- Kuwait City
Madinat Al Kuwayt
Coordinates: Coordinates: Country Kuwait Governorate Al Asimah Area – Metro 200 km2 (77.2 sq mi) Population (2005 estimate) – City 151,060 (2,008) UNIQ2fea222f73,646e89-ref-00,000,000-QINU – Metro 2,380,000 Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
Kuwait City (Arabic: مدينة الكويت, transliteration: Madīnat al-Kuwayt), is the capital of Kuwait. It has a population of 2.38 million in the metropolitan area. Located at the heart of the country on the shore of the Persian Gulf, and containing Kuwait's parliament (Majlis Al-Umma), most governmental offices, the headquarters of most Kuwaiti corporations and banks, it is the political, cultural and economic center of the emirate.
Kuwait City’s trade and transportation needs are served by Kuwait International Airport, Mina Al-Shuwaik (Shuwaik Port) and Mina Al Ahmadi (Ahmadi Port) 50 kilometers to the south, on the Persian Gulf coast.
Kuwait City was first settled in the early 18th Century by the Al-Sabāh clan, later the ruling family of Kuwait and a branch of the Al-Utūb tribe (that also included the Al-Khalīfah clan, the ruling family of Bahrain), and their leader, Sheikh Sabāh I. Its name may have derived from an earlier abandoned fort located there, called "Kūt" (كوت) – Arabic for a fortress by the sea.
The settlement grew quickly, and by the time its first wall was built (1760), the town had its own dhow fleet of about 800 and trading relations to Baghdad and Damascus. It was a successful and thriving sea port by the early 19th Century.
It was unclear whether Kuwait was part of the Ottoman Empire, and as a result, tensions often broke out between the sheikhdom and the empire. These tensions peaked when, in 1896, Sheikh Mubārak Al-Sabāh assassinated his brother, the emir Muhammad Al-Sabāh, over Mubārak's deep suspicion that the Ottoman Empire was willing to annex Kuwait.
In exchange for British naval protection, Mubārak was not to negotiate or give territory to any other foreign power without British consent. With the discovery of oil in 1936, the city’s standard of living improved dramatically, including health and education services.
On August 2, 1990, Iraqi forces seized the city and on August 8 they annexed the emirate. During the occupation, the city was extensively damaged and many buildings were destroyed after it, including the Kuwait National Museum.
After Iraqi forces retreated from Kuwait in January–February 1991, foreign investors and the Kuwaiti government were actively involved in modernizing the city and turning it into a world-class business hub. Many hotels, shopping malls and offices were built in the city indicating the economic growth since the war.
Geography and climate
Kuwait City has an arid climate, with very hot summers, little rainfall and dust storms.
Summer temperatures range from 38 to 46 degrees Celsius. A summer heat wave can see temperatures soar as high as 50 degrees, and higher. Winters are much cooler than summer.
Summer rainfall is very rare, and normally non-existent. The wettest month is January, typically with only five days of any rain. Rain may occur in the spring and its frequency increases around November. On average, Kuwait City sees about 22 wet days, and 343 dry days.
Dust storms occur at times during summer from the shamal wind. Dust storms can occur anytime of year but occur mostly during summer, and less frequently during autumn.
Climate data for Kuwait City Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Average high °C (°F) 19.5
34.34 Daily mean °C (°F) 14.0
27.11 Average low °C (°F) 8.5
19.88 Precipitation cm (inches) 3.02
Avg. precipitation days 5 3 3 3 1 0 0 0 0 1 3 3 22 Source: World Climates 
Although the districts below are not usually recognized as suburbs, the following is a list of a few areas surrounding Kuwait city:
- Al-Nuzha النزهه
- Al Qadisiya القادسية
- Qurtoba قرطبة
- Al Rumaithiya الرميثية
- Al Salmiya السالمية
- Abu Halifa أبو حليفة
- Mangaf المنقف
- Sabah Al-Salem صباح السالم
- Salwa سلوى
- Al Shamiya الشامية
- Sharq شرق
- Al Shuwaikh الشويخ
- Shuwaikh Port الميناء شويخ
- South Khaitan خيطان الجنوبي
- Al Surra السره
- Al Yarmouk اليرموك
- AlKhaldiya الخالديه
- Al jahrah الجهره
- kabd كبد
- esherj عشيرج
- sabiya الصبيه
- Al Shaab الشعب
- Sabah Al Nasser صباح الناصر
Kuwait’s booming economy has allowed many international hotel chains to enter agreements to open hotels in the country. According to the Kuwait Hotel Owners Association, over twenty-five new hotels are planned or in construction, including the following:
- Hotel Missoni Kuwait – now open
- Golden Tulip Kuwait – opening late 2011
- Hilton Olympia Kuwait – opening late 2011
- Ibis Sharq – now open
- Jumeirah Messilah Beach Kuwait – opening mid-2011
- InterContinental Kuwait Downtown – opening late 2010
- InterContinental Kuwait at The White – opening early 2013
- The Square Capital Tower – opening late 2011
- Novotel Mina Abdullah Resort – opening late 2011
- Four Seasons Hotel Kuwait at The Gate of Kuwait – plans are in motion to open within the next few years.
By 2012, over 3,000 rooms are expected to be added to Kuwait’s current hotel inventory.
The city is also home to a large variety of shopping malls, which serve as the basis of Kuwaiti social life. Famous malls such as the Avenues, Marina World and the 360 Mall house many internationally-renowned retail and food/beverage brands, as well as provide sheltered, indoor areas to relax. Several more, such as the Mall of Kuwait, the Al Hamra Center and Symphony Centre are expected to enter service within the next five years.
In 2008, a railway network connecting Arab states of the Persian Gulf was proposed, although work is yet to start. A metro network was designed, with four lines and stations across the entire city and suburbs. Although it has faced considerable delays, the project is expected to commence construction sometime in 2011 and open parts of the first two lines by July 2016.
Kuwait International Airport is the primary airport for the country serving a wide variety of local and international destinations.
Twin towns — sister cities
Kuwait City is twinned with:
- Tunis, Tunisia
- Beirut, Lebanon
- Beverly Hills, USA
- Cannes, France
- Dubai, UAE
- Gaziantep, Turkey
- Monaco, Monaco
- Marbella, Spain
- London, England
- Paris, France
Built in 1979, the Kuwait Towers are the most famous landmark in Kuwait City.
Kuwait City as seen from Shuwaikh
Majlis Al-Umma (مجلس الأمة, "The Council of the Nation"), the Kuwaiti parliament
Aqua Park, water-theme park
- ^ "NationMaster – Kuwaiti Geography statistics". NationMaster. 18 December 2008. http://www.nationmaster.com/country/ku-kuwait/geo-geography. Retrieved 22 August 2011.
- ^ "The World Factbook – Kuwait". Central Intelligence Agency. 3 August 2010. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ku.html. Retrieved 19 August 2010.
- ^ "Weather Information for Kuwuait". Sept 2011. http://www.world-climates.com/city-climate-kuwait-city-kuwait-asia/.
- ^ Railway Gazette International January 2009 p21 with map
- ^ http://www.beirut.gov.lb/MCMSTest/Menu-Pages/SisterCitiesEN.aspx?NRMODE=Published&NRORIGINALURL=%2fwww%2ebeirut%2egov%2elb%2fMCMSEN%2fTwinning%2bthe%2bCities%2f&NRNODEGUID=%7b18839037-0140-436E-A1AF-7F8F3693C3E6%7d&NRCACHEHINT=NoModifyGuest#
Kuwait City SuburbsAbdullah Al-Salem · Al Andalus · Bayan · Bneid Al-Qar · Al Da'iya · Al Dasma · Al Faiha · Farwaniya · Al Ahmadi · Hawalli · Al Jabriya · Kaifan · Khaitan · Mahboula · Al Mansouriah · Mishref · Al-Nuzha · Al Qadisiya · Qurtoba · Al Rumaithiya · Al Salmiya · Abu Halifa · Mangaf · Sabah Al-Salem · Salwa · Al Shamiya · Sharq · Al Shuwaikh · South Khaitan · Al Surra · Al Yarmouk · Al Khaldiya · Al Jahrah · Adiliya · Esherj · Sabiya BuildingsKuwait Telecommunications Tower · Majlis Al-Umma · Kuwait Towers · Bayan Palace · Seif Palace · Grand Mosque · Kuwait National Museum · Kuwait Science and Natural History Museum · Souq Al Mubarakeya · Souq Sharq · MarineTime Museum · Kuwait Scientific Center · Sadu House · Fahaheel Fish Market · Golden Tulip Kuwait · Hotel Missoni Kuwait · Hilton Olympia Kuwait · Ritz Sharq Hotel · Jumeirah Messilah Beach Kuwait · InterContinental Kuwait Downtown · The Square Capital Tower · Kuwait Central Blood Bank · Novotel Mina Abdullah Resort · Four Seasons Hotel Kuwait · Alrefai Hotel · Ahmed Tower · Alawadi Tower · Albahr Tower · Aldaw Tower · Alhasawy Hotel · Alraya Office Tower · Asfour Tower · Cemmercial · CRC Tower · Invesment Dar Tower · Jawharet Alkhaleej Tower · Al Diera Tower (KFH Tower) · Kuwait Trade Center · Rakan Tower-28F · Watiya Complex · Central Bank of Kuwait Kuwait SubdivisionsTerminology Coat of arms HistoryTimeline · History of Kuwait LawCourts · Nationality · Legislation Politics GeographyGeology · Rivers Economy Military Demography CulturePortal · Topics Capitals of Asia West and Southwest Asia Central Asia East Asia
Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE)
Ankara, Turkey 8
Baku, Azerbaijan 8
Episkopi, Akrotiri and Dhekelia 7
Jerusalem, proclaimed for both Israel and Palestine 6 7
Kabul, Afghanistan 1
Kuwait City, Kuwait
Nicosia, Cyprus 7
Ramallah, Palestine Temporary
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Tbilisi, Georgia 8
Yerevan, Armenia 7Southeast Asia
Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei
Dili, East Timor 13
Kuala Lumpur 4 and Putrajaya,5 Malaysia
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea 9
1 Often considered part of Central Asia. 2 Commonly known as Taiwan. 3 Full name is Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte.4 Formal. 5 Administrative. 6 See Positions on Jerusalem for details on Jerusalem's status. 7 Entirely in Southwest Asia but having socio-political connections with Europe. 8 Transcontinental country. 9 Entirely in Melanesia but having socio-political connections with Southeast Asia. 13 Classified as Melanesia according to some definitions.
Capitals of Arab countries Africa Asia
- Cairo 1996 (Egypt)
- Tunis 1997 (Tunisia)
- Sharjah 1998 (United Arab Emirates)
- Beirut 1999 (Lebanon)
- Riyadh 2000 (Saudi Arabia)
- Kuwait 2001 (Kuwait)
- Amman 2002 (Jordan)
- Rabat 2003 (Morocco)
- San'a 2004 (Yemen)
- Khartoum 2005 (Sudan)
- Muscat 2006 (Oman)
- Algiers 2007 (Algeria)
- Damascus 2008 (Syria)
- Jerusalem 2009 (Jerusalem)
- Doha 2010 (Qatar)
- Sirte 2011 (Libya)
- Manama 2012 (Bahrain)
- Baghdad 2013 (Iraq)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.