- Pope Gregory VIII
:"Not to be confused with the earlier
Antipope Gregory VIII"Infobox Pope
English name=Gregory VIII
birth_name=Alberto di Morra
October 25, 1187
December 17, 1187
Pope Gregory VIII (c. 1100/1105,
Benevento, Italy– December 17, 1187, Pisa, Italy), born Alberto di Morra, was Popefrom October 25, 1187until his death.
Gregory VIII was a well-educated Beneventan noble who became a Cistercian monk in
Laonat a young age. With the establishment of the Premonstratensiansin 1120 he became a member of that order, and is considered the only Premonstratensian Pope. Pope Adrian IVcreated him cardinal-deacon of S. Adriano in December 1155 (or in 1156) and later promoted him to the rank of cardinal-priest of S. Lorenzo in Lucina (1158). He subscribed the papal bulls between April 5, 1157and October 13, 1187. He supported the obedience of Pope Alexander IIIagainst the claims of Antipope Victor IV (1159-1164)and his successors. Under this pope he became Chancellor of the Holy Roman Church(February 1178).
In 1172 he attended the council of
Avranchesas papal legate, which absolved Henry II of England(1154–1189) from the guilt of the murder of Thomas Becket(1118–1170).
He was consecrated as
Popein place of Pope Urban III(1185–1187) on October 25, 1187. His first act as Pope was to issue the papal bull" Audita tremendi", which called for the Third Crusadein response to the Battle of Hattinearlier that year. Jerusalemitself had fallen in October, but news of this had not yet reached the Pope. Gregory VIII did not live to see the crusade, as he died of fever that same year. Pope Clement III(1187–1191) was his successor.
Papal election, October 1187
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