- San Martín Region
Peru region table
name = San Martín
imagesize = 100px
image_caption = coat of arms
president = Julio Cárdenas (PAP)
area = 51,253.31
pop = 669,973
density = 13.1
provinces = 10 provinces and 77 districts
lowest = 190 m (
highest = 3080 m (Agua Blanca)
lat = 5º23'45" and N/A
long = 77º38´11" and 77º47´14"
resources = Coffee, rice, yucca, cocoa, tobacco, cebu cattle.
poverty = 66.9%
GDPshare = 1.38%
website = www.regionsanmartin.gob.pe
areacode = 42
iso = SAM
ubigeo = 22
San Martín is a region in northern
Peru. Most of the region is located in the upper part of the Peruvian Amazon rainforest. Its capital is Moyobambaand the largest city in the region is Tarapoto.
The territory of San Martín can be divided into four morphological zones:
* the west, near the eastern side of the
AndeanPlateau, with a rough topography and many ravines;
* the zone of the wide valleys, with stepped terraces formed by the
Huallaga Riverand its affluents, where population is engaged mainly in cattle and agriculture;
* the southwest zone, with a relief coming down from the Cordillera Azul, with low elevation, where is an impressive canyon known as Cajón de Sión, which finishes in the Cayumba rapids;
* a small lower jungle zone with areas easily flooded and with almost no accidents.
The Huallaga River is one of the most important rivers in the region. It forms, together with its tributaries a hydrographical system which drains all of the region's territory. The Pongo de Aguirre is an important canyon formed by the Huallaga going through the Andean hills.
Tupac Yupanquientered and subdued the Incadominion, the province of Moyobamba, known back then by its native name, Muyupampa. In 1539, Spaniard Alonso de Alvaradoreached the Mayo River and founded a city he named "Santiago de los Valles de Moyobamba", which later became the capital of Maynas. Another important personality was Priest Manuel Sobreviela who, between 1787and 1790, accomplished traveling across the Huallaga Riverand subsequently published a map named "Planning for the course of the Huallaga and Ucayali Rivers and for the Pampa del Sacramento".
August 19, 1821, Moyobamba was the first Peruvian city in declaring its independence.
The construction of a highway in recent years has increased the exchange of different products, benefitting the economy of this region.
The provinces, with their capitals in parenthesis, are:
* Bellavista (Bellavista)
* El Dorado (
San José de Sisa)
* Huallaga (
* Lamas (Lamas)
* Mariscal Cáceres (
* Moyobamba (
* Picota (
* Rioja (Rioja)
* San Martín (
* Tocache (
Gran Pajátenis a pre Inca complex of circular slate buildings decorated with figures of flying condorssituated on the border with La Libertad. Due to its difficult access, tourismis not yet possible at the site.
* [http://www.regionsanmartin.gob.pe Gobierno Regional San Martín] - San Martín Regional Government official website
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