- Niles, Illinois
Niles VillageNiles has the slogan "Where People Count" Country United States State Illinois County Cook Townships Maine, Niles Elevation 646 ft (197 m) Coordinates Area 5.9 sq mi (15 km2) - land 5.9 sq mi (15 km2) Population 28,666 (2008) Density 5,117.9 / sq mi (1,976 / km2) Settled 1832 Incorporated 1899 Mayor Robert M. Callero Timezone CST (UTC-6) - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5) Postal code 60714 Area codes 847, 224 Wikimedia Commons: Niles, Illinois Website: www.vniles.com 
The current mayor of Niles is Robert M. Callero.
Niles was first settled in 1827.
The village of Niles was incorporated on August 24, 1899. The village had a population of 500 people at that time.
Along with neighboring Skokie, Illinois, and several other suburbs, Niles is partly in Niles Township, from whence it draws its name. It should not be confused with "Niles Center," the original name of Skokie.
There is no clear indication of the origin of the name "Niles." In 1929, the Chicago Tribune ran an article opining that the name was taken from the Niles Register, a newspaper published in the 1820s out of Washington, D.C. and distributed nationally; however, no proof of that has yet been discovered; accounts state only that the name was chosen at public meeting prior to township organization in 1850.
Another belief is that the name "Niles" was named after Niles Construction which did much of the building early during the city's founding.
Niles was the first community in Illinois and one of the first in the United States to establish free ambulance service, in 1946.
The civil location coordinates of the Village of Niles are (42.0277127, -87.8100990).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 5.9 square miles (15 km2), all of it land.
The town is centered along Milwaukee Avenue which forms a main artery diagonally through the town on a northwest-southeast bearing.
The North Branch of the Chicago River flows through the eastern part of the town roughly in a south-north direction.
As of the census of 2000, there were 30,068 people, 12,002 households, and 7,945 families residing in the village. The population density was 5,117.9 people per square mile (1,974.4/km²). There were 12,256 housing units at an average density of 2,086.1 per square mile (804.8/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 83.22% White, 0.46% African American, 0.09% Native American, 12.68% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.67% from other races, and 1.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.03% of the population.
There were 12,002 households out of which 21.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.0% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.8% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the village the population was spread out with 16.7% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 27.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 87.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.3 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $48,627, and the median income for a family was $58,215. Males had a median income of $40,131 versus $30,266 for females. The per capita income for the village was $23,543. About 3.2% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.2% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.
According to the Village's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
# Employer # of Employees 1 W. W. Grainger 860 2 Shure (HQ) 512 3 Bradford Exchange (HQ) 462 4 MPC Products 450 5 Village of Niles 438 6 Coca-Cola Bottling Company 320 7 MFRI (HQ) 220 7 Fort Dearborn Company 178 9 YMCA 130 10 Rich Products 100
Elementary school districts:
- East Maine School District 63 
- Park Ridge-Niles School District 64 
- Golf School District 67 
- Niles Elementary School District 71 
- Fairview School District 72 
- The Niles Township District for Special Education 807 serves some residents in these districts. .
High school districts:
Community College district:
- Northridge Preparatory School is a Catholic independent private high school.
- Notre Dame High School was founded by the Congregation of Holy Cross, but is now independent.
A notable landmark and point of pride among Niles' residents is the Leaning Tower of Niles, a smaller-scale replica of the Leaning Tower of Pisa. This landmark is seen in the opening Chicago-area montage of the film Wayne's World. It is located next to the local YMCA (which is appropriately called the "Leaning Tower YMCA"). Several concerts covering a variety of musical forms are held here throughout the summer.
Another notable landmark is the Tam O'Shanter Golf Course (today called "The Tam"), which is currently under the ownership of the Niles Park District. From 1941-1957, the course was host to the All American Open on the PGA Tour. In 1964 and 1965, the course hosted the Western Open.
St. Adalbert Catholic Cemetery, the largest in the Archdiocese of Chicago in terms of burials, is the resting place of German immigrant Fredrak Fraske (1872–1973), who was the last surviving veteran of the "Indian Wars". St. Adalbert's is also the location of the Halas Family mausoleum, and is the final resting place of George Halas, former head coach of the Chicago Bears.
Maryhill Cemetery is, according to some sources, one of the supposed final resting places for convicted serial killer John Wayne Gacy, though there is considerable debate as to what happened to his remains after his execution.
On June 7, 2006, the news wires reported that the FBI had been investigating Niles Mayor Nicholas Blase for "extorting village businesses to buy insurance from a close friend". On June 8, 2006, which happened to be Blase's 78th birthday, the FBI arrested Blase at his residence in front of his family and charged him with mail fraud related to a kickback scheme with Ralph Weiner, a friend who had owned Ralph Weiner & Associates, an insurance agency. Ralph Weiner's son, Steven Weiner, president and co-owner of the insurance agency, was also charged on the same day, as he allegedly continued providing kickbacks to Blase after his father died in 2005.
In July 2007, the Mayor's trial was set for March 2008.
In August 2008, Mayor Blase announced that he would resign from his job after almost 50 years in office. His court date was moved to September 8.
On 31 October 2008, Blase changed his plea to guilty on the federal charges of mail fraud and tax evasion. In return for the plea, nine other charges were dropped by the federal prosecutor. Blase was sentenced on January 29, 2010 to a year and a day in federal prison.
On December 14, 2010, Niles was named the Best Place in the United States to Raise a Family by Businessweek.com. Businessweek studied the lifestyle parameters of 5,418 communities across the country, focusing on good schools, low taxes, safe neighborhoods and affordability of housing.
- Pisa, Italy (since 1991)
- Nafplion, Greece (since 1994)
- Leixlip, Ireland (since 2000)
- Limanowa, Poland (since 2005)
- ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ a b "Geographic Names Information System". United States Geological Survey. http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ Columbia-Lippincott Gazeteer, p. 1325
- ^ Village of Niles 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report
- ^ "St. Adalbert Catholic Cemetery & Mausoleums". Catholic Cemeteries. Archdiocese of Chicago. 2009. http://www.catholiccemeterieschicago.org/locations.php?id=17. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- ^ The Last Surviving Veterans of America's Wars - Obituaries, Biographies, Pictures and other Data
- ^ George "Papa Bear" Halas at Find a Grave
- ^ John Wayne Gacy at Find a Grave
- ^ Cameron, Daniel (25 July 2007). "The Case Against Blase". Journal Online (Journal & Topics Newspapers). http://www.journal-topics.com/ni/07/ni070725.1.html. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- ^ Businessweek.com
- ^ Niles sister City Committee, accessed 31 October 2008
Unincorporated Cook County Glenview, Illinois Morton Grove, Illinois Park Ridge, Illinois Skokie, Illinois Niles, Illinois Edison Park, Chicago Norwood Park, Chicago Forest Glen, Chicago Chicago metropolitan area Major city Cities
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