- Baker County, Florida
Baker County, Florida
Location in the state of Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded February 8, 1861 Seat Macclenny Area
588.89 sq mi (1,525 km²)
585.21 sq mi (1,516 km²)
3.67 sq mi (10 km²), 0.62%
46/sq mi (17.88/km²)
Baker County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. As of 2000, the population was 22,259. The U.S. Census Bureau 2008 estimate for the county is 26,164 . Its county seat is Macclenny, Florida. While primarily rural, the county is included in the Jacksonville Metropolitan Area.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Municipalities
- 5 Politics
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Baker County was founded in 1861. It was named for James McNair Baker, a judge and Confederate Senator. In 1864 the Battle of Olustee, which was the only major American Civil War battle in Florida, was fought near Lake City, Florida in Baker County. 
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 588.89 square miles (1,525.2 km2), of which 585.21 square miles (1,515.7 km2) (or 99.38%) is land and 3.67 square miles (9.5 km2) (or 0.62%) is water. The extreme northern part of the county lies within the Okefenokee Swamp and its federally protected areas.
- Charlton County, Georgia - north
- Ware County, Georgia - north
- Nassau County, Florida - northeast
- Duval County, Florida - east
- Clay County, Florida - southeast
- Union County, Florida - south
- Bradford County, Florida - south
- Columbia County, Florida - west
- Clinch County, Georgia - northwest
National protected areas
Historical populations Census Pop. %± 1870 1,325 — 1880 2,303 73.8% 1890 3,333 44.7% 1900 4,516 35.5% 1910 4,805 6.4% 1920 5,622 17.0% 1930 6,273 11.6% 1940 6,510 3.8% 1950 6,313 −3.0% 1960 7,363 16.6% 1970 9,242 25.5% 1980 15,289 65.4% 1990 18,486 20.9% 2000 22,259 20.4% 2010 27,115 21.8% 
As of the census of 2000, there were 22,259 people, 7,043 households, and 5,599 families residing in the county. The population density was 38 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 7,592 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.04% White, 13.92% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.98% from two or more races. 1.88% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 34.5% were of American, 9.9% Irish, 8.6% English and 6.6% German ancestry according to Census 2000. Those claiming "American" ancestry are of predominantly English ancestry but most people in Baker County who are of English stock have a tendency to identify simply as Americans. 97.2% spoke English and 2.5% Spanish as their first language.
There were 7,043 households out of which 41.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.70% were married couples living together, 13.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.50% were non-families. 17.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.20.
In the county the population was spread out with 27.50% under the age of 18, 9.90% from 18 to 24, 30.70% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 9.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 110.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $40,035, and the median income for a family was $43,503. Males had a median income of $30,240 versus $21,279 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,164. About 11.40% of families and 14.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.20% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over.
Like much of rural northern Florida, Baker County votes heavily Republican in presidential and congressional races, although still occasionally supporting Conservative Democrats in local and state contests. In the 2004 election Baker County and Okaloosa County were the most conservative-voting counties in Florida.
Presidential elections results Year Republican Democratic Other 2008 78.2% 21.0% 0.8% 2004 77.7% 21.9% 0.4% 2000 68.8% 29.3% 1.8% 1996 55.5% 34.2% 10.2% 1992 50.6% 29.2% 20.2% 1988 71.5% 28.3% 0.2%
September 2009 ushered in the introduction of the county's newest official political party, The Libertarian Party of Baker County.
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- ^ National Park Service "American Battlefield Protection Program Battle Summary". National Park Service. http://www.cr.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/fl005.htm National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-12-31.
- ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. http://www.census.gov/tiger/tms/gazetteer/county2k.txt. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- ^ http://www.census.gov/population/www/censusdata/cencounts/files/fl190090.txt
- ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_PL_QTPL&prodType=table
- ^ http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu/
- ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ Sharing the Dream: White Males in a Multicultural America By Dominic J. Pulera.
- ^ Reynolds Farley, 'The New Census Question about Ancestry: What Did It Tell Us?', Demography, Vol. 28, No. 3 (August 1991), pp. 414, 421.
- ^ Stanley Lieberson and Lawrence Santi, 'The Use of Nativity Data to Estimate Ethnic Characteristics and Patterns', Social Science Research, Vol. 14, No. 1 (1985), pp. 44-6.
- ^ Stanley Lieberson and Mary C. Waters, 'Ethnic Groups in Flux: The Changing Ethnic Responses of American Whites', Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 487, No. 79 (September 1986), pp. 82-86.
- Baker County Board of County Commissioners
- Baker County Supervisor of Elections
- Baker County Property Appraiser
- Baker County Sheriff's Office
- Baker County Tax Collector
- Baker County Clerk of Courts
- Office of the State Attorney, 8th Judicial Circuit of Florida serving Alachua, Baker, Bradford, Gilchrist, Levy and Union Counties
- Circuit and County Court for the 8th Judicial Circuit of Florida
Community Web Pages
- BakerCountyToday.com - Baker County Today and Yesterday
- Macclenny.com - Baker County's Original Home Page
- Baker County Community Home Page - BakerCountyFL.com - Owned and Managed from Baker County
- Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Museum and Library Resources
- The Baker County Press, the local newspaper for Baker County, Florida fully and openly available in the Florida Digital Newspaper Library
Clinch County, Georgia Charlton County, Georgia and Ware County, Georgia Nassau County Columbia County Duval County Baker County, Florida Bradford County and Union County Clay County Municipalities and communities of Baker County, Florida City Town Unincorporated
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