosovo, B92, 2009-09-21
- ^ Minister Hyseni talks to his Slovakian counter-part about recognizing Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-09-24
- ^ Slovak FM on "wrong decision", B92, 2009-10-03
- ^ Slovakia supports Serbia on Kosovo, EU, B92, 2009-12-03
- ^ Slovakia "never said never" on Kosovo, B92, 2010-09-03
- ^ Slovak FM on EU, Kosovo, cooperation, B92, 2011-01-05
- ^ South Africa: Govt Calls for Continued Kosovo Negotiations, All Africa, 2008-02-19
- ^ Notes following Briefing by Ambassador George Nene on Kosovo's Unilateral Declaration of Independence, Republic of South Africa Department of Foreign Affairs, 2008-02-20
- ^ S. Africa "won't change its mind on Kosovo", B92, 2009-05-10
- ^ South Africa confirms stance on Kosovo, B92, 2010-08-30
- ^ Nigeria e njohu Kosovën, Gazeta Express, 2011-09-21 (in Albanian)
- ^ Pacolli ftohet në Sudanin Jugor, gjatë shpalljes së pavarësisë, Info Kosova, 2011-07-06 (in Albanian)
- ^ Spain will not officially recognise Kosovo, News from Spain, 2008-02-18
- ^ Spain Holds Staff From EU Kosovo Mission, Balkan Insight, 2008-03-31
- ^ Spain, Slovakia reject EP resolution, B92, 2009-02-07
- ^ Spanish position visa vi Kosovo, The Kosovo Times, 2009-05-13[dead link]
- ^ López Aguilar no cierra la puerta a un reconocimiento de Kosovo por España, ABC ES, 2009-05-14
- ^ Press Conference by Spain's Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, United Nations, 2009-09-23
- ^ Spain Will Not Change Position Against Kosovo Independence, Latin American Herald Tribune
- ^ Foreign Ministry Statement on the Unilateral Declaration of Independence by Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Sri Lanka, 2008-02-17
- ^ Serbia appreciates Sri Lankan support on Kosovo issue, Government of Sri Lanka, 2009-07-16
- ^ Sudan UN envoy says Georgia war eased international pressure on his country, Sudan Tribune, 2008-08-29
- ^ a b Minister Hyseni meets the Foreign Ministers of Sudan, the Holy See and Tunisia, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2010-09-27
- ^ Ambassador of Suriname: I will transmit the request for recognition to the Government, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-05-28
- ^ Syria "refuses to recognize Kosovo", B92, 2009-05-13
- ^ Jeremić: Libya supports Serbia, B92, 2009-04-09
- ^ Hyseni kërkon njohje nga Tanzania dhe Benini, Telegrafi, 2010-05-29 (in Albanian)
- ^ Kosovo gets no in recognition appeal, IPP Media, 2011-04-21
- ^ Kenya: Nation's Dilemma Over Kosovo Ties, AllAfrica, 2011-05-14
- ^ Sinjale për njohje jep edhe Tanzania, Kosova Press, 2011-09-13 (in Albanian)
- ^ Таджикистан не признает независимость Косово, Central Asian News, 2008-02-19 (in Russian)
- ^ Bangkok will ratify Asean charter in June, Bangkok Post, 2008-02-18[dead link]
- ^ For East Timor, the recognition of Kosovo's independence is just a question of time, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-05-26
- ^ The Government of Trinidad and Tobago will consider the request of Kosovo for recognition, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-03-25
- ^ The Ambassador of Tunisia: I will inform the authorities, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-05-28
- ^ Podrška Srbiji za kompromis oko Kosova, Blic Online, 2009-11-07 (in Serbian)
- ^ Premier Berisha meets presidents of Tajikistan and Turkmenistan and PM of Mauritania, Republic of Albania Council of Ministers, 2010-09-21
- ^ Uganda në kohë optimale do të marrë vendimin e për Kosovën, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-03-26 (in Albanian)
- ^ Uganda, gati ta njoh Kosovën, Gazeta Express, 22 August 2011 (In Albanian)
- ^ Statement on Kosovo by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, MFA of Ukraine, 2008-02-18
- ^ President comments on Kosovo recognition issue, President of Ukraine website, 2008-02-19
- ^ Yulia Tymoshenko: Ukraine will determine its stance concerning Kosovo independence after respective evaluation of international institutions, Office of mass media relations of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine Secretariat, 2008-04-16
- ^ Ukraine's stance on Kosovo dictated by its desire to keep neutral status, Unian news agency, 2008-10-22
- ^ Огрызко обещает, что Украина никогда не признает республики типа Косово или Абхазии, Segodnya, 2008-12-04 (in Ukrainian)
- ^ Грищенко считает правильным непризнание Косово, Абхазии и Южной Осетии, Liga.net, 2009-10-11 (in Russian)
- ^ Yanukovych: Recognition of independence of Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Kosovo violates international law, Kyiv Post, 2010-06-04
- ^ Ukraine not to change position on Kosovo in wake of United Nations Court judgment, Kyiv Post, 2010-07-27
- ^ Situación de Kosovo a estudio, Ultimas Noticias, 2008-03-04 (in Spanish)
- ^ Uruquay will never recognize Kosovo's independence, emg.rs, 2010-09-29
- ^ 19 февраля с.г. в г.Вене состоялось..., Uzbekistan Foreign Ministry, 2008-02-20 (in Russian)
- ^ Chavez: Venezuela no reconoce "independencia" de Kosovo., YouTube.com, 2008-02-23[dead link]
- ^ Chavez: U.S. encouraging Tibet violence, USA Today, 2008-03-24
- ^ Vietnam says against unilateral Kosovo independence, Reuters, 2008-02-18
- ^ Government in Brief 24/2, VietNamNet, 2011-02-24
- ^ Representative of Yemen: "Kosovo's independence is irreversible", Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-05-26
- ^ Yemen will recognize Kosovo very soon, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-09-28
- ^ http://www.telegrafi.com/?id=2&a=17131 Jemeni paralajmëron njohjen e Kosovës], Telegrafi, 2011-09-19
- ^ Zambia to decide on Kosovo, ZNBC, 2008-03-03
- ^ Minister Hyseni meets Foreign Minister of Zambia and other senior representatives, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-09-26
- ^ Ministri i Punëve të Jashtme të Shqipërisë z. Edmond Haxhinasto u takua me Ministrin e Punëve të Jashtme të Zambias z. Kabinga J. Pande, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Albania, 2009-09-28 (in Albanian)
- ^ Zambia studying Kosovo 'friendship', Zambia Daily Mail, 27 February 2011
- ^ Vypusk №50–51...: Prezident Sergey Bagapsh..., Apsnypress, 2008-02-18 (in Russian)[dead link]
- ^ Abkhazia: We could recognize Kosovo, Macedonian International News Agency, 2008-09-05
- ^ Abkhazia, Kosovo to recognize each other?, B92, 2008-09-05
- ^ Георгий Петросян: "Признание Косово станет еще одним фактором, усиливающим позиции Степанакерта", Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2008-02-18 (in Russian)
- ^ Parliament of Karabakh called for consistency in recognition of states, KarbakhOpen, 2008-03-13[dead link]
- ^ President Talat's Message on Kosovo's Declaration of Independence, Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Presidency, 2008-02-18[dead link]
- ^ Talat welcomes Kosovos independence, 2008-02-18
- ^ UN General Assembly Resolution 3237, United Nations, 1974-11-22
- ^ UN observers: Non-member States and Entities
- ^ The PLO participates in the United Nations as a non-state entity with observer status and is designated "Palestine". It maintains official diplomatic relations with most UN member states.
- ^ Palestinians 'may declare state', BBC, 2008-02-20
- ^ Tadić, Abbas discuss Kosovo, Middle East, B92, 2009-07-07
- ^ PM meets with Palestinian leader, B92, 2009-08-07
- ^ Ambasadori palestinez në OKB: Palestina përkrah pavarësinë e Kosovës, Koha net, 2011-06-11 (in Albanian)
- ^ Non-Aligned Summit in Belgrade, Historic Moment for Creation of Independent Palestinian State?, All Voices, 2011-09-06
- ^ Process of independence: POLISARIO Front denounces the policy of "two weights two measures", Sahara Press Service, 2008-02-20
- ^ Somaliland Pushes for International Recognition, Idhanka, 2010-11-28
- ^ "S. Ossetia won't recognize Kosovo", B92, 2008-09-02
- ^ PMR Foreign Ministry: "Kosovo sets new model for conflict solving", Tiraspol Times, 2008-02-22[dead link]
- ^ Though the Holy See is an observer state at the UN, it is not a member state. The Holy See maintains official diplomatic relations with most UN member states.
- ^ Vatican calls for moderation in Kosovo and Serbia, Christian Today, 2008-02-18
- ^ Vatican advises moderation in response to Kosovo independence, Catholic News Agency, 2008-02-19
- ^ US embassy cable - 08VATICAN38 Holy See has recognized Kosovo "de facto", says Vatican Official, US Embassy to the Vatican, via Wikileaks, 2008-04-30]
- ^ Надо чаще встречаться, Itogi, 2008-06-17 (in Russian)
- ^ Vatican Does Not Intend To Recognize Kosovo Soon, Casper, Tanjug, 2008-06-16
- ^ Minister Hyseni asks the Vatican to consider recognition of Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-09-25
- ^ Vatican shows support for Serbian EU integration, B92, 2009-11-14
- ^ Note on Appointment of Apostolic Delegate to Kosovo, Vatican Information Service, 2011-02-10
- ^ Vatikani përkrah Republikën e Kosovës në të gjitha aspektet, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2011-09-05 (in Albanian)
- ^ Vatican position on Kosovo "unchanged", B92, 2011-09-05
- ^ Minister Hyseni meets with the General Secretary of the Arab League, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2009-05-29
- ^ K. Albanians announce Caribbean recognitions, B92, 2011-08-19
- ^ Kosovo to apply for Council of Europe membership, The Kosovo Times, 2009-06-05[dead link]
- ^ EU fudges Kosovo independence recognition, EUobserver, 2008-02-18
- ^ Serbia, Russia fury as Kosovo independence draws near, EurActiv, 2008-02-15
- ^ EU Kosovo mission to start Saturday morning, EUobserver, 2008-02-14
- ^ Kacin: We have recognized independence, Blic, 2008-05-30
- ^ Kosovo Delegation Appears In European Parliament With "Independent Kosovo" Flag, e Yugoslavia, 2008-05-28
- ^ EP adopts Kosovo resolution, B92, 2009-02-05
- ^ The European Parliament urges recognition of Kosovo by all EU members, New Kosova Report, 2009-02-05
- ^ EU membership prospects of Albania and Kosovo, European Parliament, 2010-07-08
- ^ IMF recognizes Kosovo, begins to weigh membership, Reuters, 2008-07-15
- ^ Kosovo Joins IMF, World Bank, Nasdaq, 2009-06-29[dead link]
- ^ Kosovo Becomes the International Monetary Fund's 186th Member, International Monetary Fund, 2009-06-29
- ^ Statement by the North Atlantic Council after Kosovo's declaration of independence, NATO, 2008-02-18
- ^ Secretary General of the OIC declares support to the Kosovo Independence, Organisation of the Islamic Conference, 2008-02-18[dead link]
- ^ Turkey lobbying for stronger Muslim support for Kosovo, Today's Zaman, 2008-03-11
- ^ , Resolution no. 14/36-POL on the Situation in Kosovo, Resolutions on Political Affairs adopted by the 36th session of the Council of Foreign Ministers, Organisation of the Islamic Conference, 2009-05-25
- ^ Saudi Kosovo proposal fails at OIC, B92, 2009-05-24
- ^ OIC approves pro-Kosovo resolution, New Kosova Report, 2009-05-25
- ^ "Resolutions on Political Affairs Adopted by the Thirty-Eighth Session of the Council of Foreign Ministers, (Session of Peace, Cooperation and Development)". OIC. June 2011. http://www.oic-oci.org/38cfm/en/documents/res/POL-RES-38-CFM-FINAL-2.pdf. Retrieved 15 July 2011.
- ^ OSCE Chairman, Minorities Commissioner: Kosovo must remain multi-ethnic, OSCE, 2008-02-19
- ^ Daily Survey 19.02.2008, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Serbia, 2008-02-19
- ^ UN tells Serbia to quit interfering in Kosovo, Reuters via Ottawacitizen, 2008-03-12
- ^ Serbia pledges long-haul fight over Kosovo, Reuters, 2008-02-17
- ^ Kosovo Joins the IMF and World Bank, US Department of State, 2009-06-29
- ^ Basque gov't: Kosovo example to follow, B92, 2008-02-18
- ^ Russia's Chechen rebels hail Kosovo independence, Reuters, 2008-02-17
- ^ Zakayev: Russia does not recognize; it annexes, Chechencenter, 2010-04-12
- ^ Press Releases, Prime Minister Turani, East Turkistan Government-in-Exile
- ^ JKLF to protest outside EU's Brussels office, Etala’at News Service, 2008-03-10
- ^ Джемілєв: Косово не визнали ті країни, у яких є внутрішні проблеми, NEWSru.ua, 2008-02-22 (in Ukrainian)
- ^ Главред — Крымские татары не последуют примеру Косово – Джемилев, Glavred.info, 2008-02-22 (in Russian)
- ^ Sport in Kosova. The contribution of sport to the international projection of a country, Sport Countries Network, 2003-04
- ^ IOC to recognize Kosovo, ANSA, 2008-02-17[dead link]
- ^ IOC: Kosovo Olympic Team 'Unlikely', Associated Press, 2008-02-18[dead link]
- ^ Kosova's Independence Sets Precedent, UNPO, 2008-02-18
- ^ Africa: Kosovo Revives Hopes for Secession, allAfrica.com, 2008-02-26
- ^ The Nobel Peace Prize 2008, Nobel Foundation
- ^ Global troubleshooter Ahtisaari wins Nobel Peace Prize, Agence France Press, 2008-10-10
- ^ General Questions, ISO – Maintenance Agency for ISO 3166 country codes
- ^ ISO 3166-1 and country coded Top-Level Domains (ccTLDs), ISO – Maintenance Agency for ISO 3166 country codes
- ^ Kosovo, Transnistria, Abkhazia Top Level Domains, DNXpert, 2008-09-04
- ^ Of Kosovo and .ks, Global by Design, 2007-07-09
- ^ Kosovo becomes member of International Road Transport Union, New Kosova Report, 2009-05-04
International recognition of Kosovo State related
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- Declaration of independence
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