Bone: Malleus Left malleus. A. From behind. B. From within. The right membrana tympani with the hammer and the chorda tympani, viewed from within, from behind, and from above. (Malleus visible at center.) Bones and muscles in the tympanic cavity in the middle ear Latin Malleus Gray's subject #231 1044 Precursor 1st branchial arch MeSH Malleus
The malleus is unique to mammals, and evolved from a lower jaw bone in basal amniotes called the articular, which still forms part of the jaw joint in reptiles and birds. Embryologically it is derived from the first pharyngeal arch along with the rest of the bones of mastication, such as the maxilla and mandible.
External and middle ear, opened from the front. Right side.
- Bone terminology
- Evolution of mammalian auditory ossicles
- Terms for anatomical location
- Neck of malleus
- Superior ligament of malleus
- Lateral ligament of malleus
- Anterior ligament of malleus
- ^ hednk-023 — Embryology at UNC
- ^ Ramachandran, V. S. and Blakeslee, S. (1999) ‘'Phantoms in the Brain’', p. 210
- The Anatomy Wiz Malleus
Sensory system: Auditory and Vestibular systems (TA A15.3, TH 3.11.09, GA 10.1029) Outer ear Middle ear
Tegmental wall/roof: Epitympanic recessJugular wall/floorStapedius · Tensor tympani
bony labyrinth)General cochleaPerilymphatic spaceCells
Bones (TA A02, GA 2) AxialThoracic skeletonsternum · ribFacial bones AppendicularLower
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