- U.S. Route 1 in Florida
American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, [http://cms.transportation.org/?siteid=68&pageid=1760 United States Numbered Highways] , 1989 Edition]
ending_terminus=Fleming Street in Key West
U.S. Route 1in Floridaruns along that state's east coast from Key Westto Jacksonville. At Jacksonville it turns northwest, crossing the St. Marys River into Georgia near Folkston. US 1 follows several unsigned state highways: State Road 5 from Key West to Lantana, State Road 805 from Lantana to West Palm Beach, SR 5 again from West Palm Beach to Jacksonville, and State Road 15 from Jacksonville to Georgia.
US 1 was designated nationwide on
November 11, 1926, running from Miami, Floridanorth to Fort Kent, Maine. [ Dixie Highway connector.
An extension in the 1930s or 1940s took US 1 south from Miami over the
Overseas Highway(State Road 4A) to Key West, where it still ends today. The part of US 1 between Miami and Jacksonville has been replaced by Interstate 95 for most through traffic.
In Florida, where signs for U.S. Highways formerly had different colors for each highway, the "shield" for US 1 was red. Florida began using the colored shields in
1956, but during the 1980s the MUTCDwas revised to specify only a black and white color scheme for U.S. Highway shields. As such, Federal funds were no longer available to maintain the colored signs. On August 27, 1993, the decision was made to no longer produce colored signs. Since then, the remaining colored signs have gradually been replaced by black-and-white signs; at present, there are a few rare colored ones still in place.
US 1 is a designated
Blue Star Memorial Highwayalong its entire route through the state. Markers are placed at various locations, including one in Rockledge, Floridaand Fort Lauderdale, Florida. As is the case with all Florida roads with Federal designations, the entirety of US 1 has a hidden Florida Department of Transportationdesignation: State Road 5 south of Callahan (except for convert|11|mi|km|0 as SR 805 in Palm Beach County); State Road 15 north of Callahan.
US 1 begins in Key West as a local road (at the intersection of Fleming Street and Whitehead Street, turning onto Truman Avenue which itself becomes Roosevelt Boulevard) then becoming the
Overseas Highway, the main highway serving the Florida Keys. The highway goes up to Florida City, becoming the Dixie Highwayon the mainland. The Dixie Highway continues to Miami, with junctions to the termini of several Florida freeways along the way ( Florida's Turnpike, Palmetto Expressway, Snapper Creek Expressway, and Interstate 95). In Miami, US 1 is also known as Brickell Avenueand then Biscayne Boulevardas it continues near the shoreline of Biscayne Bay.
In Fort Lauderdale, there is a complex interchange with Interstate 595 at the
Ft. Lauderdale International Airport. US 1 continues north as "Federal Highway" (also signed as SE 6th Avenue or NE 6th Avenue until merging with Sunrise Boulevard) serving the beach communities along the eastern coast. It has a junction with the Beachline Expressway in Brevard County. In mainland Daytona Beachit is called Ridgewood Avenue. US 1 eventually reaches the city of Jacksonville as the "Philips Highway". US 1 then travels through downtown Jacksonville along "Main Street", crossing St. Johns Riveron the Main Street Bridge until it reaches the "20th Street Expressway". US 1 then goes along the route of State Road 15, traveling much farther inland than Interstate 95 as it heads into the state of Georgia. US 1 will not meet up with Interstate 95 again until it reaches the state of Virginia.
A freeway alternate route in Jacksonville that bypasses the downtown area goes along the Hart Bridge Expressway, then along the Martin Luther King Jr. Parkway, which becomes the 20th Street Expressway.
State Road A1A runs next to the
Atlantic Ocean, roughly parallel to US 1 for much of its path through Florida.
= Nassau County =
Starting at the Georgia state line at
St. Marys River, it runs concurrent with U.S. Route 23, which terminates in Downtown Jacksonville, U.S. Route 301, and State Road 15, which also starts at the St. Marys River. It first passes by a welcome centerin Boulogne, the first Floridasettlement passed on U.S. Route 1. Before the welcome center, it intersects CR 121/Lake Hampton Road, which provides an alternative route to State Road 2 and Georgia State Road 94. The incorporated town Hillard is home to the intersection of CR 108. The townof Callahan contains the northern terminus of State Road A1A, the most famous state route in the state as it mostly goes along the Atlantic Ocean. U.S. Route 301 carries now State Road 200 through western Jacksonville and Baldwin. At the eastern part of the town is the northern terminus of State Road 115. The final place before it enters Duval County is Nassau Village-Ratliff. Finally, it crosses Thomas Creekand into Duval County.
= Duval County (Jacksonville) =
Beginning at the
Thomas Creekbridge at Nassau Village-Ratliff, it enters Jacksonville. Currently, it is concurrent with U.S. Route 23 and State Road 15. The first major intersection is State Road 104, then immediately crossing the Trout River, a tributaryof the St. Johns River. Just before the I-295 intersection is Trout River Boulevard. After I-295, it crosses the Little Trout River. Currently, the road is 4 lanes wide. State Road 111 intersects the route 3 miles later and crosses the Ribault River. Then, it comes up to an interchange of Martin Luther King Jr. Parkway. U.S. Route 1 follows the expressway, while U.S. Route 23 continues southeaston New Kings Road to Downtown Jacksonville. By a cloverleafinterchange, it meets Interstate 95. At the Main Street intersection (U.S. Route 17), U.S. Route 1 runs concurrent with the street and runs southward. At the southern terminus of U.S. Route 23, U.S. Route 1/U.S. Route 17/U.S. Route 90 turns into a one-way pair(Ocean Street northbound/Main Street southbound). Near the Main Street Bridge, U.S. Route 17 heads east-west. U.S. Route 90/U.S. Route 1 crosses the St. Johns Rivervia the Main Street Bridge. After the bridge, the road becomes local-express lanesof Interstate 95. U.S. Route 90 spurs off as Beach Boulevard. Finally, the local-express lanesbecomes Philips Highway until the St. Johns County line.
Philips Highway is a 17
milelong section of U.S. Route 1 southof Downtown Jacksonville. It begins at Interstate 95 at Exit 348. The first major intersection of the road is St. Augustine Road. It provides access to State Road 13 as well as the next major intersection of Emerson St which is signed as U.S. Highway 1 Alternate and State Road 126. Palm Trees line the median of the road until Clinton Avenue. The next intersection is State Road 109 (or University Boulevard). In some local maps, Bowden Road intersects University Boulevard, but it has a dead endat the Florida East Coast Railroad. Bowden Road is a southbound access road for Interstate 95, while University Boulevard has northbound access for I-95. State Road 152 (locally known as Baymeadows Road) is the next intersection. Baymeadows Way, a short alternative of Baymeadows Road if there's a traffic accidenton the intersection. A short road that connects State Road 13, Sunbeam Road, intersects next. Philips Highway then meets Interstate 95. A 1/2 mile southeastis State Road 115. It is the southern terminus of that route. Next, it intersects State Road 9A (future Interstate 295), the eastern half of the loop around Downtown Jacksonville. At the southern part of the interchange is Greenland Road. At the neighborhood of Bayard, it intersects St. Augustine Road again, the final intersection in Jacksonville. At the St. Johns County line, it intersects Race Track Road. Philips Highway ends and enters St. Johns County.
Beginning at the Race Track Road intersection at the Duval County line, it first arrives in Durbin, an
unincorporatedcommunity. It has access to Palm Valley, on the barrier island via Palm Valley Boulevard. Cutting through wetlands, it arrives in St. Augustine. Immediately, it intersects
Business Route 1, a major tourist route through Old St Augustine. State Road 16 immediately comes next. Then, it runs along the floodpalin of the
San Sebastian River, which forms the western border of Old St. Augustine. After crossing the San Sebastian River, it intersects St. Johns County Road 214. Just outside of St. Augustine, it meets State Road 207. After that is State Road 312. Then, it enters St. Augustine South, an unincorporatedcommunity southof St. Augustine. Just after crossing Moultrie Creekis St. Augustine Shores. The next intersection is a spur routeof State Road 207, SR 206. There won't be any business' until the Interstate 95 intersection. Just south of the Interstate 95 interchange is St. Johns County Road 204, which provides access to Flagler Estates. Finally, it crosses Pellicer Creekand enters Flagler County.
Starting at the St Johns County line at the Pellicer Creek bridge, it first intersects unpaved Old Kings Road before it enters Palm Coast.
Palm Coast Prakwayis the next intersection, providing access to Interstate 95. It now consists the western boundary of Palm Coast. Beyond that point, no streets intersect US 1. It enters Bunnell anyway and intersects Old Brick Road, which provides access to Flagler Estates. In central Bunnell, it is concurrent with State Road 100 (also the terminus of State Road 20) until the next traffic lightthat supplies the termini of SR 11. State Road 100 heads eastward. At the southern end of Belle Terre Parkway, it enters the neighborhoodof Dupoint, now part of Palm Coast. Inside Korona. it finally intersects Old Dixie Highway. It becomes a northwest-southeast route to/from Interstate 95. It finally enters Volusia County.
Starting at the Flagler County line near Ormond Beach, the highway still remains west of Interstate 95. Before the
overpass, it passes through a mobile homepark, then met some business' around Interstate 95, such as Burger King. Next, it enters the city of Ormond Beach. The section in the entire city is known as Younge Street. About 2 miles south of that point is the Tomoka River, a river through rural Daytona Beach. After the bridge is State Road 5A, a bypass of DowntownDaytona Beach. It then arrives in central Ormond Beach with the intersection of State Road 40 and running parallel with Volusia County Road 4079. The next settlement is Holly Hill, a suburbclose to central Daytona Beach. Inside an area called Central Holly Hill, it meets LPGA Boulevard (11th Street in the street grid), which is home to the LPGA headquartersand provides an alternative route to DeLand via U.S. Route 92. At the southern border of Holly Hill is SR 430, Immediately after the intersection is Daytona Beach. It is locally known as Ridgewood Avenue. 3 bridges cross to the barrier island. They are:Main Street Bridge, Carlton Blank Bridge(carries US 92) and Memorial Bridge. Outside Central Daytona Beach is SR 400, which will become unsigned on Interstate 4. It immediately enters South Daytona. Big Tree Road and Reed Canal Road, one of the 3 major roads in the city, provide access to State Road 483 outside of the city. Next, it enters Port Orange, with an immediate intersection of State Road 421. State Road A1A runs concurrent until State Road 528. At the southern causeway of New Smyrna Beach, it spurs off as CR A1A. Back in Port Orange, for a moment, it enters Allandale. State Road 5A ends at US 1, and Volusia County Road 4079forms a cul-de-sac. Then, US 1 crosses Rose Bay and leaves Port Orange, and immediately crosses Spruce Creek west of Ponce Inlet to New Smyrna Beach In the heart of the city, State Road 44 actually goes over US 1. The next settlement is Edgewater. Volusia County Road 4136(or Park Avenue) is the next intersection. Also featured in Edgewater is the eastern terminus of SR 442, although a short section of Indian River Drive extends 1/10 of a mile eastward. The next settlements is Oak Hill, home of the northern terminus of State Road 3. In central Oak Hill, Volusia County Road 4164meet. At the intersection of State Road 3, US 1 immediately turns to a northeast-southwest route for the rest of the journey to Brevard County. Near Scottsmoor, it enters Brevard County.
At the Volusia County line near Scottsmoor, it first intersects CR 5A, a 1 mile
spur routeof the road itself. Between Titusville and the Volusia County line, it is normally close to Interstate 95. South of CR 402, it joins the Indian River Lagoon Scenic Highway. In southern Titusville, it intersects State Road 50. At the interchange of NASA Parkwayis the main entrance of the John F. Kennedy Space Centeron Merritt Island. Near Camp Road is CR 515 and the Indian River Lagoon Scenic Highwayfollows that road for 14 miles. At State Road 528, it marks the southern terminus of the Indian River Lagoon Scenic Highwayand the only freeway in Brevard County to intersect U.S. Route 1. Next, it enters the city of Cocoa. It passes Historic Cocoa Village on the west side. Immediately, it enters the city of Rockledge. This time, the road runs SSE-NNW along the Indian River Lagoon(south of CR 515 when it joins the Indian River Lagoon Scenic Highwayagain). It then enters Pineda, a community eastof Suntree. 1.8 miles south of the community is State Road 404 or the Pineda Causeway. It immediately enters Palm Shores, the smallest incorporated place in Brevard County. At Parkway Drive, it intersects Pineapple Avenue to the east. It passes Eau Gallie, home of State Road 518. After crossing the Elbow Creek Bridge, it intersects with State Road 507. It provides access to Fellsmere, about 20 miles south of this intersection. It then goes along the Indian River Lagoonuntil the intersection of U.S. Route 192. When it enters the zip code of 32905, it enters northeastern Palm Bay. It goes through the central area of the city, with the intersection of Palm Bay Road. South of the intersection of Ting Road, it enters Malabar, first intersecting State Road 514. Before exiting Brevard County and into Indian River County, it intersects Valkaria and Grant Roads, inside Grant-Valkaria, and Micco Road, providing access to Deer Run. Finally, it crosses the St. Sebastian Riverand enters Indian River County.
Starting at the
St. Sebastian River, it first intersects Indian River County Road 505in Roseland. It then enters Sebastian. The next intersection is Indian River County Road 512, which provides access to Fellsmere and Interstate 95. At Wabasso, State Road 605 begins and intersects CR 510. The Indian River Lagoon Scenic Highwayfinally leaves U.S. Route 1 and then carries State Road A1A. It next enters Winter Beach and meets Indian River County Road 609. State Road 605 still parelells this highway until Vero Beach. Near Grand Harbor Golf Club, it intersects Indian County Road 603. When U.S. Route 1 enters Vero Beach, it is known as Commerce Boulevard. It intersects State Road 60 in Downtown Vero Beach. It meets SR 656 or 17th Street. When the Florida East Coast Railroadrun parallel, it intersects Indian River County Road 612. Inside Oslo, it meets its final intersection, Indian River County Road 606. At the St. Lucie County line, it crosses State Road 605 and finally the Florida East Coast Railroad. It immediately intersects State Road 713 just inside St. Lucie County.
= St Lucie County =
Starting at the Indian River County line when it croosses both SR 605 and the
Florida East Coast Railroad. Near Florida Ridge, it intersects State Road 713. It provides easy access to the Florida's Turnpikeand an alternative of State Road 70. Next, it intersects Indrio Road. inside Indrio. Inside the village of Saint Lucie, it intersects State Road 608. Just near the city of Fort Pierce is State Road A1A. It runs concurrent with US 1 for 1 mile. After crossing the canal, it enters Fort Pierce. SR 605 terminates just shortly after the bridge. It then intersects Seaway Drive, and State Road A1A heads toward the beaches again. Inside central Fort Pierce, it intersects SR 68. Outside of the area, it intersects SR 70, a peninsular route to the Bradenton area. Next, it leaves Fort Pierce and into White City, where it intersects CR 712. As it runs southward away from the Indian River Lagoon, it enters Port St. Lucie-River Park. From The Savanaa Club, it enters Port Saint Lucie. A short portion runs along the St. Lucie Riveruntil Midpoint Drive. The final intersection before it arrives in Martin County is State Road 716. With 6 lanes, it finally enters Martin County.
Starting at Port Saint Lucie in St. Lucie County, It becomes the Federal Highway. The first intersection is with
Martin County Road 732, which provides access to Jensen Beach. Inside Stuart, it goes over SR 707 before it crosses the St. Lucie Rivernear the Rooservelt Bridge It enters the heart of Stuart. After the bridge, it heads southeast to intersect SR 76. Again, it runs concurrent with State Road A1A, with Martin County Road A1Aparalleling the highway. It intersects SR 714. Leaving Stuart behind, it enters Port Salerno. Here, it intersects Cove Road. Inside Hobe Sound, Martin County Road A1Aparallels very closely. Also, it intersects Martin County Road 708. State Road A1A heads back toward the beach, and supports the southern terminus of Martin County Road A1A. It then parallels the Intercoastal Waterway, close to Jupiter Island. The Florida East Coast Railroadtrack passes under US 1 again. Now, the highway has only 4 lanes. Finally, it enters Palm Beach County and the South FloridaMSA.
Starting at the Martin County line north of Jupiter, State Road A1A runs concurrent with US 1, while State Road 811 runs directly southward. It crosses Jupiter Inlet to arrive on Jupiter. After the bridge, State Road A1A heads back to the coastline. From that point to North Palm Beach, it is the only section of US 1 on the
barrier island. The next intersection will be State Road 706. In Juno Beach, State Road A1A runs concurrent with US 1 again. At the intersection of State Road 786, State Road A1A heads back to the shore. In Riviera Beach, State Road A1A runs concurrent with US 1 again, with the intersection of SR 708. Near central West Palm Beach, US 1 heads slightly eastbound on 25th Street. Also, SR 805 begins and State Road A1A heads east toward Palm Beach, at the northern boundary of downtown. Inside downtown, it intersects State Road 704. Just outside of the area is U.S. Route 98. US 1 continues to parallel SR 5. The next settlement is Lake Worth, containing State Road 802. At the city limits of Lake Worth and Lantana, State Road 5 terminates. Inside Boynton Beach, State Road 804 runs concurrent for 2 blocks. Then, SR 804 crosses the Intercoastal Waterwayto Ocean Ridge. In Delray Beach, US 1 turns into a one-way pair. It then intersects State Road 806 in the very center of Delray Beach. In northern Boca Raton, it is home to the eastern terminusof State Road 794. It terminates on US 1, without any access to Highland Beach. The nearest accessibility to Highland Beach is Spanish River Boulevard. A similar road, State Road 808, ends at US 1 in Downtown Boca Raton without a bridge to the barrier island. The nearestcauseway to the barrier island is CR 798, the final major intersection of the county. Finally, it crosses the Hillsboro Canaland enters Broward County, with 6 lanes.
Starting at the
Hillsboro Canalat the Palm Beach County line, it first enters Deerfield Beach, which contains the intersection of State Road 810. Near Hillsboro Beach, it intersects SE 10th Street, which provides access to Sawgrass Expresswayand Weston. Next, it enters Pompano Beach. Near Lighthouse Point, it meets the terminus of State Road 834. Just after Copans Road, US 1 enters Pompano Beach. US 1 forms the eastern boundary of the Pompano Beach Golf Club, containing the intersection of NE 14th Street. Next up is State Road 814, then it crosses Cypress River. Right after McNab Road, US 1 enters Fort Lauderdale. The first main intersection is State Road 870, which provides access to Lauderdale-by-the-Sea. US 1 then curves directly southward. It next heads SSE to State Road 816. Then, it heads SSW to State Road 838. It runs concurrent with that route until near the Florida East Coast Railroadtracks. It heads directly southward to DowntownFort Lauderdale. The area supports the terminus of State Road 842. After that, it passes under the New Riverby the New River Tunnel, the only road tunnel in Florida. It leaves Downtown Fort Lauderdale and intersects State Road 736.½ mile southward, State Road A1A runs concurrent with US 1 until Dania. The next intersection is State Road 84. At the Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airportis I-595 in Dania Beach, also State Road 818. At central Dania Beach, State Road A1A returns to the barrier island. Also in central Dania Beach is State Road 822. Then, it enters Hollywood. It is in a traffic circlearound Anniversary Park at the intersection of State Road 820, which provides access to Pembroke Pines. Near Hallandale Beach, it meets State Road 824, which provides access to Miramar. The final intersection before Miami-Dade County is State Road 858. Finally, it heads SSW to Miami-Dade County. The road name changes to Biscayne Boulevard.
Biscayne Boulevardfor the portion of US 1 between the Miami Riverand the Broward County line."
Miami River, it crosses it by a bascule bridgeand leaves the CBDof Miami. At the end of Biscayne Boulevard, it intersects State Road 970, a short collection of freeway ramps off Interstate 95. The road is 6 lanes wide (3 lanes in each direction). At the U.S. Route 41 termini, the southern portion also carries a bridge to Brickell Key. From that point to the southern terminus of Interstate 95, Miami Avenueparallels Brickel Avenue. Immediately before the termini of Interstate 95 is State Road 913, which provides access to Key Biscayne. Then, the road name changes to South Dixie Highway, and it is a tree-lined parkwayuntil Coconut Grove. It also intersects State Road 9. It then enters the city of Coral Gables, immediately entering South Miami and intersects State Road 959. It still heads southwest-northeast. Soon, it intersects 2 freeways, State Road 878 and State Road 826. The next place is Perrine, a census-designated place. Inside the area, it meets State Road 994. It passes under the Homestead Extension of Florida's Turnpike. Some farmlands surround the highway, as it exits the South FloridaMSA. Between Homestead and Florida City, it meets the southern end of the Homestead Extension of Florida's Turnpike and intersects State Road 9336, providing access to ether Everglades National Parkor Biscayne National Park. If the light is flashing near Card Sound Road, all vehicles must take Card Sound Roadas an alternative. Finally, it exits the South FloridaMSA, and the road is 2 lanes wide with a 55 MPH speed limit. Just after a canalcrossing, it borders Everglades National Parkon the west. Near the Florida Keys, it enters Monroe County.
=Monroe County (Upper Keys)=
Still on the
mainland, it passes through a harbor communitynear Garden Grove. A bascule bridgecrosses Jewfish Creek, which separates the mainlandfrom the Florida Keys. After cutting through Lake Surprise, the road becomes an east-west route. Immediately, it intersects Monroe County Road 905. It arrives in Key Largo. About 3 miles to the southis John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park. Then, at central Key Largo, the road separates, but comes back together near Tavernier. Exiting Tavernier, it enters Plantation Key, then into Windley Key. The road is only 2 lanes wide at that portion. It next enters central Islamorada. It then crosses a combination of channels. Skipping Lower Matecumbe Key, it crosses another large channel into Long Key. Now inside the Middle Keys, it enters the city of Layton. Coming out of Long Keyis a 2 mile bridge that connectsinhabited Conch Key, then Duck Key. The Overseas Highwayis now 4 lanes wide again and immediately 2 lanes. It next arrives on Grassy Key. With an unnoticed bridge, it arrives in Long Point Keyand finally enters the Lower Keys.
=Monroe County (Lower Keys)=
Long Point Key, its first destination is Key Colony Beach, a town south of Marathon. It is linked by Sadowski Causeway. US 1 is 4 lanes wide on Crawl Keyand throughout Marathon. It is connected to Key Vacaby the Key Vaca Cut. On Key Vaca, it is home to the Marathon Airport. Near the Seven Mile Bridge, the road becomes 2 lanes wide. It then crosses the Seven Mile Bridgeto Little Duck Keyinside Bahia Honda State Park. 3 bridges connect to Bahia Honda Key. Coming off of Bahia Honda Key, a bridge called the Bahia Honda Bridgeconnects the Spanish Harbor Keys. It leaves Bahia Honda State Parkand comes to Big Pine Key. On Summerland Key, It intersects Monroe County Road 942, a short spur route. Then, on Cudjoe Key, it is home to a blimplanding space on the northern tip of the key. It crosses the Bow Channel into Sugarloaf Key, home of the southernmost KOA on Monroe County Road 939B. Passing by Lower Sugarloaf Keyis a series of 5 channels the connects to Big Coppitt Key. The road is now 4 lanes wide. At Stock Island, the Florida Keysis in a more urban area. A small bridge that connects Key West is the southern terminus of the Overseas Highway. It follows North Roosevelt Boulevard on the shore of the Gulf Of Mexico. In central Key West, it is named Truman Avenue. On Whitehead Street, US 1 heads northward at the Key West Light. At the intersection of Fleming Street, US 1 officially ends at the Monroe County courthouse.
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