List of birds of Peru

List of birds of Peru

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Peru. The avifauna of Peru includes a total of 1879 species, of which 139 are endemic, 3 have been introduced by humans, and 72 are rare or accidental. 91 species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families, and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of Clements's 5th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflects this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Peru.

The following tags have been used to highlight certain relevant categories. It must be noted that not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring, native species.

* (A) Accidental A species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Peru.
* (E) Endemic A species endemic to Peru.
* (I) Introduced A species introduced to Peru as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions.



Order: StruthioniformesFamily: Rheidae

The rheas are large flightless birds native to South America. Their feet have three toes rather than four which allows them to run faster. There are 2 species and 1 species which occurs in Peru.

*Lesser Rhea "Rhea pennata"


Order: TinamiformesFamily: Tinamidae

The tinamous are one of the most ancient groups of bird. Although they look similar to other ground-dwelling birds like quail and grouse, they have no close relatives and are classified as a single family Tinamidae within their own order, the Tinamiformes. They are distantly related to the ratites (order Struthioniformes), that includes the rheas, emu, and kiwi. There are 47 species worldwide and 29 species which occur in Peru. Peru contains the largest number of tinamous of any country.

*Gray Tinamou "Tinamus tao"
*Black Tinamou "Tinamus osgoodi"
*Great Tinamou "Tinamus major"
*White-throated Tinamou "Tinamus guttatus"
*Highland Tinamou "Nothocercus bonapartei"
*Tawny-breasted Tinamou "Nothocercus julius"
*Hooded Tinamou "Nothocercus nigrocapillus"
*Cinereous Tinamou "Crypturellus cinereus"
*Red-legged Tinamou "Crypturellus erythropus"
*Little Tinamou "Crypturellus soui"
*Brown Tinamou "Crypturellus obsoletus"
*Undulated Tinamou "Crypturellus undulatus"
*Pale-browed Tinamou "Crypturellus transfasciatus"
*Brazilian Tinamou "Crypturellus strigulosus"
*Gray-legged Tinamou "Crypturellus duidae"
*Black-capped Tinamou "Crypturellus atrocapillus"
*Variegated Tinamou "Crypturellus variegatus"
*Rusty Tinamou "Crypturellus brevirostris"
*Bartlett's Tinamou "Crypturellus bartletti"
*Small-billed Tinamou "Crypturellus parvirostris"
*Barred Tinamou "Crypturellus casiquiare"
*Tataupa Tinamou "Crypturellus tataupa"
*Red-winged Tinamou "Rhynchotus rufescens"
*Ornate Tinamou "Nothoprocta ornata"
*Andean Tinamou "Nothoprocta pentlandii"
*Curve-billed Tinamou "Nothoprocta curvirostris"
*Taczanowski's Tinamou "Nothoprocta taczanowskii" (E)
*Darwin's Nothura "Nothura darwinii"
*Puna Tinamou "Tinamotis pentlandii"


Order: SphenisciformesFamily: Spheniscidae

The penguins are a group of aquatic, flightless birds living almost exclusively in the Southern Hemisphere. Most penguins feed on krill, fish, squid, and other forms of sealife caught while swimming underwater. There are 17 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Peru.

*King Penguin "Aptenodytes patagonicus"
*Humboldt Penguin "Spheniscus humboldti"


*Least Grebe "Tachybaptus dominicus"
*Pied-billed Grebe "Podilymbus podiceps"
*White-tufted Grebe "Rollandia rolland"
*Short-winged Grebe "Rollandia microptera"
*Great Grebe "Podiceps major"
*Silvery Grebe "Podiceps occipitalis"
*Junin Grebe "Podiceps taczanowskii" (E)


Order: ProcellariiformesFamily: Diomedeidae

The albatrosses are among the largest of flying birds, and the great albatrosses from the genus Diomedea have the largest wingspans of any extant birds. There are 21 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in Peru.

*Wandering Albatross "Diomedea exulans"
*Royal Albatross "Diomedea epomophora"
*Waved Albatross "Phoebastria irrorata"
*Gray-headed Albatross "Thalassarche chrysostoma"
*Black-browed Albatross "Thalassarche melanophris"
*Buller's Albatross "Thalassarche bulleri"
*Shy Albatross "Thalassarche cauta"
*Light-mantled Albatross "Phoebetria palpebrata" (A)

hearwaters and Petrels

Order: ProcellariiformesFamily: Procellariidae

The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized 'true petrels', characterised by united nostrils with a medium septum, and a long outer functional primary. There are 75 species worldwide and 27 species which occur in Peru.

*Antarctic Giant Petrel "Macronectes giganteus"
*Hall's Giant Petrel "Macronectes halli"
*Southern Fulmar "Fulmarus glacialoides"
*Cape Petrel "Daption capense"
*Murphy's Petrel "Pterodroma ultima" (A)
*Kermadec Petrel "Pterodroma neglecta" (A)
*Galapagos Petrel "Pterodroma phaeopygia"
*Juan Fernandez Petrel "Pterodroma externa" (A)
*Cook's Petrel "Pterodroma cookii"
*Defilippe's Petrel "Pterodroma defilippiana"
*Black-winged Petrel "Pterodroma nigripennis" (A)
*Stejneger's Petrel "Pterodroma longirostris" (A)
*Blue Petrel "Halobaena caerulea" (A)
*Broad-billed Prion "Pachyptila vittata" (A)
*Antarctic Prion "Pachyptila desolata"
*Slender-billed Prion "Pachyptila belcheri"
*Fairy Prion "Pachyptila turtur"
*Gray Petrel "Procellaria cinerea"
*White-chinned Petrel "Procellaria aequinoctialis"
*Parkinson's Petrel "Procellaria parkinsoni"
*Westland Petrel "Procellaria westlandica" (A)
*Pink-footed Shearwater "Puffinus creatopus"
*Flesh-footed Shearwater "Puffinus carneipes" (A)
*Buller's Shearwater "Puffinus bulleri"
*Sooty Shearwater "Puffinus griseus"
*Little Shearwater "Puffinus assimilis"
*Audubon's Shearwater "Puffinus lherminieri" (A)


Order: ProcellariiformesFamily: Hydrobatidae

The storm-petrels are relatives of the petrels, and are the smallest of sea-birds. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. The flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. There are 21 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in Peru.

*Wilson's Storm-Petrel "Oceanites oceanicus"
*White-vented Storm-Petrel "Oceanites gracilis"
*White-faced Storm-Petrel "Pelagodroma marina"
*Black-bellied Storm-Petrel "Fregetta tropica"
*White-bellied Storm-Petrel "Fregetta grallaria" (A)
*Least Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma microsoma"
*Wedge-rumped Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma tethys"
*Band-rumped Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma castro" (A)
*Leach's Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma leucorhoa"
*Markham's Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma markhami"
*Black Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma melania"
*Ringed Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma hornbyi"

Diving petrels

Order: ProcellariiformesFamily: Pelecanoididae

The diving petrels are small auk-like birds found in the southern oceans. They feed on krill, copepods and small fish and squid. There are 4 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Peru.

*Peruvian Diving-Petrel "Pelecanoides garnotii"


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Phaethontidae

Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans, with exceptionally long central tail feathers. Their heads and long wings have black markings. There are 3 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Peru.

*Red-billed Tropicbird "Phaethon aethereus"
*Red-tailed Tropicbird "Phaethon rubricauda" (A)


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Pelecanidae

Pelicans are large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak. As with other members of the order Pelecaniformes, they have webbed feet with four toes. There are 8 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Peru.

*Peruvian Pelican "Pelecanus thagus"
*Brown Pelican "Pelecanus occidentalis"

Boobies and Gannets

Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Sulidae

The sulids comprise the gannets and boobies. Both groups comprise medium-to-large coastal sea-birds that plunge-dive for fish. There are 9 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Peru.

*Blue-footed Booby "Sula nebouxii"
*Peruvian Booby "Sula variegata"
*Masked Booby "Sula dactylatra"
*Nazca Booby "Sula granti" (A)
*Red-footed Booby "Sula sula" (A)
*Brown Booby "Sula leucogaster"


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Phalacrocoracidae

The Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium-to-large coastal, fish-eating sea-birds that includes cormorants and shags. Plumage colouration varies with the majority having mainly dark plumage, some species being black and white, and a few being colourful. There are 38 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Peru.

*Neotropic Cormorant "Phalacrocorax brasilianus"
*Guanay Cormorant "Phalacrocorax bougainvillii"
*Red-legged Cormorant "Phalacrocorax gaimardi"


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Anhingidae

Darters are frequently referred to as "snake-birds" because of their long thin neck, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged.The males have black and dark brown plumage, an erectile crest on the nape and a larger bill than the female. The females have a much paler plumage especially on the neck and underparts. The darters have completely webbed feet, and their legs are short and set far back on the body. Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving. There are 4 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Peru.

*Anhinga "Anhinga anhinga"


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Fregatidae

Frigatebirds are large sea-birds usually found over tropical oceans. They are large, black and white or completely black, with long wings and deeply-forked tails. The males have inflatable coloured throat pouches. They do not swim or walk, and cannot take off from a flat surface. Having the largest wingspan to body weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week. There are 5 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Peru.

*Magnificent Frigatebird "Fregata magnificens"
*Great Frigatebird "Fregata minor" (A)

Bitterns, Herons and Egrets

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Ardeidae

The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large sized wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. Unlike other long-necked birds such as storks, ibises and spoonbills, members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted. There are 61 species worldwide and 21 species which occur in Peru.

*Capped Heron "Pilherodius pileatus"
*Great Blue Heron "Ardea herodias" (A)
*Cocoi Heron "Ardea cocoi"
*Great Egret "Ardea alba"
*Tricolored Heron "Egretta tricolor"
*Little Blue Heron "Egretta caerulea"
*Snowy Egret "Egretta thula"
*Cattle Egret "Bubulcus ibis"
*Striated Heron "Butorides striata"
*Green Heron "Butorides virescens" (A)
*Agami Heron "Agamia agami"
*Black-crowned Night-Heron "Nycticorax nycticorax"
*Yellow-crowned Night-Heron "Nyctanassa violacea"
*Boat-billed Heron "Cochlearius cochlearius"
*Bare-throated Tiger-Heron "Tigrisoma mexicanum" (A)
*Fasciated Tiger-Heron "Tigrisoma fasciatum"
*Rufescent Tiger-Heron "Tigrisoma lineatum"
*Zigzag Heron "Zebrilus undulatus"
*Stripe-backed Bittern "Ixobrychus involucris"
*Least Bittern "Ixobrychus exilis"
*Pinnated Bittern "Botaurus pinnatus"


Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Ciconiidae

Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked, wading birds with long, stout bills. Storks are mute; bill-clattering is an important mode of stork communication at the nest. Their nests can be large and may be reused for many years. Many species are migratory. There are 19 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Peru.

*Wood Stork "Mycteria americana"
*Maguari Stork "Ciconia maguari" (A)
*Jabiru "Jabiru mycteria"

Ibises and Spoonbills

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Threskiornithidae

The Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. They have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers. There are 36 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in Peru.

*Plumbeous Ibis "Theristicus caerulescens" (A)
*Andean Ibis "Theristicus branickii"
*Black-faced Ibis "Theristicus melanopis"
*Green Ibis "Mesembrinibis cayennensis"
*White Ibis "Eudocimus albus"
*White-faced Ibis "Plegadis chihi"
*Puna Ibis "Plegadis ridgwayi"
*Roseate Spoonbill "Platalea ajaja"


Order: PhoenicopteriformesFamily: Phoenicopteridae

Flamingos are gregarious wading birds, usually 3 to 5 feet high, found in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. They are more numerous in the latter. Flamingos filter-feed on shellfish and algae. Their oddly-shaped beaks are specially adapted to separate mud and silt from the food they consume, and are uniquely used upside-down. There are 6 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Peru.

*Chilean Flamingo "Phoenicopterus chilensis"
*Andean Flamingo "Phoenicopterus andinus"
*Puna Flamingo "Phoenicopterus jamesi"


Order: AnseriformesFamily: Anhimidae

The screamers are a small family of birds related to the ducks. They are large, bulky birds, with a small downy head, long legs and large feet which are only partially webbed. They have large spurs on their wings which are used in fights over mates and territorial disputes. There are 3 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Peru.

*Horned Screamer "Anhima cornuta"
*Southern Screamer "Chauna torquata" (A)

Ducks, Geese and Swans

Order: AnseriformesFamily: Anatidae

The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These are birds that are modified for an aquatic existence with webbed feet, flattened bills and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to an oily coating. There are 131 species worldwide and 23 species which occur in Peru.

*Fulvous Whistling-Duck "Dendrocygna bicolor"
*White-faced Whistling-Duck "Dendrocygna viduata"
*Black-bellied Whistling-Duck "Dendrocygna autumnalis"
*Andean Goose "Chloephaga melanoptera"
*Orinoco Goose "Neochen jubata"
*Muscovy Duck "Cairina moschata"
*Comb Duck "Sarkidiornis melanotos"
*Brazilian Teal "Amazonetta brasiliensis"
*Torrent Duck "Merganetta armata"
*Chiloe Wigeon "Anas sibilatrix" (A)
*Speckled Teal "Anas flavirostris"
*Mallard "Anas platyrhynchos" (I)
*Crested Duck "Anas specularioides"
*Yellow-billed Pintail "Anas georgica"
*White-cheeked Pintail "Anas bahamensis"
*Puna Teal "Anas puna"
*Blue-winged Teal "Anas discors"
*Cinnamon Teal "Anas cyanoptera"
*Red Shoveler "Anas platalea"
*Rosy-billed Pochard "Netta peposaca" (A)
*Southern Pochard "Netta erythrophthalma"
*Masked Duck "Nomonyx dominica"
*Andean Duck "Oxyura ferruginea"

New World vultures

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Cathartidae

The New World vultures are not closely related to Old World vultures, but superficially resemble them because of convergent evolution. Like the Old World vultures, they are scavengers. However, unlike Old World vultures, which find carcasses by sight, New World vultures have a good sense of smell with which they locate carrion. There are 7 species worldwide, all of which are found only in the Americas, and 6 species which occur in Peru.

*Black Vulture "Coragyps atratus"
*Turkey Vulture "Cathartes aura"
*Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture "Cathartes burrovianus"
*Greater Yellow-headed Vulture "Cathartes melambrotus"
*Andean Condor "Vultur gryphus"
*King Vulture "Sarcoramphus papa"


Order: FalconiformesFamily: Pandionidae

The Pandionidae family contains only one species, the Osprey. The Osprey is a medium large raptor which is a specialist fish-eater with a worldwide distribution.

*Osprey "Pandion haliaetus"

Hawks, Kites and Eagles

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Accipitridae

Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey and include hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. These birds have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons, and keen eyesight. There are 233 species worldwide and 49 species which occur in Peru.

*Gray-headed Kite "Leptodon cayanensis"
*Hook-billed Kite "Chondrohierax uncinatus"
*Swallow-tailed Kite "Elanoides forficatus"
*Pearl Kite "Gampsonyx swainsonii"
*White-tailed Kite "Elanus leucurus" (A)
*Snail Kite "Rostrhamus sociabilis"
*Slender-billed Kite "Rostrhamus hamatus"
*Double-toothed Kite "Harpagus bidentatus"
*Mississippi Kite "Ictinia mississippiensis"
*Plumbeous Kite "Ictinia plumbea"
*Long-winged Harrier "Circus buffoni" (A)
*Cinereous Harrier "Circus cinereus"
*Gray-bellied Goshawk "Accipiter poliogaster"
*Tiny Hawk "Accipiter superciliosus"
*Semicollared Hawk "Accipiter collaris"
*Plain-breasted Hawk "Accipiter ventralis"
*Bicolored Hawk "Accipiter bicolor"
*Crane Hawk "Geranospiza caerulescens"
*Plumbeous Hawk "Leucopternis plumbeus"
*Slate-colored Hawk "Leucopternis schistaceus"
*Barred Hawk "Leucopternis princeps" (A)
*Black-faced Hawk "Leucopternis melanops"
*White-browed Hawk "Leucopternis kuhli"
*White Hawk "Leucopternis albicollis"
*Gray-backed Hawk "Leucopternis occidentalis"
*Mangrove Black-Hawk "Buteogallus subtilis"
*Great Black-Hawk "Buteogallus urubitinga"
*Savanna Hawk "Buteogallus meridionalis"
*Harris's Hawk "Parabuteo unicinctus"
*Black-collared Hawk "Busarellus nigricollis"
*Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle "Geranoaetus melanoleucus"
*Solitary Eagle "Harpyhaliaetus solitarius"
*Gray Hawk "Asturina nitida"
*Roadside Hawk "Buteo magnirostris"
*Broad-winged Hawk "Buteo platypterus"
*White-rumped Hawk "Buteo leucorrhous"
*Short-tailed Hawk "Buteo brachyurus"
*White-throated Hawk "Buteo albigula"
*Swainson's Hawk "Buteo swainsoni"
*White-tailed Hawk "Buteo albicaudatus"
*Red-backed Hawk "Buteo polyosoma"
*Puna Hawk "Buteo poecilochrous"
*Zone-tailed Hawk "Buteo albonotatus"
*Crested Eagle "Morphnus guianensis"
*Harpy Eagle "Harpia harpyja"
*Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle "Spizastur melanoleucus"
*Black Hawk-Eagle "Spizaetus tyrannus"
*Ornate Hawk-Eagle "Spizaetus ornatus"
*Black-and-chestnut Eagle "Oroaetus isidori"

Caracaras and Falcons

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Falconidae

Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. They differ from hawks, eagles, and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their feet. There are 62 species worldwide and 18 species which occur in Peru.

*Black Caracara "Daptrius ater"
*Red-throated Caracara "Ibycter americanus"
*Mountain Caracara "Phalcoboenus megalopterus"
*Crested Caracara "Caracara cheriway"
*Southern Caracara "Caracara plancus"
*Yellow-headed Caracara "Milvago chimachima"
*Laughing Falcon "Herpetotheres cachinnans"
*Barred Forest-Falcon "Micrastur ruficollis"
*Lined Forest-Falcon "Micrastur gilvicollis"
*Slaty-backed Forest-Falcon "Micrastur mirandollei"
*Collared Forest-Falcon "Micrastur semitorquatus"
*Buckley's Forest-Falcon "Micrastur buckleyi"
*American Kestrel "Falco sparverius"
*Aplomado Falcon "Falco femoralis"
*Merlin "Falco columbarius"
*Bat Falcon "Falco rufigularis"
*Orange-breasted Falcon "Falco deiroleucus"
*Peregrine Falcon "Falco peregrinus"

Guans, Chachalacas and allies

Order: GalliformesFamily: Cracidae

The Cracidae are large birds, similar in general appearance to turkeys. The guans and curassows live in trees, but the smaller chachalacas are found in more open scrubby habitats. They are generally dull-plumaged, but the curassows and some guans have colourful facial ornaments. There are 50 species worldwide and 16 species which occur in Peru.

*Rufous-headed Chachalaca "Ortalis erythroptera"
*Speckled Chachalaca "Ortalis guttata"
*Bearded Guan "Penelope barbata"
*Andean Guan "Penelope montagnii"
*Crested Guan "Penelope purpurascens"
*White-winged Guan "Penelope albipennis" (E)
*Spix's Guan "Penelope jacquacu"
*Blue-throated Piping-Guan "Pipile cumanensis"
*Red-throated Piping-Guan "Pipile cujubi"
*Wattled Guan "Aburria aburri"
*Sickle-winged Guan "Chamaepetes goudotii"
*Nocturnal Curassow "Nothocrax urumutum"
*Salvin's Curassow "Mitu salvini"
*Razor-billed Curassow "Mitu tuberosa"
*Horned Curassow "Pauxi unicornis"
*Wattled Curassow "Crax globulosa"

New World quails

Order: GalliformesFamily: Odontophoridae

The New World quails are small, plump terrestrial birds only distantly related to the quails of the Old World, but named for their similar appearance and habits. There are 32 species worldwide, all found only in the Americas, and 4 species which occur in Peru.

*Marbled Wood-Quail "Odontophorus gujanensis"
*Rufous-breasted Wood-Quail "Odontophorus speciosus"
*Stripe-faced Wood-Quail "Odontophorus balliviani"
*Starred Wood-Quail "Odontophorus stellatus"


Order: OpisthocomiformesFamily: Opisthocomidae

The Hoatzin is pheasant-sized - but much slimmer - long-tailed, long-necked and has a small head. It has an unfeathered blue face with red eyes, and its head is topped by spiky crest. It is a weak flier which is found in the swamps of the Amazon and Orinoco rivers.

*Hoatzin "Opisthocomus hoazin"


Order: GruiformesFamily: Aramidae

The Limpkin resembles a large rail. It has drab brown plumage and a greyer head and neck.

*Limpkin "Aramus guarauna"


Order: GruiformesFamily: Psophiidae

The trumpeters are dumpy birds with long necks and legs, and chicken-like bills. They are named for the trumpeting call of the males. There are 3 species worldwide, restricted to the Amazon basin, and 2 species which occur in Peru.

*Gray-winged Trumpeter "Psophia crepitans"
*Pale-winged Trumpeter "Psophia leucoptera"

Rails, Crakes, Gallinules, and Coots

Order: GruiformesFamily: Rallidae

Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. Typically they inhabit dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs, and have long toes which are well adapted to soft, uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and be weak fliers. There are 143 species worldwide and 31 species which occur in Peru.

*Ocellated Crake "Micropygia schomburgkii"
*Chestnut-headed Crake "Anurolimnas castaneiceps"
*Russet-crowned Crake "Anurolimnas viridis"
*Black-banded Crake "Anurolimnas fasciatus"
*Rufous-sided Crake "Laterallus melanophaius"
*White-throated Crake "Laterallus albigularis"
*Gray-breasted Crake "Laterallus exilis"
*Junin Rail "Laterallus tuerosi" (E)
*Black Rail "Laterallus jamaicensis"
*Clapper Rail "Rallus longirostris"
*Virginia Rail "Rallus limicola"
*Bogota Rail "Rallus semiplumbeus"
*Rufous-necked Wood-Rail "Aramides axillaris"
*Gray-necked Wood-Rail "Aramides cajanea"
*Brown Wood-Rail "Aramides wolfi"
*Red-winged Wood-Rail "Aramides calopterus"
*Uniform Crake "Amaurolimnas concolor"
*Sora "Porzana carolina"
*Ash-throated Crake "Porzana albicollis"
*Paint-billed Crake "Neocrex erythrops"
*Spotted Rail "Pardirallus maculatus"
*Blackish Rail "Pardirallus nigricans"
*Plumbeous Rail "Pardirallus sanguinolentus"
*Purple Gallinule "Porphyrio martinica"
*Azure Gallinule "Porphyrio flavirostris"
*Common Moorhen "Gallinula chloropus"
*Spot-flanked Gallinule "Gallinula melanops"
*American Coot "Fulica americana"
*Slate-colored Coot "Fulica ardesiaca"
*Red-fronted Coot "Fulica rufifrons"
*Giant Coot "Fulica gigantea"

ungrebe and Finfoots

Order: GruiformesFamily: Heliornithidae

The Heliornithidae are small family of tropical birds with webbed lobes on their feet similar to those of grebes and coots. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Peru.

*Sungrebe "Heliornis fulica"


Order: GruiformesFamily: Eurypygidae

The Sunbittern is a bittern-like bird of tropical regions of the Americas, and the sole member of the family Eurypygidae (sometimes spelled Eurypigidae) and genus Eurypyga.

*Sunbittern "Eurypyga helias"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Jacanidae

The jacanas are a group of tropical waders in the family Jacanidae. They are found worldwide in the Tropics. They are identifiable by their huge feet and claws which enable them to walk on floating vegetation in the shallow lakes that are their preferred habitat. There 8 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Peru.

*Wattled Jacana "Jacana jacana"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Haematopodidae

The oystercatchers are large and noisy plover-like birds, with strong bills used for smashing or prising open molluscs. There are 11 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Peru.

*Blackish Oystercatcher "Haematopus ater"
*American Oystercatcher "Haematopus palliatus"

Avocets and Stilts

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Recurvirostridae

Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and the stilts. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills. There are 9 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Peru.

*Black-necked Stilt "Himantopus mexicanus"
*White-backed Stilt "Himantopus melanurus"
*Andean Avocet "Recurvirostra andina"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Burhinidae

The thick-knees are a group of largely tropical waders in the family Burhinidae. They are found worldwide within the tropical zone, with some species also breeding in temperate Europe and Australia. They are medium to large waders with strong black or yellow black bills, large yellow eyes and cryptic plumage. Despite being classed as waders, most species have a preference for arid or semi-arid habitats. There are 9 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Peru.

*Peruvian Thick-knee "Burhinus superciliaris"

Plovers and Lapwings

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Charadriidae

The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water, although there are some exceptions. There are 66 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in Peru.

*Pied Lapwing "Vanellus cayanus"
*Southern Lapwing "Vanellus chilensis"
*Andean Lapwing "Vanellus resplendens"
*American Golden-Plover "Pluvialis dominica"
*Black-bellied Plover "Pluvialis squatarola"
*Semipalmated Plover "Charadrius semipalmatus"
*Wilson's Plover "Charadrius wilsonia"
*Killdeer "Charadrius vociferus"
*Snowy Plover "Charadrius alexandrinus"
*Collared Plover "Charadrius collaris"
*Puna Plover "Charadrius alticola"
*Two-banded Plover "Charadrius falklandicus" (A)
*Rufous-chested Dotterel "Charadrius modestus"
*Diademed Sandpiper-Plover "Phegornis mitchellii"
*Tawny-throated Dotterel "Oreopholus ruficollis"

andpipers and allies

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Scolopacidae

The Scolopacidae are a large diverse family of small to medium sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. The majority of species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Variation in length of legs and bills enable different species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. There are 89 species worldwide and 37 species which occur in Peru.

*Wilson's Snipe "Gallinago delicata"
*South American Snipe "Gallinago paraguaiae"
*Puna Snipe "Gallinago andina"
*Noble Snipe "Gallinago nobilis"
*Andean Snipe "Gallinago jamesoni"
*Imperial Snipe "Gallinago imperialis"
*Short-billed Dowitcher "Limnodromus griseus"
*Long-billed Dowitcher "Limnodromus scolopaceus" (A)
*Hudsonian Godwit "Limosa haemastica"
*Marbled Godwit "Limosa fedoa"
*Whimbrel "Numenius phaeopus"
*Upland Sandpiper "Bartramia longicauda"
*Greater Yellowlegs "Tringa melanoleuca"
*Lesser Yellowlegs "Tringa flavipes"
*Solitary Sandpiper "Tringa solitaria"
*Spotted Sandpiper "Actitis macularia"
*Wandering Tattler "Heterosceles incanus"
*Willet "Catoptrophorus semipalmatus"
*Ruddy Turnstone "Arenaria interpres"
*Surfbird "Aphriza virgata"
*Red Knot "Calidris canutus"
*Sanderling "Calidris alba"
*Semipalmated Sandpiper "Calidris pusilla"
*Western Sandpiper "Calidris mauri"
*Red-necked Stint "Calidris ruficollis" (A)
*Least Sandpiper "Calidris minutilla"
*White-rumped Sandpiper "Calidris fuscicollis"
*Baird's Sandpiper "Calidris bairdii"
*Pectoral Sandpiper "Calidris melanotos"
*Curlew Sandpiper "Calidris ferruginea" (A)
*Dunlin "Calidris alpina" (A)
*Stilt Sandpiper "Calidris himantopus"
*Buff-breasted Sandpiper "Tryngites subruficollis"
*Ruff "Philomachus pugnax" (A)
*Wilson's Phalarope "Phalaropus tricolor"
*Red-necked Phalarope "Phalaropus lobatus"
*Red Phalarope "Phalaropus fulicarius"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Thinocoridae

The seedsnipes are a small family of birds that superficially resemble sparrows. They have short legs and long wings and are herbivorous waders. There are 4 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Peru.

*Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe "Attagis gayi"
*Gray-breasted Seedsnipe "Thinocorus orbignyianus"
*Least Seedsnipe "Thinocorus rumicivorus"

kuas and Jaegers

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Stercorariidae

The family Stercorariidae are, in general, medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants. There are 7 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Peru.

*Chilean Skua "Stercorarius chilensis"
*South Polar Skua "Stercorarius maccormicki"
*Pomarine Jaeger "Stercorarius pomarinus"
*Parasitic Jaeger "Stercorarius parasiticus"
*Long-tailed Jaeger "Stercorarius longicaudus"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Laridae

Laridae is a family of medium to large birds seabirds and includes gulls and kittiwakes. They are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. There are 55 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in Peru.

*Belcher's Gull "Larus belcheri"
*Gray Gull "Larus modestus"
*Kelp Gull "Larus dominicanus"
*American Herring Gull "Larus smithsonianus" (A)
*Gray-headed Gull "Larus cirrocephalus"
*Brown-hooded Gull "Larus maculipennis"
*Andean Gull "Larus serranus"
*Laughing Gull "Larus atricilla"
*Franklin's Gull "Larus pipixcan"
*Sabine's Gull "Xema sabini"
*Swallow-tailed Gull "Creagrus furcatus"
*Black-legged Kittiwake "Rissa tridactyla"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Sternidae

Terns are a group of generally general medium to large sea-birds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. Most terns hunt fish by diving but some pick insects off the surface of fresh water. Terns are generally long-lived birds, with several species now known to live in excess of 25 to 30 years. There are 44 species worldwide and 16 species which occur in Peru.

*Gull-billed Tern "Sterna nilotica"
*Elegant Tern "Sterna elegans"
*Sandwich Tern "Sterna sandvicensis"
*Royal Tern "Sterna maxima"
*South American Tern "Sterna hirundinacea"
*Common Tern "Sterna hirundo"
*Arctic Tern "Sterna paradisaea"
*Snowy-crowned Tern "Sterna trudeaui"
*Least Tern "Sterna antillarum"
*Yellow-billed Tern "Sterna superciliaris"
*Peruvian Tern "Sterna lorata"
*Sooty Tern "Sterna fuscata"
*Black Tern "Chlidonias niger"
*Large-billed Tern "Phaetusa simplex"
*Brown Noddy "Anous stolidus"
*Inca Tern "Larosterna inca"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Rynchopidae

Skimmers are a small family of tropical tern-like birds. They have an elongated lower mandible which they use to feed by flying low over the water surface and skimming the water for small fish. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Peru.

*Black Skimmer "Rynchops niger"

Pigeons and Doves

Order: ColumbiformesFamily: Columbidae

Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere. There are 308 species worldwide and 28 species which occur in Peru.

*Rock Pigeon "Columba livia" (I)
*Scaled Pigeon "Patagioenas speciosa"
*Spot-winged Pigeon "Patagioenas maculosa"
*Band-tailed Pigeon "Patagioenas fasciata"
*Pale-vented Pigeon "Patagioenas cayennensis"
*Peruvian Pigeon "Patagioenas oenops" (E)
*Plumbeous Pigeon "Patagioenas plumbea"
*Ruddy Pigeon "Patagioenas subvinacea"
*Eared Dove "Zenaida auriculata"
*Pacific Dove "Zenaida meloda"
*Plain-breasted Ground Dove "Columbina minuta"
*Ecuadorian Ground Dove "Columbina buckleyi"
*Ruddy Ground Dove "Columbina talpacoti"
*Picui Ground Dove "Columbina picui"
*Croaking Ground Dove "Columbina cruziana"
*Blue Ground Dove "Claravis pretiosa"
*Maroon-chested Ground Dove "Claravis mondetoura"
*Bare-faced Ground Dove "Metriopelia ceciliae"
*Black-winged Ground Dove "Metriopelia melanoptera"
*Golden-spotted Ground Dove "Metriopelia aymara"
*White-tipped Dove "Leptotila verreauxi"
*White-faced Dove "Leptotila megalura"
*Gray-fronted Dove "Leptotila rufaxilla"
*Ochre-bellied Dove "Leptotila ochraceiventris"
*Sapphire Quail Dove "Geotrygon saphirina"
*White-throated Quail Dove "Geotrygon frenata"
*Violaceous Quail Dove "Geotrygon violacea" (A)
*Ruddy Quail Dove "Geotrygon montana"

Parrots, Macaws and allies

Order: PsittaciformesFamily: Psittacidae

Parrots are small to large birds with a characteristic curved beak shape. Their upper mandibles have slight mobility in the joint with the skull and the have a generally erect stance. All parrots are zygodactyl, having the four toes on each foot placed two at the front and two back. There are 335 species worldwide and 53 species which occur in Peru.

*Blue-and-yellow Macaw "Ara ararauna"
*Military Macaw "Ara militaris"
*Scarlet Macaw "Ara macao"
*Red-and-green Macaw "Ara chloroptera"
*Chestnut-fronted Macaw "Ara severa"
*Red-bellied Macaw "Orthopsittaca manilata"
*Blue-headed Macaw "Primolius couloni"
*Red-shouldered Macaw "Diopsittaca nobilis"
*Scarlet-fronted Parakeet "Aratinga wagleri"
*Mitred Parakeet "Aratinga mitrata"
*Red-masked Parakeet "Aratinga erythrogenys"
*White-eyed Parakeet "Aratinga leucophthalmus"
*Dusky-headed Parakeet "Aratinga weddellii"
*Peach-fronted Parakeet "Aratinga aurea"
*Golden-plumed Parakeet "Leptosittaca branickii"
*Green-cheeked Parakeet "Pyrrhura molinae"
*Red-crowned Parakeet "Pyrrhura roseifrons"
*Deville's Parakeet "Pyrrhura lucianii"
*Wavy-breasted Parakeet "Pyrrhura peruviana"
*Maroon-tailed Parakeet "Pyrrhura melanura"
*Black-capped Parakeet "Pyrrhura rupicola"
*Andean Parakeet "Bolborhynchus orbygnesius"
*Barred Parakeet "Bolborhynchus lineola"
*Mountain Parakeet "Psilopsiagon aurifrons"
*Blue-winged Parrotlet "Forpus xanthopterygius"
*Dusky-billed Parrotlet "Forpus sclateri"
*Pacific Parrotlet "Forpus coelestis"
*Yellow-faced Parrotlet "Forpus xanthops" (E)
*White-winged Parakeet "Brotogeris versicolurus"
*Gray-cheeked Parakeet "Brotogeris pyrrhopterus"
*Cobalt-winged Parakeet "Brotogeris cyanoptera"
*Tui Parakeet "Brotogeris sanctithomae"
*Amazonian Parrotlet "Nannopsittaca dachilleae"
*Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet "Touit huetii"
*Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet "Touit purpurata"
*Spot-winged Parrotlet "Touit stictoptera"
*Black-headed Parrot "Pionites melanocephala"
*White-bellied Parrot "Pionites leucogaster"
*Orange-cheeked Parrot "Pionopsitta barrabandi"
*Black-winged Parrot "Hapalopsittaca melanotis"
*Rusty-faced Parrot "Hapalopsittaca amazonina"
*Red-faced Parrot "Hapalopsittaca pyrrhops"
*Short-tailed Parrot "Graydidascalus brachyurus"
*Blue-headed Parrot "Pionus menstruus"
*Red-billed Parrot "Pionus sordidus"
*Speckle-faced Parrot "Pionus tumultuosus"
*Bronze-winged Parrot "Pionus chalcopterus"
*Festive Parrot "Amazona festiva"
*Yellow-crowned Parrot "Amazona ochrocephala"
*Orange-winged Parrot "Amazona amazonica"
*Scaly-naped Parrot "Amazona mercenaria"
*Mealy Parrot "Amazona farinosa"
*Red-fan Parrot "Deroptyus accipitrinus"

Cuckoos and Anis

Order: CuculiformesFamily: Cuculidae

The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners and anis. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. Unlike the cuckoo species of the Old World, North American cuckoos are not brood parasites. There are 138 species worldwide and 16 species which occur in Peru.

*Ash-colored Cuckoo "Coccyzus cinereus"
*Black-billed Cuckoo "Coccyzus erythropthalmus"
*Yellow-billed Cuckoo "Coccyzus americanus"
*Dark-billed Cuckoo "Coccyzus melacoryphus"
*Gray-capped Cuckoo "Coccyzus lansbergi"
*Squirrel Cuckoo "Piaya cayana"
*Black-bellied Cuckoo "Piaya melanogaster"
*Little Cuckoo "Piaya minuta"
*Greater Ani "Crotophaga major"
*Smooth-billed Ani "Crotophaga ani"
*Groove-billed Ani "Crotophaga sulcirostris"
*Striped Cuckoo "Tapera naevia"
*Pheasant Cuckoo "Dromococcyx phasianellus"
*Pavonine Cuckoo "Dromococcyx pavoninus"
*Rufous-vented Ground-Cuckoo "Neomorphus geoffroyi"
*Red-billed Ground-Cuckoo "Neomorphus pucheranii"

Barn owls

Order: StrigiformesFamily: Tytonidae

Barn owls are medium to large sized owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. They have long strong legs with powerful talons. There are 16 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Peru.

*Barn Owl "Tyto alba"

Typical owls

Order: StrigiformesFamily: Strigidae

Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak, and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. There are 195 species worldwide and 31 species which occur in Peru.

*Tropical Screech-Owl "Megascops choliba"
*Koepcke's Screech-Owl "Megascops koepckeae"
*West Peruvian Screech-Owl "Megascops roboratus"
*Rufescent Screech-Owl "Megascops ingens"
*Colombian Screech-Owl "Megascops colombianus"
*Cinnamon Screech-Owl "Megascops petersoni"
*Cloud-forest Screech-Owl "Megascops marshalli" (E)
*Tawny-bellied Screech-Owl "Megascops watsonii"
*Rio Napo Screech-owl "Megascops napensis"
*White-throated Screech-Owl "Megascops albogularis"
*Great Horned Owl "Bubo virginianus"
*Magellanic Horned Owl "Bubo magellanicus"
*Mottled Owl "Ciccaba virgata"
*Black-and-white Owl "Ciccaba nigrolineata"
*Black-banded Owl "Ciccaba huhula"
*Rufous-banded Owl "Ciccaba albitarsus"
*Crested Owl "Lophostrix cristata"
*Spectacled Owl "Pulsatrix perspicillata"
*Band-bellied Owl "Pulsatrix melanota"
*Andean Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium jardinii"
*Subtropical Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium parkeri"
*Yungas Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium bolivianum"
*Amazonian Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium hardyi"
*Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium brasilianum"
*Peruvian Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium peruanum"
*Long-whiskered Owlet "Xenoglaux loweryi" (E)
*Burrowing Owl "Athene cunicularia"
*Buff-fronted Owl "Aegolius harrisii"
*Striped Owl "Pseudoscops clamator"
*Stygian Owl "Asio stygius" (A)
*Short-eared Owl "Asio flammeus"


Order: CaprimulgiformesFamily: Steatornithidae

The Oilbird is a slim, long-winged bird related to the nightjars. It is nocturnal and a specialist feeder on the fruit of the Oil palm.

*Oilbird "Steatornis caripensis"


Order: CaprimulgiformesFamily: Nyctibiidae

The potoos (sometimes called Poor-Me-Ones) are large near passerine birds related to the nightjars and frogmouths. They are nocturnal insectivores which lack the bristles around the mouth found in the true nightjars. There are 5 species, all of which are from the South American tropical region, and 6 species which occur in Peru.

*Great Potoo "Nyctibius grandis"
*Long-tailed Potoo "Nyctibius aethereus"
*Andean Potoo "Nyctibius maculosus"
*Common Potoo "Nyctibius griseus"
*White-winged Potoo "Nyctibius leucopterus" (A)
*Rufous Potoo "Nyctibius bracteatus"


Order: CaprimulgiformesFamily: Caprimulgidae

Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds with long wings, short legs and very short bills that usually nest on the ground. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Their soft plumage is camouflaged to resemble bark or leaves. There are 86 species worldwide and 20 species which occur in Peru.

*Short-tailed Nighthawk "Lurocalis semitorquatus"
*Rufous-bellied Nighthawk "Lurocalis rufiventris"
*Sand-colored Nighthawk "Chordeiles rupestris"
*Lesser Nighthawk "Chordeiles acutipennis"
*Common Nighthawk "Chordeiles minor"
*Nacunda Nighthawk "Podager nacunda"
*Band-tailed Nighthawk "Nyctiprogne leucopyga"
*Pauraque "Nyctidromus albicollis"
*Ocellated Poorwill "Nyctiphrynus ocellatus"
*Rufous Nightjar "Caprimulgus rufus"
*Silky-tailed Nightjar "Caprimulgus sericocaudatus"
*Band-winged Nightjar "Caprimulgus longirostris"
*Little Nightjar "Caprimulgus parvulus"
*Spot-tailed Nightjar "Caprimulgus maculicaudus"
*Scrub Nightjar "Caprimulgus anthonyi"
*Blackish Nightjar "Caprimulgus nigrescens"
*Lyre-tailed Nightjar "Uropsalis lyra"
*Swallow-tailed Nightjar "Uropsalis segmentata"
*Ladder-tailed Nightjar "Hydropsalis climacocerca"
*Scissor-tailed Nightjar "Hydropsalis torquata"


Order: ApodiformesFamily: Apodidae

Swifts are small aerial birds, spending the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have long swept-back wings that resemble a crescent or a boomerang. There are 98 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in Peru.

*Rothschild's Swift "Cypseloides rothschildi" (A)
*White-chinned Swift "Cypseloides cryptus"
*Chestnut-collared Swift "Streptoprocne rutila"
*White-collared Swift "Streptoprocne zonaris"
*Gray-rumped Swift "Chaetura cinereiventris"
*Pale-rumped Swift "Chaetura egregia"
*Chimney Swift "Chaetura pelagica"
*Chapman's Swift "Chaetura chapmani"
*Short-tailed Swift "Chaetura brachyura"
*Tumbes Swift "Chaetura ocypetes"
*Ashy-tailed Swift "Chaetura andrei"
*White-tipped Swift "Aeronautes montivagus"
*Andean Swift "Aeronautes andecolus"
*Fork-tailed Palm-Swift "Tachornis squamata"
*Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift "Panyptila cayennensis"


Order: TrochiliformesFamily: Trochilidae

Hummingbirds are small birds capable of hovering in mid-air due to the rapid flapping of their wings. They are the only birds that can fly backwards. There are 337 species worldwide and 135 species which occur in Peru.

*White-tipped Sicklebill "Eutoxeres aquila"
*Buff-tailed Sicklebill "Eutoxeres condamini"
*Rufous-breasted Hermit "Glaucis hirsuta"
*Pale-tailed Barbthroat "Threnetes niger"
*Green Hermit "Phaethornis guy"
*White-bearded Hermit "Phaethornis hispidus"
*Western Long-tailed Hermit "Phaethornis longirostris"
*Eastern Long-tailed Hermit "Phaethornis superciliosus"
*Great-billed Hermit "Phaethornis malaris"
*Tawny-bellied Hermit "Phaethornis syrmatophorus"
*Koepcke's Hermit "Phaethornis koepckeae" (E)
*Needle-billed Hermit "Phaethornis philippii"
*Straight-billed Hermit "Phaethornis bourcieri"
*Reddish Hermit "Phaethornis ruber"
*White-browed Hermit "Phaethornis stuarti"
*Black-throated Hermit "Phaethornis atrimentalis"
*Gray-chinned Hermit "Phaethornis griseogularis"
*Green-fronted Lancebill "Doryfera ludovicae"
*Blue-fronted Lancebill "Doryfera johannae"
*Gray-breasted Sabrewing "Campylopterus largipennis"
*Napo Sabrewing "Campylopterus villaviscensio"
*Swallow-tailed Hummingbird "Eupetomena macrourus"
*White-necked Jacobin "Florisuga mellivora"
*Brown Violet-ear "Colibri delphinae"
*Green Violet-ear "Colibri thalassinus"
*Sparkling Violet-ear "Colibri coruscans"
*White-vented Violet-ear "Colibri serrirostris"
*Green-breasted Mango "Anthracothorax prevostii"
*Black-throated Mango "Anthracothorax nigricollis"
*Fiery Topaz "Topaza pyra"
*Violet-headed Hummingbird "Klais guimeti"
*Rufous-crested Coquette "Lophornis delattrei"
*Spangled Coquette "Lophornis stictolophus"
*Festive Coquette "Lophornis chalybeus"
*Wire-crested Thorntail "Popelairia popelairii"
*Black-bellied Thorntail "Popelairia langsdorffi"
*Green Thorntail "Discosura conversii"
*Blue-chinned Sapphire "Chlorostilbon notatus"
*Blue-tailed Emerald "Chlorostilbon mellisugus"
*Glittering-bellied Emerald "Chlorostilbon aureoventris" (A) [cite journal |title=First record of Glittering-bellied Emerald "Chlorostilbon aureoventris" for Peru |journal=Cotinga |issue=30 |date=Autumn 2008 |pages=57–58 |first=Virgilio Yábar |last=Calderón]
*Short-tailed Emerald "Chlorostilbon poortmani"
*Green-crowned Woodnymph "Thalurania fannyi" (A)
*Fork-tailed Woodnymph "Thalurania furcata"
*Violet-bellied Hummingbird "Damophila julie"
*Rufous-throated Sapphire "Hylocharis sapphirina"
*White-chinned Sapphire "Hylocharis cyanus"
*Golden-tailed Sapphire "Chrysuronia oenone"
*White-tailed Goldenthroat "Polytmus guainumbi"
*Green-tailed Goldenthroat "Polytmus theresiae"
*Tumbes Hummingbird "Leucippus baeri" (E)
*Spot-throated Hummingbird "Leucippus taczanowskii" (E)
*Olive-spotted Hummingbird "Leucippus chlorocercus" (E)
*White-bellied Hummingbird "Leucippus chionogaster"
*Green-and-white Hummingbird "Leucippus viridicauda" (E)
*Many-spotted Hummingbird "Leucippus hypostictus"
*Rufous-tailed Hummingbird "Amazilia tzacatl"
*Amazilia Hummingbird "Amazilia amazilia"
*Versicolored Emerald "Agyrtria versicolor" (A)
*Andean Emerald "Agyrtria franciae"
*Sapphire-spangled Emerald "Polyerata lactea"
*Glittering-throated Emerald "Polyerata fimbriata"
*White-vented Plumeleteer "Chalybura buffonii"
*Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer "Chalybura urochrysia"
*Ecuadorian Piedtail "Phlogophilus hemileucurus"
*Peruvian Piedtail "Phlogophilus harterti" (E)
*Speckled Hummingbird "Adelomyia melanogenys"
*Gould's Jewelfront "Heliodoxa aurescens"
*Fawn-breasted Brilliant "Heliodoxa rubinoides"
*Violet-fronted Brilliant "Heliodoxa leadbeateri"
*Black-throated Brilliant "Heliodoxa schreibersii"
*Pink-throated Brilliant "Heliodoxa gularis"
*Rufous-webbed Brilliant "Heliodoxa branickii" (E)
*White-tailed Hillstar "Urochroa bougueri"
*Chestnut-breasted Coronet "Boissonneaua matthewsii"
*Shining Sunbeam "Aglaeactis cupripennis"
*White-tufted Sunbeam "Aglaeactis castelnaudii" (E)
*Purple-backed Sunbeam "Aglaeactis aliciae" (E)
*Andean Hillstar "Oreotrochilus estella"
*Green-headed Hillstar "Oreotrochilus stolzmanni" (E)
*Black-breasted Hillstar "Oreotrochilus melanogaster" (E)
*Mountain Velvetbreast "Lafresnaya lafresnayi"
*Bronzy Inca "Coeligena coeligena"
*Gould's Inca "Coeligena inca"
*Collared Inca "Coeligena torquata"
*Buff-winged Starfrontlet "Coeligena lutetiae"
*Violet-throated Starfrontlet "Coeligena violifer"
*Rainbow Starfrontlet "Coeligena iris"
*Sword-billed Hummingbird "Ensifera ensifera"
*Great Sapphirewing "Pterophanes cyanopterus"
*Giant Hummingbird "Patagona gigas"
*Amethyst-throated Sunangel "Heliangelus amethysticollis"
*Little Sunangel "Heliangelus micraster"
*Purple-throated Sunangel "Heliangelus viola"
*Royal Sunangel "Heliangelus regalis" (E)
*Glowing Puffleg "Eriocnemis vestitus"
*Sapphire-vented Puffleg "Eriocnemis luciani"
*Coppery-naped Puffleg "Eriocnemis sapphiropygia" (E)
*Emerald-bellied Puffleg "Eriocnemis alinae"
*Greenish Puffleg "Haplophaedia aureliae"
*Buff-thighed Puffleg "Haplophaedia assimilis"
*Purple-bibbed Whitetip "Urosticte benjamini"
*Rufous-vented Whitetip "Urosticte ruficrissa"
*Booted Racket-tail "Ocreatus underwoodii"
*Black-tailed Trainbearer "Lesbia victoriae"
*Green-tailed Trainbearer "Lesbia nuna"
*Red-tailed Comet "Sappho sparganura"
*Bronze-tailed Comet "Polyonymus caroli" (E)
*Purple-backed Thornbill "Ramphomicron microrhynchum"
*Bearded Mountaineer "Oreonympha nobilis" (E)
*Tyrian Metaltail "Metallura tyrianthina"
*Scaled Metaltail "Metallura aeneocauda"
*Fire-throated Metaltail "Metallura eupogon" (E)
*Coppery Metaltail "Metallura theresiae" (E)
*Neblina Metaltail "Metallura odomae"
*Black Metaltail "Metallura phoebe" (E)
*Rufous-capped Thornbill "Chalcostigma ruficeps"
*Olivaceous Thornbill "Chalcostigma olivaceum"
*Blue-mantled Thornbill "Chalcostigma stanleyi"
*Rainbow-bearded Thornbill "Chalcostigma herrani"
*Mountain Avocetbill "Opisthoprora euryptera"
*Gray-bellied Comet "Taphrolesbia griseiventris" (E)
*Long-tailed Sylph "Aglaiocercus kingi"
*Wedge-billed Hummingbird "Augastes geoffroyi"
*Black-eared Fairy "Heliothryx aurita"
*Marvelous Spatuletail "Loddigesia mirabilis" (E)
*Long-billed Starthroat "Heliomaster longirostris"
*Blue-tufted Starthroat "Heliomaster furcifer"
*Oasis Hummingbird "Rhodopis vesper"
*Peruvian Sheartail "Thaumastura cora" (E)
*Amethyst Woodstar "Calliphlox amethystina"
*Purple-collared Woodstar "Myrtis fanny"
*Chilean Woodstar "Eulidia yarrellii"
*Short-tailed Woodstar "Myrmia micrura"
*White-bellied Woodstar "Chaetocercus mulsant"
*Little Woodstar "Chaetocercus bombus"

Trogons and Quetzals

Order: TrogoniformesFamily: Trogonidae

The family Trogonidae includes trogons and quetzals. Found in tropical woodlands worldwide, they feed on insects and fruit, and their broad bills and weak legs reflect their diet and arboreal habits. Although their flight is fast, they are reluctant to fly any distance. Trogons have soft, often colourful, feathers with distinctive male and female plumage. There are 33 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in Peru.

*White-tailed Trogon "Trogon viridis"
*Violaceous Trogon "Trogon violaceus"
*Collared Trogon "Trogon collaris"
*Masked Trogon "Trogon personatus"
*Black-throated Trogon "Trogon rufus"
*Blue-crowned Trogon "Trogon curucui"
*Black-tailed Trogon "Trogon melanurus"
*Crested Quetzal "Pharomachrus antisianus"
*Golden-headed Quetzal "Pharomachrus auriceps"
*Pavonine Quetzal "Pharomachrus pavoninus"


Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Alcedinidae

Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails. There are 93 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Peru.

*Ringed Kingfisher "Ceryle torquatus"
*Amazon Kingfisher "Chloroceryle amazona"
*Green Kingfisher "Chloroceryle americana"
*Green-and-rufous Kingfisher "Chloroceryle inda"
*American Pygmy Kingfisher "Chloroceryle aenea"


Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Momotidae

The motmots have colorful plumage and long, graduated tails, which they display by waggling back and forth. In most of the species, the barbs near the ends of the two longest (central) tail feathers are weak and fall off, leaving a length of bare shaft, and creating a racket-shaped tail. There are 10 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Peru.

*Blue-crowned Motmot "Momotus momota"
*Highland Motmot "Momotus aequatorialis"
*Rufous Motmot "Baryphthengus martii"
*Broad-billed Motmot "Electron platyrhynchum"


Order: PiciformesFamily: Galbulidae

The jacamars are near passerine birds from tropical South America, with a range that extends up to Mexico. They are glossy elegant birds with long bills and tails, which feed on insects caught on the wing. In appearance and behaviour they show resemblances to the Old World bee-eaters, although they are more closely related to woodpeckers. There are 18 species and 13 species that occur in Peru.

*White-eared Jacamar "Galbalcyrhynchus leucotis"
*Chestnut Jacamar "Galbalcyrhynchus purusianus"
*Brown Jacamar "Brachygalba lugubris"
*White-throated Jacamar "Brachygalba albogularis" (E)
*Yellow-billed Jacamar "Galbula albirostris"
*Blue-cheeked Jacamar "Galbula cyanicollis"
*Rufous-tailed Jacamar "Galbula ruficauda"
*Coppery-chested Jacamar "Galbula pastazae"
*Bluish-fronted Jacamar "Galbula cyanescens"
*White-chinned Jacamar "Galbula tombacea"
*Purplish Jacamar "Galbula chalcothorax"
*Paradise Jacamar "Galbula dea"
*Great Jacamar "Jacamerops aureus"


Order: PiciformesFamily: Bucconidae

The puffbirds are related to the jacamars, and have the same range, but lack the iridescent colours of that family. They are mainly brown, rufous or grey, with large heads and flattened bills with a hooked tip. The loose abundant plumage and short tails makes them look stout and puffy, giving rise to the English common name of the family. There are 34 species and 22 species which occur in Peru.

*White-necked Puffbird "Notharchus macrorhynchos"
*Brown-banded Puffbird "Notharchus ordii"
*Pied Puffbird "Notharchus tectus"
*Chestnut-capped Puffbird "Bucco macrodactylus"
*Spotted Puffbird "Bucco tamatia"
*Collared Puffbird "Bucco capensis"
*White-eared Puffbird "Nystalus chacuru"
*Striolated Puffbird "Nystalus striolatus"
*White-chested Puffbird "Malacoptila fusca"
*Semicollared Puffbird "Malacoptila semicincta"
*Black-streaked Puffbird "Malacoptila fulvogularis"
*Rufous-necked Puffbird "Malacoptila rufa"
*Lanceolated Monklet "Micromonacha lanceolata"
*Fulvous-chinned Nunlet "Nonnula sclateri"
*Rusty-breasted Nunlet "Nonnula rubecula"
*Brown Nunlet "Nonnula brunnea"
*Rufous-capped Nunlet "Nonnula ruficapilla"
*White-faced Nunbird "Hapaloptila castanea"
*Black-fronted Nunbird "Monasa nigrifrons"
*White-fronted Nunbird "Monasa morphoeus"
*Yellow-billed Nunbird "Monasa flavirostris"
*Swallow-wing "Chelidoptera tenebrosa"


Order: PiciformesFamily: Capitonidae

The barbets are plump birds, with short necks and large heads. They get their name from the bristles which fringe their heavy bills. Most species are brightly coloured. There are 84 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in Peru.

*Scarlet-crowned Barbet "Capito aurovirens"
*Scarlet-banded Barbet "Capito wallacei" (E)
*Black-spotted Barbet "Capito niger"
*Gilded Barbet "Capito auratus"
*Lemon-throated Barbet "Eubucco richardsoni"
*Red-headed Barbet "Eubucco bourcierii"
*Scarlet-hooded Barbet "Eubucco tucinkae" (E)
*Versicolored Barbet "Eubucco versicolor"


Order: PiciformesFamily: Ramphastidae

Toucans are near passerine birds from the neotropics. They are brightly marked and have enormous, colourful bills which in some species may amount to half their body length. There are 40 species worldwide and 21 species which occur in Peru.

*Chestnut-tipped Toucanet "Aulacorhynchus derbianus"
*Crimson-rumped Toucanet "Aulacorhynchus haematopygus"
*Yellow-browed Toucanet "Aulacorhynchus huallagae" (E)
*Blue-banded Toucanet "Aulacorhynchus coeruleicinctis"
*Lettered Aracari "Pteroglossus inscriptus"
*Green Aracari "Pteroglossus viridis"
*Ivory-billed Aracari "Pteroglossus azara"
*Chestnut-eared Aracari "Pteroglossus castanotis"
*Collared Aracari "Pteroglossus torquatus" (A)
*Many-banded Aracari "Pteroglossus pluricinctus"
*Curl-crested Aracari "Pteroglossus beauharnaesii"
*Gray-breasted Mountain-Toucan "Andigena hypoglauca"
*Hooded Mountain-Toucan "Andigena cucullata"
*Black-billed Mountain-Toucan "Andigena nigrirostris" (A)
*Golden-collared Toucanet "Selenidera reinwardtii"
*Channel-billed Toucan "Ramphastos vitellinus"
*Black-mandibled Toucan "Ramphastos ambiguus"
*Red-billed Toucan "Ramphastos tucanus"
*Toco Toucan "Ramphastos toco"
*Andean Toucanet "Aulacorhynchus albivitta"
*Black-throated Toucanet "Aulacorhynchus atrogularis"

Woodpeckers and allies

Order: PiciformesFamily: Picidae

Woodpeckers are small to medium sized birds with chisel like beaks, short legs, stiff tails and long tongues used for capturing insects. Some species have feet with two toes pointing forward, and two backward, while several species have only three toes. Many woodpeckers have the habit of tapping noisily on tree trunks with their beaks. There are 218 species worldwide and 39 species which occur in Peru.

*Bar-breasted Piculet "Picumnus aurifrons"
*Lafresnaye's Piculet "Picumnus lafresnayi"
*Ecuadorian Piculet "Picumnus sclateri"
*Speckle-chested Piculet "Picumnus steindachneri" (E)
*Ocellated Piculet "Picumnus dorbignyanus"
*Rufous-breasted Piculet "Picumnus rufiventris"
*Plain-breasted Piculet "Picumnus castelnau"
*Fine-barred Piculet "Picumnus subtilis" (E)
*Olivaceous Piculet "Picumnus olivaceus"
*White Woodpecker "Melanerpes candidus"
*Black-cheeked Woodpecker "Melanerpes pucherani"
*Yellow-tufted Woodpecker "Melanerpes cruentatus"
*White-fronted Woodpecker "Melanerpes cactorum"
*Scarlet-backed Woodpecker "Veniliornis callonotus"
*Yellow-vented Woodpecker "Veniliornis dignus"
*Bar-bellied Woodpecker "Veniliornis nigriceps"
*Smoky-brown Woodpecker "Veniliornis fumigatus"
*Little Woodpecker "Veniliornis passerinus"
*Red-rumped Woodpecker "Veniliornis kirkii"
*Red-stained Woodpecker "Veniliornis affinis"
*White-throated Woodpecker "Piculus leucolaemus"
*Yellow-throated Woodpecker "Piculus flavigula"
*Golden-green Woodpecker "Piculus chrysochloros"
*Golden-olive Woodpecker "Piculus rubiginosus"
*Crimson-mantled Woodpecker "Piculus rivolii"
*Black-necked Woodpecker "Colaptes atricollis" (E)
*Spot-breasted Woodpecker "Colaptes punctigula"
*Andean Flicker "Colaptes rupicola"
*Scaly-breasted Woodpecker "Celeus grammicus"
*Chestnut Woodpecker "Celeus elegans"
*Cream-colored Woodpecker "Celeus flavus"
*Rufous-headed Woodpecker "Celeus spectabilis"
*Ringed Woodpecker "Celeus torquatus"
*Lineated Woodpecker "Dryocopus lineatus"
*Powerful Woodpecker "Campephilus pollens"
*Crimson-bellied Woodpecker "Campephilus haematogaster"
*Red-necked Woodpecker "Campephilus rubricollis"
*Crimson-crested Woodpecker "Campephilus melanoleucos"
*Guayaquil Woodpecker "Campephilus gayaquilensis"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Furnariidae

Ovenbirds comprise a large family of small sub-oscine passerine bird species found in Central and South America. They are a diverse group of insectivores which gets its name from the elaborate "oven-like" clay nests built by some species, although others build stick nests or nest in tunnels or clefts in rock. There are 243 species worldwide and 122 species which occur in Peru. Peru contains the greatest diversity of ovenbirds of any country.

*Coastal Miner "Geositta peruviana" (E)
*Grayish Miner "Geositta maritima"
*Common Miner "Geositta cunicularia"
*Puna Miner "Geositta punensis"
*Dark-winged Miner "Geositta saxicolina" (E)
*Thick-billed Miner "Geositta crassirostris" (E)
*Slender-billed Miner "Geositta tenuirostris"
*Scale-throated Earthcreeper "Upucerthia dumetaria"
*Plain-breasted Earthcreeper "Upucerthia jelskii"
*White-throated Earthcreeper "Upucerthia albigula"
*Striated Earthcreeper "Upucerthia serrana" (E)
*Straight-billed Earthcreeper "Upucerthia ruficauda"
*Peruvian Seaside Cinclodes "Cinclodes taczanowskii" (E)
*Bar-winged Cinclodes "Cinclodes fuscus"
*Royal Cinclodes "Cinclodes aricomae"
*White-winged Cinclodes "Cinclodes atacamensis"
*White-bellied Cinclodes "Cinclodes palliatus" (E)
*Pale-legged Hornero "Furnarius leucopus"
*Bay Hornero "Furnarius torridus"
*Lesser Hornero "Furnarius minor"
*Andean Tit-Spinetail "Leptasthenura andicola"
*Streaked Tit-Spinetail "Leptasthenura striata"
*Rusty-crowned Tit-Spinetail "Leptasthenura pileata" (E)
*White-browed Tit-Spinetail "Leptasthenura xenothorax" (E)
*Plain-mantled Tit-Spinetail "Leptasthenura aegithaloides"
*Tawny Tit-Spinetail "Leptasthenura yanacensis"
*Wren-like Rushbird "Phleocryptes melanops"
*Russet-bellied Spinetail "Synallaxis zimmeri" (E)
*Rufous Spinetail "Synallaxis unirufa"
*Azara's Spinetail "Synallaxis azarae"
*Apurimac Spinetail "Synallaxis courseni" (E)
*Cinereous-breasted Spinetail "Synallaxis hypospodia"
*Pale-breasted Spinetail "Synallaxis albescens"
*Dark-breasted Spinetail "Synallaxis albigularis"
*Slaty Spinetail "Synallaxis brachyura"
*Cabanis's Spinetail "Synallaxis cabanisi"
*Dusky Spinetail "Synallaxis moesta"
*Plain-crowned Spinetail "Synallaxis gujanensis"
*Maranon Spinetail "Synallaxis maranonica"
*White-bellied Spinetail "Synallaxis propinqua"
*Blackish-headed Spinetail "Synallaxis tithys"
*Ruddy Spinetail "Synallaxis rutilans"
*Chestnut-throated Spinetail "Synallaxis cherriei"
*Necklaced Spinetail "Synallaxis stictothorax"
*Chinchipe Spinetail "Synallaxis chinchipensis" (E)
*Great Spinetail "Siptornopsis hypochondriacus" (E)
*White-browed Spinetail "Hellmayrea gularis"
*Creamy-crested Spinetail "Cranioleuca albicapilla" (E)
*Light-crowned Spinetail "Cranioleuca albiceps"
*Marcapata Spinetail "Cranioleuca marcapatae" (E)
*Baron's Spinetail "Cranioleuca baroni" (E)
*Line-cheeked Spinetail "Cranioleuca antisiensis"
*Ash-browed Spinetail "Cranioleuca curtata"
*Rusty-backed Spinetail "Cranioleuca vulpina"
*Parker's Spinetail "Cranioleuca vulpecula"
*Speckled Spinetail "Cranioleuca gutturata"
*Red-and-white Spinetail "Certhiaxis mustelina"
*Yellow-chinned Spinetail "Certhiaxis cinnamomea"
*White-chinned Thistletail "Schizoeaca fuliginosa"
*Mouse-colored Thistletail "Schizoeaca griseomurina"
*Eye-ringed Thistletail "Schizoeaca palpebralis" (E)
*Vilcabamba Thistletail "Schizoeaca vilcabambae" (E)
*Puna Thistletail "Schizoeaca helleri" (E)
*Creamy-breasted Canastero "Asthenes dorbignyi"
*Dark-winged Canastero "Asthenes arequipae"
*Pale-tailed Canastero "Asthenes huancavelicae" (E)
*Canyon Canastero "Asthenes pudibunda" (E)
*Rusty-fronted Canastero "Asthenes ottonis" (E)
*Cordilleran Canastero "Asthenes modesta"
*Cactus Canastero "Asthenes cactorum" (E)
*Streak-throated Canastero "Asthenes humilis"
*Streak-backed Canastero "Asthenes wyatti"
*Puna Canastero "Asthenes sclateri"
*Scribble-tailed Canastero "Asthenes maculicauda"
*Junin Canastero "Asthenes virgata" (E)
*Line-fronted Canastero "Asthenes urubambensis"
*Many-striped Canastero "Asthenes flammulata"
*Plain Softtail "Phacellodomus fusciceps"
*Russet-mantled Softtail "Phacellodomus berlepschi" (E)
*Common Thornbird "Phacellodomus rufifrons"
*Streak-fronted Thornbird "Phacellodomus striaticeps"
*Chestnut-backed Thornbird "Phacellodomus dorsalis" (E)
*Orange-fronted Plushcrown "Metopothrix aurantiacus"
*Equatorial Graytail "Xenerpestes singularis"
*Spectacled Prickletail "Siptornis striaticollis"
*Rusty-winged Barbtail "Premnornis guttuligera"
*Spotted Barbtail "Premnoplex brunnescens"
*Pearled Treerunner "Margarornis squamiger"
*Rufous-tailed Xenops "Xenops milleri"
*Slender-billed Xenops "Xenops tenuirostris"
*Plain Xenops "Xenops minutus"
*Streaked Xenops "Xenops rutilans"
*Montane Foliage-gleaner "Anabacerthia striaticollis"
*Streaked Tuftedcheek "Pseudocolaptes boissonneautii"
*Flammulated Treehunter "Thripadectes flammulatus"
*Buff-throated Treehunter "Thripadectes scrutator"
*Striped Treehunter "Thripadectes holostictus"
*Black-billed Treehunter "Thripadectes melanorhynchus"
*Lineated Foliage-gleaner "Syndactyla subalaris"
*Buff-browed Foliage-gleaner "Syndactyla rufosuperciliata"
*Rufous-necked Foliage-gleaner "Syndactyla ruficollis"
*Point-tailed Palmcreeper "Berlepschia rikeri"
*Peruvian Recurvebill "Simoxenops ucayalae"
*Striped Woodhaunter "Hyloctistes subulatus"
*Chestnut-winged Hookbill "Ancistrops strigilatus"
*Chestnut-winged Foliage-gleaner "Philydor erythropterus"
*Rufous-rumped Foliage-gleaner "Philydor erythrocercus"
*Rufous-tailed Foliage-gleaner "Philydor ruficaudatus"
*Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner "Philydor rufus"
*Cinnamon-rumped Foliage-gleaner "Philydor pyrrhodes"
*Crested Foliage-gleaner "Automolus dorsalis"
*Chestnut-crowned Foliage-gleaner "Automolus rufipileatus"
*Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner "Automolus ochrolaemus"
*Olive-backed Foliage-gleaner "Automolus infuscatus"
*Brown-rumped Foliage-gleaner "Automolus melanopezus"
*Ruddy Foliage-gleaner "Automolus rubiginosus"
*Henna-hooded Foliage-gleaner "Hylocryptus erythrocephalus"
*Short-billed Leaftosser "Sclerurus rufigularis"
*Tawny-throated Leaftosser "Sclerurus mexicanus"
*Gray-throated Leaftosser "Sclerurus albigularis"
*Black-tailed Leaftosser "Sclerurus caudacutus"
*Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper "Lochmias nematura"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Dendrocolaptidae

The Dendrocolaptidae are brownish birds and maintain an upright vertical posture, supported by their stiff tail vanes. They feed mainly on insects taken from tree trunks. There are 57 species worldwide and 30 species which occur in Peru.

*Tyrannine Woodcreeper "Dendrocincla tyrannina"
*Plain-brown Woodcreeper "Dendrocincla fuliginosa"
*White-chinned Woodcreeper "Dendrocincla merula"
*Long-tailed Woodcreeper "Deconychura longicauda"
*Spot-throated Woodcreeper "Deconychura stictolaema"
*Olivaceous Woodcreeper "Sittasomus griseicapillus"
*Wedge-billed Woodcreeper "Glyphorynchus spirurus"
*Long-billed Woodcreeper "Nasica longirostris"
*Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper "Dendrexetastes rufigula"
*Bar-bellied Woodcreeper "Hylexetastes stresemanni"
*Strong-billed Woodcreeper "Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus"
*Amazonian Barred-Woodcreeper "Dendrocolaptes certhia"
*Black-banded Woodcreeper "Dendrocolaptes picumnus"
*Striped Woodcreeper "Xiphorhynchus obsoletus"
*Ocellated Woodcreeper "Xiphorhynchus ocellatus"
*Tschudi's Woodcreeper "Xiphorhynchus chunchotambo"
*Elegant Woodcreeper "Xiphorhynchus elegans"
*Juruá Woodcreeper "Xiphorhynchus juruanus"
*Buff-throated Woodcreeper "Xiphorhynchus guttatus"
*Lafresnaye's Woodcreeper "Xiphorhynchus guttatoides"
*Olive-backed Woodcreeper "Xiphorhynchus triangularis"
*Straight-billed Woodcreeper "Dendroplex picus"
*Zimmer's Woodcreeper "Dendroplex kienerii" (A)
*Streak-headed Woodcreeper "Lepidocolaptes souleyetii"
*Montane Woodcreeper "Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger"
*Lineated Woodcreeper "Lepidocolaptes albolineatus"
*Greater Scythebill "Campylorhamphus pucherani"
*Red-billed Scythebill "Campylorhamphus trochilirostris"
*Brown-billed Scythebill "Campylorhamphus pusillus"
*Curve-billed Scythebill "Campylorhamphus procurvoides"

Typical antbirds

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Thamnophilidae

The antbirds are a large family of small passerine birds of subtropical and tropical Central and South America. They are forest birds, and tend to feed on insects at or near the ground. A sizable minority of them specialize in following columns of army ants to eat the small invertebrates that leave hiding to flee the ants.Many species lack bright colour; brown, black and white being the dominant tones. There are about 212 species worldwide and 107 species which occur in Peru.

*Fasciated Antshrike "Cymbilaimus lineatus"
*Bamboo Antshrike "Cymbilaimus sanctaemariae"
*Undulated Antshrike "Frederickena unduligera"
*Great Antshrike "Taraba major"
*Collared Antshrike "Sakesphorus bernardi"
*Black-crested Antshrike "Sakesphorus canadensis"
*Barred Antshrike "Thamnophilus doliatus"
*Chapman's Antshrike "Thamnophilus zarumae"
*Chestnut-backed Antshrike "Thamnophilus palliatus"
*Lined Antshrike "Thamnophilus tenuepunctatus"
*Castelnau's Antshrike "Thamnophilus cryptoleucus"
*White-shouldered Antshrike "Thamnophilus aethiops"
*Uniform Antshrike "Thamnophilus unicolor"
*Upland Antshrike "Thamnophilus aroyae"
*Plain-winged Antshrike "Thamnophilus schistaceus"
*Mouse-colored Antshrike "Thamnophilus murinus"
*Western Slaty-Antshrike "Thamnophilus atrinucha" (A)
*Northern Slaty-Antshrike "Thamnophilus punctatus"
*Marañón Slaty-Antshrike "Thamnophilus leucogaster" (E)
*Amazonian Antshrike "Thamnophilus amazonicus"
*Variable Antshrike "Thamnophilus caerulescens"
*Rufous-capped Antshrike "Thamnophilus ruficapillus"
*Spot-winged Antshrike "Pygiptila stellaris"
*Pearly Antshrike "Megastictus margaritatus"
*Black Bushbird "Neoctantes niger"
*Russet Antshrike "Thamnistes anabatinus"
*Plain Antvireo "Dysithamnus mentalis"
*White-streaked Antvireo "Dysithamnus leucostictus" (A)
*Saturnine Antshrike "Thamnomanes saturninus"
*Dusky-throated Antshrike "Thamnomanes ardesiacus"
*Cinereous Antshrike "Thamnomanes caesius"
*Bluish-slate Antshrike "Thamnomanes schistogynus"
*Pygmy Antwren "Myrmotherula brachyura"
*Moustached Antwren "Myrmotherula ignota"
*Sclater's Antwren "Myrmotherula sclateri"
*Cherrie's Antwren "Myrmotherula cherriei" (A)
*Amazonian Antwren "Myrmotherula multostriata"
*Stripe-chested Antwren "Myrmotherula longicauda"
*Plain-throated Antwren "Myrmotherula hauxwelli"
*White-eyed Antwren "Myrmotherula leucophthalma"
*Brown-backed Antwren "Myrmotherula fjeldsaai"
*Stipple-throated Antwren "Myrmotherula haematonota"
*Foothill Antwren "Myrmotherula spodionota"
*Ornate Antwren "Myrmotherula ornata"
*Rufous-tailed Antwren "Myrmotherula erythrura"
*White-flanked Antwren "Myrmotherula axillaris"
*Slaty Antwren "Myrmotherula schisticolor"
*Rio Suno Antwren "Myrmotherula sunensis"
*Long-winged Antwren "Myrmotherula longipennis"
*Ihering's Antwren "Myrmotherula iheringi"
*Gray Antwren "Myrmotherula menetriesii"
*Leaden Antwren "Myrmotherula assimilis"
*Banded Antwren "Dichrozona cincta"
*Ash-throated Antwren "Herpsilochmus parkeri" (E)
*Creamy-bellied Antwren "Herpsilochmus motacilloides" (E)
*Dugand's Antwren "Herpsilochmus dugandi"
*Ancient Antwren "Herpsilochmus gentryi"
*Yellow-breasted Antwren "Herpsilochmus axillaris"
*Rufous-winged Antwren "Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus"
*Dot-winged Antwren "Microrhopias quixensis"
*Rusty-backed Antwren "Formicivora rufa"
*Striated Antbird "Drymophila devillei"
*Long-tailed Antbird "Drymophila caudata"
*Rufous-rumped Antwren "Terenura callinota"
*Chestnut-shouldered Antwren "Terenura humeralis"
*Yellow-rumped Antwren "Terenura sharpei"
*Ash-winged Antwren "Terenura spodioptila" (A)
*Gray Antbird "Cercomacra cinerascens"
*Blackish Antbird "Cercomacra nigrescens"
*Black Antbird "Cercomacra serva"
*Manu Antbird "Cercomacra manu"
*White-backed Fire-eye "Pyriglena leuconota"
*White-browed Antbird "Myrmoborus leucophrys"
*Ash-breasted Antbird "Myrmoborus lugubris"
*Black-faced Antbird "Myrmoborus myotherinus"
*Black-tailed Antbird "Myrmoborus melanurus" (E)
*Warbling Antbird "Hypocnemis cantator"
*Yellow-browed Antbird "Hypocnemis hypoxantha"
*Black-chinned Antbird "Hypocnemoides melanopogon"
*Band-tailed Antbird "Hypocnemoides maculicauda"
*Black-and-white Antbird "Myrmochanes hemileucus"
*Silvered Antbird "Sclateria naevia"
*Black-headed Antbird "Percnostola rufifrons"
*Allpahuayo Antbird "Percnostola arenarum" (E)
*Slate-colored Antbird "Percnostola schistacea"
*Spot-winged Antbird "Percnostola leucostigma"
*White-lined Antbird "Percnostola lophotes" (E)
*Northern Chestnut-tailed Antbird "Myrmeciza castanea"
*Southern Chestnut-tailed Antbird "Myrmeciza hemimelaena"
*Plumbeous Antbird "Myrmeciza hyperythra"
*White-shouldered Antbird "Myrmeciza melanoceps"
*Goeldi's Antbird "Myrmeciza goeldii"
*Sooty Antbird "Myrmeciza fortis"
*Gray-headed Antbird "Myrmeciza griseiceps"
*Black-throated Antbird "Myrmeciza atrothorax"
*White-plumed Antbird "Pithys albifrons"
*White-masked Antbird "Pithys castanea" (E)
*Bicolored Antbird "Gymnopithys leucaspis"
*Lunulated Antbird "Gymnopithys lunulata" (E)
*White-throated Antbird "Gymnopithys salvini"
*Wing-banded Antbird "Myrmornis torquata"
*Hairy-crested Antbird "Rhegmatorhina melanosticta"
*Spot-backed Antbird "Hylophylax naevia"
*Dot-backed Antbird "Hylophylax punctulata"
*Scale-backed Antbird "Hylophylax poecilinota"
*Black-spotted Bare-eye "Phlegopsis nigromaculata"
*Reddish-winged Bare-eye "Phlegopsis erythroptera"

Antthrushes and Antpittas

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Formicariidae

The ground antbirds are a family comprising the antthrushes and antpittas. Antthrushes resemble small rails while antpittas resemble the true pittas with longish strong legs, very short tails and stout bills. There are about 63 species worldwide and 35 species which occur in Peru.

*Rufous-capped Antthrush "Formicarius colma"
*Black-faced Antthrush "Formicarius analis"
*Rufous-fronted Antthrush "Formicarius rufifrons" (E)
*Rufous-breasted Antthrush "Formicarius rufipectus"
*Striated Antthrush "Chamaeza nobilis"
*Short-tailed Antthrush "Chamaeza campanisona"
*Barred Antthrush "Chamaeza mollissima"
*Undulated Antpitta "Grallaria squamigera"
*Variegated Antpitta "Grallaria varia"
*Scaled Antpitta "Grallaria guatimalensis"
*Plain-backed Antpitta "Grallaria haplonota" (A)
*Ochre-striped Antpitta "Grallaria dignissima"
*Elusive Antpitta "Grallaria eludens" (E)
*Chestnut-crowned Antpitta "Grallaria ruficapilla"
*Watkins's Antpitta "Grallaria watkinsi"
*Stripe-headed Antpitta "Grallaria andicola"
*Chestnut-naped Antpitta "Grallaria nuchalis"
*Pale-billed Antpitta "Grallaria carrikeri" (E)
*White-bellied Antpitta "Grallaria hypoleuca"
*Rusty-tinged Antpitta "Grallaria przewalskii" (E)
*Bay Antpitta "Grallaria capitalis" (E)
*Red-and-white Antpitta "Grallaria erythroleuca" (E)
*White-throated Antpitta "Grallaria albigula"
*Rufous Antpitta "Grallaria rufula"
*Chestnut Antpitta "Grallaria blakei" (E)
*Tawny Antpitta "Grallaria quitensis"
*Spotted Antpitta "Hylopezus macularius"
*White-lored Antpitta "Hylopezus fulviventris"
*Amazonian Antpitta "Hylopezus berlepschi"
*Thrush-like Antpitta "Myrmothera campanisona"
*Ochre-breasted Antpitta "Grallaricula flavirostris"
*Rusty-breasted Antpitta "Grallaricula ferrugineipectus"
*Peruvian Antpitta "Grallaricula peruviana" (E)
*Ochre-fronted Antpitta "Grallaricula ochraceifrons" (E)
*Slate-crowned Antpitta "Grallaricula nana"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Conopophagidae

The gnateaters are round, short-tailed, and long-legged birds, which are closely related to the antbirds. There are 8 species worldwide, all found in South America, and 4 species which occur in Peru.

*Chestnut-belted Gnateater "Conopophaga aurita"
*Ash-throated Gnateater "Conopophaga peruviana"
*Slaty Gnateater "Conopophaga ardesiaca"
*Chestnut-crowned Gnateater "Conopophaga castaneiceps"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Rhinocryptidae

The tapaculos are a group of small suboscine passeriform birds with numerous species, found in South America. They are terrestrial species that fly only poorly on their short wings. They have strong legs, well-suited to their habitat of grassland or forest undergrowth. The tail is cocked and pointed towards the head. There are 56 species worldwide and 22 species which occur in Peru. Peru has the largest number of tapaculos of any country.

*Rusty-belted Tapaculo "Liosceles thoracicus"
*Elegant Crescent-chest "Melanopareia elegans"
*Maranon Crescent-chest "Melanopareia maranonica"
*Ash-colored Tapaculo "Myornis senilis"
*Unicolored Tapaculo "Scytalopus unicolor" (E)
*Blackish Tapaculo "Scytalopus latrans"
*Trilling Tapaculo "Scytalopus parvirostris"
*Large-footed Tapaculo "Scytalopus macropus" (E)
*Rufous-vented Tapaculo "Scytalopus femoralis" (E)
*Long-tailed Tapaculo "Scytalopus micropterus"
*Bolivian Tapaculo "Scytalopus bolivianus"
*White-crowned Tapaculo "Scytalopus atratus"
*Puna Tapaculo "Scytalopus simonsi"
*Vilcabamba Tapaculo "Scytalopus urubambae" (E)
*Neblina Tapaculo "Scytalopus altirostris" (E)
*Ancash Tapaculo "Scytalopus affinis" (E)
*Paramo Tapaculo "Scytalopus canus"
*Matorral Tapaculo "Scytalopus griseicollis"
*Tschudi's Tapaculo "Scytalopus acutirostris" (E)
*Diademed Tapaculo "Scytalopus schulenbergi"
*Chusquea Tapaculo "Scytalopus parkeri"
*Ocellated Tapaculo "Acropternis orthonyx"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Cotingidae

The cotingas are birds of forests or forest edges of tropical South America. Comparatively little is known about this diverse group, although all have broad bills with hooked tips, rounded wings, and strong legs. The males of many of the species are brightly coloured, or decorated with plumes or wattles. There are 71 species worldwide and 34 species which occur in Peru

*Sharpbill "Oxyruncus cristatus"
*Peruvian Plantcutter "Phytotoma raimondii" (E)
*Black-necked Red-Cotinga "Phoenicircus nigricollis"
*Shrike-like Cotinga "Laniisoma elegans"
*Red-crested Cotinga "Ampelion rubrocristata"
*Chestnut-crested Cotinga "Ampelion rufaxilla"
*Chestnut-bellied Cotinga "Doliornis remseni"
*Bay-vented Cotinga "Doliornis sclateri" (E)
*White-cheeked Cotinga "Zaratornis stresemanni" (E)
*Green-and-black Fruiteater "Pipreola riefferii"
*Band-tailed Fruiteater "Pipreola intermedia"
*Barred Fruiteater "Pipreola arcuata"
*Black-chested Fruiteater "Pipreola lubomirskii"
*Masked Fruiteater "Pipreola pulchra" (E)
*Fiery-throated Fruiteater "Pipreola chlorolepidota"
*Scarlet-breasted Fruiteater "Pipreola frontalis"
*Scaled Fruiteater "Ampelioides tschudii"
*White-browed Purpletuft "Iodopleura isabellae"
*Gray-tailed Piha "Snowornis subalaris"
*Olivaceous Piha "Snowornis cryptolophus"
*Dusky Piha "Lipaugus fuscocinereus"
*Scimitar-winged Piha "Lipaugus uropygialis"
*Screaming Piha "Lipaugus vociferans"
*Purple-throated Cotinga "Porphyrolaema porphyrolaema"
*Plum-throated Cotinga "Cotinga maynana"
*Purple-breasted Cotinga "Cotinga cotinga" (A)
*Spangled Cotinga "Cotinga cayana"
*Pompadour Cotinga "Xipholena punicea" (A)
*Black-faced Cotinga "Conioptilon mcilhennyi" (E)
*Bare-necked Fruitcrow "Gymnoderus foetidus"
*Purple-throated Fruitcrow "Querula purpurata"
*Red-ruffed Fruitcrow "Pyroderus scutatus"
*Amazonian Umbrellabird "Cephalopterus ornatus"
*Andean Cock-of-the-rock "Rupicola peruviana"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Pipridae

The manakins are a family bird species of subtropical and tropical mainland Central and South America, and Trinidad and Tobago. They are compact forest birds, the males typically being brightly coloured, although the females of most species are duller and usually green-plumaged. Manakins feed on small fruits, berries and insects. There are 57 species worldwide and 26 species which occur in Peru.

*Jet Manakin "Chloropipo unicolor"
*Green Manakin "Chloropipo holochlora"
*White-bearded Manakin "Manacus manacus"
*Blue-backed Manakin "Chiroxiphia pareola"
*Yungas Manakin "Chiroxiphia boliviana"
*Band-tailed Manakin "Pipra fasciicauda"
*Wire-tailed Manakin "Pipra filicauda"
*White-crowned Manakin "Dixiphia pipra"
*Blue-crowned Manakin "Lepidothrix coronata"
*Golden-headed Manakin "Pipra erythrocephala"
*Red-headed Manakin "Pipra rubrocapilla"
*Round-tailed Manakin "Pipra chloromeros"
*Blue-rumped Manakin "Lepidothrix isidorei"
*Cerulean-capped Manakin "Lepidothrix coeruleocapilla" (E)
*Golden-winged Manakin "Masius chrysopterus"
*Fiery-capped Manakin "Machaeropterus pyrocephalus"
*Western Striped Manakin "Machaeropterus striolatus"
*Black Manakin "Xenopipo atronitens"
*Orange-crested Manakin "Heterocercus aurantiivertex"
*Flame-crested Manakin "Heterocercus linteatus"
*Saffron-crested Tyrant-Manakin "Neopelma chrysocephalum" (A)
*Sulphur-bellied Tyrant-Manakin "Neopelma sulphureiventer"
*Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin "Tyranneutes stolzmanni"
*Wing-barred Piprites "Piprites chloris"
*Greater Schiffornis "Schiffornis major"
*Thrush-like Schiffornis "Schiffornis turdinus"

Tyrant flycatchers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Tyrannidae

Tyrant flycatchers are passerine birds which occur throughout North and South America. They superficially resemble the Old World flycatchers, but are more robust with stronger bills. They do not have the sophisticated vocal capabilities of the songbirds. Most, but not all, have plain colouring. As the name implies, most are insectivorous. There are 429 species worldwide, all found only in the Americas and 259 species which occur in Peru. This is the largest number of tyrant flycatchers contained in any country and indeed is the largest assemblage of a family in any country on earth.

*White-lored Tyrannulet "Ornithion inerme"
*Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet "Camptostoma obsoletum"
*Mouse-colored Tyrannulet "Phaeomyias murina"
*Yellow Tyrannulet "Capsiempis flaveola"
*Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet "Tyrannulus elatus"
*Forest Elaenia "Myiopagis gaimardii"
*Foothill Elaenia "Myiopagis olallai"
*Gray Elaenia "Myiopagis caniceps"
*Pacific Elaenia "Myiopagis subplacens"
*Yellow-crowned Elaenia "Myiopagis flavivertex"
*Greenish Elaenia "Myiopagis viridicata"
*Gray-and-white Tyrannulet "Pseudelaenia leucospodia"
*Large Elaenia "Elaenia spectabilis"
*Yellow-bellied Elaenia "Elaenia flavogaster"
*White-crested Elaenia "Elaenia albiceps"
*Small-billed Elaenia "Elaenia parvirostris"
*Slaty Elaenia "Elaenia strepera"
*Mottle-backed Elaenia "Elaenia gigas"
*Brownish Elaenia "Elaenia pelzelni"
*Plain-crested Elaenia "Elaenia cristata"
*Lesser Elaenia "Elaenia chiriquensis"
*Highland Elaenia "Elaenia obscura"
*Sierran Elaenia "Elaenia pallatangae"
*Torrent Tyrannulet "Serpophaga cinerea"
*River Tyrannulet "Serpophaga hypoleuca"
*Ochre-bellied Flycatcher "Mionectes oleagineus"
*Streak-necked Flycatcher "Mionectes striaticollis"
*Olive-striped Flycatcher "Mionectes olivaceus"
*MacConnell's Flycatcher "Mionectes macconnelli"
*Rufous-breasted Flycatcher "Leptopogon rufipectus"
*Inca Flycatcher "Leptopogon taczanowskii" (E)
*Sepia-capped Flycatcher "Leptopogon amaurocephalus"
*Slaty-capped Flycatcher "Leptopogon superciliaris"
*Bronze-olive Pygmy-Tyrant "Pseudotriccus pelzelni"
*Hazel-fronted Pygmy-Tyrant "Pseudotriccus simplex"
*Rufous-headed Pygmy-Tyrant "Pseudotriccus ruficeps"
*Variegated Bristle-Tyrant "Pogonotriccus poecilotis"
*Marble-faced Bristle-Tyrant "Pogonotriccus ophthalmicus"
*Spectacled Bristle-Tyrant "Pogonotriccus orbitalis"
*Ecuadorian Tyrannulet "Phylloscartes gualaquizae"
*Rufous-lored Tyrannulet "Phylloscartes flaviventris"
*Cinnamon-faced Tyrannulet "Phylloscartes parkeri"
*Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet "Phylloscartes ventralis"
*Rufous-browed Tyrannulet "Phylloscartes superciliaris" (A)
*Rough-legged Tyrannulet "Phyllomyias burmeisteri"
*Sclater's Tyrannulet "Phyllomyias sclateri"
*Sooty-headed Tyrannulet "Phyllomyias griseiceps"
*Plumbeous-crowned Tyrannulet "Phyllomyias plumbeiceps"
*Black-capped Tyrannulet "Phyllomyias nigrocapillus"
*Ashy-headed Tyrannulet "Phyllomyias cinereiceps"
*Tawny-rumped Tyrannulet "Phyllomyias uropygialis"
*Bolivian Tyrannulet "Zimmerius bolivianus"
*Red-billed Tyrannulet "Zimmerius cinereicapillus"
*Mishana Tyrannulet "Zimmerius villarejoi" (E)
*Slender-footed Tyrannulet "Zimmerius gracilipes"
*Peruvian Tyrannulet "Zimmerius viridiflavus" (E)
*Golden-faced Tyrannulet "Zimmerius chrysops"
*Amazonian Scrub-Flycatcher "Sublegatus obscurior"
*Southern Scrub-Flycatcher "Sublegatus modestus"
*White-throated Tyrannulet "Mecocerculus leucophrys"
*White-tailed Tyrannulet "Mecocerculus poecilocercus"
*Buff-banded Tyrannulet "Mecocerculus hellmayri"
*Rufous-winged Tyrannulet "Mecocerculus calopterus"
*Sulphur-bellied Tyrannulet "Mecocerculus minor"
*White-banded Tyrannulet "Mecocerculus stictopterus"
*Plain Tyrannulet "Inezia inornata"
*Lesser Wagtail-Tyrant "Stigmatura napensis"
*Unstreaked Tit-Tyrant "Anairetes agraphia" (E)
*Ash-breasted Tit-Tyrant "Anairetes alpinus"
*Black-crested Tit-Tyrant "Anairetes nigrocristatus"
*Pied-crested Tit-Tyrant "Anairetes reguloides"
*Yellow-billed Tit-Tyrant "Anairetes flavirostris"
*Tufted Tit-Tyrant "Anairetes parulus"
*Many-colored Rush-Tyrant "Tachuris rubrigastra"
*Subtropical Doradito "Pseudocolopteryx acutipennis"
*Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant "Euscarthmus meloryphus"
*White-bellied Pygmy-Tyrant "Myiornis albiventris"
*Short-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant "Myiornis ecaudatus"
*Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant "Lophotriccus pileatus"
*Double-banded Pygmy-Tyrant "Lophotriccus vitiosus"
*Long-crested Pygmy-Tyrant "Lophotriccus eulophotes"
*Helmeted Pygmy-Tyrant "Lophotriccus galeatus" (A)
*Rufous-crowned Tody-Tyrant "Poecilotriccus ruficeps"
*Lulu's Tody-Tyrant "Poecilotriccus luluae" (E)
*White-cheeked Tody-Tyrant "Poecilotriccus albifacies" (E)
*Black-and-white Tody-Tyrant "Poecilotriccus capitalis"
*Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher "Poecilotriccus plumbeiceps"
*Rusty-fronted Tody-Flycatcher "Poecilotriccus latirostris"
*Black-backed Tody-Flycatcher "Poecilotriccus pulchellus" (E)
*Snethlage's Tody-Tyrant "Hemitriccus minor"
*Flammulated Bamboo-Tyrant "Hemitriccus flammulatus"
*White-eyed Tody-Tyrant "Hemitriccus zosterops"
*White-bellied Tody Tyrant "Hemitriccus griseipectus"
*Zimmer's Tody-Tyrant "Hemitriccus minimus"
*Johannes's Tody-Tyrant "Hemitriccus iohannis"
*Stripe-necked Tody-Tyrant "Hemitriccus striaticollis"
*Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant "Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer"
*Black-throated Tody-Tyrant "Hemitriccus granadensis"
*Buff-throated Tody-Tyrant "Hemitriccus rufigularis"
*Cinnamon-breasted Tody-Tyrant "Hemitriccus cinnamomeipectus"
*Common Tody-Flycatcher "Todirostrum cinereum"
*Spotted Tody-Flycatcher "Todirostrum maculatum"
*Golden-winged Tody-Flycatcher "Poecilotriccus calopterus"
*Yellow-browed Tody-Flycatcher "Todirostrum chrysocrotaphum"
*Ringed Antpipit "Corythopis torquata"
*Brownish Flycatcher "Cnipodectes subbrunneus"
*Large-headed Flatbill "Ramphotrigon megacephala"
*Dusky-tailed Flatbill "Ramphotrigon fuscicauda"
*Rufous-tailed Flatbill "Ramphotrigon ruficauda"
*Olivaceous Flatbill "Rhynchocyclus olivaceus"
*Fulvous-breasted Flatbill "Rhynchocyclus fulvipectus"
*Yellow-olive Flycatcher "Tolmomyias sulphurescens"
*Yellow-margined Flycatcher "Tolmomyias assimilis"
*Gray-crowned Flycatcher "Tolmomyias poliocephalus"
*Orange-eyed Flycatcher "Tolmomyias traylori"
*Yellow-breasted Flycatcher "Tolmomyias flaviventris"
*Cinnamon-crested Spadebill "Platyrinchus saturatus"
*Yellow-throated Spadebill "Platyrinchus flavigularis"
*Golden-crowned Spadebill "Platyrinchus coronatus"
*White-throated Spadebill "Platyrinchus mystaceus"
*White-crested Spadebill "Platyrinchus platyrhynchos"
*Amazonian Royal-Flycatcher "Onychorhynchus coronatus"
*Pacific Royal-Flycatcher "Onychorhynchus occidentalis"
*Ornate Flycatcher "Myiotriccus ornatus"
*Flavescent Flycatcher "Myiophobus flavicans"
*Orange-crested Flycatcher "Myiophobus phoenicomitra"
*Roraiman Flycatcher "Myiophobus roraimae"
*Unadorned Flycatcher "Myiophobus inornatus"
*Handsome Flycatcher "Myiophobus pulcher"
*Orange-banded Flycatcher "Myiophobus lintoni"
*Ochraceous-breasted Flycatcher "Myiophobus ochraceiventris"
*Bran-colored Flycatcher "Myiophobus fasciatus"
*Olive-chested Flycatcher "Myiophobus cryptoxanthus"
*Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher "Terenotriccus erythrurus"
*Tawny-breasted Flycatcher "Myiobius villosus"
*Whiskered Flycatcher "Myiobius barbatus"
*Black-tailed Flycatcher "Myiobius atricaudus"
*Cinnamon Tyrant "Neopipo cinnamomea"
*Cinnamon Flycatcher "Pyrrhomyias cinnamomea"
*Cliff Flycatcher "Hirundinea ferruginea"
*Fuscous Flycatcher "Cnemotriccus fuscatus"
*Euler's Flycatcher "Lathrotriccus euleri"
*Gray-breasted Flycatcher "Lathrotriccus griseipectus"
*Olive Flycatcher "Mitrephanes olivaceus"
*Olive-sided Flycatcher "Contopus cooperi"
*Smoke-colored Pewee "Contopus fumigatus"
*Western Wood-Pewee "Contopus sordidulus"
*Eastern Wood-Pewee "Contopus virens"
*Tropical Pewee "Contopus cinereus"
*Blackish Pewee "Contopus nigrescens"
*Alder Flycatcher "Empidonax alnorum"
*Willow Flycatcher "Empidonax traillii"
*Black Phoebe "Sayornis nigricans"
*Vermilion Flycatcher "Pyrocephalus rubinus"
*Crowned Chat-Tyrant "Ochthoeca frontalis"
*Peruvian Chat-Tyrant "Ochthoeca spodionota" (E)
*Jelski's Chat-Tyrant "Ochthoeca jelskii"
*Yellow-bellied Chat-Tyrant "Ochthoeca diadema"
*Golden-browed Chat-Tyrant "Ochthoeca pulchella"
*Slaty-backed Chat-Tyrant "Ochthoeca cinnamomeiventris"
*Maroon-chested Chat-Tyrant "Ochthoeca thoracica"
*Piura Chat-Tyrant "Ochthoeca piurae" (E)
*D'Orbigny's Chat-Tyrant "Ochthoeca oenanthoides"
*Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant "Ochthoeca rufipectoralis"
*Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant "Ochthoeca fumicolor"
*White-browed Chat-Tyrant "Ochthoeca leucophrys"
*Tumbes Tyrant "Tumbezia salvini" (E)
*Drab Water-Tyrant "Ochthornis littoralis"
*Red-rumped Bush-Tyrant "Cnemarchus erythropygius"
*Streak-throated Bush-Tyrant "Myiotheretes striaticollis"
*Smoky Bush-Tyrant "Myiotheretes fumigatus"
*Rufous-bellied Bush-Tyrant "Myiotheretes fuscorufus"
*Gray Monjita "Xolmis cinerea"
*Black-billed Shrike-Tyrant "Agriornis montana"
*White-tailed Shrike-Tyrant "Agriornis andicola"
*Gray-bellied Shrike-Tyrant "Agriornis microptera"
*Rufous-webbed Tyrant "Polioxolmis rufipennis"
*Spot-billed Ground-Tyrant "Muscisaxicola maculirostris"
*Little Ground-Tyrant "Muscisaxicola fluviatilis"
*Dark-faced Ground-Tyrant "Muscisaxicola maclovianus"
*Cinnamon-bellied Ground-Tyrant "Muscisaxicola capistratus"
*Rufous-naped Ground-Tyrant "Muscisaxicola rufivertex"
*Puna Ground-Tyrant "Muscisaxicola juninensis"
*White-browed Ground-Tyrant "Muscisaxicola albilora"
*Plain-capped Ground-Tyrant "Muscisaxicola alpinus"
*Taczanowski's Ground-Tyrant "Muscisaxicola griseus"
*Cinereous Ground-Tyrant "Muscisaxicola cinereus"
*White-fronted Ground-Tyrant "Muscisaxicola albifrons"
*Ochre-naped Ground-Tyrant "Muscisaxicola flavinucha"
*Black-fronted Ground-Tyrant "Muscisaxicola frontalis"
*Short-tailed Field-Tyrant "Muscigralla brevicauda"
*Andean Negrito "Lessonia oreas"
*Austral Negrito "Lessonia rufa"
*Hudson's Black-Tyrant "Knipolegus hudsoni" (A)
*Amazonian Black-Tyrant "Knipolegus poecilocercus"
*Andean Tyrant "Knipolegus signatus"
*Rufous-tailed Tyrant "Knipolegus poecilurus"
*Riverside Tyrant "Knipolegus orenocensis"
*White-winged Black-Tyrant "Knipolegus aterrimus"
*Spectacled Tyrant "Hymenops perspicillatus"
*Black-backed Water-Tyrant "Fluvicola albiventer"
*Masked Water-Tyrant "Fluvicola nengeta"
*White-headed Marsh-Tyrant "Arundinicola leucocephala"
*Yellow-browed Tyrant "Satrapa icterophrys"
*Long-tailed Tyrant "Colonia colonus"
*Cinnamon Attila "Attila cinnamomeus"
*Ochraceous Attila "Attila torridus"
*Citron-bellied Attila "Attila citriniventris"
*Bright-rumped Attila "Attila spadiceus"
*Dull-capped Attila "Attila bolivianus"
*Cinereous Mourner "Laniocera hypopyrra"
*Rufous Casiornis "Casiornis rufa"
*Sirystes "Sirystes sibilator"
*Grayish Mourner "Rhytipterna simplex"
*Rufous Flycatcher "Myiarchus semirufus" (E)
*Dusky-capped Flycatcher "Myiarchus tuberculifer"
*Swainson's Flycatcher "Myiarchus swainsoni"
*Short-crested Flycatcher "Myiarchus ferox"
*Pale-edged Flycatcher "Myiarchus cephalotes"
*Sooty-crowned Flycatcher "Myiarchus phaeocephalus"
*Great Crested Flycatcher "Myiarchus crinitus" (A)
*Brown-crested Flycatcher "Myiarchus tyrannulus"
*Lesser Kiskadee "Philohydor lictor"
*Great Kiskadee "Pitangus sulphuratus"
*Boat-billed Flycatcher "Megarynchus pitangua"
*Rusty-margined Flycatcher "Myiozetetes cayanensis"
*Social Flycatcher "Myiozetetes similis"
*Gray-capped Flycatcher "Myiozetetes granadensis"
*Dusky-chested Flycatcher "Myiozetetes luteiventris"
*Three-striped Flycatcher "Conopias trivirgata"
*Yellow-throated Flycatcher "Conopias parva"
*Lemon-browed Flycatcher "Conopias cinchoneti"
*Golden-crowned Flycatcher "Myiodynastes chrysocephalus"
*Baird's Flycatcher "Myiodynastes bairdii"
*Streaked Flycatcher "Myiodynastes maculatus"
*Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher "Myiodynastes luteiventris"
*Piratic Flycatcher "Legatus leucophaius"
*Variegated Flycatcher "Empidonomus varius"
*Crowned Slaty Flycatcher "Griseotyrannus aurantioatrocristatus"
*Sulphury Flycatcher "Tyrannopsis sulphurea"
*Snowy-throated Kingbird "Tyrannus niveigularis"
*White-throated Kingbird "Tyrannus albogularis"
*Tropical Kingbird "Tyrannus melancholicus"
*Eastern Kingbird "Tyrannus tyrannus"
*Fork-tailed Flycatcher "Tyrannus savana"
*Chestnut-crowned Becard "Pachyramphus castaneus"
*Yellow-cheeked Becard "Pachyramphus xanthogenys"
*Barred Becard "Pachyramphus versicolor"
*White-winged Becard "Pachyramphus polychopterus"
*Black-and-white Becard "Pachyramphus albogriseus"
*Black-capped Becard "Pachyramphus marginatus"
*Cinereous Becard "Pachyramphus rufus"
*Slaty Becard "Pachyramphus spodiurus"
*Pink-throated Becard "Pachyramphus minor"
*One-colored Becard "Pachyramphus homochrous"
*Crested Becard "Pachyramphus validus"
*Black-tailed Tityra "Tityra cayana"
*Masked Tityra "Tityra semifasciata"
*Black-crowned Tityra "Tityra inquisitor"

wallows and Martins

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Hirundinidae

The Hirundinidae family is a group of passerines characterized by their adaptation to aerial feeding. Their adaptations include a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings and short bills with wide gape. The feet are designed for perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. There are 75 species worldwide and 23 species which occur in Peru.

*Brown-chested Martin "Progne tapera"
*Purple Martin "Progne subis"
*Caribbean Martin "Progne dominicensis" (A)
*Gray-breasted Martin "Progne chalybea"
*Southern Martin "Progne elegans"
*Peruvian Martin "Progne murphyi"
*Tree Swallow "Tachycineta bicolor" (A)
*Tumbes Swallow "Tachycineta stolzmanni" (E)
*White-winged Swallow "Tachycineta albiventer"
*White-rumped Swallow "Tachycineta leucorrhoa"
*Chilean Swallow "Tachycineta meyeni" (A)
*Blue-and-white Swallow "Notiochelidon cyanoleuca"
*Brown-bellied Swallow "Notiochelidon murina"
*Pale-footed Swallow "Notiochelidon flavipes"
*White-banded Swallow "Atticora fasciata"
*White-thighed Swallow "Neochelidon tibialis"
*Andean Swallow "Haplochelidon andecola"
*Tawny-headed Swallow "Alopochelidon fucata"
*Southern Rough-winged Swallow "Stelgidopteryx ruficollis"
*Bank Swallow "Riparia riparia"
*Cliff Swallow "Petrochelidon pyrrhonota"
*Chestnut-collared Swallow "Petrochelidon rufocollaris"
*Barn Swallow "Hirundo rustica"

Wagtails and Pipits

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Motacillidae

The Motacillidae are a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They include the wagtails, longclaws and pipits. They are slender, ground feeding insectivores of open country. There are 54 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Peru.

*Correndera Pipit "Anthus correndera"
*Short-billed Pipit "Anthus furcatus"
*Hellmayr's Pipit "Anthus hellmayri"
*Paramo Pipit "Anthus bogotensis"
*Yellowish Pipit "Anthus lutescens"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Cinclidae

Dippers are a group of perching birds whose habitat includes aquatic environments in the Americas, Europe, and Asia. They are named for their bobbing or dipping movements. There are 5 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Peru.

*White-capped Dipper "Cinclus leucocephalus"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Troglodytidae

The wrens are mainly small and inconspicuous except for their loud songs. These birds have short wings and a thin down-turned bill. Several species often hold their tails upright. All are insectivorous. There are 80 species worldwide (of which all but one are New World species) and 26 species which occur in Peru.

*Black-capped Donacobius "Donacobius atricapilla"
*Thrush-like Wren "Campylorhynchus turdinus"
*Fasciated Wren "Campylorhynchus fasciatus"
*Gray-mantled Wren "Odontorchilus branickii"
*Rufous Wren "Cinnycerthia unirufa"
*Sharpe's Wren "Cinnycerthia olivascens"
*Peruvian Wren "Cinnycerthia peruana" (E)
*Fulvous Wren "Cinnycerthia fulva"
*Inca Wren "Thryothorus eisenmanni" (E)
*Plain-tailed Wren "Thryothorus euophrys"
*Moustached Wren "Thryothorus genibarbis"
*Coraya Wren "Thryothorus coraya"
*Speckle-breasted Wren "Thryothorus sclateri"
*Buff-breasted Wren "Thryothorus leucotis"
*Superciliated Wren "Thryothorus superciliaris"
*Gray Wren "Thryothorus griseus"
*House Wren "Troglodytes aedon"
*Mountain Wren "Troglodytes solstitialis"
*Sedge Wren "Cistothorus platensis"
*White-breasted Wood-Wren "Henicorhina leucosticta"
*Gray-breasted Wood-Wren "Henicorhina leucophrys"
*Bar-winged Wood-Wren "Henicorhina leucoptera" (E)
*Scaly-breasted Wren "Microcerculus marginatus"
*Wing-banded Wren "Microcerculus bambla"
*Chestnut-breasted Wren "Cyphorhinus thoracicus"
*Musician Wren "Cyphorhinus aradus"

Mockingbirds and Thrashers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Mimidae

The mimids are a family of passerine birds that includes thrashers, mockingbirds, tremblers, and the New World catbirds. These birds are notable for their vocalizations, especially their ability to mimic a wide variety of birds and other sounds heard outdoors. Their colouring tends towards dull greys and browns . There are 35 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Peru.

*Long-tailed Mockingbird "Mimus longicaudatus"

Thrushes and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Turdidae

The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs. There are 335 species worldwide and 24 species which occur in Peru.

*Andean Solitaire "Myadestes ralloides"
*Rufous-brown Solitaire "Cichlopsis leucogenys"
*White-eared Solitaire "Entomodestes leucotis"
*Slaty-backed Nightingale-Thrush "Catharus fuscater"
*Spotted Nightingale-Thrush "Catharus dryas"
*Veery "Catharus fuscescens" (A)
*Gray-cheeked Thrush "Catharus minimus"
*Swainson's Thrush "Catharus ustulatus"
*Pale-eyed Thrush "Platycichla leucops"
*Chiguanco Thrush "Turdus chiguanco"
*Great Thrush "Turdus fuscater"
*Glossy-black Thrush "Turdus serranus"
*Andean Slaty-Thrush "Turdus nigriceps"
*Plumbeous-backed Thrush "Turdus reevei"
*Maranon Thrush "Turdus maranonicus" (E)
*Chestnut-bellied Thrush "Turdus fulviventris"
*Pale-breasted Thrush "Turdus leucomelas"
*Creamy-bellied Thrush "Turdus amaurochalinus"
*Black-billed Thrush "Turdus ignobilis"
*Lawrence's Thrush "Turdus lawrencii"
*Pale-vented Thrush "Turdus obsoletus" (A)
*Hauxwell's Thrush "Turdus hauxwelli"
*Ecuadorian Thrush "Turdus maculirostris"
*White-necked Thrush "Turdus albicollis"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Polioptilidae

These dainty birds resemble Old World warblers in their build and habits, moving restlessly through the foliage seeking insects. The gnatcatchers and gnatwrens are mainly soft bluish grey in colour, and have the typical insectivore's long sharp bill. They are birds of fairly open woodland or scrub, and nest in bushes or trees. There are 15 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Peru.

*Collared Gnatwren "Microbates collaris"
*Tawny-faced Gnatwren "Microbates cinereiventris"
*Long-billed Gnatwren "Ramphocaenus melanurus"
*Iquitos Gnatcatcher "Polioptila clementsi" (E)
*Tropical Gnatcatcher "Polioptila plumbea"

Crows, Jays, Ravens and Magpies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Corvidae

The Corvidae family includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers, and ground jays. Corvids are above average in size for the bird order Passeriformes. Some of the larger species show high levels of learning behavior. There are 120 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in Peru.

*Green Jay "Cyanocorax yncas"
*Purplish Jay "Cyanocorax cyanomelas"
*Violaceous Jay "Cyanocorax violaceus"
*White-tailed Jay "Cyanocorax mystacalis"
*Turquoise Jay "Cyanolyca turcosa"
*White-collared Jay "Cyanolyca viridicyana"
*Beautiful Jay "Cyanolyca pulchra"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Vireonidae

The vireos are a group of small to medium sized passerine birds restricted to the New World. They are typically greenish in colour and resemble wood warblers apart from their heavier bills. There are 52 species worldwide and 14 species which occur in Peru.

*Brown-capped Vireo "Vireo leucophrys"
*Red-eyed Vireo "Vireo olivaceus"
*Yellow-green Vireo "Vireo flavoviridis"
*Lemon-chested Greenlet "Hylophilus thoracicus"
*Gray-chested Greenlet "Hylophilus semicinereus" (A)
*Ashy-headed Greenlet "Hylophilus pectoralis" (A)
*Dusky-capped Greenlet "Hylophilus hypoxanthus"
*Rufous-naped Greenlet "Hylophilus semibrunneus" (A)
*Olivaceous Greenlet "Hylophilus olivaceus"
*Tawny-crowned Greenlet "Hylophilus ochraceiceps"
*Lesser Greenlet "Hylophilus decurtatus"
*Slaty-capped Shrike-Vireo "Vireolanius leucotis"
*Rufous-browed Peppershrike "Cyclarhis gujanensis"
*Black-billed Peppershrike "Cyclarhis nigrirostris" (A)

New World warblers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Parulidae

The New World warblers are a group of small, often colourful, passerine birds restricted to the New World. Most are arboreal, but some are terrestrial. Most members of this family are insectivores. There are 119 species worldwide and 25 species which occur in Peru.

*Golden-winged Warbler "Vermivora chrysoptera" (A)
*Tropical Parula "Parula pitiayumi"
*Yellow Warbler "Dendroica petechia"
*Blackburnian Warbler "Dendroica fusca"
*Blackpoll Warbler "Dendroica striata"
*Cerulean Warbler "Dendroica cerulea"
*Black-and-white Warbler "Mniotilta varia"
*American Redstart "Setophaga ruticilla"
*Northern Waterthrush "Seiurus noveboracensis"
*Connecticut Warbler "Oporornis agilis"
*Masked Yellowthroat "Geothlypis aequinoctialis"
*Canada Warbler "Wilsonia canadensis"
*Slate-throated Redstart "Myioborus miniatus"
*Spectacled Redstart "Myioborus melanocephalus"
*Gray-and-gold Warbler "Basileuterus fraseri"
*Two-banded Warbler "Basileuterus bivittatus"
*Golden-bellied Warbler "Basileuterus chrysogaster" (E)
*Pale-legged Warbler "Basileuterus signatus"
*Citrine Warbler "Basileuterus luteoviridis"
*Black-crested Warbler "Basileuterus nigrocristatus"
*Russet-crowned Warbler "Basileuterus coronatus"
*Three-banded Warbler "Basileuterus trifasciatus"
*Three-striped Warbler "Basileuterus tristriatus"
*Buff-rumped Warbler "Basileuterus fulvicauda"
*Neotropical River Warbler "Basileuterus rivularis"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Coerebidae

The Bananaquit is a small passerine bird. It has a slender, curved bill, adapted to taking nectar from flowers and is the only member of the genus "Coereba" (Vieillot, 1809) and is normally placed within the family Coerebidae, although there is uncertainty whether that placement is correct.

*Bananaquit "Coereba flaveola"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Thraupidae

The tanagers are a large group of small to medium-sized passerine birds restricted to the New World, mainly in the tropics. Many species are brightly coloured. They are seed eaters, but their preference tends towards fruit and nectar. Most have short, rounded wings. There are 256 species worldwide and 135 species which occur in Peru.

*Chestnut-vented Conebill "Conirostrum speciosum"
*Bicolored Conebill "Conirostrum bicolor"
*Pearly-breasted Conebill "Conirostrum margaritae"
*Cinereous Conebill "Conirostrum cinereum"
*Tamarugo Conebill "Conirostrum tamarugense"
*White-browed Conebill "Conirostrum ferrugineiventre"
*Blue-backed Conebill "Conirostrum sitticolor"
*Capped Conebill "Conirostrum albifrons"
*Giant Conebill "Oreomanes fraseri"
*Black-faced Tanager "Schistochlamys melanopis"
*Black-and-white Tanager "Conothraupis speculigera"
*Magpie Tanager "Cissopis leveriana"
*Red-billed Pied Tanager "Lamprospiza melanoleuca"
*Grass-green Tanager "Chlorornis riefferii"
*White-capped Tanager "Sericossypha albocristata"
*Common Bush-Tanager "Chlorospingus ophthalmicus"
*Short-billed Bush-Tanager "Chlorospingus parvirostris"
*Yellow-throated Bush-Tanager "Chlorospingus flavigularis"
*Ashy-throated Bush-Tanager "Chlorospingus canigularis"
*Gray-hooded Bush-Tanager "Cnemoscopus rubrirostris"
*Black-capped Hemispingus "Hemispingus atropileus"
*Orange-browed Hemispingus "Hemispingus calophrys"
*Parodi's Hemispingus "Hemispingus parodii" (E)
*Superciliaried Hemispingus "Hemispingus superciliaris"
*Oleaginous Hemispingus "Hemispingus frontalis"
*Black-eared Hemispingus "Hemispingus melanotis"
*Rufous-browed Hemispingus "Hemispingus rufosuperciliaris" (E)
*Black-headed Hemispingus "Hemispingus verticalis"
*Drab Hemispingus "Hemispingus xanthophthalmus"
*Three-striped Hemispingus "Hemispingus trifasciatus"
*Rufous-chested Tanager "Thlypopsis ornata"
*Brown-flanked Tanager "Thlypopsis pectoralis" (E)
*Orange-headed Tanager "Thlypopsis sordida"
*Buff-bellied Tanager "Thlypopsis inornata" (E)
*Rust-and-yellow Tanager "Thlypopsis ruficeps"
*Guira Tanager "Hemithraupis guira"
*Yellow-backed Tanager "Hemithraupis flavicollis"
*Hooded Tanager "Nemosia pileata"
*Olive Tanager "Chlorothraupis carmioli"
*Gray-headed Tanager "Eucometis penicillata"
*Fulvous Shrike-Tanager "Lanio fulvus"
*White-winged Shrike-Tanager "Lanio versicolor"
*Rufous-crested Tanager "Creurgops verticalis"
*Slaty Tanager "Creurgops dentata"
*Flame-crested Tanager "Tachyphonus cristatus"
*Yellow-crested Tanager "Tachyphonus rufiventer"
*Fulvous-crested Tanager "Tachyphonus surinamus"
*White-shouldered Tanager "Tachyphonus luctuosus"
*White-lined Tanager "Tachyphonus rufus"
*Red-shouldered Tanager "Tachyphonus phoenicius"
*Black-goggled Tanager "Trichothraupis melanops"
*Red-crowned Ant-Tanager "Habia rubica"
*Hepatic Tanager "Piranga flava"
*Scarlet Tanager "Piranga olivacea"
*Summer Tanager "Piranga rubra"
*White-winged Tanager "Piranga leucoptera"
*Red-hooded Tanager "Piranga rubriceps"
*Vermilion Tanager "Calochaetes coccineus"
*Masked Crimson Tanager "Ramphocelus nigrogularis"
*Huallaga Tanager "Ramphocelus melanogaster" (E)
*Silver-beaked Tanager "Ramphocelus carbo"
*Blue-gray Tanager "Thraupis episcopus"
*Sayaca Tanager "Thraupis sayaca"
*Blue-capped Tanager "Thraupis cyanocephala"
*Blue-and-yellow Tanager "Thraupis bonariensis"
*Palm Tanager "Thraupis palmarum"
*Hooded Mountain-Tanager "Buthraupis montana"
*Black-chested Mountain-Tanager "Buthraupis eximia"
*Golden-backed Mountain-Tanager "Buthraupis aureodorsalis" (E)
*Masked Mountain-Tanager "Buthraupis wetmorei"
*Orange-throated Tanager "Wetmorethraupis sterrhopteron" (E)
*Lacrimose Mountain-Tanager "Anisognathus lacrymosus"
*Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager "Anisognathus igniventris"
*Blue-winged Mountain-Tanager "Anisognathus somptuosus"
*Yellow-throated Tanager "Iridosornis analis"
*Golden-collared Tanager "Iridosornis jelskii"
*Golden-crowned Tanager "Iridosornis rufivertex"
*Yellow-scarfed Tanager "Iridosornis reinhardti" (E)
*Buff-breasted Mountain-Tanager "Dubusia taeniata"
*Chestnut-bellied Mountain-Tanager "Delothraupis castaneoventris"
*Fawn-breasted Tanager "Pipraeidea melanonota"
*Plumbeous Euphonia "Euphonia plumbea"
*Purple-throated Euphonia "Euphonia chlorotica"
*Orange-crowned Euphonia "Euphonia saturata"
*Thick-billed Euphonia "Euphonia laniirostris"
*Golden-rumped Euphonia "Euphonia cyanocephala"
*Bronze-green Euphonia "Euphonia mesochrysa"
*White-lored Euphonia "Euphonia chrysopasta"
*White-vented Euphonia "Euphonia minuta"
*Orange-bellied Euphonia "Euphonia xanthogaster"
*Rufous-bellied Euphonia "Euphonia rufiventris"
*Blue-naped Chlorophonia "Chlorophonia cyanea"
*Chestnut-breasted Chlorophonia "Chlorophonia pyrrhophrys"
*Orange-eared Tanager "Chlorochrysa calliparaea"
*Turquoise Tanager "Tangara mexicana"
*Paradise Tanager "Tangara chilensis"
*Green-and-gold Tanager "Tangara schrankii"
*Golden Tanager "Tangara arthus"
*Golden-eared Tanager "Tangara chrysotis"
*Saffron-crowned Tanager "Tangara xanthocephala"
*Flame-faced Tanager "Tangara parzudakii"
*Yellow-bellied Tanager "Tangara xanthogastra"
*Spotted Tanager "Tangara punctata"
*Dotted Tanager "Tangara varia" (A)
*Bay-headed Tanager "Tangara gyrola"
*Burnished-buff Tanager "Tangara cayana"
*Green-capped Tanager "Tangara meyerdeschauenseei" (E)
*Golden-naped Tanager "Tangara ruficervix"
*Metallic-green Tanager "Tangara labradorides"
*Blue-browed Tanager "Tangara cyanotis"
*Blue-necked Tanager "Tangara cyanicollis"
*Masked Tanager "Tangara nigrocincta"
*Beryl-spangled Tanager "Tangara nigroviridis"
*Blue-and-black Tanager "Tangara vassorii"
*Black-capped Tanager "Tangara heinei"
*Sira Tanager "Tangara phillipsi" (E)
*Silver-backed Tanager "Tangara viridicollis"
*Straw-backed Tanager "Tangara argyrofenges"
*Opal-rumped Tanager "Tangara velia"
*Opal-crowned Tanager "Tangara callophrys"
*Golden-collared Honeycreeper "Iridophanes pulcherrima"
*White-bellied Dacnis "Dacnis albiventris"
*Black-faced Dacnis "Dacnis lineata"
*Yellow-bellied Dacnis "Dacnis flaviventer"
*Blue Dacnis "Dacnis cayana"
*Green Honeycreeper "Chlorophanes spiza"
*Short-billed Honeycreeper "Cyanerpes nitidus"
*Purple Honeycreeper "Cyanerpes caeruleus"
*Red-legged Honeycreeper "Cyanerpes cyaneus"
*Tit-like Dacnis "Xenodacnis parina"
*Swallow-Tanager "Tersina viridis"
*Plush-capped Finch "Catamblyrhynchus diadema"
*Pardusco "Nephelornis oneilli" (E)
*White-browed Hemispingus "Hemispingus auricularis" (E)
*Piura Hemispingus "Hemispingus piurae"

Buntings, Sparrows, Seedeaters and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Emberizidae

The emberizids are a large family of passerine birds. They are seed-eating birds with a distinctively shaped bill. In Europe, most species are named as buntings. In North America, most of the species in this family are known as Sparrows, but these birds are not closely related to the Old World sparrows which are in the family Passeridae. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns. There are species 275 worldwide and 99 species which occur in Peru. Peru has the greatest diversity of emberizids of any country on earth.

*Black-masked Finch "Coryphaspiza melanotis"
*Red-crested Finch "Coryphospingus cucullatus"
*Crimson-breasted Finch "Rhodospingus cruentus"
*Black-hooded Sierra-Finch "Phrygilus atriceps"
*Peruvian Sierra-Finch "Phrygilus punensis"
*Mourning Sierra-Finch "Phrygilus fruticeti"
*Plumbeous Sierra-Finch "Phrygilus unicolor"
*Red-backed Sierra-Finch "Phrygilus dorsalis"
*White-throated Sierra-Finch "Phrygilus erythronotus"
*Band-tailed Sierra-Finch "Phrygilus alaudinus"
*Ash-breasted Sierra-Finch "Phrygilus plebejus"
*White-winged Diuca-Finch "Diuca speculifera"
*Short-tailed Finch "Idiopsar brachyurus"
*Cinereous Finch "Piezorhina cinerea" (E)
*Slender-billed Finch "Xenospingus concolor"
*Great Inca-Finch "Incaspiza pulchra" (E)
*Rufous-backed Inca-Finch "Incaspiza personata" (E)
*Gray-winged Inca-Finch "Incaspiza ortizi" (E)
*Buff-bridled Inca-Finch "Incaspiza laeta" (E)
*Little Inca-Finch "Incaspiza watkinsi" (E)
*Plain-tailed Warbling-Finch "Poospiza alticola" (E)
*Rufous-breasted Warbling-Finch "Poospiza rubecula" (E)
*Chestnut-breasted Mountain-Finch "Poospiza caesar" (E)
*Collared Warbling-Finch "Poospiza hispaniolensis"
*Blue-black Grassquit "Volatinia jacarina"
*Slate-colored Seedeater "Sporophila schistacea"
*Plumbeous Seedeater "Sporophila plumbea"
*Caqueta Seedeater "Sporophila murallae"
*Wing-barred Seedeater "Sporophila americana"
*Variable Seedeater "Sporophila corvina"
*Lesson's Seedeater "Sporophila bouvronides"
*Lined Seedeater "Sporophila lineola"
*Black-and-white Seedeater "Sporophila luctuosa"
*Yellow-bellied Seedeater "Sporophila nigricollis"
*Double-collared Seedeater "Sporophila caerulescens"
*Drab Seedeater "Sporophila simplex"
*White-bellied Seedeater "Sporophila leucoptera"
*Parrot-billed Seedeater "Sporophila peruviana"
*Tawny-bellied Seedeater "Sporophila hypoxantha" (A)
*Dark-throated Seedeater "Sporophila ruficollis" (A)
*Chestnut-bellied Seedeater "Sporophila castaneiventris"
*Chestnut-throated Seedeater "Sporophila telasco"
*Large-billed Seed-Finch "Oryzoborus crassirostris"
*Black-billed Seed-Finch "Oryzoborus atrirostris"
*Great-billed Seed-Finch "Oryzoborus maximiliani"
*Chestnut-bellied Seed-Finch "Oryzoborus angolensis"
*Blue Seedeater "Amaurospiza concolor" (A)
*Band-tailed Seedeater "Catamenia analis"
*Plain-colored Seedeater "Catamenia inornata"
*Paramo Seedeater "Catamenia homochroa"
*Dull-colored Grassquit "Tiaris obscura"
*Yellow-faced Grassquit "Tiaris olivacea"
*Slaty Finch "Haplospiza rustica"
*Rusty Flower-piercer "Diglossa sittoides"
*White-sided Flower-piercer "Diglossa albilatera"
*Glossy Flower-piercer "Diglossa lafresnayii"
*Moustached Flower-piercer "Diglossa mystacalis"
*Black Flower-piercer "Diglossa humeralis"
*Black-throated Flower-piercer "Diglossa brunneiventris"
*Deep-blue Flower-piercer "Diglossopis glauca"
*Bluish Flower-piercer "Diglossopis caerulescens"
*Masked Flower-piercer "Diglossopis cyanea"
*Puna Yellow-Finch "Sicalis lutea"
*Saffron Finch "Sicalis flaveola"
*Grassland Yellow-Finch "Sicalis luteola"
*Stripe-tailed Yellow-Finch "Sicalis citrina"
*Bright-rumped Yellow-Finch "Sicalis uropygialis"
*Greenish Yellow-Finch "Sicalis olivascens"
*Orange-fronted Yellow-Finch "Sicalis columbiana"
*Raimondi's Yellow-Finch "Sicalis raimondii" (E)
*Sulphur-throated Finch "Sicalis taczanowskii"
*Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch "Emberizoides herbicola"
*Red-capped Cardinal "Paroaria gularis"
*Olive Finch "Lysurus castaneiceps"
*Pale-naped Brush-Finch "Atlapetes pallidinucha"
*Yellow-breasted Brush-Finch "Atlapetes latinuchus"
*Vilcabamba Brush-Finch "Atlapetes terborghi" (E)
*Black-faced Brush-Finch "Atlapetes melanolaimus" (E)
*Slaty Brush-Finch "Atlapetes schistaceus"
*Cusco Brush-Finch "Atlapetes canigenis" (E)
*Tricolored Brush-Finch "Atlapetes tricolor"
*Bay-crowned Brush-Finch "Atlapetes seebohmi"
*Rusty-bellied Brush-Finch "Atlapetes nationi" (E)
*White-winged Brush-Finch "Atlapetes leucopterus"
*White-headed Brush-Finch "Atlapetes albiceps"
*Rufous-eared Brush-Finch "Atlapetes rufigenis" (E)
*Apurimac Brush-Finch "Atlapetes forbesi" (E)
*Black-spectacled Brush-Finch "Atlapetes melanopsis" (E)
*Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch "Buarremon brunneinucha"
*Stripe-headed Brush-Finch "Buarremon torquatus"
*Orange-billed Sparrow "Arremon aurantiirostris"
*Pectoral Sparrow "Arremon taciturnus"
*Black-capped Sparrow "Arremon abeillei"
*Saffron-billed Sparrow "Arremon flavirostris"
*Black-striped Sparrow "Arremonops conirostris"
*Tumbes Sparrow "Aimophila stolzmanni"
*Grassland Sparrow "Ammodramus humeralis"
*Yellow-browed Sparrow "Ammodramus aurifrons"
*Rufous-collared Sparrow "Zonotrichia capensis"

altators, Cardinals and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Cardinalidae

The cardinals are a family of passerine birds that are robust, seed-eating birds, with strong bills. They are typically associated with open woodland. The sexes usually have distinct plumages. There are 43 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in Peru.

*Streaked Saltator "Saltator striatipectus"
*Grayish Saltator "Saltator coerulescens"
*Buff-throated Saltator "Saltator maximus"
*Slate-colored Grosbeak "Saltator grossus"
*Black-cowled Saltator "Saltator nigriceps"
*Golden-billed Saltator "Saltator aurantiirostris"
*Masked Saltator "Saltator cinctus"
*Yellow-shouldered Grosbeak "Parkerthraustes humeralis"
*Golden-bellied Grosbeak "Pheucticus chrysogaster"
*Black-backed Grosbeak "Pheucticus aureoventris"
*Rose-breasted Grosbeak "Pheucticus ludovicianus" (A)
*Blue-black Grosbeak "Cyanocompsa cyanoides"

Troupials and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Icteridae

The icterids are a group of small to medium, often colourful, passerine birds restricted to the New World and include the grackles, New World blackbirds, and New World orioles. Most species have black as the predominant plumage colour, often enlivened by yellow, orange or red. There are 98 species worldwide and 35 species which occur in Peru.

*Bobolink "Dolichonyx oryzivorus"
*Yellow-winged Blackbird "Agelasticus thilius"
*Pale-eyed Blackbird "Agelasticus xanthophthalmus"
*Yellow-hooded Blackbird "Chrysomus icterocephalus"
*Red-breasted Blackbird "Sturnella militaris"
*White-browed Blackbird "Sturnella superciliaris"
*Peruvian Meadowlark "Sturnella bellicosa"
*Scrub Blackbird "Dives warszewiczi"
*Great-tailed Grackle "Quiscalus mexicanus"
*Shiny Cowbird "Molothrus bonariensis"
*Giant Cowbird "Molothrus oryzivorus"
*Moriche Oriole "Icterus chrysocephalus"
*Epaulet Oriole "Icterus cayanensis"
*Yellow-tailed Oriole "Icterus mesomelas"
*White-edged Oriole "Icterus graceannae"
*Venezuelan Troupial "Icterus icterus"
*Yellow-billed Cacique "Amblycercus holosericeus"
*Yellow-rumped Cacique "Cacicus cela"
*Red-rumped Cacique "Cacicus haemorrhous"
*Scarlet-rumped Cacique "Cacicus uropygialis"
*Selva Cacique "Cacicus koepckeae" (E)
*Mountain Cacique "Cacicus chrysonotus"
*Ecuadorian Cacique "Cacicus sclateri"
*Solitary Cacique "Cacicus solitarius"
*Casqued Oropendola "Psarocolius oseryi"
*Crested Oropendola "Psarocolius decumanus"
*Green Oropendola "Psarocolius viridis"
*Dusky-green Oropendola "Psarocolius atrovirens"
*Russet-backed Oropendola "Psarocolius angustifrons"
*Band-tailed Oropendola "Ocyalus latirostris"
*Amazonian Oropendola "Gymnostinops bifasciatus"
*Oriole Blackbird "Gymnomystax mexicanus"
*Chopi Blackbird "Gnorimopsar chopi"
*Velvet-fronted Grackle "Lampropsar tanagrinus"
*Orange-backed Troupial "Icterus croconotus"

iskins, Crossbills and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Fringillidae

Finches are seed-eating passerine birds, that are small to moderately large and have a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. All have 12 tail feathers and 9 primaries. These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. There are 137 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in Peru.

*Thick-billed Siskin "Carduelis crassirostris"
*Hooded Siskin "Carduelis magellanica"
*Yellow-bellied Siskin "Carduelis xanthogastra"
*Saffron Siskin "Carduelis siemiradzkii"
*Olivaceous Siskin "Carduelis olivacea"
*Lesser Goldfinch "Carduelis psaltria"
*Black Siskin "Carduelis atrata"
*Yellow-rumped Siskin "Carduelis uropygialis"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Passeridae

Sparrows are small passerine birds. In general, sparrows tend to be small, plump, brown or grey birds with short tails and short powerful beaks. Sparrows are seed-eaters, and they also consume small insects. There are 35 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Peru.

*House Sparrow "Passer domesticus" (I)

ee also

*List of birds
*Lists of birds by region


*cite web
last = Lepage
first = Denis
authorlink =
coauthors =
year =
url =
title = Checklist of birds of Peru
format =
work = Bird Checklists of the World
publisher = Avibase
accessdate = 26 April
accessyear = 2007

*cite book
title=Birds of the World: a Checklist
first= James F.
last = Clements
publisher = Cornell University Press
date = 2000
id = ISBN 0934797161
pages = 880 pages

*cite book
first= James F. Clements
last= Noam Shany
title= A field guide to the birds of Peru
publisher = Lynx Edicions
date = 2001
url =
id = ISBN 978-09-34797-18-4
pages = 284 pages

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