- Duval County, Florida
Duval County, Florida
Location in the state of Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded August 12, 1822 Seat Jacksonville Area
918.24 sq mi (2,378 km²)
773.67 sq mi (2,004 km²)
144.57 sq mi (374 km²), 15.74%
1,117/sq mi (431.1/km²)
Duval County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. As of 2010, the population was 864,263. Its county seat is Jacksonville, with which the Duval County government has been consolidated since 1968. Duval County was established in 1822, and is named for William Pope DuVal, Governor of Florida Territory from 1822 to 1834.
This area had been settled by varying cultures of indigenous peoples for thousands of years before European contact. Within the Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve in Jacksonville, archeologists have excavated remains of some of the oldest pottery in the United States, dating to 2500 BCE. Prior to European contact, the area was inhabited by the Mocama, a Timucuan-speaking group who lived throughout the coastal areas of northern Florida. At the time Europeans arrived, much of what is now Duval County was controlled by the Saturiwa, one of the most powerful tribes in the region. The area that became Duval County was home to the 16th-century French colony of Fort Caroline, and saw increased European settlement in the 18th century with the establishment of Cowford, later renamed Jacksonville.
Duval County was created in 1822 from St. Johns County. It was named for William Pope DuVal, Governor of Florida Territory from 1822 to 1834. When Duval County was created, it covered a massive area, from the Suwannee River on the west to the Atlantic Ocean on the east, north of a line from the mouth of the Suwannee River to Jacksonville on the St. Johns River. Alachua and Nassau counties were created out of parts of Duval County in 1824. Clay County was created from part of Duval County in 1858. Part of St. Johns County south and east of the lower reaches of the St. Johns River was transferred to Duval County in the 1840s.
On October 1, 1968, the government of Duval County was consolidated with the government of the city of Jacksonville, although the Duval County cities of Atlantic Beach, Baldwin, Jacksonville Beach, and Neptune Beach are not included in the corporate limits of Jacksonville, and maintain their own municipal governments.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 918.24 square miles (2,378.2 km2), of which 773.67 square miles (2,003.8 km2) (or 84.26%) is land and 144.57 square miles (374.4 km2) (or 15.74%) is water, much of it in the Atlantic Ocean. The topography is coastal plain; however there are some rolling hills.
Cities and towns
National protected areas
- Fort Caroline National Memorial
- Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve
Historical populations Census Pop. %± 1830 1,970 — 1840 4,156 111.0% 1850 4,539 9.2% 1860 5,074 11.8% 1870 11,921 134.9% 1880 19,431 63.0% 1890 26,800 37.9% 1900 39,733 48.3% 1910 75,163 89.2% 1920 113,540 51.1% 1930 155,503 37.0% 1940 210,143 35.1% 1950 304,029 44.7% 1960 455,411 49.8% 1970 528,865 16.1% 1980 571,003 8.0% 1990 672,971 17.9% 2000 778,879 15.7% 2010 864,263 11.0%
As of the census of 2000, there were 778,879 people, 303,747 households, and 201,688 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,007 people per square mile (389/km²). There were 329,778 housing units at an average density of 426 per square mile (165/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 65.80% White, 27.83% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 2.71% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.31% from other races, and 1.96% from two or more races. 4.10% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 90.7% spoke English, 4.1% Spanish and 1.0% Tagalog as their first language.
There were 303,747 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.50% were married couples living together, 15.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.60% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the county the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 32.40% from 25 to 44, 21.20% from 45 to 64, and 10.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $40,703, and the median income for a family was $47,689. Males had a median income of $32,954 versus $26,015 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,753. About 9.20% of families and 11.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.40% of those under age 18 and 11.60% of those age 65 or over.
According to the Supervisor of Elections website, for the 2008 general election there were 536,584 registered voters in Duval County, of which 417,599 cast ballots for a voter turnout of 77.83%.
Presidential elections results Year Republican Democratic Other 2008 50.5% 48.6% 0.9%  2004 57.8% 41.6% 0.6%  2000 57.5% 40.7% 1.8%  1996 50.0% 44.2% 5.8%  1992 49.5% 36.9% 13.9%  1988 62.8% 36.7% 0.5% 
- ^ http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- ^ Matt Soergel, "Archaeologists help distinguish Mocama group", Morris News Service, 25 October 2009, accessed 11 May 2010
- ^ Fernald, Edward A., Ed. (1981) Atlas of Florida. The Florida State University Foundation, Inc. ISBN 0-9606708-0-7 P.131
Alachua County Maps
Nassau County Maps
[http://fcit.usf.edu/Florida/maps/county/clay/clay.htm Clay County Maps
- ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. http://www.census.gov/tiger/tms/gazetteer/county2k.txt. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ a b Duval County 2008 General Election
- ^ Duval County 2004 General Election - URL retrieved February 12, 2007
- ^ ElectionResults_2000-11-7.pdf Duval County 2000 General Election] - PDF retrieved February 12, 2007
- ^ Duval County, Florida 1996 Presidential Election Results - URL retrieved February 12, 2007
- ^ Duval County, Florida 1992 Presidential Election Results - URL retrieved February 12, 2007
- ^ Duval County, Florida 1988 Presidential Election Results - URL retrieved February 12, 2007
Elected constitutional offices
- Duval County Property Appraiser
- Duval County Supervisor of Elections
- Duval County Tax Collector
- Jacksonville Sheriff's Office
- Duval County Clerk of the Courts
- Duval County Public Schools
- Duval County Soil & Water Conservation District
- St. Johns River Water Management District
- Duval County Clerk of Courts
- Public Defender, 4th Judicial Circuit of Florida serving Duval, Clay, and Nassau Counties
- Office of the State Attorney, 4th Judicial Circuit of Florida
- Circuit and County Court, 4th Judicial Circuit of Florida
Nassau County Baker County Atlantic Ocean Duval County, Florida Clay County St. Johns County Municipalities and communities of Duval County, Florida Cities Town
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