- Pope Alexander II
English name=Alexander II
birth_name=Anselmo da Baggio
September 30, 1061
April 21, 1073
Alexander II (died
April 21, 1073), born Anselmo da Baggio, was Popefrom 1061 to 1073.
He was born in
Milan. As bishop of Luccahe had been an energetic coadjutor with Hildebrand in endeavouring to suppress simony, and to enforce the celibacy of the clergy. His election, which Hildebrand had arranged in conformity with the decree of 1059 (see Pope Nicholas II), was not sanctioned by the imperial court of Germany. This court, true to the practice observed by it in the preceding elections, nominated another candidate, Cadalus, bishop of Parma, who was proclaimed at the council of Baselunder the name of antipope Honorius II(1061–72), marched to Rome, and for a long time threatened his rival's position. At length, however, he was forsaken by the Germanic court and deposed by a council held at Mantua; and Alexander II's position remained unchallenged.
In 1065, he admonished
Landulf VI of Benevento"that the conversion of Jews is not to be obtained by force." [Simonsohn, pp 35–37.]
In 1066, he entertained the
embassyfrom William the Conquerorwhich had been sent to obtain his blessing for the conquest of England. This he gave to them, gifting to them a papal ring, the standard of St. Peter, and a papal edictto present to the English clergysaying that William was given the Papal blessingfor the bid for the throne. These favours were instrumental in the submission of the English church and peoplefollowing the Battle of Hastings.
Alexander II oversaw the suppression of the 'Alleluia' during the Latin Church's celebration of Lent. [Cabrol, p 46.]
Alexander II was followed by his associate Hildebrand, who took the title of Gregory VII (1073–85).
*Simonsohn, Shlomo. "The Apostolic See and the Jews, Documents: 492-1404".
*Cabrol, Fernand. "Liturgical Prayer: Its History and Spirit. 2003. p. 46".
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