Communications in Indonesia

Communications in Indonesia

Indonesia has had a complex history of communications due to its spread over an extended archipelago - the importance on non-electronic means in the past has given away to a considerable infrastructure of telecommunications in the contemporary Indonesia.

Contents

History

Indonesia has long since been using traditional forms of slayed communications[clarification needed] between various islands and villages. It was not until the sixteenth century when the Dutch colonized Indonesia, constructing a more elaborate communication system, both within Indonesia and to other countries. The first connection to Australia was an undersea telegraph cable that was completed on 18 November 1871, connecting Java to Darwin, and eventually to the Australian Overland Telegraph Line across Australia.

After gaining Independence, Indonesia started to develop its own communication system, generally following the rest of the world. The construction of communication towers and launch of the Palapa series of communication satellites was done during the New Order period.

Infrastructure

A number of lines connect Indonesia to international communication routes. For example, the SEA-ME-WE 3 optical submarine telecommunications cable lands at both Medan and Jakarta connecting Europe with South eastern Asia (several countries up to Japan) and Australia (Perth).

Domestically, Indonesia has good coverage for media across most major islands, although smaller and less populated Islands do not always receive attention from media companies, and rely on satellite communication.

Printed Media

Indonesia has a vast list of printed media, in the forms of newspapers or magazines. Some, such as Kompas and Koran Tempo are circulated around Indonesia daily and are relatively simple to obtain. Others are island- or city-specific, and is usually not distributed to other regions.

Telephone

  • Telephones - main lines in use: 9.99 million (2004)
  • Telephones - mobile cellular: At end of 2010, the mobile cellular penetration rate standing at around 67 percent (22 percent at end of 2006).[1]
  • Telephone system: domestic service fair, international service good

Radio

  • Radio broadcast stations: AM 678, FM 43, shortwave 82 (1998)
  • Radios: 31.5 million (1997)

Television

  • Television broadcast stations: 11 national TV, 60 local TV (From AC Nielsen Report - first Semester 2005):
  • Televisions: 13.75 million (1997)

Internet

By June 2011, all sub-districts in Indonesia will be connected with internet.[2]

Regulations

The control over media in Indonesia is governed by the Ministry of Communications and Informatics

Telecommunications Regulatory Environment in Indonesia

LIRNEasia's Telecommunications Regulatory Environment (TRE) index, which summarizes stakeholders’ perception on certain TRE dimensions, provides insight into how conducive the environment is for further development and progress. The most recent survey was conducted in July 2008 in eight Asian countries, including Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Pakistan, Thailand, and the Philippines. The tool measured seven dimensions: i) market entry; ii) access to scarce resources; iii) interconnection; iv) tariff regulation; v) anti-competitive practices; and vi) universal services; vii) quality of service, for the fixed, mobile and broadband sectors.

Below-average scores received in all sectors and across dimensions reflect general dissatisfaction of the TRE in Indonesia. However, this does not mean that respondents have ignored recent developments. The relatively healthy growth in mobile sector is reflected in the higher TRE scores received by the sector for most dimensions, when compared to the fixed sector. On average, the mobile sector scores best, with fixed and broadband following.[3]

References

See also


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Indonesia — /in deuh nee zheuh, sheuh, zee euh, doh /, n. 1. See East Indies (def. 1). 2. Republic of. Formerly, Netherlands East Indies, Dutch East Indies. a republic in the Malay Archipelago consisting of 13,677 islands, including Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi,… …   Universalium

  • Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation — Indonesia Malaysia confrontation Control of the island of Borneo, which is divided between Indonesia, Malaysia and …   Wikipedia

  • Communications in Australia — is dominated by the telecommunications provider, Telstra. Other telephone carriers include Optus (owned by Singapore Telecommunications), AAPT and Powertel (both owned by Telecom New Zealand), Soul (SP Telemedia), Vodafone and Hutchison 3G (3… …   Wikipedia

  • Communications in Afghanistan — has dramatically increased since 2002, and has embarked on wireless companies, internet, radio stations and television channels. Afghan telecommunication companies, such as Afghan Wireless and Roshan, have been boasting rapid increase in cellular …   Wikipedia

  • Communications in Burundi — refers to the telephony, internet, postal, radio, and television systems of Burundi. Contents 1 Telephony 2 Internet 3 Postal Service 4 Radio and television …   Wikipedia

  • Communications in Argentina — gives an overview of the postal, telephone, Internet, radio, television, and newspaper services available in Argentina. Contents 1 Postal 2 Telephone 2.1 Companies 3 Internet …   Wikipedia

  • Communications in the Netherlands — Communications in the Netherlands. Contents 1 Mail 2 Telephone 2.1 Area codes 2.2 Non geographical codes …   Wikipedia

  • Communications Security Establishment Canada — Badge of the Communications Security Establishment Canada Agency overview Formed 1946 Preceding agency Examination Unit, a civilian organization established in …   Wikipedia

  • Communications in Taiwan — comprise the following communication media, deployed on Taiwan and the outlying islands of Taiwan and regulated by the Taiwanese Ministry of Transportation and Communications.Since the mid 1970s there has been an accelerating shift from… …   Wikipedia

  • Communications in Niue — include postal, telephone, internet, press and radio. Contents 1 Postal 2 Telecommunications services 3 Radio 4 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”