- Anne Arundel County, Maryland
Infobox U.S. County
county = Anne Arundel County
state = Maryland
map size = 225
founded year = 1650
seat wl = Annapolis | largest city wl = Glen Burnie
Janet S. Owens
area percentage = 29.25%
census estimate yr = 2005
pop = 510878
web = www.aacounty.org
Anne Arundel County (pronEng|ˌænəˈrʌndəl, with a stress on the "run") is a
countylocated in the U.S. stateof Maryland. It is named for Anne Arundell(1615-1649), a member of the ancient family of Arundells in Cornwall, Englandand the wife of Cæcilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore. Its county seatis Annapolis, which is also the capitalof the state. In 2000, its population was 489,656, while in 2003 the population was estimated to have reached 506,620.
Anne Arundel County forms part of the
Baltimore-Washington metropolitan area. The center of populationof Maryland is located on the county line between Anne Arundel County and Howard County, in the unincorporated townof Jessup. [Cite web |url=http://www.census.gov/geo/www/cenpop/statecenters.txt |title=Population and Population Centers by State: 2000 |publisher=United States Census Bureau ]
The County was named for
Anne Arundell, the daughter of Thomas Arundell, 1st Baron Arundell of Wardour, members of the ancient family of Arundells in Cornwall, England. She married Cæcilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimorein 1627 or 1628.Anne Arundel County was an original county in Maryland, created in 1650, the year after Anne Arundell's death. The Howard District was originally part of the original Anne Arundel County. In 1851, it was broken off and made into Howard County, Maryland, the 21st of 23 Maryland counties.
Anne Arundel County is located to the south of the city of Baltimore. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 588
square miles (1,523 km²), of which, 416 square miles (1,077 km²) of it is land and 172 square miles (445 km²) of it (29.25%) is water. It is located on the western side of Chesapeake Bay, with numerous rivers and tidal creeks indenting the shoreline.
* Baltimore City (north)
* Baltimore County (north)
* Calvert County (south)
* Kent County (northeast)
* Howard County (northwest)
* Prince George's County (west)
* Queen Anne's County (east)
* Talbot County (southeast)
Patuxent Wildlife Research Refuge(part)
Anne Arundel County's climate differs on an east-to-west axis. The eastern half of the county has a
Humid subtropical climate, with hot humid summers and cool, moist winters. The western half of the county lies in the transition zone between the Humid subtropical climatezone and the humid continental climatezone, with slightly colder winter temperatures and higher snowfall totals. Annual rainfall averages hover around 40 inches per year throughout the county.
The county has four major law enforcement agencies servicing its citizens:
Anne Arundel County Police Departmentis headed by Chief James Teare, Sr. [cite web |url=http://www.co.anne-arundel.md.us/Police/ |title=AACOPD Home Page |publisher=Anne Arundel County Police Department |accessdate=08-01-11 ]
Anne Arundel County Sheriff's Officeis headed by Sheriff Ron Bateman. [cite web |url=http://www.co.anne-arundel.md.us/Sheriff/index.cfm |publisher=Anne Arundel County Sheriff's Department |title=Homepage |accessdate=08-01-11 ]
Annapolis Police Department
Maryland State Police
Anne Arundel county is the home of
Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport, commonly referred to as BWI. BWI serves as the main airport for greater Baltimore. It is also an increasingly popular alternative airport to residents of the Washington, D.C., area. BWI is an East Coast hub for Southwest Airlines, meaning that direct flights are available between BWI and much of the country.
The county also has multiple stops on the MARC
commuter railservice, including a stop at BWI Railstation, located near BWI Airport. Amtraktrains also stop at BWI's train station.
Additionally, the Laurel-based
Connect-a-ridesystem operates two routes in the western portion of the county; including Severn, Arundel Mills, Maryland City, Glen Burnie, Hanover, and Odenton. Howard County's Howard TransitSilver route serves Arundel Millsshopping mall and BWI Thurgood Marshall Airport.
The county is served by one main-line interstate,
Interstate 97, which is the country's only main-line interstate highway contained completely within a single county. Interstate 695, the McKeldin Beltway (commonly known as the Baltimore Beltway), runs through the northern part of the county. Interstate 895, the Harbor Tunnel Thruway, runs through the county towards the Baltimore Harbor Tunnel. Interstate 195, a spur off of Interstate 95, serves BWI Airport, while Maryland State Highway 100runs east-west through the northern part of the county.
Interstate 595 also runs through central Anne Arundel County. This highway, however, is not signed. It is referred to by its more common names, US 50 and
U.S. Route 301.
Chesapeake Bay Bridgecrosses the Chesapeake Bayfrom the county; it connects the western shore with the Eastern Shore in Queen Anne's County.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 489,656 people, 178,670 households, and 129,178 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 1,177 people per square mile (455/km²). There were 186,937 housing units at an average density of 449 per square mile (174/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 81.24% White, 13.57% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 2.29% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, and 1.69% from two or more races. 2.63% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 17.7% were of German, 13.1% Irish, 10.5% English, 8.1% United States or American and 7.0% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 178,670 households out of which 34.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.20% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.70% were non-families. 21.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.20% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 32.80% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 10.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 99.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $61,768, and the median income for a family was $69,019. Males had a median income of $43,747 versus $32,348 for females. The
per capita incomefor the county was $27,578. About 3.60% of families and 5.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.30% of those under age 18 and 5.80% of those age 65 or over.
This population history of Anne Arundel County [cite web |url=http://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/md190090.txt |publisher=United States Census Bureau |title=Maryland Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990 |date=95-03-27 ] from the
U.S. Census Bureaucompares the population of Anne Arundel County to those of the other 23 Maryland counties and Baltimore City.
*1900.......39,620......6th (after Allegany, Balt. Cty and City, Frederick, Washington)
*1930.......55,167......6th (Frederick fewer, Prince George's more)
*1940.......68,375......7th (Montgomery more)
*1950......117,392......5th (Allegany and Washington fewer, now only Balt. Cty and City, Montgomery and Prince George's more)
Cities and towns
Unincorporated areas are also considered as towns by many people and listed in many collections of towns, but they lack local government. Various organizations, such as the
United States Census Bureau, the United States Postal Service, and local chambers of commerce, define the communities they wish to recognize differently, and since they are not incorporated, their boundaries have no official status outside the organizations in question. The Census Bureau recognizes the following census-designated places in the county:
#Cape Saint Claire
#Jessup ("This CDP is shared between Howard and Anne Arundel counties.")
#Mayo (also known as Edgewater)
Other unincorporated places not listed as Census-Designated Places but known in the area include:
#Hanover (a portion is also in Howard County)
* The newspapers of record are "
The Capital" and the " Maryland Gazette" (now owned by "The Capital"), which was founded in 1727. [cite web |url=http://www.mdarchives.state.md.us/megafile/msa/speccol/sc2900/sc2908/html/mdgazette.html |publisher=Maryland State Archives |title=Maryland Gazette Collection ]
*Pupils in the county are zoned to
Anne Arundel County Public Schools.
*Postsecondary education is offered by
Anne Arundel Community Collegeat several locations throughout the county.
*Anne Arundel County is also home to the
United States Naval Academyand St. John's College, U.S., both in Annapolis.
Johns Hopkins, (1795–1873), born in Anne Arundel County, noted philanthropist and founder of Johns Hopkins University.cite book | title = Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896 | publisher = Marquis Who's Who | location = Chicago | date = 1963 ]
Pat Sajak, host of the popular and long-running American television game show "Wheel of Fortune".
Mark Teixeira, Los Angeles Angelsplayer
Ron Wolf, former Green Bay Packersgeneral manager
Ronald Damien Malfi, novelist
Steve Bisciotti, owner Baltimore Ravens
Travis Pastrana, extreme sports
Rudy Gay, Memphis Grizzliesplayer
Denny Neagle, former Atlanta Braves, Pittsburgh Pirates, and Colorado Rockiespitcher
Chorye Spoone- pitcher for the Frederick Keys, a minor-league affiliate of the Baltimore Orioles
Gavin Floyd, Chicago White Soxplayer and top pick of the Philadelphia Philliesin 2001
Anne Arundel County Public Schools
Anne Arundel County Police Department
* [http://www.aacounty.org Anne Arundel County official website]
* [http://www.aacounty.org/CountyCode/index.cfm Anne Arundel County Code]
* [http://www.aacounty.org/BdofElections/Statistics.cfm Anne Arundel Elections Statistics]
* [http://www.visit-annapolis.org/ Annapolis and Anne Arundel County Conference and Visitors Bureau]
* [http://www.annearundel.com Anne Arundel County Business Directory]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.