- Pope Pius I
Infobox Pope|English name=Saint Pius I
birth_date=c. late 1st century
other=Pius| infobox popestyles
papal name=Pope Pius I
Pope Saint Pius I was
Bishop of Rome, according to the " Annuario Pontificio," from 142 or 146 to 157 or 161, respectively. ["Annuario Pontificio" (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2008 ISBN 978-88-209-8021-4), P. 8*] Others suggest that his pontificate was perhaps from 140 to 154. [ [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12126b.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: "Pope St. Pius I"] ]
Pius is believed to have been born at
Aquileia, in Northern Italy, during the late 1st century. ["Lives of the Saints, For Every Day of the Year," edited by Rev. Hugo Hoever, S.O.Cist.,Ph.D., New York: Catholic Book Publishing Co., 1955, p. 263] His father was called "Rufinus," who was also said to be of Aquileia according to the " Liber Pontificalis." [Ed. Duchesne, I, 132.]
It is stated in the 2nd century Muratorian Canon, [Ed. Preuschen, "Analecta, 1," Tubingen, 1910.] and in the "
Liberian Catalogue," [Ed. Duchesne, "Liber Pontificalis, I, 5."] that he was the brother of Hermas, author of the text known as " The Shepherd of Hermas."The writer of the later text identifies himself as a former slave. This has led to speculation that both Hermas and Pius were freedmen.
St Pius I governed the Church in the middle of the 2nd century during the reigns of the Emperors
Antoninus Piusand Marcus Aurelius. ["Lives of the Saints, For Every Day of the Year," p.263] He was the ninth successor of Saint Peter. [ [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12126b.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: "Pope St. Pius I"] ] He decreed that Eastershould only be kept on a Sunday and ordered the publication of the "Liber Pontificalis." ["Lives of the Saints, For Every Day of the Year," p. 263] He is said to have built one of the oldest churches in Rome, Santa Pudenziana.
St Pius I endured many hardships during his reign. The fact that
Saint Justintaught Christian doctrine in Rome during the pontificate of St Pius I and that the heretics Valentinus, Cerdon and Marcion visited Rome at the same time, is a strong argument for the primacy of the Roman See during the 2nd century. ["Lives of the Saints, For Every Day of the Year," p. 263] Pope Pius I opposed the Valentiniansand Gnosticsunder Marcion, whom he excommunicated. ["Dictionary of Saints" (First Image Books Edition, April 2005 ISBN 0-385-51520-0), p. 505]
Some conjecture that he was a martyr in Rome, a conjecture that entered earlier editions of the
Breviary. The study that had produced the 1969 revision of the Roman Catholic Calendar of Saints stated that there were no grounds for his consideration as a martyr, ["Calendarium Romanum" (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1969), p. 129] and he is not presented as such in the " Roman Martyrology." ["Martyrologium Romanum" (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2001 ISBN 88-209-7210-7)]
St Pius I's
feast dayis celebrated on July 11. In the Tridentine Calendarit was given the rank of "Simple" and celebrated as the feast of a martyr. The rank of the feast was reduced to a Commemoration in the 1955 General Roman Calendar of Pope Pius XIIand the General Roman Calendar of 1962. Though no longer mentioned in the General Roman Catholic calendar of saints, he may now, according to the rules in the present-day Roman Missal, be celebrated everywhere on his feast day with a "Memorial", unless in some locality an obligatory celebration is assigned to that day. [ [http://www.acbc.catholic.org.au/documents/200707031933.pdf General Instruction of the Roman Missal,] 355 c]
*"Lives of the Saints, For Every Day of the Year," edited by Rev. Hugo Hoever, S.O.Cist., Ph.D., New York: Catholic Book Publishing Co., 1955, pp 511
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12126b.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: "Pope St. Pius I"]
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