Mountains-to-Sea Trail

Mountains-to-Sea Trail
Mountains-to-Sea Trail
Sunset view from Clingman's Dome, the Western terminus of the trail
Length appx 1000 mi (planned)
530 mi (designated & completed)
Location North Carolina, United States
Designation National Recreation Trail
North Carolina State Trail
Trailheads Jockey's Ridge, Clingman's Dome
Use Hiking
Elevation Change 6,684 ft (2,037 m)
Highest point Mount Mitchell
Lowest point Pamlico Sound
Trail difficulty Moderate to Strenuous
Sights Appalachian Mountains
Sauratown Mountains
Multiple rivers
Outer Banks
Hazards American Alligator
American Black Bear
Biting flies
Diarrhea from water
Dog attacks
Limited water
Poison ivy
Severe weather
Steep grades
Tick-borne diseases
Traffic collisions
Venomous snakes
Surface natural, sand, gravel, boardwalk, asphalt

The Mountains-to-Sea Trail (MST) is a long-distance trail, for hiking and backpacking, that runs across North Carolina from the Great Smoky Mountains to the Outer Banks. The trail's western endpoint is at Clingman's Dome, where it connects to the Appalachian Trail in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Its eastern endpoint is in Jockey's Ridge State Park on the tallest sand dune on the east coast. The trail is envisioned as a scenic backbone of an interconnected trail system spanning the state. As such, the trail's route attempts to connect as many trail systems and natural scenic areas as practicable. A little over half of the trail is complete in multiple, disconnected segments across the state.

The Mountains-to-Sea State Park Trail was made an official land-based unit of the state park system by the General Assembly on August 2, 2000. Since that time, the State Trail unit has grown to encompass 691 acres in three tracks. Each of these tracks is leased to local governments for management as nature parks, under the guidance of the NC Division of Parks and Recreation (NCDPR). The vast majority of the foot trail is located on lands not directly managed as part of its associated state park unit.

The trail is a part of the North Carolina State Trails Program which is a section of NCDPR, and as of January 2011, 530 miles of trail has been designated as a part of the MST by NCDPR.

The segments of MST along the Blue Ridge Parkway were designated as National Recreation Trail in 2005.

The MST has the distinction of being the highest elevation, long-distance trail in the eastern United States, where it crosses Mount Mitchell at 6,684 feet (2,037 meters).


Incorporated trails

The MST incorporates several other notable trails as part of its route.

  • The MST shares several miles of its route with the Appalachian Trail near the MST's western trail-head.
  • Art Loeb Trail
  • The MST follows most of the Tanawha Trail's length.
  • The MST shares most of the Sauratown Trail's route, which is the only bridle trail that connects two NC state parks and is the longest trail on private owned lands in the state.
  • A recent addition to the trail is the Haw River Trail which begins at Haw River State Park in Guilford and Chatham Counties and continues to Cane Creek in southern Alamance County.
  • The MST follows the entire length of the Neusiok Trail.


Hikers should be aware that the Mountains-To-Sea Trail does contain camping restrictions across its route. Hikers should research and follow all rules and regulations for camping, as the MST does cross through lands managed by various public and private land agencies & individuals.

In the mountain section, starting in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, camping is allowed at permissible campsites with a back-country permit. Please contact the GSMNP back-country office for permit and reservation information.

Camping within the Blue Ridge Parkway corridor is prohibited except for permissible parkway campgrounds (Doughton Park, Julian Price Park, Linville Falls, Crabtree Meadows, and Mt. Pisgah). In some areas, hikers can cross the BRP boundary lines into the Nantalhala and Pisgah National Forests to camp at well-established campsites. Planning is being done to create designated, private campsites for the MST on parkway land; however, the only backpack site currently open is in Julian Price Park.

On the North Carolina Piedmont section of the MST, camping is not permitted along the Sauratown Trail section (from Pilot Mountain to Hanging Rock State Parks) since the trail is managed and maintained on land leased from private landowners. A list of nearby campgrounds and lodging is maintained on the Sauratown Trails Association Website. There are three privately managed campgrounds a short distance off the Sauratown Trail.

Camping inside the North Carolina State Parks are only allowed at permissible camping sites and campgrounds. Large sections of the Falls Lake State Recreation Area, and neighboring public lands managed by the Army Corps of Engineers, also prohibit camping.

Stealth camping or any illegal camping along the MST is highly discouraged. Possible citations and fines may be enforced if such camping is found by the managing land agency.

Park lands

The MST as a State Trail unit of the state park system encompasses 691 acres of land in three tracks. The NC Division of Parks and Recreation (NCDPR) leases each of these tracks to local governments for operation as nature parks. Currently, only one of the tracks is open to the public, located in Alamance County. The two unopened tracks are in Guilford County and Johnston County.

Shallow Ford Natural Area

Shallow Ford Natural Area is the only land track of the State Trail currently open to the public. It consists of 191 acres located in Alamance County along the banks of the Haw River, and it is managed by the Alamance County Recreation and Parks Department. The natural area has a small, volunteer built trail network, which includes the MST, a few primitive campsites, a canoe access and a picnic area. The natural area was acquired to help fill in a gap in the MST.

Richardson-Taylor Preserve

The Richardson-Taylor Preserve, formally known as the Morton-Richardson Tract, is a new 440 acre nature preserve that was jointly acquired by the Guilford County Open Space Program and the State of North Carolina. The preserve was acquired in two parts, the Taylor Tract and the Richardson Tract. The 196 acre Taylor Tract was bought by the state park system from the Morton family, who also sold Grandfather Mountain to the state. The Richardson Tract was bought by Guilford County, partly using grants from the state. Both tracts were intended to be managed together as a buffer for the Greensboro Watershed and as a corridor for the MST to reach Haw River State Park from the watershed trails. The Greensboro Parks & Recreation Department will manage the preserve with guidance from the Guildford County Open Space Committee and the NC Division of Parks and Recreation. Planning for the preserve's facilities is still ongoing, and it is not open to the public.

List of destinations

The trail currently or is planned to pass through several notable natural areas in North Carolina. This list notes them from west to east:

Photo gallery

These are images of or along the MST going from west to east:

External links

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