- Pope Benedict XI
Benedict XI Papacy began 22 October 1303 Papacy ended 7 July 1304 Predecessor Boniface VIII Successor Clement V Orders Created Cardinal 4 December 1298 Personal details Birth name Nicola Boccasini Born 1240
Treviso, Italy, Holy Roman Empire
Died 7 July 1304 (aged 63–64)
Perugia, Papal States
Sainthood Beatified 24 April 1736 Other Popes named Benedict Papal styles of
Pope Benedict XI
Reference style His Holiness Spoken style Your Holiness Religious style Holy Father Posthumous style Blessed
Blessed Pope Benedict XI (1240 – 7 July 1304), born Nicola Boccasini, was Pope from 1303 to 1304.
Born in Treviso, he succeeded Pope Boniface VIII (1294–1303), but was unable to carry out his policies. Benedict XI was a Dominican and when he was made Master of the Order in 1296, he issued ordinances forbidding public questioning of the legitimacy of Boniface VIII's election on the part of any Dominican. At the time of the seizing of Pope Boniface VIII at Anagni, Boccasini was one of only two cardinals to defend the papal party in the Lateran Palace itself. However, upon being elected Pope, he released Philip IV of France (1285–1314) from the excommunication that had been laid upon him by Boniface VIII, and practically ignored the bull Unam sanctam. Nevertheless, on 7 June 1304, he excommunicated Philip IV's implacable minister, Guillaume de Nogaret, and all the Italians who had played a part in the seizure of Boniface VIII at Anagni.
After a brief pontificate of eight months, Benedict XI died suddenly at Perugia. As original report had it, suspicion would fall primarily on Nogaret and that his sudden death was caused by poisoning through the agency of Nogaret. However, there is no direct evidence to support Nogaret poisoned the pope. Benedict XI's successor, Pope Clement V (1305–14), removed the papal seat from Rome to Avignon, inaugurating the period sometimes known as the Babylonian Captivity (1309–77). He and the French popes who succeeded him were completely under the influence of the kings of France.
Benedict XI was the author of a volume of sermons and commentaries on the Gospel of Matthew, on the Psalms, the Book of Job, and John's Apocalypse.
(Note on numbering: Pope Benedict X is now considered an antipope. At the time, however, this status was not recognized and so the man the Roman Catholic Church officially considers the tenth true Pope Benedict took the official number XI, rather than X. This has advanced the numbering of all subsequent Popes Benedict by one. Popes Benedict XI through XVI are, from an official point of view, the 10th through 15th popes by that name.)
- Friedrich Wilhelm Bautz (1975). Bautz, Friedrich Wilhelm. ed (in German). Benedikt XI., Papst (Nicolaus Boccasini). Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). 1. Hamm. col. 486. ISBN 3-88309-013-1. http://www.bautz.de/bbkl/b/benedikt_xi_p.shtml.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed (1913). "Pope Benedict XI". Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- "St. Benedict XI., Pope and Confessor", Butler's Lives of the Saints
Catholic Church titles Preceded by
Étienne de Besançon
Master General of the Dominican Order
Albertus de Chiavari
Cardinal-bishop of Ostia
Catholic ChurchOrganizations, Papacy, Teachings and Liturgical Traditions HistoryJesus · Twelve Apostles · Early Christianity · History of the Papacy · Ecumenical Councils · Missions · Great Schism of East · Crusades · Great Schism of West · Protestant Reformation · Counter-Reformation · Catholic Church by country HierarchyPope · Cardinals · Patriarchs · Major Archbishops · Primates · Metropolitans · Archbishops · Diocesan Bishops Theology Sacraments Mariology Doctors of
the ChurchAlbertus Magnus · Ambrose · Anselm of Canterbury · Anthony of Padua · Thomas Aquinas · Athanasius of Alexandria · Augustine of Hippo · Basil of Caesarea · Bede · Robert Bellarmine · Bernard of Clairvaux · Bonaventure · Petrus Canisius · Catherine of Siena · Peter Chrysologus · John Chrysostom · Cyril of Alexandria · Cyril of Jerusalem · Peter Damian · Ephrem the Syrian · Francis de Sales · Gregory of Nazianzus · Gregory the Great · Hilary of Poitiers · Isidore of Seville · Jerome · John of Damascus · John of the Cross · Lawrence of Brindisi · Leo the Great · Alphonsus Maria de Liguori · Teresa of Ávila · Thérèse of Lisieux
Pope Benedict XVI Preceding Popes Orders and
Vatican II Particular Churches
Liturgical TraditionsAlexandrian · Coptic · Ethiopic · Antiochian · Maronite · Syriac · Syro-Malankara · Armenian · Armenian · Byzantine · Albanian · Belarusian · Bulgarian · Croatian · Greek · Hungarian · Italo-Albanian · Macedonian · Melkite · Romanian · Russian · Ruthenian · Slovak · Ukrainian · East Syrian · Chaldean · Syro-Malabar · Latin · Roman · Anglican Use · Sarum · Ambrosian · Mozarabic_
Catholicism_Portal Catholicism Portal Pope Portal History of the Catholic Church General
History of the Catholic Church · History of the Papacy · History of the Roman Curia · Catholic Ecumenical Councils · Timeline of the Catholic Church · History of Christianity · Role of the Catholic Church in Western civilization · Art in Roman Catholicism · Catholic religious order · Christian monasticism · Papal States
Church beginnings Constantine the Great to
Pope Gregory I
Constantine the Great and Christianity · Arianism · Basilica of St. John Lateran · First Council of Nicaea · Pope Sylvester I · First Council of Constantinople · Biblical canon · Jerome · Vulgate · First Council of Ephesus · Council of Chalcedon · Benedict of Nursia · Second Council of Constantinople · Pope Gregory I · Gregorian chant
Early Middle Ages
Third Council of Constantinople · Saint Boniface · Byzantine Iconoclasm · Second Council of Nicaea · Charlemagne · Pope Leo III · Fourth Council of Constantinople · East–West Schism
High Middle Ages
Pope Urban II · Investiture Controversy · Crusades · First Council of the Lateran · Second Council of the Lateran · Third Council of the Lateran · Pope Innocent III · Latin Empire · Francis of Assisi · Fourth Council of the Lateran · Inquisition · First Council of Lyon · Second Council of Lyon · Bernard of Clairvaux · Thomas Aquinas
Late Middle Ages Protestant Reformation/
Baroque Period to the
Pope Pius VII · Pope Pius IX · Dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary · Our Lady of La Salette · Our Lady of Lourdes · First Vatican Council · Papal infallibility · Pope Leo XIII · Mary of the Divine Heart · Prayer of Consecration to the Sacred Heart · Rerum Novarum
Pope Pius X · Our Lady of Fátima · Persecutions of the Catholic Church and Pius XII · Pope Pius XII · Pope Pius XII Consecration to the Immaculate Heart of Mary · Dogma of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary · Pope John XXIII · Second Vatican Council · Pope Paul VI · Pope John Paul I · Pope John Paul II
21st century By country or region
Brazil · Cuba · France · Germany · Hispano-America · Ireland · Japan · Mexico · Spain · United States · Venezuela_
Catholicism_Portal_ Catholicism Portal Pope PortalCategories:
- 1240 births
- 1304 deaths
- People from Treviso
- Italian popes
- Cardinal-bishops of Ostia
- Members of the Dominican Order
- 14th-century Roman Catholic bishops
- 13th-century Italian people
- 14th-century Italian people
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.