- Highland Beach, Maryland
official_name = Highland Beach, Maryland
mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location in
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Anne Arundel
established_title = Founded
established_title2 = Incorporated
established_date = 1893
established_date2 = 1922
area_total_km2 = 0.2
area_total_sq_mi = 0.1
area_land_km2 = 0.2
area_land_sq_mi = 0.1
area_water_km2 = 0.0
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0
area_water_percent = 14.29
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 109
population_density_km2 = 601.2
population_density_sq_mi = 1647.1
timezone = Eastern
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = Eastern
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 38 |latm = 55 |lats = 55 |latNS = N
longd = 76 |longm = 27 |longs = 59 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 6
elevation_ft = 20
postal_code = 21403
area_code = 410
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 24-38500
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0590467
Highland Beach is a town in Anne Arundel County,
Maryland, United States. The population was 109 at the 2000 census. The town was founded early in the 20th Century by affluent African Americans from Washington, D.C.and Baltimore, looking for a retreat on the Chesapeake Bay. The town's incorporated status gave it a unique standing in empowering it to maintain its own police force, sufficient to keep the resentful whites from harassing residents. Celebrities with homes here have included Alex Haley, Bill Cosby, and Arthur Ashe. Streets there include Crummell, Dunbar, Henson, Augusta, Douglass, Langston, and Washington, named for the famous African-Americans.
Highland Beach was founded in the summer of 1893 by Charles Douglass (
Frederick Douglass' son) and his wife Laura after they had been turned away from a restaurant at the nearby Bay Ridge resort because of their race. They bought a 40 acre tract on the Chesapeake Bay with convert|500|ft|m of beachfront and turned it into a summer enclave for their family and friends. It became a gathering place for upper-class blacks, including many of the well known personages of the age.
Among the residents and guests were
Paul Robeson, D.C. municipal court judge Robert Terrelland his wife Dr. Mary Church Terrell, Robert Weaver, Harriet Tubman, W. E. B. DuBois, and poets Langston Hughesand Paul Laurence Dunbar. Charles Douglass’ father, the famous abolitionist Frederick Douglass, visited and would have become a resident had he not died before the house that his son was building for him was completed.
When Highland Beach was incorporated in 1922 it became the first African-American municipality in Maryland. Although founded as a summer resort, it is now a town of year-round residents who choose not to permit commercial establishments. There are some sixty homes, many of them still owned and occupied by descendents of the original settlers. The residents are proud and protective of their town’s heritage, established over a century ago by proud and successful people determined to overcome the prejudices of their post-Reconstruction times. However, it should be noted that, as of the 2000 census, African-Americans make up less than 40 percent of the towns residents.
Highland Beach is located at coor dms|38|55|55|N|76|27|59|W|city (38.931880, -76.466455)GR|1.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²), of which, 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it is land and 14.29% is water.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 109 people, 44 households, and 27 families residing in the town. The population densitywas 1,647.1 people per square mile (601.2/km²). There were 80 housing units at an average density of 1,208.9/sq mi (441.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 52.29% White, 39.45% African American, and 8.26% from two or more races.
There were 44 households out of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.9% were married couples living together, 15.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.6% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.11.
In the town the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 2.8% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 29.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 84.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.1 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $53,333, and the median income for a family was $82,379. Males had a median income of $36,563 versus $31,250 for females. The
per capita incomefor the town was $27,802. There were no families and 1.5% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 10.5% of those over 64.
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