Pope Pius I

Pope Pius I

Infobox Pope|English name=Saint Pius I

term_start=c. 140
term_end=c. 154
birth_date=c. late 1st century
birthplace=Aquileia, Italy
dead=dead|death_date=c. 154
deathplace=Rome, Italy
infobox popestyles
papal name=Pope Pius I
dipstyle=His Holiness
offstyle=Your Holiness
relstyle=Holy Father

Pope Saint Pius I was Bishop of Rome, according to the "Annuario Pontificio," from 142 or 146 to 157 or 161, respectively. ["Annuario Pontificio" (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2008 ISBN 978-88-209-8021-4), P. 8*] Others suggest that his pontificate was perhaps from 140 to 154. [ [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12126b.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: "Pope St. Pius I"] ]

Early life

Pius is believed to have been born at Aquileia, in Northern Italy, during the late 1st century. ["Lives of the Saints, For Every Day of the Year," edited by Rev. Hugo Hoever, S.O.Cist.,Ph.D., New York: Catholic Book Publishing Co., 1955, p. 263] His father was called "Rufinus," who was also said to be of Aquileia according to the "Liber Pontificalis." [Ed. Duchesne, I, 132.]

It is stated in the 2nd century Muratorian Canon, [Ed. Preuschen, "Analecta, 1," Tubingen, 1910.] and in the "Liberian Catalogue," [Ed. Duchesne, "Liber Pontificalis, I, 5."] that he was the brother of Hermas, author of the text known as "The Shepherd of Hermas."The writer of the later text identifies himself as a former slave. This has led to speculation that both Hermas and Pius were freedmen.


St Pius I governed the Church in the middle of the 2nd century during the reigns of the Emperors Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius. ["Lives of the Saints, For Every Day of the Year," p.263] He was the ninth successor of Saint Peter. [ [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12126b.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: "Pope St. Pius I"] ] He decreed that Easter should only be kept on a Sunday and ordered the publication of the "Liber Pontificalis." ["Lives of the Saints, For Every Day of the Year," p. 263] He is said to have built one of the oldest churches in Rome, Santa Pudenziana.

St Pius I endured many hardships during his reign. The fact that Saint Justin taught Christian doctrine in Rome during the pontificate of St Pius I and that the heretics Valentinus, Cerdon and Marcion visited Rome at the same time, is a strong argument for the primacy of the Roman See during the 2nd century. ["Lives of the Saints, For Every Day of the Year," p. 263] Pope Pius I opposed the Valentinians and Gnostics under Marcion, whom he excommunicated. ["Dictionary of Saints" (First Image Books Edition, April 2005 ISBN 0-385-51520-0), p. 505]

Some conjecture that he was a martyr in Rome, a conjecture that entered earlier editions of the Breviary. The study that had produced the 1969 revision of the Roman Catholic Calendar of Saints stated that there were no grounds for his consideration as a martyr, ["Calendarium Romanum" (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1969), p. 129] and he is not presented as such in the "Roman Martyrology." ["Martyrologium Romanum" (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2001 ISBN 88-209-7210-7)]

Feast Day

St Pius I's feast day is celebrated on July 11. In the Tridentine Calendar it was given the rank of "Simple" and celebrated as the feast of a martyr. The rank of the feast was reduced to a Commemoration in the 1955 General Roman Calendar of Pope Pius XII and the General Roman Calendar of 1962. Though no longer mentioned in the General Roman Catholic calendar of saints, he may now, according to the rules in the present-day Roman Missal, be celebrated everywhere on his feast day with a "Memorial", unless in some locality an obligatory celebration is assigned to that day. [ [http://www.acbc.catholic.org.au/documents/200707031933.pdf General Instruction of the Roman Missal,] 355 c]


*"Lives of the Saints, For Every Day of the Year," edited by Rev. Hugo Hoever, S.O.Cist., Ph.D., New York: Catholic Book Publishing Co., 1955, pp 511

External links

* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12126b.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: "Pope St. Pius I"]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pope Pius IX — Pius IX Papacy began 16 June 1846 Papacy ended 7 February 1878 ( 1000000000000003100000031 years, 10000000000000236000000236 days) …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Pius XI — Pius XI Papacy began 6 February 1922 Papacy ended 10 February 1939 ( 1000000000000001700000017 years, 100000000000000040000004&# …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Pius V — Pius V Papacy began 7 January 1566 Papacy ended 1 May 1572 (6 years, 3 months, 24 days) Predecessor Pius IV …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Pius IX —     Pope Pius IX     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Pius IX     (GIOVANNI MARIA MASTAI FERRETTI).     Pope from 1846 78; born at Sinigaglia, 13 May, 1792; died in Rome, 7 February, 1878.     BEFORE HIS PAPACY     His early years. After receiving… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Pius II —     Pope Pius II     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Pius II     (Enea Silvio de Piccolomini).     Born at Corsignano, near Siena, 18 Oct., 1405; elected 19 Aug., 1458; died at Ancona, 14 Aug., 1464. He was the eldest of eighteen children of… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Pius VI —     Pope Pius VI     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Pius VI     (GIOVANNI ANGELICO BRASCHI).     Born at Cesena, 27 December, 1717; elected 15 February, 1775; died at Valence, France, 29 Aug., 1799. He was of a noble but impoverished family, and… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Pius X —     Pope Pius X     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Pius X     (Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto).     Born 2 June, 1835, at Riese, Province of Treviso, in Venice. His parents were Giovanni Battista Sarto and Margarita (née Sanson); the former, a postman …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Pius IV —     Pope Pius IV     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Pius IV     (Giovanni Angelo Medici).     B. 31 March, 1499, at Milan; elected 26 December, 1559; d. in Rome 9 Dec., 1565. The Medici of Milan lived in humble circumstances and the proud… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Pius X — Infobox pope English name= Saint Pius X birth name=Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto term start=August 4, 1903 term end=August 20, 1914 predecessor=Leo XIII successor=Benedict XV birth date=birth date|1835|6|2|mf=y birthplace=Riese, Italy dead=dead|death …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Pius II — Infobox pope English name=Pius II birth name=Enea Silvio Piccolomini term start=August 19, 1458 term end=August 14, 1464 predecessor=Callixtus III successor=Paul II birth date=birth date|1405|10|18|mf=y birthplace=Corsignano, Italy… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Pius VI — Infobox pope English name=Pius VI birth name=Giovanni Angelo Braschi term start=February 15, 1775 term end=August 29, 1799 predecessor=Clement XIV successor=Pius VII birth date=birth date|mf=yes|1717|12|27|mf=y birthplace=Cesena, Italy… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”