- Pope Soter
English name=Saint Soter
Fondi, Campania, Italy
Rome, Italy| infobox popestyles
papal name=Pope Soter
Pope Saint Soter was a second-century
Pope, born in Fondi, Campania, Italy, whose pontificate began, according to the Annuario Pontificio, in 162 or 168 and ending in 170 or 177, respectively. ["Annuario Pontificio" 2008 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, ISBN 978-88-209-8021-4), p. 8*]
It is said fact|date=April 2008 that he was pope from 166 to 174, that he declared that
marriagewas valid only as a sacramentblessed by a priest, and that he inaugurated Easteras an annual festival in Rome.
Catholic Encyclopediasays that nothing more is known of Pope Soter other than that Dionysius, Bishop of Corinthwrote him a letter, of which an extract is preserved, praising his charity and referring to a letter from him. [ [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03144c.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: Caius and Soter, Saints and Popes] ]
feast dayis on April 22, as is that of Saint Caius. They are celebrated jointly in the Tridentine Calendarand in the successive versions of the General Roman Calendaruntil that of 1969, since when they are omitted. Both are mentioned under 22 Aprilin the Roman Martyrology, the official list of recognized saints. The entry about Saint Soter is as follows: "At Rome, Saint Soter, Pope, whom Dionysius of Corinth praises for his outstanding charity towards needy exiled Christians who came to him, and towards those who had been condemned to the mines." ["Martyrologium Romanum" (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2001 ISBN 88-209-7210-7)]
It has often been supposed that all the earliest Popes suffered martyrdom; but the Roman Martyrology does not give Pope Soter the title of Martyr.
The name Soter derives from the Greek word "σωτήρ" (sōtēr), meaning a
saviour, a deliverer.
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