Pope Martin IVsucceeds Pope Nicholas IIIas the 189th pope.
Pope Martin IVauthorizes a Crusadeagainst the newly re-established Byzantine Empirein Constantinople; French and Venetian expeditions set out toward Constantinople but are forced to turn back in the following year.
October 29- Second Battle of Homs: Mamluksultan Qalawundefeats an invasion of Syriaby Mongol Ilkhan Abaqa Khan.
Osman I, founder of the Ottoman Empire, becomes " bey" of the Sögüttribe in central Anatolia; in 1299he will declare independence from the Seljuk Turks, marking the birth of the Ottoman Empire.
* An offensive by the
Byzantine Empiresignificantly reduces the size of the Kingdom of Albania, as it recaptures land seized from the Despotate of Epirusby Charles I of Sicily10 years earlier.
August 12- Battle of Kōan(Hakata Bay): The second Mongol invasion of Japan is foiled, as a large typhoon— famously called a " kamikaze", or divine wind — destroys much of the combined Chinese and Korean fleet and forces, numbering over 140,000 men and 4,000 ships.
Kublai Khanorders the burning of sacred Taoist texts, resulting in the reduction in number of volumes of the " Dao Zheng" (Taoist Canon) from 4,565 to 1,120.
* The Mon kingdom of
Haripunchaifalls as its capital Lamphun(in present-day Thailand) is captured by King Mengrai's Lannathai kingdom.
Richard De Bury, English statesman (d. 1345)
Castruccio Castracani, duke of Lucca(d. 1328)
Yuri III Danilovich, Grand Prince of Russia (d. 1325)
Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster(d. 1345)
Hamdollah Mostowfi, Ilkhanid Iranian historian (d. 1349)
Rudolph I of Bohemia(d. 1307)
* Ertuğrul, father of
Osman I(b. 1198)
Traidenis, Grand Princeof Lithuania
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