Longueuil — City — Ville de Longueuil
Motto: "Labor et Concordia" (Latin)
"Work and Harmony"
Coordinates (4250, chemin de la Savane ): Country Canada Province Quebec Region Montérégie RCM or TE Urban agglomeration of Longueuil (TE 58) Founded 1657  Electoral Districts
Government – Type City – Mayor Caroline St-Hilaire – Local government Longueuil City Council
– Federal MP(s) Sadia Groguhé (NDP)
Djaouida Sellah (NDP)
Pierre Nantel (NDP)
– Quebec MNA(s) Nicole Ménard (PLQ)
Camil Bouchard (PQ)
Bernard Drainville (PQ)
Marie Malavoy (PQ)
Area – Total 115.59 km2 (44.6 sq mi) Population (2006) – Total 229,330 (Ranked 19th) – Density 1,984.0/km2 (5,138.5/sq mi) – Change (2001-06) 1.6% – Dwellings 101,746 Canada 2006 Census Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5) – Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4) Postal code(s) J3Y, J3Z, J4G to J4N, J4T, J4V Area code(s) 450 Access Routes
Longueuil ( //; French: [lɔ̃ɡœj]) is a city in the province of Quebec, Canada. It is the seat of the Montérégie administrative region and sits on the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River directly across from Montreal. The population as of the Canada 2006 Census totaled 229,330, making it the third largest city in Greater Montreal, the fifth most populous city in Quebec and 19th largest in Canada. The city comprise three boroughs: Vieux-Longueuil, Saint-Hubert and Greenfield Park. Residents of Longueuil are known as Longueuillois.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Cityscape
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Government
- 6 Economy
- 7 Culture
- 8 Education
- 9 Infrastructure
- 10 Partner cities
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Longueuil was founded in 1657 by Charles Le Moyne as a seigneurie. According to Abbé Faillon, Charles Le Moyne, lord of the area starting in 1657, named Longueuil after a village which is today the seat of a canton in the district of Dieppe in his homeland of Normandy. In France, the name is spelled "Longueil" and it is rumored that it was a mistake to spell it "Longueuil".
The seigneurial system ended in 1845 and Longueuil was turned into a parish named Saint-Antoine-de-Longueuil.
In 1848, a portion detached from the parish and officially established as the village of Longueuil. This same village became a town in 1874, and then a city in 1920. Musician Paul Pratt notably served as the city's mayor from 1935-1966.
Longueuil's city limits changed for the first time in 1961 when it merged with Montréal-Sud in 1961, and again in 1969 when it merged with Ville Jacques-Cartier. In both cases, Longueuil was the surviving municipality.
On January 1, 2002, the provincial government amalgamated Longueuil with Boucherville, Brossard, Greenfield Park, LeMoyne, Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville, Saint-Hubert and Saint-Lambert. As with the 1960s, the name Longueuil was chosen for the new city.
On January 1, 2006, Boucherville, Brossard, Saint-Lambert and Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville demerged from Longueuil and became independent cities once again. As such, the current city of Longueuil now includes only the former cities of Longueuil (1969-2002), Saint-Hubert, Greenfield Park and LeMoyne.
Longueuil occupies 115.59 square kilometres (44.6 sq mi) of land. The city is bordered by the cities of Saint-Lambert and Brossard to the west, Boucherville to the east, Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville to the south and the Saint Lawrence River and Montreal to the north. The city of Longueuil is located approximately 7 kilometres (5 mi) south of Montreal on the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River.
Longueuil is located in the Saint Lawrence River valley, and is a vast plain. Areas near the river were originally swamp land with mixed forest, and later prime agricultural land. Agricultural land still exists in the portions of the city furthest from the river.
The city of Longueuil also includes Île Charron, a small island in the Saint Lawrence River, and part of the Boucherville Islands.
Like Montreal, Longueuil is classified as humid continental or hemiboreal (Köppen climate classification Dfb). Longueuil has long winters, lasting from November to March, short springs during April and May, average summers, lasting from June to August, and short falls during September and October.
Longueuil can be classified as a commuter town as a large portion of its residents commute to work in Montreal. Most buildings are single-family homes constructed in the post-war period. There are three boroughs in Longueuil: Vieux-Longueuil, Saint-Hubert and Greenfield Park.
Saint-Hubert is the second largest borough of Longueuil in terms of population and the largest in terms of area. This borough is almost entirely suburban and residential, although there are still agricultural portions in the south and east.
Population trend [A]
Census Population Change (%) 2006 229,330 1.58% 2001 225,761 0.07% 1996 227,408 0.0% 1991 226,965 N/A
[A] These figures correspond to the territory of the city of Longueuil following the municipal reorganizations of 2002 and 2006.
According to the 2006 Canadian Census, the City of Longueuil had 229,330 people, an increase of 1.6% over 2001's figure of 225,761. Longueuil occupies 115.59 square kilometres of space, giving the city a population density of 1,984 persons per kilometre squared. There were 101,746 private dwellings, 98,735 of which were occupied by usual residents.
Of the 132,570 workers in Longueuil, the median income was $26,537, which is above Quebec's provincial average of $25,464. Among the 69,990 full time workers, the median income was $37,521 or slightly below the provincial average.
Mother tongue language Language Population Percentage (%) French 181,785 80.15% English 15,400 6.79% Both English and French 1,795 0.79% French and a non-official language 1,245 0.55% English and a non-official language 350 0.15% English, French and a non-official language 205 0.09% Spanish 5,315 2.34% Arabic 3,155 1.39% Creole 1,980 0.87% Romanian 1,520 0.67% Persian 1,455 0.64% Vietnamese 1,395 0.62% Portuguese 1,365 0.60% Chinese, n.o.s. 1,280 0.56% Italian 1,245 0.55% Ethnic Origin Ethnic Origin Population Percent Canadian 132,210 58.3% French 68,325 30.1% Irish 14,115 6.2% English 8,075 3.6% Italian 7,870 3.5% First Nations 6,780 3% Scottish 6,635 2.9% Québécois 5,630 2.5% Haitian 5,140 2.3% German 4,870 2.1% Spanish 3,315 1.5% Chinese 3,080 1.4% Portuguese 2,590 1.1% Visible Minorities Race Population Percentage (%) White 199,980 88.2% Black 9,230 4.1% Latin American 4,580 2% Arab 3,565 1.6% Chinese 2,710 1.2% Southeast Asian 2,340 1% South Asian 1,610 0.7%
Longueuil merged on January 1, 2002 with the communities of Boucherville, Brossard, Greenfield Park, LeMoyne, Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville, Saint-Hubert, and Saint-Lambert. These cities became boroughs of the Longueuil megacity. Saint-Lambert and LeMoyne combined to become one borough called Saint-Lambert/LeMoyne. The former city of Longueuil was renamed Vieux-Longueuil borough.
The former city hall of Brossard, became the city hall for the new city of Longueuil.
On June 20, 2004, the former boroughs of Boucherville, Brossard, Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville and Saint-Lambert voted to demerge from Longueuil to reconstitute themselves as municipalities on January 1, 2006. The rest of the city stayed intact.
The departure of Saint-Lambert from the city Longueuil resulted in the immediate disbanding of the Saint-Lambert/LeMoyne borough. LeMoyne's small population and territory did not allowed it to become a borough of its own. In 2005, the population of LeMoyne was given the choice to pick a new borough between Vieux-Longueuil, Saint-Hubert and Greenfield Park. Vieux-Longueuil ended up being the winner and amalgamated LeMoyne into its borough on January 1, 2006.
Following the demergers, Longueuil relocated its city hall from Brossard to Saint-Hubert, where it is still located.
Since the 2002 municipal mergers, Longueuil has had three mayors. The first mayor was businessman Jacques Olivier who once served as Minister of Labour The second mayor of Longueuil was Claude Gladu, who also happened to be mayor of the former city of Longueuil from 1994 to 2002. The current mayor is Caroline St-Hilaire, a former member of the Canadian House of Commons.
Borough Components Population (2006) Borough Mayor City Councillors Greenfield Park Former city of Greenfield Park 17,458  Mireille Carrière  3 Saint-Hubert Former city of Saint-Hubert 78,715  Stéphane Desjardins  8 Vieux-Longueuil Former cities of Lemoyne and Longueuil 138,179  Michel Desjardins  15 Mayors of the new city of Longueuil (2002-) Mayor Term Began Term Ended Jacques Olivier 2002 2005 Claude Gladu 2006 2009 Caroline St-Hilaire 2009 incumbent
Federal and provincial
Federal Borough Other cities Federal Riding Member of Parliament Political Party Greenfield Park, Vieux-Longueuil Saint-Lambert Saint-Lambert Sadia Groguhé New Democratic Party Saint-Hubert Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville Saint-Bruno—Saint-Hubert Djaouida Sellah New Democratic Party Vieux-Longueuil Boucherville Longueuil—Pierre-Boucher Pierre Nantel New Democratic Party
Longueuil is the seat of the judicial district of Longueuil.
The borough council is responsible for:
- Fire prevention
- Removal of household waste and residual materials
- Funding of community
- Social and local economic development agencies
- Planning and management of parks and recreational
- Cultural and sports facilities, organization of recreational sports and sociocultural activities
- Maintaining local roads
- Issuing permits
- Public consultations for amendments to city planning bylaws
- Public consultations and dissemination of information to the public
- Land use planning and borough development.
List of former boroughs
Although a large chunk of Longueuil's work force commute to Montreal, the city nevertheless offers many jobs in a diverse range of industries. Above all, Longueuil benefits from having low property value despite its close proximity to Montreal.
Longueuil is particularly strong in the aerospace industry. It is home to the headquarters of both Pratt & Whitney Canada and Héroux-Devtek, each employing thousands of workers. Also located in Longueuil is the headquarters of the Canadian Space Agency (John H. Chapman Space Center), adjacent to Montréal/Saint-Hubert Airport. Pascan Aviation has its headquarters in Saint-Hubert, Longueuil. Other companies based in Longueuil include Agropur.
- Le Courrier du Sud (Longueuil)
- Rive-Sud Express (Longueuil, Saint-Lambert, Boucherville, Brossard)
- Le Journal de Saint-Hubert (St. Hubert)
- Le Magazine (Greenfield Park, LeMoyne and the city of St. Lambert)
- Télé Rive-Sud (TVRS)
Club Sport League Stadium/Arena Le Collège Français de Longueuil Ice hockey Quebec Junior AAA Hockey League Colisée Jean Béliveau Longueuil Ducs Baseball Ligue de Baseball Élite du Québec Parc Paul-Pratt Greenfield Park Packers Canadian football Midget AAA Parc Pierre Laporte St. Hubert Rebelles Canadian football Midget AAA Centre Rosanne-Laflamme South Shore Monarx Canadian football Quebec Junior Football League Centre Sportif Collège Édouard-Montpetit
The city of Longueuil is served by several educational institutions. Both the Université de Montréal and Université de Sherbrooke maintain campuses in the Borough of Vieux-Longueuil, and the following CEGEPs are located in Longueuil:
- Collège Édouard-Montpetit, Borough of Vieux-Longueuil
- École nationale d'aérotechnique, Borough of Saint-Hubert
Technical and Professional Colleges
Borough of Vieux-Longueuil
- Pierre-Dupuy Professional Formation Centre
- Collège Info-Technique
According to the 2006 Census, about 39,485 city residents (17.2% of the total population) commute to work in Montreal on a daily basis, while only 38,090 residents (16.6%) work in the city itself. A further 6,915 residents (3.0%) work in Boucherville every day, 4,775 (2.1%) work in Brossard, 2,795 (1.2%) in Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville, and 1,815 (0.8%) work in Saint-Lambert, the four other constituent cities of the Longueuil agglomeration.
By contrast only 8,845 people commute from Montreal to work in Longueuil every day, while 4,080 people commute from Brossard to work in Longueuil, 2,940 people commute from Boucherville, 2,090 from Sainte-Julie, 1,825 from Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville, 1,815 from Chambly, and 1,810 from Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu.
The Saint Lawrence River between the Island of Montreal and the south shore is traversed by only five automobile crossings (the Honoré-Mercier, Champlain, Victoria, and Jacques-Cartier bridges and the Louis-Hippolyte-Lafontaine tunnel), and they are severely congested. (See the list of bridges in Montreal.)
- Taschereau Boulevard
- Cousineau Boulevard
- Grande Allée Boulevard
- Curé Poirier Boulevard
- Churchill Boulevard
- Jacques Cartier Boulevard
- Roland Therrien Boulevard
The Réseau de transport de Longueuil (RTL) provides bus service in Longueuil. There are 71 bus routes and 13 shared taxi routes serving 117,804 passengers per day, and 30,970,996 passengers annually. Almost all bus lines of the RTL terminate at the Longueuil Bus Terminus. Many buses terminating at the other main bus terminus, Brossard-Panama, cross the Champlain Bridge to arrive at the Terminus Centre-Ville (AMT) in downtown Montreal (under the 1000 de la Gauchetière office tower, at Bonaventure metro).
The city is also served by the Longueuil–Université-de-Sherbrooke metro station, adjacent to the Longueuil bus terminus. The station connects to downtown Montreal via the yellow line of the metro. The Agence métropolitaine de transport (AMT) runs the Mont-Saint-Hilaire commuter train line also serves the south shore. The only commuter train station in the city of Longueuil is Saint-Hubert Station. Until the mid-1950s, Longueuil was served by interurban streetcars operated by the Montreal and Southern Counties Railway.
The city is served by two hospitals. The Charles-LeMoyne Hospital in the borough of Greenfield Park is the main hospital for Greenfield Park and Saint-Hubert. The Pierre-Boucher Hospital is the main hospital for the borough of Vieux-Longueuil.
- ^ a b Ministère des Affaires Municipales et Régions: Longueuil
- ^ 
- ^ Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: SAINT-LAMBERT (Quebec)
Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: SAINT-BRUNO--SAINT-HUBERT (Quebec)
Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: LONGUEUIL--PIERRE-BOUCHER (Quebec)
- ^ Chief Electoral Officer of Québec - 40th General Election Riding Results: LAPORTE
Chief Electoral Officer of Québec - 40th General Election Riding Results: VACHON
Chief Electoral Officer of Québec - 40th General Election Riding Results: MARIE-VICTORIN
Chief Electoral Officer of Québec - 40th General Election Riding Results: TAILLON
- ^ a b 2006 Statistics Canada Community Profile: Longueuil, Quebec
- ^ Official Transport Quebec Road Map
- ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
- ^ "Income and earnings for Longueuil". Canada 2006 Census. Statitstics Canada. April 30, 2008. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/profiles/community/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=2458227&Geo2=PR&Code2=24&Data=Count&SearchText=Longueuil&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=Income%20and%20earnings&Custom=. Retrieved 2008-05-17.
- ^ "Longueuil, V.". Detailed Mother Tongue (103), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 2007-11-20. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/topics/RetrieveProductTable.cfm?ALEVEL=3&APATH=3&CATNO=&DETAIL=0&DIM=&DS=99&FL=0&FREE=0&GAL=0&GC=99&GK=NA&GRP=1&IPS=&METH=0&ORDER=1&PID=89202&PTYPE=88971&RL=0&S=1&ShowAll=No&StartRow=1&SUB=701&Temporal=2006&Theme=70&VID=0&VNAMEE=&VNAMEF=&GID=772944. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
- ^ Ethnocultural Portrait of Canada Highlight Tables: Longueuil
- ^ 2006 Community Profiles - Longueuil
- ^ Ville de Longueuil - Greenfield Park - Portrait
- ^ Ville de Longueuil - Greenfield Park - Vie municipale
- ^ Ville de Longueuil - Portrait
- ^ Ville de Longueuil - Saint-Hubert - Vie municipale
- ^ Ville de Longueuil - Vieux-Longueuil - Portrait
- ^ Ville de Longueuil - Vieux-Longueuil - Vie municipale
- ^ Territorial Division Act. Revised Statutes of Quebec D-11.
- ^ "Contact us." Pascan Aviation. Retrieved on December 4, 2010.
- ^ "The Best Places to do Business in Canada". Canadian Business. 2008. http://list.canadianbusiness.com/rankings/best-places-to-do-business/2008/Default.aspx?sp2=1&d1=a&sc1=7. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
- ^ "Longueuil, V (Que.)". Commuting Flow Census Subdivisions: Sex (3) for the Employed Labour Force 15 Years and Over Having a Usual Place of Work of Census Subdivisions, Flows Greater than or Equal to 20, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 2008-04-02. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/topics/RetrieveProductTable.cfm?ALEVEL=3&APATH=3&CATNO=97-561-XCB2006011&DETAIL=0&DIM=&DS=99&FL=0&FREE=0&GAL=&GC=99&GK=NA&GRP=0&IPS=97-561-XCB2006011&METH=0&ORDER=&PID=90656&PTYPE=88971&RL=0&ShowAll=&StartRow=&SUB=&Temporal=2006&Theme=76&VID=&VNAMEE=&VNAMEF=&S=1&O=D&A=W&PRID=0&GID=2458227. Retrieved 2008-04-02.
- ^ "Portrait de la clientèle" (in French) (PDF). Statistics. Réseau de transport de Longueuil. December 31, 2008. http://www.rtl-longueuil.qc.ca/images/statistique.pdf. Retrieved 2008-12-22.
- ^ - Aircraft Movement Statistics: NAV CANADA Towers and Flight Service Stations: Annual Report 2007
- ^ "Lafayette's Sister Cities". City of Lafayette. http://www.lecentre.org/discover_lecentre_english_sister.asp. Retrieved 2009-10-16.
Boucherville Saint Lawrence River / Montreal Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville Longueuil Saint-Lambert Brossard Carignan Urban agglomeration of Longueuil Cities Boroughs of Longueuil Pre-2002 towns and cities (now merged) Politics Transportation Health and SafetyHôpital Charles LeMoyne · Hôpital Pierre-Boucher · Service de police de Longueuil (SPL) · Service de Sécurité incendie de Longueuil (SSIL) Education MediaCHAA-FM · Le Courrier du Sud Other Administrative divisions of Montérégie (Region 16) Regional county municipalities
and equivalent territories
Cowansville · Granby · Sorel-Tracy · Saint-Hyacinthe · Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu · Chambly · Saint-Basile-le-Grand · Mont-Saint-Hilaire · Belœil · Brossard · Saint-Lambert · Boucherville · Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville · Longueuil · Sainte-Julie · Varennes · La Prairie · Candiac · Sainte-Catherine · Saint-Constant · Mercier · Châteauguay · Beauharnois · Salaberry-de-Valleyfield · Pincourt · Vaudreuil-Dorion · Saint-Lazare
Administrative divisions of Quebec Subdivisions Communities Major cities Other cities
Alma · Amos · Baie-Comeau · Belœil · Châteauguay · Cowansville · Dolbeau-Mistassini · Drummondville · Granby · Joliette · La Tuque · Lachute · Matane · Mont-Laurier · Rimouski · Rivière-du-Loup · Rivière-Rouge · Rouyn-Noranda · Saint-Georges · Saint-Hyacinthe · Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu · Saint-Jérôme · Salaberry-de-Valleyfield · Sept-Îles · Shawinigan · Sorel-Tracy · Thetford Mines · Val-d'Or · Varennes · Victoriaville
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