Outline of Oceania

Outline of Oceania
Location of Oceania

Oceania is a geographical, and often geopolitical, region consisting of numerous lands—mostly islands in the Pacific Ocean and vicinity. The term is also sometimes used to denote a continent comprising Australia and proximate Pacific islands,.[1][2][3][4]

The boundaries of Oceania are defined in a number of ways. Most definitions include parts of Australasia such as Australia, New Zealand, and New Guinea, and all or part of the Malay Archipelago.[5][6][7] Ethnologically, the islands that are included in Oceania are divided into the subregions of Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia.[8]

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Oceania:

General reference

  • Pronunciation (IPA)
    • UK:   /ˌəʊ.ʃiˈɑːn.(iː.)ə/
    • US:   /ˌoʊʃiˈæniə/
  • Common English name(s): Oceania, Oceanica[9]
  • Official English name(s): Oceania
  • Adjectival(s): Oceanian
  • Demonym(s): Oceanians

Geography of Oceania

Main article: Geography of Oceania

Geography of Oceania by region

  • Geography of Melanesia
  • Geography of Micronesia
  • Geography of Polynesia

Geography of Oceania by country and territory

United States Minor Outlying Islands[21]
Geography of Baker Island  · Geography of Howland Island  Geography of Jarvis Island  · Geography of Johnston Atoll  · Geography of Kingman Reef  · Geography of Midway Atoll  · Geography of Palmyra Atoll  · Geography of Wake Island
Geography of the Ogasawara Islands (Japan)
Geography of the Bonin Islands  · Geography of Marcus Island  · Geography of Okino-tori-shima  · Geography of the Volcano Islands

Environment of Oceania

Climate of Oceania

  • Climate of American Samoa [10]
  • Climate of the Ashmore and Cartier Islands[11] (Australia) 
  • Climate of Australia
  • Climate of the Cook Islands [12]{New Zealand)
  • Climate of the Coral Sea Islands [11] (Australia)
  • Climate of Easter Island [13] (Chile)
  • Climate of Fiji
  • Climate of French Polynesia [14] (France)
  • Climate of Guam [10] (United States)
  • Climate of Hawaii [15] (United States)
  • Climate of Indonesia[16]
  • Climate of Kiribati
  • Climate of the Marshall Islands
  • Climate of the Federated States of Micronesia
  • Climate of Nauru
  • Climate of New Caledonia [14] (France)
  • Climate of New Zealand
  • Climate of Niue [12] (New Zealand)
  • Climate of Norfolk Island [11] (Australia)
  • Climate of the Northern Mariana Islands [10] (United States)
  • Climate of Palau
  • Climate of Papua New Guinea
  • Climate of the Pitcairn Islands [17] (United Kingdom)
  • Climate of Samoa
  • Climate of the Solomon Islands
  • Climate of East Timor[18][19]
  • Climate of Tokelau [20] (New Zealand)
  • Climate of Tonga
  • Climate of Tuvalu
  • Climate of Vanuatu
  • Climate of Wallis and Futuna [14] (France)

United States Minor Outlying Islands[21]
Climate of Baker Island  · Climate of Howland Island  Climate of Jarvis Island  · Climate of Johnston Atoll  · Climate of Kingman Reef  · Climate of Midway Atoll  · Climate of Palmyra Atoll  · Climate of Wake Island
Climate of the Ogasawara Islands (Japan)
Climate of the Bonin Islands  · Climate of Marcus Island  · Climate of the Okino-tori-shima  · Climate of the Volcano Islands

Ecology of Oceania

  • Ecology of the Ashmore and Cartier Islands[11] (Australia) 
  • Ecology of Easter Island'' [13] (Chile)
  • Ecology of Indonesia[16]

Geology of Oceania

Wildlife of Oceania

Flora of Oceania

Fauna of Oceania

Natural geographic features of Oceania

Regions of Oceania

Main article: Regions of Oceania

Biogeographic divisions of Oceania

Political divisions of Oceania

Sovereign states and dependencies (listed in italic) that have at least some territory lying within Oceania:

 American Samoa [10]
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands [11]
 Cook Islands [12]
Australia Coral Sea Islands [11]
 Easter Island [13]
 French Polynesia [14]
 Guam [10]
 Hawaii [15]
 Marshall Islands
 Federated States of Micronesia
 New Caledonia [14]

 New Zealand
 Niue [12]
 Norfolk Island [11]
 Northern Mariana Islands [10]
 Papua New Guinea
 Pitcairn Islands [17]
 Solomon Islands
 Tokelau [20]
 Wallis and Futuna [14]

United States United States Minor Outlying Islands[21]

Baker Island  · Howland Island  · Jarvis Island  · Johnston Atoll  · Kingman Reef  · Midway Atoll  · Palmyra Atoll  · Wake Island

Japan Ogasawara Islands (Japan)

Bonin Islands  · Marcus Island  · Okino-tori-shima  · Volcano Islands
Municipalities of Oceania

Demography of Oceania

Main article: Demographics of Oceania

United States Minor Outlying Islands[21]
Demographics of Baker Island  · Demographics of Howland Island  Demographics of Jarvis Island  · Demographics of Johnston Atoll  · Demographics of Kingman Reef  · Demographics of Midway Atoll  · Demographics of Palmyra Atoll  · Demographics of Wake Island
Demographics of the Ogasawara Islands (Japan)
Demographics of the Bonin Islands  · Demographics of Marcus Island  · Demographics of Okino-tori-shima  · Demographics of the Volcano Islands

Politics of Oceania

Main article: Politics of Oceania

Politics of Oceania by region

United States Minor Outlying Islands[21]
Politics of Baker Island  · Politics of Howland Island  Politics of Jarvis Island  · Politics of Johnston Atoll  · Politics of Kingman Reef  · Politics of Midway Atoll  · Politics of Palmyra Atoll  · Politics of Wake Island
Politics of the Ogasawara Islands (Japan)
Politics of the Bonin Islands  · Politics of Marcus Island  · Politics of Okino-tori-shima  · Politics of the Volcano Islands

Governments of the countries and dependencies of Oceania

  • Government of American Samoa [10]
  • Government of the Ashmore and Cartier Islands[11] (Australia) 
  • Government of Australia
  • Government of the Cook Islands [12]{New Zealand)
  • Government of the Coral Sea Islands [11] (Australia)
  • Government of Easter Island [13] (Chile)
  • Government of Fiji
  • Government of French Polynesia [14] (France)
  • Government of Guam [10] (United States)
  • Government of Hawaii [15](United States)
  • Government of Indonesia[16]
  • Government of Kiribati
  • Government of the Marshall Islands
  • Government of the Federated States of Micronesia
  • Government of Nauru
  • Government of New Caledonia [14] (France)
  • Government of New Zealand
  • Government of Niue [12] (New Zealand)
  • Government of Norfolk Island [11] (Australia)
  • Government of the Northern Mariana Islands [10] (United States)
  • Government of Palau
  • Government of Papua New Guinea
  • Government of the Pitcairn Islands [17] (United Kingdom)
  • Government of Samoa
  • Government of the Solomon Islands
  • Government of East Timor[18][19]
  • Government of Tokelau [20] (New Zealand)
  • Government of Tonga
  • Government of Tuvalu
  • Government of Vanuatu
  • Government of Wallis and Futuna [14] (France)

United States Minor Outlying Islands[21]
Government of Baker Island  · Government of Howland Island  Government of Jarvis Island  · Government of Johnston Atoll  · Government of Kingman Reef  · Government of Midway Atoll  · Government of Palmyra Atoll  · Government of Wake Island
Government of the Ogasawara Islands (Japan)
Government of the Bonin Islands  · Government of Marcus Island  · Government of Okino-tori-shima  · Government of the Volcano Islands

Elections in Oceania

United States Minor Outlying Islands[21]
Elections in Baker Island  · Elections in Howland Island  Elections in Jarvis Island  · Elections in Johnston Atoll  · Elections in Kingman Reef  · Elections in Midway Atoll  · Elections in Palmyra Atoll  · Elections in Wake Island
Elections in the Ogasawara Islands (Japan)
Elections in the Bonin Islands  · Elections in Marcus Island  · Elections in the Okino-tori-shima  · Elections in the Volcano Islands

Political parties in Oceania

  • Political parties in Oceania
  • Political parties in Australia
  • Political parties in the Cook Islands [12]{New Zealand)
  • Political parties in Fiji
  • Political parties in Indonesia[16]
  • Political parties in Kiribati
  • Political parties in the Marshall Islands
  • Political parties in the Federated States of Micronesia
  • Political parties in Nauru
  • Political parties in New Zealand
  • Political parties in Niue [12] (New Zealand)
  • Political parties in Palau
  • Political parties in Papua New Guinea
  • Political parties in Samoa
  • Political parties in the Solomon Islands
  • Political parties in East Timor[18][19]
  • Political parties in Tonga
  • Political parties in Tuvalu
  • Political parties in Vanuatu

Foreign relations of Oceania

Diplomatic missions of Oceania

International organizations of Oceania

Law and order in Oceania

Main article: Law of Oceania

Military of Oceania

United States Minor Outlying Islands[21]
Military of Baker Island  · Military of Howland Island  Military of Jarvis Island  · Military of Johnston Atoll  · Military of Kingman Reef  · Military of Midway Atoll  · Military of Palmyra Atoll  · Military of Wake Island
Military of the Ogasawara Islands (Japan)
Military of the Bonin Islands  · Military of Marcus Island  · Military of Okino-tori-shima  · Military of the Volcano Islands

Local government in Oceania

History of Oceania

Main article: History of Oceania, Timeline of the history of Oceania, and Current events of Oceania

History of Oceania by period

History of Oceania by region

United States Minor Outlying Islands[21]
History of Baker Island  · History of Howland Island  History of Jarvis Island  · History of Johnston Atoll  · History of Kingman Reef  · History of Midway Atoll  · History of Palmyra Atoll  · History of Wake Island
History of the Ogasawara Islands (Japan)
History of the Bonin Islands  · History of Marcus Island  · History of Okino-tori-shima  · History of the Volcano Islands

History of Oceania by subject

Culture of Oceania

Main article: Culture of Oceania

Art in Oceania

Culture of Oceania by region

United States Minor Outlying Islands[21]
Culture of Baker Island  · Culture of Howland Island  Culture of Jarvis Island  · Culture of Johnston Atoll  · Culture of Kingman Reef  · Culture of Midway Atoll  · Culture of Palmyra Atoll  · Culture of Wake Island
Culture of the Ogasawara Islands (Japan)
Culture of the Bonin Islands  · Culture of Marcus Island  · Culture of Okino-tori-shima  · Culture of the Volcano Islands

Languages of Oceania

Religion in Oceania

Religion in Oceania by political division

United States Minor Outlying Islands[21]
Religion in Baker Island  · Religion in Howland Island  Religion in Jarvis Island  · Religion in Johnston Atoll  · Religion in Kingman Reef  · Religion in Midway Atoll  · Religion in Palmyra Atoll  · Religion in Wake Island
Religion in the Ogasawara Islands (Japan)
Religion in the Bonin Islands  · Religion in Marcus Island  · Religion in Okino-tori-shima  · Religion in the Volcano Islands

Sports in Oceania

Main article: Sport in Oceania

Economy and infrastructure of Oceania

Main article: Economy of Oceania
  • List of Oceanian countries by GDP

Economy by country and territory

United States Minor Outlying Islands[21]
Economy of Baker Island  · Economy of Howland Island  Economy of Jarvis Island  · Economy of Johnston Atoll  · Economy of Kingman Reef  · Economy of Midway Atoll  · Economy of Palmyra Atoll  · Economy of Wake Island
Economy of the Ogasawara Islands (Japan)
Economy of the Bonin Islands  · Economy of Marcus Island  · Economy of Okino-tori-shima  · Economy of the Volcano Islands

Education in Oceania

Main article: Education in Oceania
  • Medical schools in Oceania

See also

  • List of basic geography topics


  1. ^ Atlas of Canada Web Master (2004-08-17). "The Atlas of Canada - The World - Continents". Atlas.nrcan.gc.ca. http://atlas.nrcan.gc.ca/site/english/maps/reference/international/world/referencemap_image_view. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  2. ^ "Encarta Mexico "Oceanía"". Mx.encarta.msn.com. Archived from the original on 2009-11-01. http://www.webcitation.org/query?id=1257053672622272. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  3. ^ Lewis, Martin W.; Kären E. Wigen (1997). The Myth of Continents: a Critique of Metageography. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 32. ISBN 0-520-20742-4, ISBN 0-520-20743-2. "Interestingly enough, the answer [from a scholar who sought to calculate the number of continents] conformed almost precisely to the conventional list: North America, South America, Europe, Asia, Oceania (Australia plus New Zealand), Africa, and Antarctica." 
  4. ^ Current IOC members. International Olympic Committee: Turin 2006.
  5. ^ Merriam Webster's Online Dictionary (based on Collegiate vol., 11th ed.) 2006. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, Inc.
  6. ^ See, e.g., The Atlas of Canada - The World - Continents
  7. ^ "United Nations Statistics Division - Countries of Oceania". Millenniumindicators.un.org. http://millenniumindicators.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49regin.htm#oceania. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  8. ^ "Oceania". 2005. The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Columbia University Press.
  9. ^ ""Oceanica" defined by Memidex/WordNet". Memidex.com. 2009-03-20. http://www.memidex.com/oceanica. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai Insular area of the United States.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai Australian overseas territory.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab Self-governing state in free association with New Zealand.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Part of the region of Valparaiso of Chile.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai French overseas department or territory.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k a State of the United States.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Some Indonesian territory could be considered as part of Asia or Oceania
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k British overseas territory.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Also known as Timor-Leste.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o East Timor could be considered as part of Asia or Oceania.
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Overseas territory of New Zealand.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Excluding Navassa Island and other territories in the Caribbean, which are not part of Oceania.

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