- Pope Alexander I
English name=Saint Alexander I
other=Alexander| infobox popestyles
papal name=Pope Alexander I
Pope Saint Alexander I was
Popefrom about 106 to 115. The Holy See's " Annuario Pontificio" (2008) identifies him as a Roman who reigned from 108 or 109 to 116 or 119. Some believe he suffered martyrdom under the Roman Emperor Trajanor Hadrian, but this is improbable. [http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/14049/Saint-Alexander-I# Encyclopaedia Britannica: "Saint Alexander I"] ] In the article on Saint Alexander I in the 1907 Catholic Encyclopedia, Thomas Shahan judges inaccurate the tradition that this Pope inserted into the Roman Canonthe narration of the Last Supper(the "Qui pridie"). [ [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01285c.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: "Pope St. Alexander I"] ] Pope Alexander I is also said to have introduced the use of blessing water mixed with salt for the purification of Christian homes from evil influences, and the custom of mixing water with the sacramental wine. This too is considered unlikely.
In some editions of the
Roman Missalthe Saint Alexander commemorated on 3 Mayis identified with Pope Alexander I. This identification is not found in the Tridentine Missal promulgated by Pope Pius Vin 1570. Since nothing is known of the Saints Alexander, Eventius and Theodulus of 3 Mayother than their names and the facts that they were martyred and were buried at the seventh milestone of the Via Nomentanaon that day, [Calendarium Romanum (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 1961), p. 122] the one whose name coincided with that of a Pope was identified with the Pope, as happened also in other cases: a martyr named Felix was even confused with Antipope Felix II. The identification of the martyr Alexander with the Pope was removed from the Roman Calendar by Pope John XXIIIin 1960.
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01285c.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: "Pope St. Alexander I"]
* [http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/14049/Saint-Alexander-I# Encyclopaedia Britannica: "Saint Alexander I"]
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