- Oakland, Maryland
- For other places with the same name, see Oakland.
Oakland, Maryland — the Town — Nickname(s): the boom Coordinates: Country United States State Maryland County Garrett Area – Total 2.1 sq mi (5.5 km2) – Land 2.1 sq mi (5.5 km2) – Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2) Elevation 2,398 ft (731 m) Population (2010) – Total 1,925 – Density 915.7/sq mi (353.5/km2) Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5) – Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4) ZIP code 21550 Area code(s) 301 FIPS code 24-57650 GNIS feature ID 0586276 Website www.oaklandmd.com
Oakland is a town in the west-central part of Garrett County, Maryland, United States. With a population of 1,925 according to United States Census 2010 figures, it is the most populated community in Garrett County. The town is also the county seat of Garrett County and is located within the Pittsburgh DMA.
Oakland is situated only miles from the source of the Potomac River, which flows directly into the Chesapeake Bay. It is also near the Wisp Resort at Deep Creek Lake, a major ski resort for many Marylanders and other visitors. The Autumn Glory Festival, a fall festival that attracts a great number of tourists, takes place in Oakland every October.
Oakland was formally incorporated as a town in 1862.
The town was named after a large oak tree on 2nd street. A prominent landmark and historical site is the Oakland Train Station. A gift shop is located within the station. In front of the station, there are a plethora of festivities that go on, mainly seasonal activities such as housing the town Christmas tree, decorating the plaza for a holiday, and sometimes parties.
Main Street of Oakland consists mainly of historic two to four story buildings that house the main shopping in the area, such as a theatre, museum, book store, a local pharmacy, antique shops, clothing stores and banks. Many of the homes and businesses in the downtown area are examples of Victorian architecture. Much of the central section of Oakland is part of the Oakland Historic District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984. Also listed on the National Register are the Garrett County Courthouse and Hoye Site.
One of the most prominent and historic churches in Oakland is St. Matthew's Episcopal Church, where U.S. Presidents Ulysses S. Grant, James Garfield, Grover Cleveland, and Benjamin Harrison have all attended services. Because of this, it is now called the "Church of Presidents." A large neoclassical courthouse is also very prominent and dominates the town center.
In the late 19th century and early 20th century, a large hotel named the Oakland Hotel was located near the downtown train station. It was constructed in 1878 by the B&O Railroad. The hotel was a major tourist attraction for that time period until it was torn down in the early 20th Century.
Oakland is in the south-central to western portion of Garrett County, located at . It is set in a small valley.(39.410480, -79.404380)
The town has a total area of 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2), with 99.53% of it being land and 0.47% of it being water. It is only 6.61 miles from Second Street to Deep Creek Lake.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,925 persons, 875 households, and 470 families residing in the town. The population density was 915.7 inhabitants per square mile (353.6 /km2). There were 875 occupied housing units at an average density of 435.5 per square mile (168.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.0% White, 0.2% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population.
There were 875 households out of which 21.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.1% were married couples living together, 10.5% were a female householder with no husband present, and 46.3% were non-family households. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals under the age of 18 and 32.1% were senior citizens (ages 65 and up) living without assistance. The average household size was 2.03 and the average family size was 2.73.
In the town, the population was spread out with 19.3% under the age of 19, 5.5% from 20 to 24, 22.6% from 25 to 44, 30.2% from 45 to 64, and 22.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46.7 years. For every 100 females there were 91.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $26,728, and the median income for a family was $38,750. Males had a median income of $29,625 versus $21,542 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,872. About 13.3% of families and 19.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.9% of those under age 18 and 21.0% of those age 65 or over.
- Maurice Brookhart, William R. Kenan, Jr. Professor of Chemistry in the Department of Chemistry at the University of North Carolina, Member of the National Academy of Sciences, was born and raised in Oakland.
- Darvin Moon, runner-up at the 2009 World Series of Poker Main Event.
- Crellin School, the school has won several awards and has been given several awards from the presidents, like the Green School award several years in a row and has been very inspirational to other schools in the country. The school given its success only has 80-90 students.
- ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natreg/docs/All_Data.html.
- ^ Long, Helen; Scharf, John Thomas (2003) , History of Western Maryland, Genealogical Publishing Co., p. 1539, http://books.google.com/books?id=ntVpHBIz0hAC&printsec=frontcover&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false
- ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Oakland, MD
- Garrett Lake Arts Festival
- Deerfield Community Local Information
- St. Matthew's Episcopal Church
- Ruth Enlow Library
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Counties Municipalities and communities of Garrett County, MarylandCounty seat: Oakland Towns Unincorporated
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