Spring roll

Spring roll
Spring roll
Spring rolls on sale.jpg
Chinese 春卷

Spring rolls is an umbrella term used in some Western cultures to describe disparate varieties of filled, rolled appetizers similar to the Chinese chūn juǎn (春卷, lit. "spring roll"), from which the term was derived. East and Southeast Asian cuisine foods referred to by the term have different names depending on their country of origin, as well as the type of wrapper, fillings, and cooking techniques used.

They are commonly eaten in certain Asian countries, most notably China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia and Philippines.


Eastern and northern China

In Chinese cuisine, egg rolls are sweet spring rolls with red bean paste inside from areas such as Zhejiang in eastern China, and northern China. Spring rolls are usually eaten during the Spring Festival in China, hence the name.


In Taiwan, spring rolls also come in a number of varieties, such as:

Fried vs. non-fried

Fried spring rolls are generally smaller and crisper. They can be sweet or savory; the latter are typically prepared with vegetables. This version is fully wrapped before being pan fried or deep fried.

Non-fried spring rolls are typically bigger and more savory. In contrast, non-fried spring rolls typically fill the wrapping with pre-cooked ingredients. The most commonly eaten style of non-fried Taiwanese spring rolls is called rùn bǐng (润饼) in Mandarin (or po̍h-piáⁿ (薄餅) in Taiwanese, see popiah). Traditionally, non-fried spring rolls are a festive food eaten during the Cold Food Day festival and the Tomb Sweeping Day festival in spring to remember and pay respect to ancestors. The Hakka population sometimes also eat spring rolls on the 3rd day of the 3rd month of the lunar calendar (三月三 sān yuè sān). The wrappings can be a flour based mix or batter.

Northern vs. southern Taiwan

In northern Taiwan, the ingredients are generally flavored with herbs, stir-fried and sometimes topped with a finely ground peanut powder before being wrapped. The northern-Taiwanese style spring roll is usually lightly topped with or accompanied by a soy sauce.

In southern Taiwan, the ingredients are generally boiled or blanched in plain water. Sometimes caster or superfine sugar is added along with the peanut powder before all the ingredients are wrapped.

Hong Kong

Spring roll is usually available as a dim sum dish.


In Thailand, there are many type of spring roll style dishes.

Fresh type,"Guay-tiew lui suan"(ก๋วยเตี๋ยวลุยสวน). Guay-tiew lui suan contained various of fresh vegetables and juicy cooked meat wrapped with steamed (long-uncutting) noodle sheet(pen pang แผ่นแป้ง) then, topped with sweet sour and spicy taste greenny dreesing.

Fresh type,"Por-pia sod"(ปอเปี๊ยะสด). The appearance of Por-pia sod is similary to Guay-tiew lui suan with a some different in ingredient(sai ใส้) and pen pang. The dreesing of Por-pia sod is sweet taste with high vicosity and mailard color style.

Fried type,"Por-pia tod"(ปอเปี๊ยะทอด). Generally, Por-pia tod is smaller than above 2 type with strong taste sai. Pen pang & Sai are modiefied for suitable to frying. The dressing of Por-pia sod is high vicosity, transperant heterogenous sweet and sour taste (nam jim buay น้ำจิ้มบ๊วย).


Vietnamese spring roll

In some restaurants, gỏi cuốn, a Vietnamese salad roll, is referred to as a "spring roll"; others use the term "summer roll". Ingredients include slivers of boiled pork, shrimp, rarely chicken or tofu, fresh herbs, lettuce, sometimes fresh garlic chives, rice vermicelli, all wrapped in moistened rice paper, served at room temperature with fermented soybean sauce (tương xào) or hoisin sauce. The salad roll is easily distinguished from a "minced pork roll" by the fact that it is not fried, the ingredients used are different. Spring roll refer to the freshness of the spring season with all the fresh ingredients, therefore frying takes away that feeling.

The fried version with minced pork is called chả giò (southern Vietnam), nem, or Nem rán (northern Vietnam); it has been mistakenly referred to as an egg roll or spring roll on some restaurant menus. Central Vietnam has its own version of a "fried roll" called "Ram." "Ram" is always made from whole shell-on shrimp or chopped deshelved shrimps and some green onion, wrapped in rice paper and deep fried. "Ram", like most food items from central Vietnam, are not widely available in Vietnamese restaurant overseas. The collective Vietnamese "egg rolls" are different from the Chinese egg roll in that it is typically smaller and contains ground or chopped protein such as pork, crab, shrimp (but rarely) chicken, taro, glass noodle, wood-ear mushrooms and shredded carrots. It would be more correctly referred to as a "Vietnamese fried Roll". It is sometimes called eggrolls even though no eggs are used in the making. Rice papers are always used as the wrappers in Vietnam. Vietnamese restaurants in western countries tend to use the Chinese eggroll wrappers due to the inavailability of rice papers initially. However, some restaurants have slowly reverted back to using rice papers now that they are widely available.

To create a dipping sauce nước mắm pha (nước chấm) renowned in central Vietnam, add fish sauce, lime, garlic, sugar, small red and green peppers and water. Mince the garlic and peppers. Add the sugar into a bowl of hot water to help dissolve it quickly. Add fish sauce, lime, and the minced garlic and peppers into the sugar water.

It can also be found at some Grocery Retail stores in the U.S., such as Trader Joe's.[1]


In Australia, a diverse range of authentic Asian cuisine is available due to immigration, multiculturalism, and the abundant fresh local produce. Both Dim Sims and chiko rolls were inspired by spring rolls.

Australians also have their own version of spring roll, made by Marathon that can be found in many fish and chip shops in Australia. Rather than using pastry with a rolling technique they have a more doughy texture.

Phnom Penh - Cambodia

Spring roll are served everyday in "The Spoon" (a famous buffet restaurant) as it's the signature dish of the restaurant.

Philippines and Indonesia

Lumpia is the name for spring rolls in the Philippines and Indonesia.

South Korea

In South Korea, a spring roll is known as chungwon (춘권). They are not as popular as other fried foods, but are occasionally found at bars, street stalls, or as a banchan (side dish) at restaurants.


In the Netherlands and Belgium, spring rolls are known as loempia, and are invariably fried. ln Sweden, they are known as vårrullar,[2] while in Poland, they are known as Sajgonki. They are thought to have been introduced by immigrants from Indonesia. Loempias are filled with bean sprouts, chopped omelette, and sliced ham.

Costa Rica

In Costa Rica, spring rolls are called in Spanish Tacos Chinos (Chinese Tacos), offered in almost all the Chinese restaurants as an entree or appetizer.


In Chile, spring rolls are called Arrollado Primavera, and supermarkets, street vendors and Chinese restaurants sell them.


In Mexico, spring rolls are called Rollos Primavera, and are sold in many Chinese restaurants and fast food establishment. In the northwest border with the US, specially in Baja California, the spring rolls are known as chunkun, this name could be related to the Korean chungwon (춘권), they are deep-fried and they are usually served with ketchup topped with a dot of hot mustard as dipping sauce.

Uruguay and Argentina

In Uruguay and Argentina, spring rolls are called Arrollados Primavera, and supermarkets and Chinese restaurants sell them. They are common treat carried by catering services and usually served with a small bowl of hot soy sauce to dip them in.


In Brazil, spring rolls are called Rolinhos Primavera, which is an approximate free translation from English. They can be found mostly on Chinese restaurants, usually served with a molho agridoce (sweet and sour sauce) to dip, usually bright red and hot, made with ketchup, vinegar, sugar and sometimes spices as star anise, which accompanies some other kinds of dishes, and can include onion and sweet pepper. Some Japanese restaurants also serve spring rolls in Brazil, but generally plain or with soy sauce to dip (molho agridoce is uncommon but also available in some). They are also found on buffet like fast food restaurants.

See also


External links

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • spring roll — spring rolls N COUNT A spring roll is a Chinese food consisting of a small roll of thin pastry filled with vegetables and sometimes meat, and then fried …   English dictionary

  • spring roll — [ US ˈ. .] n a type of Chinese food consisting of a piece of thin rolled ↑pastry filled with vegetables and sometimes meat and cooked in oil American Equivalent: egg roll …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • spring roll — noun count a Chinese food consisting of a small roll of PASTRY filled with meat or fish and vegetables, cooked in hot oil and eaten hot or cold …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • spring roll — spring′ roll n. coo an egg roll • Etymology: 1965–70; trans. of Chin chūn juǎn …   From formal English to slang

  • spring roll — n. a Chinese dish similar to an egg roll but having a thinner wrapper that develops a crisper texture when fried …   English World dictionary

  • spring roll — noun minced vegetables and meat wrapped in a pancake and fried • Syn: ↑egg roll • Regions: ↑China, ↑People s Republic of China, ↑mainland China, ↑Communist China, ↑Red China, ↑PRC …   Useful english dictionary

  • spring roll — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms spring roll : singular spring roll plural spring rolls a Chinese food consisting of a small roll of pastry filled with meat or fish and vegetables, cooked in hot oil and eaten hot or cold …   English dictionary

  • spring roll — /sprɪŋ ˈroʊl/ (say spring rohl) noun a Chinese delicacy consisting of a savoury filling wrapped in a thin dough and deep fried. {literal translation of Mandarin chūn juăn, so called because traditionally eaten at the spring festival} …  

  • spring roll — noun Date: 1943 egg roll; also any of various similar appetizers especially in Asian cuisine …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • spring roll — Chinese Cookery. an egg roll. [1965 70; trans. of Chin chun juan] * * * …   Universalium

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