Outline of Peru

Outline of Peru
Peru (orthographic projection).svg
An enlargeable map of the Republic of Peru

The Republic of Peru is a sovereign country located in western South America.[1] Peru is bordered on the north by Ecuador and Colombia, on the east by Brazil, on the southeast by Bolivia, on the south by Chile, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean.

Peruvian territory was home to the Norte Chico civilization, one of the oldest in the world, and to the Inca Empire, the largest state in Pre-Columbian America. The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century and established a Viceroyalty, which included most of its South American colonies. After achieving independence in 1821, Peru has undergone periods of political unrest and fiscal crisis as well as periods of stability and economic upswing.

Peru is a representative democratic republic divided into 25 regions. Its geography varies from the arid plains of the Pacific coast to the peaks of the Andes mountains and the tropical forests of the Amazon Basin. It is a developing country with a medium Human Development Index score and a poverty level around 40%. Its main economic activities include agriculture, fishing, mining, and manufacturing of products such as textiles.

The Peruvian population, estimated at 28 million, is multiethnic, including Amerindians, Europeans, Africans and Asians. The main spoken language is Spanish, although a significant number of Peruvians speak Quechua or other native languages. This mixture of cultural traditions has resulted in a wide diversity of expressions in fields such as art, cuisine, literature, and music.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Peru:

General reference

An enlargeable relief map of Peru

Geography of Peru

An enlargeable topographic map of Peru
 Brazil 2,995 km
 Colombia 1,800 km
 Ecuador 1,420 km
 Bolivia 1,075 km
 Chile 171 km
  • Coastline: South Pacific Ocean 2,414 km

Environment of Peru

An enlargeable satellite image of Peru

Natural geographic features of Peru

Regions of Peru

Ecoregions of Peru

Administrative divisions of Peru

Regions of Peru

Peru is divided into 25 regions and the province of Lima.

Provinces of Peru
Districts of Peru
Municipalities of Peru

Demography of Peru

Neighbours of Peru

Peru is bordered by:

Government and politics of Peru

Main article: Government of Peru and Politics of Peru

Branches of the government of Peru

Executive branch of the government of Peru

  • Head of state: President of Peru, Alan García
    • Vice Presidents of Peru (Peru has 2)
  • Head of government: Prime Minister of Peru, Yehude Simon
  • Cabinet: Council of Ministers of Peru
  • Ministries of Peru
    • Ministry of Agriculture of Peru
    • Ministry of Economy and Finance of Peru
    • Ministry of Defense of Peru
    • Ministry of Education of Peru
    • Ministry of Energy and Mines of Peru
    • Ministry of Environment of Peru
    • Ministry of Foreign Commerce and Tourism of Peru
    • Ministry of Foreign Relations of Peru
    • Ministry of Health of Peru
    • Ministry of Housing, Construction and Sanitation of Peru
    • Ministry of the Interior of Peru
    • Ministry of Justice of Peru
    • Ministry of Labor and Promotion of Employment of Peru
    • Ministry of Production of Peru
    • Ministry of Transportation and Communication of Perú
    • Ministry of Women and Social Development of Peru

Legislative branch of the government of Peru

Judicial branch of the government of Peru

Foreign relations of Peru

International organization membership

The Republic of Peru is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Peru

Military of Peru

Local government in Peru

History of Peru

Main article: History of Peru, Timeline of the history of Peru, and Current events of Peru

By period

By subject

By type of event

  • Massacres in Peru

Culture of Peru

Art in Peru

Religion in Peru

Sports in Peru

Economy and infrastructure of Peru

Education in Peru

See also


External links

Wikimedia Atlas of Peru

  • (Spanish) Web portal of the Peruvian Government
  • (Spanish) Directory of Peruvian Government websites
General reference

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

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