List of U.S. chemical weapons topics

List of U.S. chemical weapons topics

The U.S. chemical weapons program began during World War I. Chemical weapons were only used during that war. Chemical weapons production ended in 1969. The United States renounced chemical weapons in 1997 and destruction of stockpiled weapons is still ongoing.


Agencies and organizations

Army agencies and schools

The U.S. chemical weapons programs have generally been run by the U.S. Army:

The regimental insignia of the U.S. Army Chemical Corps


Modern chemical depots

Active bases

Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal System (JACADS) in 2000

Closed bases

Older chemical weapons program locations

Treaties, laws and policy

The U.S. is party to several treaties which limit chemical weapons:


M134 cluster bomblets in an Honest John warhead

Canceled weapon projects

While these weapon systems were developed, they were not produced or stored in the US chemical weapons stockpile.

  • BIGEYE bomb
  • XM-736 8-inch binary projectile


  • LCI(M), infantry landing craft armed with 4.2 in mortar
  • M1135 Nuclear, Biological, Chemical, Reconnaissance Vehicle, a variation of the Stryker vehicle
  • M93 Fox
  • SD-2 drone

Declared stockpile and other weapons

  • M1 chemical mine
  • M1 chemical bomb
  • M10 smoke tank
  • M104 155mm shell
  • M110A1/A2 155mm shell
  • M114 bomblet
  • M121/A1 155mm shell
  • M122 155mm shell
An M55 rocket being destroyed in 1990
  • M125 bomblet, (developed as E54R6) chemical bomblet used with M34A1 cluster bomb
  • M134 bomblet, (developed as E130R1), chemical bomblet for use with Honest John rockets
  • M138 bomblet, sub-munition for the M43 cluster bomb
  • M139 cluster bomblets for the MGR-1 Honest John rocket and other missile systems
  • M2 mortar shell (M2A1) for the M2 4.2 Inch Mortar
  • M23 chemical mine
  • M34A1 cluster bomb (developed as E101R3), first U.S. air-delivered nerve agent weapon
  • M360 105mm shell
  • M426 8-inch shell
  • M43 cluster bomb
  • M44 generator cluster
  • M47 bomb, 100 lb. World War II-era chemical bomb
  • M55 rocket
  • M6 canister, BZ sub-munition for the M44 generator cluster
  • M60 105mm shell
  • M687 155mm shell
  • MC-1 bomb
  • Mk 94 bomb
  • Mk 95 bomb
  • Weteye bomb, also known as the Mk-116 bomb

Stockpiled chemical agents

Ball-and-stick model of the (S) enantiomer of VX

Agents stockpiled at the time of Chemical Weapons Convention:

Older chemical agents

Other equipment

Exercises, incidents, and accidents

Operations and exercises

  • Operation Blue Skies
  • Operation CHASE, an operation that dumped conventional and chemical munitions at sea
  • Operation Davy Jones' Locker, a post-WWII operation aimed at dumping German chemical weapons at seas
  • Operation Geranium, a 1948 operation that dumped lewisite into the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Operation Paperclip, a program beginning in 1945 to bring German scientists to the U.S.
  • Operation Ranch Hand, defoliant operations during the Vietnam War
  • Operation Red Hat, an early 1970 program to repatriate weapons from Okinawa
  • Operation Rock Ready, 1980’s testing and rebuilding of the M17 series protective mask
  • Operation Snoopy, Vietnam War people sniffer operations.
  • Operation Steel Box, an operation which moved chemical weapons out of Germany in 1990.


Chemical testing

See also


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