Kuwait City

Kuwait City
Kuwait City
مدينة الكويت
Madinat Al Kuwayt
Skyline of Kuwait City
Kuwait City is located in Kuwait
Kuwait City
Location of Kuwait in Kuwait
Coordinates: 29°22′11″N 47°58′42″E / 29.36972°N 47.97833°E / 29.36972; 47.97833Coordinates: 29°22′11″N 47°58′42″E / 29.36972°N 47.97833°E / 29.36972; 47.97833
Country Kuwait Kuwait
Governorate Al Asimah
 – Metro 200 km2 (77.2 sq mi)
Population (2005 estimate)
 – City 151,060 (2,008) UNIQ2fea222f73,646e89-ref-00,000,000-QINU
 – Metro 2,380,000
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Kuwait City (Arabic: مدينة الكويت, transliteration: Madīnat al-Kuwayt), is the capital of Kuwait. It has a population of 2.38 million in the metropolitan area. Located at the heart of the country on the shore of the Persian Gulf, and containing Kuwait's parliament (Majlis Al-Umma), most governmental offices, the headquarters of most Kuwaiti corporations and banks, it is the political, cultural and economic center of the emirate.

Kuwait City’s trade and transportation needs are served by Kuwait International Airport, Mina Al-Shuwaik (Shuwaik Port) and Mina Al Ahmadi (Ahmadi Port) 50 kilometers to the south, on the Persian Gulf coast.



Kuwait Gate, historically surrounded Kuwait City, Build in 1929

Kuwait City was first settled in the early 18th Century by the Al-Sabāh clan, later the ruling family of Kuwait and a branch of the Al-Utūb tribe (that also included the Al-Khalīfah clan, the ruling family of Bahrain), and their leader, Sheikh Sabāh I. Its name may have derived from an earlier abandoned fort located there, called "Kūt" (كوت) – Arabic for a fortress by the sea.

The settlement grew quickly, and by the time its first wall was built (1760), the town had its own dhow fleet of about 800 and trading relations to Baghdad and Damascus. It was a successful and thriving sea port by the early 19th Century.

It was unclear whether Kuwait was part of the Ottoman Empire, and as a result, tensions often broke out between the sheikhdom and the empire. These tensions peaked when, in 1896, Sheikh Mubārak Al-Sabāh assassinated his brother, the emir Muhammad Al-Sabāh, over Mubārak's deep suspicion that the Ottoman Empire was willing to annex Kuwait.

In exchange for British naval protection, Mubārak was not to negotiate or give territory to any other foreign power without British consent. With the discovery of oil in 1936, the city’s standard of living improved dramatically, including health and education services.

On August 2, 1990, Iraqi forces seized the city and on August 8 they annexed the emirate.[2] During the occupation, the city was extensively damaged and many buildings were destroyed after it, including the Kuwait National Museum.

After Iraqi forces retreated from Kuwait in January–February 1991, foreign investors and the Kuwaiti government were actively involved in modernizing the city and turning it into a world-class business hub. Many hotels, shopping malls and offices were built in the city indicating the economic growth since the war.

Geography and climate

Kuwait City has an arid climate, with very hot summers, little rainfall and dust storms.

Summer temperatures range from 38 to 46 degrees Celsius. A summer heat wave can see temperatures soar as high as 50 degrees, and higher. Winters are much cooler than summer.

Summer rainfall is very rare, and normally non-existent. The wettest month is January, typically with only five days of any rain. Rain may occur in the spring and its frequency increases around November. On average, Kuwait City sees about 22 wet days, and 343 dry days.

Dust storms occur at times during summer from the shamal wind. Dust storms can occur anytime of year but occur mostly during summer, and less frequently during autumn.

Climate data for Kuwait City
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 19.5
Daily mean °C (°F) 14.0
Average low °C (°F) 8.5
Precipitation cm (inches) 3.02
Avg. precipitation days 5 3 3 3 1 0 0 0 0 1 3 3 22
Source: World Climates [3]


Traffic sign demonstrating Kuwait City
Adiliya indicated by a traffic sign

Although the districts below are not usually recognized as suburbs, the following is a list of a few areas surrounding Kuwait city:

  • Abdullah Al Salem عبدالله السالم
  • Al Andalus الاندلس
  • Bayan بيان
  • Bneid Al-Qar بنيد القار
  • Al Da'iya الدعية
  • Al Dasma الدسمه
  • Al Faiha الفيحاء
  • Farwaniya الفروانية
  • Al Ahmadiالأحمدي
  • Hawalli حولي
  • Al Jabriya الجابرية
  • Kaifan كيفان
  • Khaitan خيطان
  • Mahboula المهبولة
  • Al Mansouriah المنصورية
  • Mishref مشرف
  • Al-Nuzha النزهه
  • Al Qadisiya القادسية
  • Qurtoba قرطبة
  • Al Rumaithiya الرميثية
  • Al Salmiya السالمية
  • Abu Halifa أبو حليفة
  • Mangaf المنقف
  • Sabah Al-Salem صباح السالم
  • Salwa سلوى
  • Al Shamiya الشامية
  • Sharq شرق
  • Al Shuwaikh الشويخ
  • Shuwaikh Port الميناء شويخ
  • South Khaitan خيطان الجنوبي
  • Al Surra السره
  • Al Yarmouk اليرموك
  • AlKhaldiya الخالديه
  • Al jahrah الجهره
  • kabd كبد
  • esherj عشيرج
  • sabiya الصبيه
  • Al Shaab الشعب
  • Sabah Al Nasser صباح الناصر
  • Adiliya
  • Rawdha

Al-Salam ""السلام""


Kuwait’s booming economy has allowed many international hotel chains to enter agreements to open hotels in the country. According to the Kuwait Hotel Owners Association, over twenty-five new hotels are planned or in construction, including the following:

  • Hotel Missoni Kuwait – now open
  • Golden Tulip Kuwait – opening late 2011
  • Hilton Olympia Kuwait – opening late 2011
  • Ibis Sharq – now open
  • Jumeirah Messilah Beach Kuwait – opening mid-2011
  • InterContinental Kuwait Downtown – opening late 2010
  • InterContinental Kuwait at The White – opening early 2013
  • The Square Capital Tower – opening late 2011
  • Novotel Mina Abdullah Resort – opening late 2011
  • Four Seasons Hotel Kuwait at The Gate of Kuwait – plans are in motion to open within the next few years.

By 2012, over 3,000 rooms are expected to be added to Kuwait’s current hotel inventory.

The city is also home to a large variety of shopping malls, which serve as the basis of Kuwaiti social life. Famous malls such as the Avenues, Marina World and the 360 Mall house many internationally-renowned retail and food/beverage brands, as well as provide sheltered, indoor areas to relax. Several more, such as the Mall of Kuwait, the Al Hamra Center and Symphony Centre are expected to enter service within the next five years.


In 2008, a railway network connecting Arab states of the Persian Gulf was proposed, although work is yet to start.[4] A metro network was designed, with four lines and stations across the entire city and suburbs. Although it has faced considerable delays, the project is expected to commence construction sometime in 2011 and open parts of the first two lines by July 2016.

Kuwait International Airport is the primary airport for the country serving a wide variety of local and international destinations.

Twin towns — sister cities

Kuwait City is twinned with:


See also

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Kuwait City — Der Liberation Tower …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kuwait City — noun a seaport on the Persian Gulf and capital of Kuwait • Syn: ↑Kuwait, ↑Koweit, ↑capital of Kuwait • Instance Hypernyms: ↑national capital • Part Holonyms: ↑Kuwait, ↑State of Kuwait …   Useful english dictionary

  • Kuwait City — n. capital city of Kuwait …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Kuwait City — /kuˌweɪt ˈsɪti/ (say kooh.wayt sitee) noun a port on the Persian Gulf, the capital of Kuwait …   Australian-English dictionary

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