Florida State Road A1A

Florida State Road A1A

State Road A1A marker

State Road A1A
Route information
Maintained by FDOT
Length: 328.92 mi[1] (529.35 km)
Existed: 1945 renumbering (definition) – present
Major junctions
South end: Bertha Street in Key West

I-595 in Dania Beach
US 192 in Indialantic
US 92 in Daytona Beach
SR 202 in Jacksonville Beach
US 17 in Yulee

I-95 in Yulee
North end: US 1 / US 23 / US 301 / SR 200 in Callahan
Counties: Monroe, Miami-Dade, Broward, Palm Beach, Martin, St. Lucie, Indian River, Brevard, Volusia, Flagler, St. Johns, Duval, Nassau
Highway system

Florida State and County Roads
Interstate • US • SR (Pre-1945) • Toll • County

US 1 SR 2

State Road A1A is a Florida State Road that runs mostly along the Atlantic Ocean, with sections from Key West at the southern tip of Florida, to Callahan, just south of Georgia. It is the main road through most oceanfront towns. SR A1A is designated the A1A Scenic and Historic Coastal Highway, a National Scenic Byway. It is also called the Indian River Lagoon Scenic Highway from Wabasso Causeway to U.S. Route 1 in Cocoa. In Key West it is also called South Roosevelt Boulevard. In Miami, it begins at MacArthur Causeway before becoming Collins Avenue at Fifth Street in Miami Beach (or, in small segments, Harding Avenue, Abbott Avenue, or Indian Creek Drive). In the town of Surfside, the northbound is Collins Avenue, and the southbound is Harding Avenue. In Bal Harbour it is called Bal Harbour Boulevard. In Golden Beach it is called Ocean Boulevard.

The designation is unique: other than Alternate SR A1A (now SR 811, SR 707, SR 732, and an extension of SR 842), only two other Florida State Roads have begun with a letter: SR A19A (now a loop of SR 693-SR 699-SR 682 near St. Petersburg), and SR G1A (now SR 300) have existed.

The road was assigned the number SR 1 in the 1945 renumbering as the easternmost major north–south road. However, tourists and residents confused the road with the parallel U.S. Route 1, so the name was changed to SR A1A, which stands for "Atlantic 1 Alternate".[2] The State Road Board changed the designation to SR A1A on November 25, 1946, about a year and a half after the renumbering.[3] SR A1A is signed north–south.


Route description

The beginning of A1A (mile marker 0) at Bertha Street in Key West
State Road A1A crossing the Hillsboro Inlet between Pompano Beach and Hillsboro Beach
Scenic stretch of A1A in Flagler Beach

SR A1A is heavily associated with Florida beach culture and is known for its lush tropical and subtropical scenery and ocean vistas. In many places, the highway directly fronts the Atlantic Ocean, and in other places, runs 1-5 blocks inland from the beachfront. For most of its length, A1A runs along Florida's East Coast Barrier Islands, separated from the mainland of the state by the Intracoastal Waterway. Because of the road's proximity to the ocean and its susceptibility to storm surges, sections of A1A are often closed or even damaged by hurricanes and tropical storms. North of Atlantic Beach, however, A1A turns inland for several blocks before resuming a northward course that ends at the St. John's River. A ferry takes vehicular traffic to the northern section of A1A which continues inland toward Callahan.

A1A also has been a backbone of Florida Spring Break, serving as "the strip" in both Fort Lauderdale, a popular spring break destination in the 60s, 70s, and 80s, as well as Daytona Beach, which became a popular destination for college spring breakers in the 80s through the present. In Miami Beach, A1A serves as Collins Avenue, one of the city's main north–south thoroughfares, and travels a similar route through exclusive Palm Beach, further to the north. In the Vero Beach area, it is known as The Robert C. Spillman Memorial Highway and it bridges Sebastian Inlet at the Sebastian Inlet Bridge. It then passes just to the west of Cape Canaveral and the Kennedy Space Center. Two miles of A1A were used as part of the legendary Daytona Beach Road Course. A1A also passes through St. Augustine, the oldest continuously-inhabited city in the mainland United States .It is known as Third Street in Jacksonville, Neptune, and Atlantic Beach.

SR A1A's southern terminus is at the southern end of Bertha Street, where SR A1A begins as a 2 lane, then 4 lane route along the Straits of Florida in Key West, known locally as South Roosevelt Boulevard. Running along the south shore of Key West, SR A1A is the southernmost numbered highway in the lower 48 states. The southern terminus is Bertha Street, where it heads east past East Martello Tower and Key West International Airport. SR A1A then curves to the north to U.S. Route 1/SR 5 (Overseas Highway), after intersecting with CR 5A (Flagler Avenue). SR A1A reappears at I-395 and US 1 in Miami.


Pre-1945 alignment

State Road A1A as it runs over the 17th Street Causeway in Ft. Lauderdale.
State Road A1A as it runs over the South Causeway in New Smyrna Beach.
State Road A1A as it runs over the Halifax River in Port Orange.
A1A in Daytona Beach

Prior to the 1945 renumbering, the route that became SR 1 had the following numbers:

Initial alignment

A1A in Boca Raton

SR 1 was defined in the 1945 renumbering as:

Alignment modifications

Since then, the following changes have been made:

  • The section in Key West was added.
  • The bridge over the Intracoastal Waterway in Fort Lauderdale was moved south; the old one became "Alternate SR A1A" (now SR 842).
  • The part from Lake Park to Jupiter became "Alternate SR A1A" (now SR 811), and two new sections were added along the shore, from Riviera Beach to north of Lake Park (formerly State Road 703) and from Juno Beach to Jupiter. The latter is now CR A1A.
  • The part from Jupiter to Hobe Sound became SR 707; SR A1A was extended south from Hobe Sound to meet SR 5 (U.S. Route 1). This part is now CR A1A.
  • The part north of Stuart (including a segment that was signed State Road 705) was extended south to incorporate the Ernest F. Lyons Bridge and give a more direct access to the Atlantic Ocean from Stuart; the old road became SR 707 and "Alternate SR A1A" (now SR 707 and SR 732). Recently the part in downtown Stuart, west of SR 714, became CR A1A.
  • Both bridges over the Intracoastal Waterway in Fort Pierce were rebuilt and moved slightly south. The approach to the south one moved two blocks south.
  • When Kennedy Space Center was built around 1962, SR A1A through it was closed and rerouted from the south to go west on SR 528. A small piece of the old road may have become SR 401, but SR 401 now ends before it reaches the old road. Cape Road, which runs east of Launch complex 39, was SR A1A; it ended at former SR 402 at Playalinda Beach. The part from there to south of New Smyrna Beach was never built.
  • SR A1A south of New Smyrna Beach is now CR A1A; part of it in New Smyrna Beach still exists, and ends 10 miles (16 km) south of New Smyrna Beach near Turtle Mound. The part connecting to Titusville Beach was never built.
  • The part south of Daytona Beach was routed onto a new bridge at Port Orange; the old road south of the bridge became CR A1A and is now CR 4075.
  • SR A1A was realigned away from the Atlantic Ocean south of St. Augustine onto what had been SR 3; the south half of the old road became CR A1A.
  • The two sections in St. Augustine were connected when SR 5 (U.S. Route 1) was moved west onto a bypass and old SR 5 became SR 5A (Alt US 1).
  • The north bridge over the Intracoastal Waterway at St. Augustine was moved north, with the east approach moving two blocks north.
  • A bypass was built around Ponte Vedra Beach; the old road became SR 203 (later CR 203 in St. Johns County and Duval County).
  • SR A1A was moved out of Jacksonville and onto what had been part of SR 101, a new alignment to the ferry across the St. Johns River, and what still is SR 105 and SR 200. The old road became an extension of SR 10.
  • None of the spurs to the mainland are SR A1A any more. The one at West Palm Beach became part of SR 80 on October 25, 1946; the ones at Daytona Beach (now SR 600) and Ormond Beach (now SR 40) were longer, for SR 40 didn't originally go to Ormond Beach.

Jungle Trail

Jungle Trail
Florida State Road A1A is located in Florida
Location: Indian River County, Florida
Nearest city: Orchid
Coordinates: 27°51′30″N 80°27′00″W / 27.85833°N 80.45°W / 27.85833; -80.45Coordinates: 27°51′30″N 80°27′00″W / 27.85833°N 80.45°W / 27.85833; -80.45
Governing body: Local government
NRHP Reference#: 03000700[4]
Added to NRHP: August 1, 2003

State Road 252 (also known as the Jungle Trail) was part of A1A in northeastern Indian River County, Florida. The narrow, seven-and-a-half mile long road is located between Old Winter Beach Road and the current A1A, along the western side of Orchid Island, and is unpaved. It is part of the Indian River Lagoon Scenic Highway system, and the southernmost road in the highway system.

The road started as a means to quickly transport citrus to packinghouses on the mainland, then in the 1930s and 1940s became more used by tourists.[5] On August 1, 2003, it was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.

References in popular culture

The block was dead
Yo so I continued to A1A Beachfront Avenue"

  • A1A is the title of a 1974 album by Jimmy Buffett; one of the album's tracks, "Trying to Reason with the Hurricane Season," also mentions the road.
  • A1A was mentioned in Kenny Chesney's songs "Outta Here" and "Coastal"
  • "I will never live west of A1A" is a common saying along the Florida Atlantic Coast and a number of items such as shirts can be found bearing the saying.

Junction list

County Location Mile Destinations Notes
Monroe Key West 0 Bertha Street Also South Roosevelt Boulevard; Southern Terminus of A1A
3 US 1 / SR 5 (Overseas Highway)
Discontinuous section in highway
Miami-Dade Miami 168 I-395 / US 1 / SR 5 / SR 836 Also the MacArthur Causeway
Miami Beach SR 907 Also 5th Street (east/west), then Collins Avenue (north/south)
SR 112 Also Collins Avenue (northbound) and Indian Creek Drive (southbound from SR 112 to 26th Street)
SR 907 Also Collins Avenue (northbound) and either Indian Creek Drive (southbound in 2 separate segments) or Collins Avenue
SR 934 Also Collins Avenue (northbound) and Abbott Avenue (southbound from SR 934 to Indian Creek Drive) and Indian Creek Drive (southbound from Abbott Avenue to SR 907)
Surfside SR 922 Also Collins Avenue (northbound) and Harding Avenue (southbound from SR 922 to Abbott Avenue at SR 934)
Sunny Isles Beach SR 826 Also Collins Avenue from SR 826 to Bal Harbour, Bal Harbour Boulevard in Bal Harbour
SR 856 Also Collins Avenue
Broward Hallandale Beach SR 858 Also South Ocean Drive from SR 858 to county line, Ocean Boulevard in Golden Beach
Hollywood SR 820 Also South Ocean Drive from SR 820 to SR 858
SR 822 Also North Ocean Drive from SR 822 to SR 820
Dania Beach US 1 / SR 5 Also North Ocean Drive (north/south) and East Dania Beach Boulevard (east/west)
Fort Lauderdale US 1 / SR 5
SR 842
SR 838
SR 816
Lauderdale-by-the-Sea SR 870
Pompano Beach SR 814
SR 844
Deerfield Beach SR 810
Palm Beach Boca Raton Camino Real
SR 798
SR 800
Delray Beach SR 806
Boynton Beach SR 804
Lake Worth SR 802
Palm Beach US 98 / SR 80 / SR 700
SR 704
West Palm Beach US 1
Riviera Beach US 1 / SR 5 / SR 708
North Palm Beach US 1 / SR 5 / SR 786
Martin Stuart SR 714
Jensen Beach SR 732
St. Lucie Fort Pierce US 1 / SR 5
US 1 / SR 5
Indian River Vero Beach SR 656
SR 60
Brevard Indialantic US 192 / SR 500
Melbourne SR 518
Satellite Beach SR 404
Cocoa Beach SR 520
Cape Canaveral SR 401 / SR 528
Indianola SR 3 / CR 3
Cocoa US 1 / SR 5 / SR 528
Volusia New Smyrna Beach CR A1A
US 1 / SR 5 / SR 44
Port Orange US 1 / SR 5 / SR 421
SR 441
Daytona Beach Shores CR 4075
Daytona Beach CR 4050
US 92 / SR 600
CR 4040
SR 430
Ormond Beach SR 40
Flagler Beach CR 2002
SR 100
Flagler Palm Coast Palm Coast Parkway
St. Johns Crescent Beach SR 206
St. Augustine Beach CR A1A
SR 312
St. Augustine SR 5A Begin SR 5A concurrency.
SR 5A End SR 5A concurrency.
Ponte Vedra Beach CR 210
Duval Jacksonville Beach SR 202
SR 212
Atlantic Beach SR 10 (3rd Street/Atlantic Boulevard) Begin SR 10 concurrency
SR 10 End SR 10 concurrency
Jacksonville SR 101 Access to Mayport Naval Station
SR 5A / SR 116 End SR 5A concurrency.
SR 105 Begin SR 105 concurrency.
Nassau Fernandina Beach SR 108
SR 105 (Fletcher Avenue/Centre Street) / SR 200 End SR 105 concurrency; begin SR 200 concurrency. Directional signing ends.
SR 108
O'Neil SR 107
Yulee US 17 / SR 5
Hero I-95 / SR 9
Callahan US 1 / US 23 / US 301 / SR 15 End SR 200 concurrency.
Northern terminus

County Road A1A

County Road A1A
Location: Palm Beach County, Martin County, Volusia County, St. Johns County
Length: 32.68 mi[1] (52.59 km)

County Road A1A is a county road in four counties in the U.S state of Florida. The route is discontinuous and functions as a spur of State Road A1A.

Volusia County

Entrance of Canaveral National Seashore from CR A1A.

Volusia County Road A1A is a 7-mile (11 km) spur route of State Road A1A at Volusia County, Florida, United States. The route begins at U.S. Route 1 and State Road A1A at Downtown New Smyrna Beach as Lyte Avenue. Next, the route crosses the Intercoastal Waterway and Callalisa Creek before heading southbound. After the 2 bridges, the road becomes 3rd Avenue, the northern terminus of Saxon Drive as the first right after Callalisa Creek. East of Indian River Village Shopping Center, the road turns southward and becomes Atlantic Avenue. At the intersection of 27th Avenue, the road becomes 2 lanes wide. Less than a mile south of New Smyrna Beach, Saxon Drive ends. At Bethune Beach, the road slightly turns away from the Atlantic Ocean. The road became Turtle Mound Road at that point. After Bethune Beach, the road is midway between the Intercoastal Waterway and the Atlantic Ocean. At this point, a gate brings access to Canaveral National Seashore. It passes through the ghost town of Eldora. The road ends as a dead end at a beach at 28°51′28″N 80°46′35″W / 28.85778°N 80.77639°W / 28.85778; -80.77639.


External links

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Look at other dictionaries:

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