- 6th century
The 6th century is the period from
501to 600in accordance with the Julian calendarin the Christian/ Common Era. This century is widely considered to mark the end of Classical Antiquityand the beginning of the Dark Ages.
Following the collapse of the
Western Roman Empirelate in the previous century, Europe fractured into many small Germanic Kingdoms, which competed fiercely for land and wealth. From this upheaval the Franksrose to prominence, and carved out a sizeable domain encompassing much of modern France and Germany. Meanwhile, the surviving Eastern Roman Empirebegan to expand under the emperor Justinian, who eventually recaptured North Africa from the Vandals, and attempted to fully recover Italy as well in the hope of re-establishing Roman control over the lands once ruled by the Western Roman Empire. Following Justinian's death, most of his gains were lost. The Sassanid Empirereached the peak of its power under Khosrau Iin the 6th century. [Roberts, J: "History of the World.". Penguin, 1994.]
* The first academy of the east the Academy of
Gundeshapurfounded in Iranby Khosrau I of Persia.
* Irish colonists and invaders, the Scots, began migrating to
Caledonia(later known as Scotland). Migration from south-west Britain to Brittany.
Glendalough monastery, Wicklow Irelandfounded by St. Kevin. Many similar foundations in Ireland and Wales.
ZenBuddhists enter Vietnamfrom China.
Jatakastories are translated into Persian by order of the Zoroastrianking Khosrau.
518- Roman Emperor Anastasius I dies and is succeeded by Justin I.
527— Justinian Isucceeds Justin Ias Emperorof the Eastern Roman Empire.
529— Saint Benedict of Nursiafounds the monastery of Monte Cassinoin Italy.
532— Nika riotsin Constantinople; the cathedral is destroyed. They are put down a sennight later by Belisariusand Mundus; up to 30,000 people are killed in the Hippodrome.
535- Possible volcanic eruption causes several years of abnormally cold weather, resulting in mass famine.
537: Battle of Camlann, final battle of King Arthur
538- 540- First Pandemic of bubonic plaguehits Byzantine Empire.
Buddhismintroduced to Japanfrom Baekjein 552, thus contributing to the changes that occurred in the Asuka period.
554, Eviction of the Ostrogothsfrom Rome, and the re-unification of all Italy under Imperial rule. [Roberts, J: "History of the World.". Penguin, 1994.]
563, the monastery on Ionais founded by St. Columban.
* Outbreak of
bubonic plaguein Constantinopleand the rest of the Byzantine Empire( Plague of Justinian).
Kutrigur Bulgarsmove into modern Romania.
Jewish influence in Aksum.
Nubiais largely converted to Coptic Christianity.
* The area of modern
Aargaufalls into the Franks.
* The Kingdom of
Black Deathraged over south east Asia.
Silk Roadfarther into Europe.
Sui Dynastyof China
Old Irish languagedevelops
* Old Dutch
Abrahaattacks Kaabain Mecca("circa" 571)
590, Pope Gregory Isucceeds Pope Pelagius IIas the 64th pope.
Muhammad, prophet of Islam, born in 570.
* Pope Gregory the Great (590–604)
* Arthur, (fictional?) defeated the
Khosrau I of Persia, Sassanidking (531–579)
Belisarius, Byzantine general.
Gregory of Tours(c. 538–594)
* Beowulf, (fictional?)
king of the Geats
Jordanes, author of the Getica.
Procopius, Byzantine historian.
* Bozorgmehr, Persian sage.
Empress Suikoof Japan
Taliesin, Welsh poet
Yasodharman, king of Malwain India, defeats the Huns.
Inventions, discoveries, introductions
Dionysius Exiguuscreates the Anno Dominisystem, inspired by the birth of Jesus, in 525. This is the system upon which the Gregorian calendarand Common Erasystems are based.
Backgammon("nard") invented in Persia by Burzoe
Chess, as chaturanga, entered Persia from Indiaand was modified to shatranj.
Breast-strap horse harnessin use in Frankish kingdom
Byzantine Empireacquires silk technology from China
* Vaghbata, Indian medical books
589AD, the Chinese scholar-official Yan Zhitui makes the first reference to the use of toilet paperin history.
*Significant to the history of agriculture, the Chinese author Jia Sixia wrote the treatise "Chi Min Yao Shu" in
535, and although it quotes 160 previous Chinese agronomybooks, it is the oldest existent Chinese agriculture treatise. In over one hundred thousand written Chinese characters, the book covered land preparation, seeding, cultivation, orchard management, forestry, animal husbandry, trade, and culinary uses for crops.
Decades and years
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