13th century

13th century
Map of Eurasia circa 1200 C.E.
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 12th century · 13th century · 14th century
Decades: 1200s 1210s 1220s 1230s 1240s
1250s 1260s 1270s 1280s 1290s
Categories: Births – Deaths
Establishments – Disestablishments
For the real-time tactics video game of this name, see XIII Century (Video Game)

As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 through 1300 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian/Common Era. In the history of European culture, this period is considered part of the High Middle Ages, and after its conquests in Asia the Mongol Empire stretched from Eastern Asia to Eastern Europe.



The Mongols, under the leadership of Genghis Khan, overran most of Asia, thus creating the second largest empire to ever exist, surpassed only by the British Empire. They achieved this success in large part due to their amazing horse archers.


Portrait of the Chinese Zen Buddhist Wuzhun Shifan, painted in 1238, Song Dynasty.
Hommage of Edward I (kneeling), to the Philippe le Bel (seated). As Duke of Aquitaine, Edward was a vassal to the French king.

Significant people

Frescoes from the 13th century Boyana Church
Queen Tamar

Inventions, discoveries, introductions

Decades and years

See also

External links

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