Plaza (IPA-es|ˈplaθa / latin america ['plasa] ) is a Spanish word related to "field" which describes an open urban
public space, such as a city square. All through Spanish America, the plaza mayor of each center of administration held three closely related institutions: the cathedral, the " cabildo" or administrative center, which might be incorporated in a wing of a governor's palace, and the "audiencia" or law court. The plaza might be large enough to serve as a military parade ground. At times of crisis or fiesta, it was the space where a large crowd might gather. Like the Italian piazza, the plaza remains a center of community life that is only equalled by the market-place.
Most colonial cities in
Spanish Americawere planned around a square "plaza de armas", where troops could be mustered, as the name implies, surrounded by the governor's palace and the main church.
A "plaza de toros" is a
cognateis " Piazza", the Portuguese " Praça", the French "Place", the Romanian "Piața" and the German "Platz".
Plaza Mayor of Madrid
Plaza Mayor of Valladolid
Plaza de Mayo
Plaza Mayor of Lima
The first purpose-built shopping center in the United States, opened in
Kansas City, Missouriin 1922, knowingly took the name of " Country Club Plaza" and adopted Spanish architectural details. More recently "plaza" has been used to describe a shopping complex, similar to a shopping mall, borrowing its connotations of a center of cultural life. The name is currently even applied to a single building with some semi-public street-level areas, often with a hotel or office tower above, while "mall" more often refers to multiple buildings or a street.
Pantip Plaza, Clinton Plaza, Plaza Las Américas, Central Plaza, Hong Kong, SchipholPlaza, The Plaza.
Nakatomi Plaza(in real life, Fox Plaza).
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