Telecommunications in Moldova

Telecommunications in Moldova

The telecommunications in Moldova were an obsolete state monopoly during the Moldovan SSR. In the 1990s, it slowly began to develop new services and in the 2000s telecommunications are seeing increased market value through unexpected sales.



After the break of the Soviet Union, Moldova's telecommunications facilities were very poor and remained like that until 1995 when Moldtelecom (back then was a state company) begun the upgrade process. In 1990 Moldova had an average of 11 telephones per 100 inhabitants, and there were more than 200,000 unfilled orders for telephone installation. In 1994 23,800 new telephone lines were installed, which included public phones with direct international dialing capabilities.

When in 1999 Moldtelecom became a JSC the company began a process of upgrading all telephone and communication lines in the country. In 2000 approximately 435,930 new lines were installed. Overall power of telephone stations increased up to 645,000 numbers. The average number of telephones increased up to 16 telephones per 100 inhabitants. In 2008 the number of digital telephone stations increased up to 82.6% (4% in 1993).

At the end of 2010 the number of telephone lines reached 1.161 million with overall penetration of 32.6% (or 32 telephones per 100 inhabitants).

Mobile telephony

The mobile telephone market of Moldova is divided between two GSM - Orange Moldova and Moldcell, and two CDMA - Unité and Interdnestrcom mobile operators. Orange Moldova has launched its network in October 1998, Moldcell in April 2000, Moldtelecom (under the trademark Unité) in March 2007.
There was a third GSM operator - Eventis. It began its operations in December 2007 but on February 5th 2010 the entire network was shut down and the company declared bankruptcy.
The first million of mobile telephone users was registered in September 2005. A year and a half later the figure amounted to 1.5 million users.
In 2007 the number of mobile phone users was 1.882 million. In 2008 the number reached 2.423 million. In 2009 - 2.785 million. In 2010 - 3.165 million
At the end of Q1 2011 the number of mobile phone users reached 3.250 million with the overall penetration of 91.3%.[1]

At the end of Q1 2011 Moldcell had 1.101 million subscribers, Orange Moldova - 2.019 million subscribers, Unité - 130,000 subscribers.[2]

Moldcell in October 2008 was the first mobile operator in Moldova who launched the 3G standard in mobile telephony. Orange Moldova in September 2009, Moldova was the first country in the world to launch high-definition voice services (HD voice) for mobile phones, and the first country in Europe to launch 14,4 Mbit/s mobile broadband at a national scale, with over 40% population coverage.


At the end of 2009 there were around 1,295,000 internet users and 186,700 broadband subscribers in Moldova with overall internet penetration of 29.9%. In 2004 there were 183 Internet Cafes registered in Chişinău, that number has significantly decreased in later years.
In 2010 there were 5 main Internet Service Providers in the country - Moldtelecom, StarNet, SunCommunications, Orange and Interdnestrcom in Transnistria
The most spread internet connection type is ADSL, however in recent years internet connection via FTTB has seen a rapid increase, with ADSL holding around 62.4% of the market and FTTB around 34.2%. Average download speed throughout the country is estimated to be around 20 Mbit/s according to Ookla Net Metrics[3] In Chişinău and some regional centers speeds of 100/100Mbit are easily available through FTTB.

Internet Usage and Broadband Subscribers. (2010)[4]

  • Number of Users - 1,425,000
  • Number of Broadband Subscribers - 269,100
  • Penetration - 40%

Structure of Broadband Service Market, by Access Technology. (2010)[5]

  • xDSL - 62.4%
  • Cable - 2.8%
  • FTTB/LAN - 34.2%
  • Wireless - 0.6%


In 2007 there are dozens of broadcast companies in Chisinau providing analogue TV - major ones include SunTV (about 70,000 subscribers) and Satellit (about 20,000 subscribers). Smaller ones include Delta and Alfa TV.

Starting the mid-2007 - Zebra TV (provided by Arax) introduced first digital cable network in Chisinau. SunTV also launched digital TV.

Print media

The main daily newspaper in the republic, Moldova Suverana, is published by the government. Sfatul Ţării is published by Parliament, which also publishes the daily Nezavisimaya Moldova in Russian. Other principal newspapers include Rabochiy Tiraspol' (in Russian, the main newspaper of the Slavs in Transnistria), Ţara, Tineretul Moldovei/Molodezh Moldovy (in Romanian and Russian), and Viaţa satului (published by the government).

The main cultural publication in Moldova is the weekly journal Literatura şi arta, published by the Union of Writers of Moldova. Other principal periodicals include Basarabia (also published by the Writers' Union), Chipăruş, Alunelul, Femeia Moldovei, Lanterna Magică, Moldova, Noi, and SudEst.

Kishinëvskiye novosti, Kodry, and Russkoye Slovo are Russian-language periodicals. Other minority-language periodicals include Prosvita and Homin in Ukrainian, Ana sözu and Cîrlangaci in Gagauz, Rodno slovo in Bulgarian, and Undzer kol/Nash golos in Yiddish and Russian. In all, 240 newspapers (ninety-seven in Romanian) and sixty-eight magazines (thirty-five in Romanian) were being published in the republic in 1990. Basa Press, an independent news service, was established in November 1992.

Related Information

  • Telephone lines in use: 1 164 629 (2011)[6]
  • Mobile telephones users: 3 250 000 (2011)[7]
  • Level of penetration of fixed telephony in households: 90,8% (2009)
  • Level of penetration of fixed telephony: 32,7% (2011)[8]
  • Level of penetration of mobile telephony: 91.3% (2011)[9]
  • Radio broadcast stations: AM - 2, FM - 29, Shortwave - N/A (2006)[10]
  • Radios: 3.22million (1997)
  • Television broadcast stations: 40 (1998)
  • Television sets: 1,26 million (1997)
  • Internet Service Providers (ISP's): 38 (2007)
  • Internet hosts: 492 181 (2010)[11]
  • Internet users: 1 425 000 (2010)[12]
  • Broadband Internet subscribers: 293 000 (2011)[13]
  • Internet penetration: 40% (2010)[14]
  • Country code (Top level domain): MD

See also


External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Moldova — This article is about the modern state. For the principality, see Moldavia. For other uses, see Moldova (disambiguation). Republic of Moldova Republica Moldova …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in the People's Republic of China — Telecommunications in China redirects here. For the industry, see Telecommunications industry in China. This article is about Communications in the People s Republic of China, excluding Hong Kong and Macau (see Communications in Hong Kong and… …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Mauritius — Telecommunications had an early beginning in Mauritius, with the first telephone line installed in 1883, seven years after the invention of the telephone. Over the years, the network and telephony improved. By the late 20th century, the rapid… …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Australia — deals with telecommunications in Australia, involving the availability and use of electronic devices and services, such as the telephone, television, radio or computer, for the purpose of communication. Contents 1 Early 2 Deregulation and the… …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in South Africa — Telecommunications infrastructure in South Africa provides modern and efficient service to urban areas, including cellular and internet services. In 1997, Telkom, the South African telecommunications parastatal, was partly privatised and entered… …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Cambodia — Telecommunications Communications towers in Kampong Thom Telephone land lines 54,200 (2009) Mobile lines …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Armenia — Telecommunications Republic of Armenia …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Mexico — Telecommunications Telmex Retail Store in Puerto Vallarta Telephone land lines 19.8 million (2006) Mobile lines 57 million (2006) …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Canada — include telephone, radio, television, and internet usage. Contents 1 Telephone 2 Radio 3 Television 4 Internet 5 …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in the Republic of Ireland — Telecommunications in the Republic of Ireland, including postal services run by An Post, are regulated to a large extent by the Commission for Communications Regulation (ComReg), the Minister for Communications, Energy Natural Resources has… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”