- Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson at the 2011 Cannes Film Festival.
Born Mel Colm-Cille Gerard Gibson
3 January 1956
Peekskill, New York, U.S.
Occupation Actor, film director, producer, screenwriter Years active 1976–present Religion Traditionalist Catholic Spouse Robyn Moore Gibson
Children 6 sons, 2 daughters Parents Hutton Gibson
(née Reilly, deceased)
Mel Colm-Cille Gerard Gibson, AO (born 3 January 1956) is an American actor, film director, producer and screenwriter. Born in Peekskill, New York, Gibson moved with his parents to Sydney, Australia when he was 12 years old and later studied acting at the Australian National Institute of Dramatic Art.
After appearing in the Mad Max and Lethal Weapon series, Gibson went on to direct and star in the Academy Award-winning Braveheart. In 2004, he directed and produced The Passion of the Christ, a controversial, yet successful, film portraying the last hours in the life of Jesus. In recent years, remarks by Gibson have generated accusations of homophobia, antisemitism, racism, and misogyny; he has apologised repeatedly for the statements and denied that they represent his real opinions.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Career
- 3 Filmography
- 4 Films
- 5 Future films
- 6 Personal life
- 7 Religious and political views
- 8 Controversy
- 9 Alcohol abuse and legal issues
- 10 Honors
- 11 Awards and accomplishments
- 12 References
- 13 Bibliography
- 14 External links
Gibson was born in Peekskill, New York, the sixth of 11 children, and the second son of Hutton Gibson and Irish-born Anne Patricia (née Reilly, died 1990). His paternal grandmother was the Australian opera contralto Eva Mylott (1875–1920). One of Gibson's younger brothers, Donal, is also an actor. Gibson's first name comes from Saint Mel, fifth-century Irish saint, and founder of Gibson's mother's native diocese, Ardagh, while his second name, Colm-Cille, is also shared by an Irish saint and is the name of the parish in County Longford where Gibson's mother was born and raised. Because of his mother, Gibson holds dual Irish and American citizenship.
Soon after being awarded US$145,000 in a work-related-injury lawsuit against New York Central Railroad on 14 February 1968, Hutton Gibson relocated his family to West Pymble, Sydney, Australia. Mel Gibson was 12 years old at the time. The move to Hutton's mother's native Australia was for economic reasons, and because Hutton thought the Australian Defence Forces would reject his oldest son for the draft during the Vietnam War.
Gibson gained very favorable notices from film critics when he first entered the cinematic scene, as well as comparisons to several classic movie stars. In 1982, Vincent Canby wrote that “Mr. Gibson recalls the young Steve McQueen... I can't define "star quality," but whatever it is, Mr. Gibson has it.” Gibson has also been likened to “a combination Clark Gable and Humphrey Bogart.” Gibson's roles in the "Mad Max" series of films, Peter Weir's Gallipoli, and the "Lethal Weapon" series of films earned him the label of "action hero". Later, Gibson expanded into a variety of acting projects including human dramas such as Hamlet, and comedic roles such as those in Maverick and What Women Want. He expanded beyond acting into directing and producing, with: The Man Without a Face, in 1993; Braveheart, in 1995; The Passion of the Christ, in 2004; and Apocalypto, in 2006. Jess Cagle of TIME has compared Gibson to Cary Grant, Sean Connery, and Robert Redford. Connery once suggested Gibson should play the next James Bond to Connery's M. Gibson turned down the role, reportedly because he feared being typecast.
Gibson studied at the National Institute of Dramatic Art (NIDA) in Sydney. The students at NIDA were classically trained in the British-theater tradition rather than in preparation for screen acting. As students, Gibson and actress Judy Davis played the leads in Romeo and Juliet, and Gibson played the role of Queen Titania in an experimental production of A Midsummer Night's Dream. After graduation in 1977, Gibson immediately began work on the filming of Mad Max, but continued to work as a stage actor, and joined the State Theatre Company of South Australia in Adelaide. Gibson’s theatrical credits include the character Estragon (opposite Geoffrey Rush) in Waiting for Godot, and the role of Biff Loman in a 1982 production of Death of a Salesman in Sydney. Gibson’s most recent theatrical performance, opposite Sissy Spacek, was the 1993 production of Love Letters by A. R. Gurney, in Telluride, Colorado.
Australian television and cinema
Gibson then played the title character in the film Mad Max (1979). He was paid $15000 for this role. Shortly after making the film he did a season with the South Australian Theatre Company. During this period he shared a $30 a week apartment in Adelaide with his future wife Robyn. After Mad Max Gibson also played a mentally slow youth in the film Tim.
During this period Gibson also appeared in Australian television series guest roles. He appeared in serial The Sullivans as naval lieutenant Ray Henderson, in police procedural Cop Shop, and in the pilot episode of prison serial Punishment which was produced in 1980, screened 1981.
Gibson joined the cast of the World War II action film Attack Force Z, which was not released until 1982 when Gibson had become a bigger star. Director Peter Weir cast Gibson as one of the leads in the critically acclaimed World War I drama Gallipoli, which earned Gibson another Best Actor Award from the Australian Film Institute. The film Gallipoli also helped to earn Gibson the reputation of a serious, versatile actor and gained him the Hollywood agent Ed Limato. The sequel Mad Max 2 was his first hit in America (released as The Road Warrior). In 1982 Gibson again attracted critical acclaim in Peter Weir’s romantic thriller The Year of Living Dangerously. Following a year hiatus from film acting after the birth of his twin sons, Gibson took on the role of Fletcher Christian in The Bounty in 1984. Playing Max Rockatansky for the third time in Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome, in 1985, earned Gibson his first million dollar salary.
Early Hollywood years
Mel Gibson's first American film was Mark Rydell’s 1984 drama The River, in which he and Sissy Spacek played struggling Tennessee farmers. Gibson then starred in the Gothic romance Mrs. Soffel for Australian director Gillian Armstrong. He and Matthew Modine played condemned convict brothers opposite Diane Keaton as the warden's wife who visits them to read the Bible. In 1985, after working on four films in a row, Gibson took almost two years off at his Australian cattle station. He returned to play the role of Martin Riggs in Lethal Weapon, a film which helped to cement his status as a Hollywood "leading man". Gibson's next film was Robert Towne’s Tequila Sunrise, followed by Lethal Weapon 2, in 1989. Gibson next starred in three films back-to-back: Bird on a Wire, Air America, and Hamlet; all were released in 1990.
During the 1990s, Gibson alternated between commercial and personal projects. His films in the first half of the decade were Forever Young, Lethal Weapon 3, Maverick, and Braveheart. He then starred in Ransom, Conspiracy Theory, Lethal Weapon 4, and Payback. Gibson also served as the speaking and singing voice of John Smith in Disney’s Pocahontas.
In 2000, Gibson acted in three films that each grossed over $100 million: The Patriot, Chicken Run, and What Women Want. In 2002, Gibson appeared in the Vietnam War drama We Were Soldiers and M. Night Shyamalan’s Signs, which became the highest-grossing film of Gibson’s acting career. While promoting Signs, Gibson said that he no longer wanted to be a movie star and would only act in film again if the script were truly extraordinary. In 2010, Gibson appeared in Edge of Darkness, which marked his first starring role since 2002 and was an adaptation of the BBC miniseries, Edge of Darkness. In 2010, following an outburst at his ex-girlfriend that was made public, Gibson was dropped from the talent agency of William Morris Endeavor.
After his success in Hollywood with the Lethal Weapon series, Gibson began to move into producing and directing. With partner Bruce Davey, Gibson formed Icon Productions in 1989 in order to make Hamlet. In addition to producing or co-producing many of Gibson's own star vehicles, Icon has turned out many other small films, ranging from Immortal Beloved to An Ideal Husband. Gibson has taken supporting roles in some of these films, such as The Million Dollar Hotel and The Singing Detective. Gibson has also produced a number of projects for television, including a biopic on The Three Stooges and the 2008 PBS documentary Carrier. Icon has grown from being just a production company to also be an international distribution company and film exhibitor in Australia and New Zealand.
Mel Gibson has credited his directors, particularly George Miller, Peter Weir, and Richard Donner, with teaching him the craft of filmmaking and influencing him as a director. According to Robert Downey, Jr., studio executives encouraged Gibson in 1989 to try directing, an idea he rebuffed at the time. Gibson made his directorial debut in 1993 with The Man Without a Face, followed two years later by Braveheart, which earned Gibson the Academy Award for Best Director. Gibson had long planned to direct a remake of Fahrenheit 451, but in 1999 the project was indefinitely postponed because of scheduling conflicts. Gibson was scheduled to direct Robert Downey, Jr. in a Los Angeles stage production of Hamlet in January 2001, but Downey's drug relapse ended the project. In 2002, while promoting We Were Soldiers and Signs to the press, Gibson mentioned that he was planning to pare back on acting and return to directing. In September 2002, Gibson announced that he would direct a film called The Passion in Aramaic and Latin with no subtitles because he hoped to "transcend language barriers with filmic storytelling." In 2004, he released the controversial film The Passion of the Christ, with subtitles, which he co-wrote, co-produced, and directed. The film went on to become the highest grossing rated R film of all time with $370,782,930 in U.S. box office sales. Gibson directed a few episodes of Complete Savages for the ABC network. In 2006, he directed the action-adventure film Apocalypto, his second film to feature sparse dialogue in a non-English language.
Gibson's acting career began in 1976, with a role on the Australian television series The Sullivans. In his career, Gibson has appeared in 43 films, including the Mad Max and Lethal Weapon film series. In addition to acting, Gibson has also directed four films, including Braveheart and The Passion of the Christ; produced 11 films; and written two films. Films either starring or directed by Mel Gibson have earned over US$2.5 billion, in the United States alone. Gibson's filmography includes television series, feature films, television films, and animated films.
Mad Max series
Gibson got his breakthrough role as the leather-clad post-apocalyptic survivor in George Miller's Mad Max. The independently financed blockbuster helped to make him an international star everywhere but in the United States, where the actors' Australian accents were dubbed with American accents. The original film spawned two sequels: Mad Max 2 (known in North America as The Road Warrior), and Mad Max 3 (known in North America as Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome). A fourth movie, Mad Max 4: Fury Road, is in development, but both Gibson and George Miller have indicated that the starring role would go to a younger actor.
Gibson played the role of the cynical Frank Dunne alongside co-star Mark Lee in the 1981 Peter Weir film. Gallipoli is about a group of young men from rural Western Australia who enlist in the Australian Imperial Force during World War I. They are sent to the Ottoman Empire, where they take part in the Gallipoli Campaign. During the course of the movie, the young men slowly lose their innocence about the war. The climax of the movie occurs at the brutal attack during Battle of the Nek. According to Gibson, “Gallipoli was the birth of a nation. It was the shattering of a dream for Australia. They had banded together to fight the Hun and died by the thousands in a dirty little trench war."[verification needed] The critically acclaimed film helped to further launch Gibson's career. He won the award for Best Actor in a Leading Role from the Australian Film Institute.
The Year of Living Dangerously
Gibson played a naïve but ambitious journalist opposite Sigourney Weaver and Linda Hunt in Peter Weir’s atmospheric 1982 film The Year of Living Dangerously, based on the novel of the same name by Christopher Koch. The movie was both a critical and commercial success, and the upcoming Australian actor was heavily marketed by MGM studio. In his review of the film, Vincent Canby of The New York Times wrote, "If this film doesn't make an international star of Mr. Gibson, then nothing will. He possesses both the necessary talent and the screen presence." According to John Hiscock of The Daily Telegraph, the film did, indeed, establish Gibson as an international talent.
Gibson was initially reluctant to accept the role of Guy Hamilton. "I didn't necessarily see my role as a great challenge. My character was, like the film suggests, a puppet. And I went with that. It wasn't some star thing, even though they advertised it that way." Gibson saw some similarities between himself and the character of Guy. "He's not a silver-tongued devil. He's kind of immature and he has some rough edges and I guess you could say the same for me." Gibson has cited this screen performance as his personal favorite.[when?]
Gibson followed the footsteps of Errol Flynn, Clark Gable, and Marlon Brando by starring as Fletcher Christian in a cinematic retelling of the mutiny on the Bounty. The resulting 1984 film The Bounty is considered to be the most historically accurate version. However, Gibson thinks that the film's revisionism did not go far enough. He stated that his character should have been portrayed as more of a villain and described Anthony Hopkins's performance as William Bligh as the best aspect of the film.
Lethal Weapon series
Gibson moved into more mainstream commercial filmmaking with the popular buddy cop Lethal Weapon series, which began with the 1987 original. In the films he played LAPD Detective Martin Riggs, a recently widowed Vietnam veteran with a death wish and a penchant for violence and gunplay. In the films, he is partnered with a reserved family man named Roger Murtaugh (Danny Glover). Following the success of Lethal Weapon, director Richard Donner and principal cast revisited the characters in three sequels, Lethal Weapon 2 (1989), Lethal Weapon 3 (1993), and Lethal Weapon 4 (1998). With its fourth installment, the Lethal Weapon series embodied "the quintessence of the buddy cop pic".
Gibson made the unusual transition from the action to classical genres, playing the melancholic Danish prince in Franco Zeffirelli's Hamlet. Gibson was cast alongside such experienced Shakespearean actors as Ian Holm, Alan Bates, and Paul Scofield. He described working with his fellow cast members as similar to being "thrown into the ring with Mike Tyson".
Mel Gibson directed, produced, and starred in Braveheart, an epic telling of the legend of Sir William Wallace, a 13th century Scottish patriot. Gibson received two Academy Awards, Best Director and Best Picture, for his second directorial effort. In winning the Academy Award for Best Director, Gibson became only the sixth actor-turned-filmmaker to do so. Braveheart influenced the Scottish nationalist movement and helped to revive the film genre of the historical epic; the Battle of Stirling Bridge sequence is considered by critics to be one of the all-time-best-directed battle scenes.
The Passion of the Christ
Gibson directed, produced, co-wrote, and funded the 2004 film The Passion of the Christ, which chronicled the passion and death of Jesus (Jim Caviezel). The film was shot exclusively in Aramaic, Latin, and Hebrew. Although Gibson originally intended to release the film without subtitles; he eventually relented for theatrical exhibition. The film sparked divergent reviews, ranging from high praise to criticism of the violence.
The Anti-Defamation League further accused Gibson of anti-semitism over the film's unflattering depiction of Caiaphas and the Sanhedrin. Among those to defend Gibson were Orthodox Jewish Rabbi Daniel Lapin and radio personality Michael Medved. Referring to ADL National Director Abraham Foxman, Rabbi Lapin said that by calling The Passion of the Christ anti-Semitic, "what he is saying is that the only way (for Christians) to escape the wrath of Foxman is to repudiate (their own) faith."
In an interview with the Globe and Mail, Gibson stated, "If anyone has distorted Gospel passages to rationalize cruelty towards Jews or anyone, it's in defiance of repeated Papal condemnation. The Papacy has condemned racism in any form... Jesus died for the sins of all times, and I'll be the first on the line for culpability".
Eventually, the continued media attacks began to anger Gibson. After his father's Holocaust denial was sharply criticized in print by The New York Times writer Frank Rich, Gibson retorted, "I want to kill him. I want his intestines on a stick.... I want to kill his dog."
Gibson's Traditionalist Catholic upbringing was also the target of criticism. In a 2006 interview with Diane Sawyer, Gibson stated that he feels that his "human rights were violated" by the often vitriolic attacks on his person, his father's beliefs, and his religious beliefs which were sparked by The Passion.
The movie grossed US$611,899,420 worldwide and $370,782,930 in the US alone, surpassing any motion picture starring Gibson. In US box offices, it became the eighth (at the time) highest-grossing film in history and the highest-grossing rated R film of all time. The film was nominated for three Academy Awards and won the People's Choice Award for Favorite Dramatic Motion Picture.
Gibson received further critical acclaim for his directing of the 2006 action-adventure film Apocalypto. Gibson's fourth directorial effort is set in Mesoamerica during the early 16th century against the turbulent end times of a Maya civilization. The sparse dialogue is spoken in the Yucatec Maya language by a cast of Native American descent.
Gibson starred in The Beaver, a film directed by former Maverick co-star, Jodie Foster. The Beaver premiered at The South by Southwest Festival in Austin on 16 March 2011. The opening weekend in 22 theaters was considered a flop: it made $104,000 which comes to a per-theater average of $4,745. The film's distributor, Summit Entertainment, had originally planned for a wide release of The Beaver for the weekend of 20 May, but after the initial box-office returns for the film, the company changed course and decided instead to give the film a "limited art-house run". Michael Cieply of the New York Times observed on 5 June 2011, that the film had cleared just about $1 million, making it a certified "flop". Director Jodie Foster opined that the film did not do well with American audiences because it was a dramedy and “And very often Americans are not comfortable with (that).”
In March 2007, Gibson told a screening audience that he was preparing another script with Farhad Safinia about the writing of the Oxford English Dictionary (OED). Gibson's company has long owned the rights to The Professor and the Madman, which tells the story of the creation of the OED.
Gibson has dismissed the rumors that he is considering directing a film about Spanish explorer Vasco Núñez de Balboa. Asked in September 2007 if he planned to return to acting and specifically to action roles, Gibson said: "I think I’m too old for that, but you never know. I just like telling stories. Entertainment is valid and I guess I’ll probably do it again before it's over. You know, do something that people won’t get mad with me for."
In 2005, the film Sam and George was announced as the seventh collaboration between director Richard Donner and Gibson. In February 2009, Donner said that this Paramount project was “dead,” but that he and Gibson were planning another film based on an original script by Brian Helgeland for production in fall 2009.
He has also expressed an intention to direct a movie set during the Viking Age, starring Leonardo DiCaprio. The as-yet untitled film, like The Passion of the Christ and Apocalypto, will feature dialogue in period languages. However, some sources have speculated that DiCaprio might opt out of the project.
In 2011, it was announced that Gibson had commissioned a screenplay from Joe Eszterhas about the Maccabees. The film is to be distributed by Warner Brothers Pictures. The announcement generated significant controversy.
Gibson met Robyn Denise Moore in the late 1970s soon after filming Mad Max when they were both tenants at a house in Adelaide. At the time, Robyn was a dental nurse and Mel was an unknown actor working for the South Australian Theatre Company. On 7 June 1980, Mel and Robyn Gibson were married in a Roman Catholic church in Forestville, New South Wales. They currently have one daughter, six sons, and three grandchildren as of 2011.
After 26 years of marriage, Mel and Robyn Gibson separated on 29 July 2006. In a 2011 interview, Gibson stated that the separation began the day following his arrest for drunk driving in Malibu. Robyn Gibson filed for divorce on 13 April 2009, citing irreconcilable differences. In a joint statement, the Gibsons declared, "Throughout our marriage and separation we have always strived to maintain the privacy and integrity of our family and will continue to do so." The divorce filing followed the March 2009 release of photographs appearing to show him on a beach embracing Russian pianist Oksana Grigorieva.
On 28 April 2009, Gibson made a red carpet appearance with Grigorieva. Grigorieva, who had previously had a son with actor Timothy Dalton, gave birth to Gibson's daughter Lucia on 30 October 2009. In April 2010, it was made public that Gibson and Grigorieva had split. On 21 June 2010, Grigorieva filed a restraining order against Gibson to keep him away from her and their child. The restraining order was modified the next day regarding Gibson's contact with their child. Gibson obtained a restraining order against Grigorieva on 25 June 2010. In response to claims by Grigorieva that an incident of domestic violence occurred in January 2010, the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department launched a domestic violence investigation in July 2010.
Gibson is a property investor, with multiple properties in Malibu, California, several locations in Costa Rica, a private island in Fiji and properties in Australia. In December 2004, Gibson sold his 300-acre (1.2 km2) Australian farm in the Kiewa Valley for $6 million. Also in December 2004, Gibson purchased Mago Island in Fiji from Tokyu Corporation of Japan for $15 million. Descendants of the original native inhabitants of Mago, who were displaced in the 1860s, have protested the purchase. Gibson stated it was his intention to retain the pristine environment of the undeveloped island. In early 2005, he sold his 45,000-acre (180 km2) Montana ranch to a neighbour. In April 2007 he purchased a 400-acre (1.6 km2) ranch in Costa Rica for $26 million, and in July 2007 he sold his 76-acre (310,000 m2) Tudor estate in Connecticut (which he purchased in 1994 for $9 million) for $40 million to an unnamed buyer. Also that month, he sold a Malibu property for $30 million that he had purchased for $24 million two years before. In 2008, he purchased the Malibu home of David Duchovny and Téa Leoni.
Gibson has a reputation for practical jokes, puns, Stooge-inspired physical comedy, and doing outrageous things to shock people. As a director he sometimes breaks the tension on set by having his actors perform serious scenes wearing a red clown nose. Helena Bonham Carter, who appeared alongside him in Hamlet, said of him, "He has a very basic sense of humor. It's a bit lavatorial and not very sophisticated." During the filming of Hamlet, Gibson would relieve pressure on the set by mooning the cast and crew, directly following a serious scene. In addition to inserting several homages to the Three Stooges in his Lethal Weapon movies, Gibson produced a 2000 television movie about the comedy group which starred Michael Chiklis as Curly Howard. As a gag, Gibson inserted a single frame of himself smoking a cigarette into the 2005 teaser trailer of Apocalypto.
Gibson and his former wife have contributed a substantial amount of money to various charities, one of which is Healing the Children. According to Cris Embleton, one of the founders, the Gibsons gave millions to provide lifesaving medical treatment to needy children worldwide. They also supported the restoration of Renaissance artwork and gave millions of dollars to NIDA.
Gibson donated $500,000 to the El Mirador Basin Project to protect the last tract of virgin rain forest in Central America and to fund archeological excavations in the "cradle of Mayan civilization." In July 2007, Gibson again visited Central America to make arrangements for donations to the indigenous population. Gibson met with Costa Rican President Óscar Arias to discuss how to "channel the funds." During the same month, Gibson pledged to give financial assistance to a Malaysian company named Green Rubber Global for a tire recycling factory located in Gallup, New Mexico. While on a business trip to Singapore in September 2007, Gibson donated to a local charity for children with chronic and terminal illnesses.
In a 2011 interview, Gibson said of his philanthropic works, “It gives you perspective. It’s one of my faults, you tend to focus on yourself a lot. Which is not always the healthiest thing for your psyche or anything else. If you take a little time out to think about other people, it’s good. It’s uplifting.”
Religious and political views
Gibson was raised a Traditionalist Catholic. When asked about the Catholic doctrine of "Extra Ecclesiam nulla salus", Gibson replied, "There is no salvation for those outside the Church ... I believe it. Put it this way. My wife is a saint. She's a much better person than I am. Honestly. She's... Episcopalian, Church of England. She prays, she believes in God, she knows Jesus, she believes in that stuff. And it's just not fair if she doesn't make it, she's better than I am. But that is a pronouncement from the chair. I go with it." When he was asked whether John 14:6 is an intolerant position, he said that "through the merits of Jesus' sacrifice... even people who don't know Jesus are able to be saved, but through him." Acquaintance Father William Fulco has said that Gibson denies neither the Pope nor Vatican II. Gibson told Diane Sawyer that he believes non-Catholics and non-Christians can go to heaven.
Gibson has been described as “ultraconservative”.
Gibson complimented filmmaker Michael Moore and his documentary Fahrenheit 9/11 when he and Moore were recognized at the 2005 People's Choice Awards. Gibson's Icon Productions originally agreed to finance Moore's film, but later sold the rights to Miramax Films. Moore said that his agent Ari Emanuel claimed that "top Republicans" called Mel Gibson to tell him, "don’t expect to get more invitations to the White House". Icon's spokesman dismissed this story, saying "We never run from a controversy. You'd have to be out of your mind to think that of the company that just put out The Passion of the Christ."
In a July 1995 interview with Playboy magazine, Gibson said President Bill Clinton was a "low-level opportunist" and someone was "telling him what to do". He said that the Rhodes Scholarship was established for young men and women who want to strive for a "new world order" and this was a campaign for Marxism. Gibson later backed away from such conspiracy theories saying, "It was like: 'Hey, tell us a conspiracy'... so I laid out this thing, and suddenly, it was like I was talking the gospel truth, espousing all this political shit like I believed in it." In the same 1995 Playboy interview, Gibson argued against ordaining women to the priesthood.
In 2004, he publicly spoke out against taxpayer-funded embryonic stem-cell research that involves the cloning and destruction of human embryos. In March 2005, he condemned the outcome of the Terri Schiavo case, referring to Schiavo's death as "state-sanctioned murder".
In a 2011 interview, Gibson stated,
"The whole notion of politics is they always present you with this or this or this. I’ll get a newspaper to read between the lines. Why do you have to adhere to prescribed formulas that they have and people argue over them and they’re all in a box. And you watch Fox claw CNN, and CNN claw Fox. Sometimes I catch a piece of the news and it seems insanity to me. I quietly support candidates. I’m not out there banging a drum for candidates. But I have supported a candidate and it’s a whole other world. Once you’ve been exposed to it, once or twice or however many times, if you know the facts and see how they’re presented, it’s mind-boggling. It’s a very scary arena to be in, but I do vote. I go in there and pull the lever. It’s kind of like pulling the lever and watching the trap door fall out from beneath you. Why should we trust any of these people? None of them ever deliver on anything. It’s always disappointing."
The Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation (GLAAD) accused Gibson of homophobia after a December 1991 interview in the Spanish newspaper El País in which he made derogatory comments about homosexuals. Gibson later defended his comments and rejected calls to apologise. However, Gibson joined GLAAD in hosting 10 lesbian and gay filmmakers for an on-location seminar on the set of the movie Conspiracy Theory in January 1997. In 1999 when asked about the comments to El País, Gibson said, "I shouldn't have said it, but I was tickling a bit of vodka during that interview, and the quote came back to bite me on the ass."
Alleged anti-semitism in The Passion of the Christ
Gibson's 2004 film The Passion of the Christ sparked a fierce debate over alleged antisemitic imagery and overtones. Gibson denied that the film was antisemitic, but critics remained divided. Some agreed that the film was consistent with the Gospels and traditional Catholic teachings, while others argued that it reflected a selective reading of the Gospels. James Carroll, in Constantine's Sword: The Church and the Jews, states that the Catholic Church traditionally blames the Jews for the death of Jesus; John Dominic Crossan's Who Killed Jesus points out that the traditional Jewish method of execution was stoning; crucifixion was a Roman method. Crossan also looks at the record of Pontius Pilate, who never hesitated to use extreme measures against unruly Jews.
Sexism and domestic violence
In July 2010, it was alleged that Gibson had been recorded during a phone call with Oksana Grigorieva suggesting that if she got "raped by a pack of niggers," she would be to blame. Gibson was barred from coming near Grigorieva or her daughter due to a domestic violence-related restraining order. The Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department has launched a domestic violence investigation against Gibson. Gibson's estranged wife, Robyn Gibson, has filed a court statement declaring that she never experienced any abuse from Gibson, while forensic experts have questioned the validity of some of the tapes. In March 2011, Mel Gibson agreed to plead no contest to a misdemeanor battery charge.
In a subsequent interview, Gibson stated,
"I was allowed to end the case and still maintain my innocence. It’s called a West Plea and it’s not something that prosecutors normally allow. But in my case, the prosecutors and the judge agreed that it was the right thing to do. I could have continued to fight this for years and it probably would have come out fine. But I ended it for my children and my family. This was going to be such a circus. You don’t drag other people in your life through this sewer needlessly, so I’ll take the hit and move on."
On 8 July 2010, Gibson was alleged to have made an ethnic slur against Latinos using the term "wetbacks" as he suggested turning in one of his employees to immigration authorities. On 9 July 2010, some audio recordings alleged to be of Gibson were posted on the internet. The same day Gibson was dropped by his agency, William Morris Endeavor.
The July 2010 reports of voice-mail recordings also included alleged racist remarks, with Gibson using the word "niggers". Civil rights activists commented that Gibson had shown patterns of racism, sexism and anti-Semitism and called for a boycott of Gibson's movies.
In April 2011, Gibson finally broke his silence about the incident in question. In an interview with Deadline.com, Gibson expressed gratitude to longtime friends Whoopi Goldberg and Jodie Foster, both of whom had spoken publicly in his defense. About the recordings, Gibson said,
"I’ve never treated anyone badly or in a discriminatory way based on their gender, race, religion or sexuality – period. I don’t blame some people for thinking that though, from the garbage they heard on those leaked tapes, which have been edited. You have to put it all in the proper context of being in an irrationally, heated discussion at the height of a breakdown, trying to get out of a really unhealthy relationship. It’s one terribly, awful moment in time, said to one person, in the span of one day and doesn’t represent what I truly believe or how I’ve treated people my entire life."
Alcohol abuse and legal issues
Gibson has said that he started drinking at the age of thirteen. In a 2002 interview about his time at NIDA, Gibson said, "I had really good highs but some very low lows. I found out recently I'm manic depressive."
Gibson was banned from driving in Ontario for three months in 1984, after rear-ending a car in Toronto while under the influence of alcohol. He retreated to his Australian farm for over a year to recover, but he continued to struggle with drinking. Despite this problem, Gibson gained a reputation in Hollywood for professionalism and punctuality such that Lethal Weapon 2 director Richard Donner was shocked when Gibson confided that he was drinking five pints of beer for breakfast. Reflecting in 2003 and 2004, Gibson said that despair in his mid-30s led him to contemplate suicide, and he meditated on Christ's Passion to heal his wounds. He took more time off acting in 1991 and sought professional help. That year, Gibson's attorneys were unsuccessful at blocking the Sunday Mirror from publishing what Gibson shared at AA meetings.[clarification needed] In 1992, Gibson provided financial support to Hollywood's Recovery Center, saying, "Alcoholism is something that runs in my family. It's something that's close to me. People do come back from it, and it's a miracle."
DUI incident with antisemitic remarks
On 28 July 2006, Gibson was arrested for driving under the influence (DUI) while speeding in his vehicle with an open container of alcohol. According to a 2011 article in Vanity Fair, Gibson first told the arresting officer, "My life is over. I’m fucked. Robyn’s going to leave me." According to the arrest report, Gibson then exploded into an angry tirade at the arresting officer. Gibson climaxed with the words, "Fucking Jews... the Jews are responsible for all the wars in the world."
After the arrest report of was leaked on TMZ.com, Gibson issued two apologies through his publicist, and in a televised interview with Diane Sawyer, he affirmed the accuracy of the quotations. He further apologized for his "despicable" behavior, saying the comments were "blurted out in a moment of insanity" and asked to meet with Jewish leaders to help him "discern the appropriate path for healing." After Gibson's arrest, his publicist said he had entered a recovery program to battle alcoholism.
On 17 August 2006, Gibson pleaded no contest to a misdemeanor drunken-driving charge and was sentenced to three years probation. He was ordered to attend self-help meetings five times a week for four and a half months and three times a week for the remainder of the first year of his probation. He was also ordered to attend a First Offenders Program, was fined $1,300, and his license was restricted for 90 days.
At a May 2007 progress hearing, Gibson was praised for his compliance with the terms of his probation and his extensive participation in a self-help program beyond what was required.
According to a friend interviewed on condition of anonymity, "It is my belief he felt that he had just absolutely failed as a human being. Mel was trying to invite death by cop. I don’t think this was about being anti-Semitic. I think he was trying to rile that guy into pulling out a gun and shooting him. Before he left the restaurant that night, he went to every single table and said good-bye. Why would you say good-bye to every table unless you think you’re never going to see them again? I believe that what was going on that night was a farewell."
On 25 July 1997, Gibson was named an honorary Officer of the Order of Australia (AO), in recognition of his "service to the Australian film industry". The award was honorary because substantive awards are made only to Australian citizens. In 1985, Gibson was named "The Sexiest Man Alive" by People, the first person to be named so. Gibson quietly declined the Chevalier des Arts et Lettres from the French government in 1995 as a protest against France's resumption of nuclear testing in the Southwest Pacific. TIME magazine chose Mel Gibson and Michael Moore as Men of the Year in 2004, but Gibson turned down the photo session and interview, and the cover went instead to George W. Bush.
Awards and accomplishments
- Australian Film Institute Award: Best Actor in a Lead Role, for Tim (1979) and Gallipoli (1981)
- Academy Award: Best Picture, for Braveheart (1995)
- Academy Award: Best Director, for Braveheart (1995)
- People's Choice Awards: Favorite Motion Picture Actor (1991, 1997, 2001, 2003, 2004)
- People's Choice Awards: Favorite Motion Picture Star in a Comedy (2001)
- ShoWest Award: Male Star of the Year (1993)
- ShoWest Award: Director of the Year (1996)
- American Cinematheque Gala Tribute: American Cinematheque Award (1995)
- Hasty Pudding Theatricals: Man of the Year (1997)
- Australian Film Institute: Global Achievement Award (2002)
- Honorary Doctorate Recipient and Undergraduate Commencement Speaker, Loyola Marymount University (2003)
- World's most powerful celebrity by US business magazine Forbes (2004)
- Hollywood Reporter Innovator of the Year (2004)
- Honorary fellowship in Performing Arts by Limkokwing University (2007)
- Outstanding Contribution to World Cinema Award at the Irish Film and Television Awards (2008)
- Sexist Pig Award from the Alliance of Women Film Journalists (2011)
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- ^ Michael Dwyer, The Irish Times film critic, interviewed on RTÉ Radio 1's This week programme, 6 August 2006.
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- ^ Clarkson, Wensley (1993). Mel Gibson: Living Dangerously. New York: Thunder's Mouth Press. p. 30.
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- ^ Clarkson, Wensley (1993). Mel Gibson: Living Dangerously. New York: Thunder's Mouth Press. pp. 170–171.
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- ^ "A Night on Mount Edna," 15 December 1990
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- ^ Robert Weller (17 July 1993). "Welcome to Telluride – Now Go Away". Associated Press.
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- ^ a b Atterton, Margot. (Ed.) The Illustrated Encyclopaedia of Australian Showbiz, Sunshine Books, 1984. ISBN 0-86777-057-0 p. 86
- ^ Mercado, Andrew. Super Aussie Soaps, Pluto Press Australia, 2004. ISBN 1-86403-191-3 p. 111
- ^ Mercado, Andrew. Super Aussie Soaps, Pluto Press Australia, 2004. ISBN 1-86403-191-3 pp. 154–156
- ^ Moran, Albert. Moran's Guide to Australian TV Series, Allen & Unwin, 1993. ISBN 0-642-18462-3 pp. 371–2
- ^ a b The Australian Film Institute. Past Winners
- ^ Valdez, Joe (20 December 2007). "Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome (1985)". This Distracted Globe. http://thisdistractedglobe.com/2007/12/20/mad-max-beyond-thunderdome-1985/.
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- ^ By (28 April 2008). "Mel Gibson returns for 'Darkness". Variety. http://www.variety.com/VR1117984773.html. Retrieved 22 October 2008.
- ^ Shahid, Aliyah (10 July 2010). "Mel Gibson's agency drops actor after racist and sexist rant, alleged attack against ex-girlfriend". New York: NYdailynews. http://www.nydailynews.com/gossip/2010/07/10/2010-07-10_mel_gibsons_agency_drops_actor_after_racist_and_sexist_rant_alleged_attack_again.html. Retrieved 11 July 2010.
- ^ the NewsMax.com Staff (22 September 2004). "Gibson to Get Hollywood Producer of the Year Award". NewsMax.com. http://archive.newsmax.com/archives/ic/2004/9/22/100824.shtml. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
- ^ Press release (25 October 2007). "PBS, Icon Productions and Carrier Project granted unprecedented access to U.S. aircraft carrier to film revealing 10-part series, Carrier". PBS.org. http://www.pbs.org/aboutpbs/news/20071025_iconproductions.html. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
- ^ Erin McWhirter (1 May 2008). "Robert Downey Jr. has irons in the fire". The Courier Mail. http://www.news.com.au/couriermail/story/0,23739,23622562-5003420,00.html.
- ^ Dan Cox and Michael Fleming (1 February 1999). "Gibson in talks for 'Patriot'". Daily Variety. http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117490809.html?categoryid=13&cs=1.
- ^ "Gibson Downey Jr becomes Hamlet". BBC. 21 September 2000. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/935383.stm.
- ^ Tiffany Rose (8 September 2002). "Mel Gibson: 'I think I'm mellowing in my old age'". The Independent (UK). http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/film-and-tv/features/mel-gibson-i-think-im-mellowing-in-my-old-age-642396.html.
- ^ "Jesus Christ!! What – Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news". Aintitcool.com. http://www.aintitcool.com/?q=node/13351. Retrieved 22 October 2008.
- ^ "All Time Box Office". Box Office Mojo. accessdate=22 December 2010. http://boxofficemojo.com/alltime/.
- ^ "Mel Gibson Movie Box Office Results – Actor". Box Office Mojo. http://boxofficemojo.com/people/chart/?view=Actor&id=melgibson.htm. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
- ^ "Mel Gibson Movie Box Office Results – Director". Box Office Mojo. http://boxofficemojo.com/people/chart/?view=Director&id=melgibson.htm. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
- ^ Gilbey, Ryan (25 July 2001). "Been to hear any good films lately?". The New Zealand Herald. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/lifestyle/news/article.cfm?c_id=6&objectid=201887. Retrieved 20 July 2010.
- ^ N'Gai Croal (12 March 2008). "Exclusive Exclusive: Writer-Director George Miller Announces 'Mad Max' As First Game From Creative Alliance With God of War II Director Cory Barlog". http://blog.newsweek.com/blogs/levelup/archive/2008/03/12/filmmaker-george-miller-announces-mad-max-game-collaboration-with-cory-barlog.aspx. [dead link]
- ^ Davin Seay (February 1983). "An American from Kangaroo-land hops to the top". Ampersand.
- ^ Davies, Greg. Five Films about Australia better than ‘Australia’, Cinelet, 2 March 2009. Retrieved 16 July 2010.
- ^ Vincent Canby (21 January 1983). "Year of Living Dangerously". The New York Times.
- ^ Hiscock, John (21 January 2010). "Mel Gibson interview". The Daily Telegraph (UK). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/film/7044121/Mel-Gibson-interview.html. Retrieved 20 July 2010.
- ^ a b Michael Fleming (July 2000). "Mel's Movies". Movieline.
- ^ Klady, Leonard (8 July 1998). "Lethal Weapon 4 Review". Variety. http://www.variety.com/review/VE1117477677.html?categoryid=31&cs=1. Retrieved 20 July 2010.
- ^ Paul Scofield's career highlights, The Daily Telegraph, 20 March 2008. Retrieved 16 July 2010.
- ^ a b c "1995 Academy Awards". Filmsite.org. http://www.filmsite.org/aa95.html. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- ^  The best – and worst – movie battle scenes 2 April 2007
- ^ "Mel Gibson Interview". Globe and Mail. 14 February 2004.
- ^ Frank Rich (3 August 2003). "Mel Gibson's Martyrdom Complex".
- ^ a b Adato, Allison (14 August 2006). "Mel Gibson: 'I Am Deeply Ashamed'". People. http://www.people.com/people/archive/article/0,,20059176,00.html.
- ^ "Gibson's way with words". USA Today. 1 August 2006. http://www.usatoday.com/life/people/2006-07-31-gibson-remarks_x.htm.
- ^ a b c d "Transcript of February 2004 Primetime". Archived from the original on 16 July 2005. http://web.archive.org/web/20050716090130/http://sixtyminutes.ninemsn.com.au/sixtyminutes/stories/2004_02_22/story_1034.asp. Retrieved 31 July 2006.
- ^ "The Passion of the Christ (2004)". Box Office Mojo. http://boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=passionofthechrist.htm. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
- ^ Mel Gibson Movie Box Office Results
- ^ "All Time Domestic Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. http://boxofficemojo.com/alltime/domestic.htm. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
- ^ "Top Grossing R Rated Movies at the Box Office". Box Office Mojo. http://boxofficemojo.com/alltime/domestic/mpaa.htm?page=R&p=.htm. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
- ^ "The Passion of the Christ — Academy Awards Database". Oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. http://awardsdatabase.oscars.org/ampas_awards/DisplayMain.jsp;jsessionid=86059BC1A7439D517EB23CCF7024E0F2?curTime=1279484685836. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
- ^ "People's Choice Awards Nominees & Winners: 2005". PeoplesChoice.com. http://www.peopleschoice.com/pca/awards/nominees/index.jsp?year=2005. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
- ^ Tallerico, Brian. "Apocalypto Review". UGO.com. http://www.ugo.com/ugo/html/article/?id=16241. Retrieved 20 July 2010. [dead link]
- ^ "Prophets-Apoc". Box Office Prophets. http://www.boxofficeprophets.com/tickermaster/listing.cfm?tmID=2835. Retrieved 20 July 2010.
- ^ "Apocalypto First Look". Wild About Movies. http://www.wildaboutmovies.com/movies/ApocalyptoMovieTrailerPosterMelGibson.php. Retrieved 20 July 2010.
- ^ Dargis, Manohla (5 May 2011). "Leave It to the Beaver to Do All the Talking". The New York Times. http://movies.nytimes.com/2011/05/06/movies/the-beaver-with-mel-gibson-and-jodie-foster-review.html. Retrieved 10 May 2011.
- ^ "Audiences reject Mel Gibson as 'The Beaver' flops". Los Angeles Times. 8 May 2011. http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/entertainmentnewsbuzz/2011/05/audiences-reject-mel-gibson-as-the-beaver-flops.html.
- ^ Kaufman, Amy (9 May 2011). "'The Beaver' sluggish in limited release". Los Angeles Times (Eddy W. Hartenstein). http://articles.latimes.com/2011/may/09/entertainment/la-et-box-office-side-20110509. Retrieved 10 July 2011.
- ^ Cieply, Michael. "Uneven Growth for Film Studio With a Message." The New York Times. 5 June 2011. Accessed 6 June 2011.
- ^ "Director says movie struck out in the U.S. because it’s a dramedy". Newsok.com. 20 May 2011. http://newsok.com/director-says-movie-struck-out-in-the-u.s.-because-its-a-dramedy/article/3569471. Retrieved 24 July 2011.
- ^ Event Report:  "Mel Gibson Goes Mad At CSU" – CinemaBlend.com – 23 March 2007
- ^ Gussow, Mel (7 September 1998). "The Strange Case of the Madman With a Quotation for Every Word". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F06E7DF153EF934A3575AC0A96E958260&sec=&spon=&partner=permalink&exprod=permalink. Retrieved 7 November 2007.
- ^  10 minutes with Mel Gibson: "When going green comes naturally" – The New Straits Times – 1 September 2007 – accessed 9 September 2007[dead link]
- ^  "Mel Gibson to film in Panama?" – Opodo Travel News – 7 March 2007
- ^ Mel Gibson Thinking About Setting Next Splatter Film In Panama 6 March 2007
- ^ Enter the eco warrior The Star (Malaysia) – 10 September 2007 – accessed 10 September 2007
- ^ Adam Jahnke (27 February 2009). "Inside Man: Richard Donner on Inside Moves". http://www.thedigitalbits.com/articles/interviews/richarddonner/donnerinterview.html.
- ^ Mr. Beaks (19 February 2009). "Richard Donner And Mr. Beaks Talk INSIDE MOVES!". Aint It Cool News. http://www.aintitcool.com/node/40175.
- ^ "Mel Gibson to direct DiCaprio in Viking movie: report". France 24. 14 December 2009. http://www.france24.com/en/node/4948325. Retrieved 18 January 2010.
- ^ "EXCLUSIVE: Leo DiCaprio Pulling Out Of Mel Gibson Movie". Radaronline.com. 29 July 2010. http://www.radaronline.com/exclusives/2010/07/source-dicaprio-pulling-out-mel-gibson-movie. Retrieved 24 July 2011.
- ^ Hollywood Hits Home: Mel Gibson, film crew shoot scenes in Brownsville The Brownsville Herald
- ^ New York Post, 17 October 2010. "Mel Gibson making a cameo comeback". Accessed 18 October 2010.
- ^ Cieply, Michael (21 October 2010). "No ‘Hangover’ for Mel Gibson". The New York Times. http://mediadecoder.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/10/21/no-hangover-for-mel-gibson/. Retrieved 21 October 2010.
- ^ Jewish Leaders Slam Mel Gibson and Warner Brothers for Judah Maccabee Movie.
- ^ DEVLIN, REBEKAH (16 October 2007). "Star's family farewell father". The Advertiser. http://www.news.com.au/adelaidenow/story/0,22606,22591118-2682,00.html. Retrieved 6 June 2009.
- ^ Clarkson, Wensley (1993). Mel Gibson: Living Dangerously. New York: Thunder's Mouth Press. p. 125.
- ^ Jones, Oliver (21 April 2009). "INSIDE STORY: Meet Mel Gibson's Children — Mel Gibson". People. http://www.people.com/people/article/0,,20273928,00.html. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
- ^ "Source: Tension Between Mel Gibson and Wife Was Obvious". People. 15 April 2009. http://www.people.com/people/article/0,,20272589,00.html. Retrieved 20 July 2010.
- ^ a b c d Deadline, The (21 April 2011). "Exclusive: Mel Gibson Finally Talks –". Deadline.com. http://www.deadline.com/2011/04/exclusive-mel-gibson-finally-talks/. Retrieved 24 July 2011.
- ^ "Mel Gibson's marriage ends after 28 years and beach embrace pictures". The Daily Telegraph (UK). 14 April 2009. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/celebritynews/5151901/Mel-Gibsons-marriage-ends-after-28-years-and-beach-embrace-pictures.html. Retrieved 20 July 2010.
- ^ "Oksana #4 Appears behind Mel Gibson's Door" (press initially misidentified Grigorieva as Oksana Kolesnikova)]
- ^ "Mel Gibson and Oksana Grigorieva together at Wolverine premiere". news.com.au. 29 April 2009. http://www.news.com.au/entertainment/movies/mel-gibson-steps-out-with-new-love/story-e6frfmvr-1225704931550. Retrieved 12 September 2010.
- ^ Gina DiNunno. "Mel Gibson's Girlfriend Gives Birth to Baby Girl". TVGuide.com. http://www.tvguide.com/News/Mel-Gibsons-Girlfriend-1011468.aspx.
- ^ Leonard, Elizabeth (25 May 2009). "Rep: Mel Gibson and Girlfriend Are Expecting!". People. http://www.people.com/people/article/0,,20280980,00.html. Retrieved 25 May 2009.
- ^ Elizabeth Leonard. "Mel Gibson and Oksana Grigorieva Split". People.com. http://www.people.com/people/article/0,,20360970,00.html.
- ^ a b Cavanagh, Kristie (25 June 2010). "Oksana Grigorieva files domestic violence restraining order against ex Mel Gibson". Daily News (New York). http://www.nydailynews.com/gossip/2010/06/25/2010-06-25_oksana_grigorieva_files_domestic_violence_restraining_order_against_ex_mel_gibso.html. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
- ^ "Mel Gibson Files Restraining Order Against Baby Mama Oksana Grigorieva". Fox News. 25 June 2010. http://www.foxnews.com/entertainment/2010/06/25/mel-gibson-files-restraining-order-baby-mama-oksana-grigorieva/. Retrieved 25 June 2010.
- ^ Barnett, Sophie (7 July 2010). "Mel Faces Abuse Claims". MTV. http://www.mtv.com.au/news/435bd315-mel-abuse-claims-mtv-classic/. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
- ^ a b "Mel Gibson investigated for domestic violence". Vancouver Sun. 8 July 2010. http://www.vancouversun.com/entertainment/movie-guide/Gibson+investigated+domestic+violence/3252404/story.html. Retrieved 9 July 2010. [dead link]
- ^ Mel Gibson denied bid to reclassify estate as farm[dead link] 17 Jan 2005
- ^ Mel Gibson: Hollywood Takes Sides 4 August 2006
- ^ Mel Gibson selling up[dead link] 16 September 2004
- ^ "Displaced Fijians may sue island-buying Mel Gibson". Sydney Morning Herald. 3 May 2005. http://www.smh.com.au/news/World/Displaced-Fijians-sue-islandbuying-Mel-Gibson/2005/03/02/1109700545809.html. Retrieved 14 September 2007.
- ^ "Gibson's neighbor buys his Beartooth Ranch". Deseret News. 28 February 2005. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4188/is_20050228/ai_n11834606. Retrieved 14 September 2007. [dead link]
- ^ Mel Gibson reportedly listing his Greenwich, CT estate for $39.5M; status of his Malibu properties is uncertain[dead link] 12 July 2007
- ^ "Mel Gibson sells Malibu home for $30 million: Star bought the property two years ago for $24 million". MSNBC. 30 July 2007. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/20042556. Retrieved 24 July 2011.
- ^ Brenoff, Ann (20 September 2008). "Mel Gibson buys Malibu home of David Duchovny and Téa Leoni". Los Angeles Times. http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/latinamerica/la-hm-hotprop20-2008sep20,0,4116201.story. Retrieved 27 September 2008.
- ^ The Passion of Mel Gibson 19 Jan. 2003, Time.com Accessed 9 September 2007
- ^ Clarkson, Wensley (1993). Mel Gibson: Living Dangerously. New York: Thunder's Mouth Press. p. 287.
- ^ Davis, Ivor (18 January 1991). "Hello, Sweet Prince". St. Petersburg Times. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=bzIMAAAAIBAJ&sjid=gl8DAAAAIBAJ&pg=4996,3511234&dq=mel-gibson+icon-productions&hl=en. Retrieved 19 July 2010. [dead link]
- ^ Apple Inc. (8 December 2006). "Teaser Trailer. Frame 2546. Timecode 01:01:47:03. Time 00:01:46". Apple.com. http://www.apple.com/trailers/touchstone/apocalypto/. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- ^ "Actor and Director Mel Gibson Donates $10 million." UCLA.edu Newsroom.
- ^ "Mel's $14m donation." Sydney Morning Herald. 13 October 2004.
- ^ Oborne, Peter (16 July 2003). "Mel Gibson and Sting to fund David restoration". The Daily Telegraph (UK). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2003/07/16/wdavid16.xml. Retrieved 23 September 2007. [dead link]
- ^ "Meln An Interview with John Clark". Quadrant Magazine. May 2004. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071011102140/http://quadrant.org.au/php/article_view.php?article_id=783. Retrieved 23 September 2007.
- ^ "Enter the eco warrior". The Star (Malaysia). 10 September 2007. http://www.star-ecentral.com/news/story.asp?file=/2007/9/10/movies/18807086&sec=movies. Retrieved 13 September 2007.
- ^ "Mel Gibson Meets With Costa Rican Leader." ABC News. 10 July 2007.
- ^ "Mel Gibson Backs Green Rubber." EcoRazzi.com. 12 July 2007.
- ^ "Mel Gibson makes S$25,000 donation to charity organisation". Channel NewsAsia. 14 September 2007. http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/singaporelocalnews/view/299690/1/.html. Retrieved 14 September 2007.
- ^ Mel and Robyn Gibson Reunite for Conjoined Twins Birthday.
- ^ a b Boyer, Peter J. The New Yorker. 15 September 2003
- ^ "Inside Mel Gibson's "Passion"." Salon. 27 January 2004.
- ^ “Whose Passion? Media, Faith & Controversy” panel discussion video, time 1:05
- ^ Martin, Allie and Jenni Parker (20 February 2004). "Gibson's Words Fuel Controversy Already Sparked By 'Passion'". Agape Press. http://headlines.agapepress.org/archive/2/afa/202004b.asp.
- ^ a b Padgett/Veracruz, Tim. "Apocalypto Now." Time. 19 March 2006.
- ^ "Moore, Gibson: I Love His Work." Fox News. 10 January 2005.
- ^ Keough, Peter. "Not so hot: Fahrenheit 9/11 is more smoke than fire." Boston Phoenix. 25 June 2004.
- ^ Stein, Ruthe. "'Fahrenheit 9/11' too hot for Disney." San Francisco Chronicle. 6 May 2004.
- ^ a b c Grobel, Lawrence. "Interview: Mel Gibson". Playboy. July 1995. Vol. 42, No. 7, Pg. 51. Retrieved 17 May 2006.
- ^ a b Nui Te Koka. "Did I say that?" The Daily Telegraph. 30 January 1999, pg 33.
- ^ Grobel, Lawrence. Grobel, Lawrence. The art of the interview: lessons from a master of the craft. Three Rivers Press, 2004. ISBN 1400050715. p. 151.
- ^ a b DeAngelis, Michael. Gay Fandom and Crossover Stardom. Duke University Press, 2001. ISBN 0822327384p. 166.
- ^ "Braveheart Stands Athwart a Brave New World." National Review. 1 November 2004.
- ^ Rich, Frank (10 April 2005). "A Culture of Death, Not Life". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/04/10/opinion/10rich.html?pagewanted=all&position=. Retrieved 10 July 2010.
- ^ "Mel Gibson joins stars to question Iraq war." Sydney Morning Herald. 18 March 2004.
- ^ a b Wockner, Rex. "Mel Gibson, Circa 1992, "Refuses to Apologize to Gays"." San Francisco Bay Times. 17 August 2006. Quote: Asked what he thought of gay people, he said, "They take it up the ass." Gibson then proceeded to point at his posterior and said: "This is only for taking a shit." When reminded that he had worked closely with gay people at drama school, Gibson said, "They were good people, kind, I like them. But their thing is not my thing." When the interviewer asked if Gibson was afraid that people would think he is gay because he's an actor, Gibson replied, "Do I sound like a homosexual? Do I talk like them? Do I move like them? What happens is when you're an actor, they stick that label on you."
- ^ "Mel Gibson to Meet Up-and-Coming Lesbian and Gay Filmmakers."[dead link] glaad.org.
- ^ Some criticism of The Passion[dead link]
- ^ a b c Pilkington, Ed (2 July 2010). "Mel Gibson faces flak again after alleged racist rant". The Guardian (UK). http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2010/jul/02/mel-gibson-racist-rant. Retrieved 2 July 2010.
- ^ "Mel Gibson 'threatens to burn house down in new tape'". The Daily Telegraph (UK). 15 July 2010. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/celebritynews/7891640/Mel-Gibson-threatens-to-burn-house-down-in-new-tape.html. Retrieved 15 July 2010.
- ^ McCartney, Anthony (12 July 2010). "Gibson tape mentions alleged hitting of girlfriend". Associated Press. Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/07/12/AR2010071202673.html. Retrieved 12 July 2010. [dead link]
- ^ "Original Internet posting of Gibson's alleged words". Radaronline.com. 12 July 2010. http://www.radaronline.com/exclusives/2010/07/world-exclusive-audio-mel-gibsons-explosive-racist-rant-listen-it-here. Retrieved 24 July 2011.
- ^ McCartney, Anthony. Source: Gibson's wife says no signs of abuse[dead link].
- ^ Robinson, Georgina (16 July 2010). "Mel Gibson Tape Fabricated: Claims , Robyn Gibson Supports Mel". Sydney Morning Herald. http://www.smh.com.au/lifestyle/people/mel-gibsons-ex-backs-him-as-experts-point-to-tampering-on-tapes-20100716-10d9h.html. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
- ^ Michael Cieply (11 March 2011). "Mel Gibson in Plea Deal in Battering Case". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/12/business/media/12gibson.html.
- ^ The People of the State of California v. Dale West, 3 Cal. 3d 595; 477 P.2d 409 (California Supreme Court, 1970)
- ^ a b c "Website Posts Recording of Gibson's Racist Rant, Actor Dropped by Talent Agency". Los Angeles Times. 9 July 2010. http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/ktla-mel-gibson-domestic-violence,0,4501825.story. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
- ^ Kaufman, Gil (2 July 2010). "Mel Gibson Condemned For Alleged Racist, Sexist Rant Against Ex". MTV. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1642912/20100702/story.jhtml. Retrieved 2 July 2010.
- ^ "Rant aftermath a gift, says Gibson."[dead link] Herald Sun. 15 January 2007.
- ^ Murray, Elicia and Garry Maddox (15 May 2008). "Mel opens up, but ever so fleetingly". The Sydney Morning Herald. http://www.smh.com.au/news/stay-in-touch/mel-gibson-talks-about-bipolar-struggle/2008/05/14/1210444527205.html. Retrieved 15 May 2008.
- ^ Seitz, Matt Zoller (25 May 1995). "Mel Gibson talks about Braveheart, movie stardom, and media treachery". Dallas Observer. http://www.dallasobserver.com/Issues/1995-05-25/film/film_3.html. Retrieved 29 July 2006. [dead link]
- ^ Ryan, Tim (22 February 2004). "Mel Gibson's Passion". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. http://archives.starbulletin.com/2004/02/22/news/index2.html.
- ^ Wright, Gerard (5 August 2006). "You're not a Jew, are you?". The Sydney Morning Herald. http://www.smh.com.au/news/people/youre-not-a-jew-are-you/2006/08/04/1154198332750.html?page=fullpage#contentSwap2. Retrieved 20 July 2010.
- ^ The Advertiser. 22 September 1991
- ^ Higgins, Bill. Los Angeles Times. 14 December 1992.
- ^ Vanity Fair, March 2011.
- ^ "Mel Gibson Apologizes for Tirade After Arrest". The New York Times. 30 July 2006. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/07/30/us/30gibson.html?_r=1&scp=1&sq=%22jews%20are%20responsible%22%20gibson&st=cse.
- ^  Gibson's Anti-Semitic Tirade – Alleged Cover Up; TMZ.com; 28 July 2006
- ^ "Gibson's statement about anti-Semitic remarks". MSNBC. 8 January 2006. http://msnbc.msn.com/id/14135592/. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- ^ "Mel Gibson's Statement on His DUI Arrest". San Francisco Chronicle. http://sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/n/a/2006/07/29/entertainment/e133616D89.DTL. Retrieved 12 July 2010. [dead link]
- ^ Stephen M. Silverman (12 October 2006). "Mel Gibson Admits He Drank After Arrest". http://www.people.com/people/article/0,,1545484,00.html. Retrieved 4 June 2009.
- ^ a b c "Gibson takes first starring role in six years". Guardian.uk.co (London). 29 April 2008. http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2008/apr/29/news.melgibson. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
- ^ "Gibson Asks Jews For Help To Find "Appropriate Path To Healing"". 3 July 20060. http://www.accesshollywood.com/mel-gibson/gibson-asks-jews-for-help-to-find-appropriate-path-to-healing_article_1069.
- ^ "Mel Gibson Praised for Progress in Alcohol Rehab." Newsmax. 12 May 2007.
- ^ Vanity Fair, March 2011.
- ^ "It's an Honour — Honours — Search Australian Honours". Itsanhonour.gov.au. 25 July 1997. http://www.itsanhonour.gov.au/honours/honour_roll/search.cfm?aus_award_id=869892&search_type=simple&showInd=true. Retrieved 13 July 2010.
- ^ Daniel Vidoni. "Order of Australia Association". Theorderofaustralia.asn.au. http://www.theorderofaustralia.asn.au/. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- ^ "Think You Know Sexy?". People. 3 November 2005. http://www.people.com/people/quiz/answer/0,,1113192_1113194_,00.html. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- ^ Galloway, Stephen. The Hollywood Reporter. 30 October 1995. "It was a definite decision to make a protest against the nuclear tests", said Gibson, who is mad at French President Jacques Chirac for deciding to detonate some bombs in the Pacific.
- ^ Michael Moore Defends Cruise, Slags Gibson 16 September 2006
- ^ "AACTA - Past Winners - 1979". AACTA.org. http://www.aacta.org/past-winners/1970-1979/1979.aspx. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
- ^ "AACTA - Past Winners - 1981". AACTA.org. http://www.aacta.org/past-winners/1980-1989/1981.aspx. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
- ^ "People's Choice Awards Nominees & Winners: 1991". PeoplesChoice.com. http://www.peopleschoice.com/pca/awards/nominees/index.jsp?year=1991. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
- ^ "People's Choice Awards Nominees & Winners: 1997". PeoplesChoice.com. http://www.peopleschoice.com/pca/awards/nominees/index.jsp?year=1997. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
- ^ a b "People's Choice Awards Nominees & Winners: 2001". PeoplesChoice.com. http://www.peopleschoice.com/pca/awards/nominees/index.jsp?year=2001. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
- ^ "People's Choice Awards Nominees & Winners: 2003". PeoplesChoice.com. http://www.peopleschoice.com/pca/awards/nominees/index.jsp?year=2003. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
- ^ "People's Choice Awards Nominees & Winners: 2004". PeoplesChoice.com. http://www.peopleschoice.com/pca/awards/nominees/index.jsp?year=2004. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
- ^ "Star-gazing". The Milwaukee Journal. 13 March 1993. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=y6AaAAAAIBAJ&sjid=kiwEAAAAIBAJ&pg=6150,3605399&dq=showest+1993+male+star+of+the+year&hl=en. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
- ^ DeArmond, Michelle (8 March 1996). "Travolta, Bullock honored". Las Vegas Sun. http://www.lasvegassun.com/news/1996/mar/08/travolta-bullock-honored/. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
- ^ BWW News Desk (25 March 2010). "Jennifer Garner and Sarah Silverman Added to All-Star Lineup Honoring Matt Damon". Broadway World. http://movies.broadwayworld.com/article/Matt_Damon_20010101. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
- ^ Rush, George; Molloy, Joanna; Jones, Baird (25 February 1997). "CONTRACT TALKS PUT SLY ON THE CUTTING EDGE". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/archives/gossip/1997/02/25/1997-02-25_contract_talks_put_sly_on_th.html. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
- ^ Sams, Christine (9 December 2002). "Gulpilil leads lesser lights to glory". The Sun-Herald. http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2002/12/07/1038950236382.html. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
- ^ "MAY 1003 GIBSON SPEAKS AT LMU'S UNDERGRADUATE COMMENCEMENT PR". lmu.com. Loyola Marymount University. http://www.lmu.edu/sites/News___Media/Media/News_Releases/News_Releases_2003/MAY_1003_GIBSON_SPEAKS_AT_LMU_S_UNDERGRADUATE_COMMENCEMENT_PR.htm. Retrieved 18 July 2010. [dead link]
- ^ "Jesus helps Mel hit No. 1". CNNMoney.com. 18 June 2004. http://money.cnn.com/2004/06/17/news/newsmakers/forbes_stars/?cnn=yes. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
- ^ Galloway, Stephen (15 November 2004). "Innovator of the Year: Mel Gibson". The Hollywood Reporter. http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/hr/search/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1000719418. Retrieved 18 July 2010. [dead link]
- ^ "Awestruck by ‘Lethal Weapon’". Malaysia Star. 23 September 2007. http://thestar.com.my/education/story.asp?file=/2007/9/23/education/18937265&sec=education. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
- ^ "Mel Gibson to be honoured at IFTA ceremony". Rte.ie. http://www.rte.ie/arts/2008/0208/gibsonm.html. Retrieved 22 October 2008.
- ^ "‘Sexist Pig’ Mel Gibson Sneaks Into Awards Race". 10 January 2011. http://www.movieline.com/2011/01/sexist-pig-mel-gibson-sneaks-into-awards-race.php.
- McCarty, John (September 2001). The Films of Mel Gibson. New York: Citadel. ISBN 0806522267.
- Clarkson, Wensley (September 2004). Mel Gibson: Man on a Mission. London: John Blake. ISBN 1-85782-537-3.
- Mel Gibson at the Internet Movie Database
- Mel Gibson at the Open Directory Project
- "Exclusive: Mel Gibson's Apocalyto Now" (sic), by Tim Padgett/Veracruz, TIME magazine
Films directed by Mel Gibson Academy Award for Best Director (1981–2000)
Warren Beatty (1981) · Richard Attenborough (1982) · James L. Brooks (1983) · Miloš Forman (1984) · Sydney Pollack (1985) · Oliver Stone (1986) · Bernardo Bertolucci (1987) · Barry Levinson (1988) · Oliver Stone (1989) · Kevin Costner (1990) · Jonathan Demme (1991) · Clint Eastwood (1992) · Steven Spielberg (1993) · Robert Zemeckis (1994) · Mel Gibson (1995) · Anthony Minghella (1996) · James Cameron (1997) · Steven Spielberg (1998) · Sam Mendes (1999) · Steven Soderbergh (2000)
Complete list · (1927–1940) · (1941–1960) · (1961–1980) · (1981–2000) · (2001–2020) AACTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role (1972–1979) Complete list · (1972–1979) · (1980–1999) · (2000–present) AACTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role (1980–1999)
Jack Thompson (1980) · Mel Gibson (1981) · Ray Barrett (1982) · Norman Kaye (1983) · John Hargreaves (1984) · Chris Haywood (1985) · Colin Friels (1986) · Leo McKern (1987) · John Waters (1988) · Sam Neill (1989) · Max von Sydow (1990) · Hugo Weaving (1991) · Russell Crowe (1992) · Harvey Keitel (1993) · Nicholas Hope (1994) · John Lynch (1995) · Geoffrey Rush (1996) · Richard Roxburgh (1997) · Hugo Weaving (1998) · Russell Dykstra (1999)
Complete list · (1972–1979) · (1980–1999) · (2000–present) Golden Globe Award for Best Director 1991–2015
Oliver Stone (1991) · Clint Eastwood (1992) · Steven Spielberg (1993) · Robert Zemeckis (1994) · Mel Gibson (1995) · Miloš Forman (1996) · James Cameron (1997) · Steven Spielberg (1998) · Sam Mendes (1999) · Ang Lee (2000) · Robert Altman (2001) · Martin Scorsese (2002) · Peter Jackson (2003) · Clint Eastwood (2004) · Ang Lee (2005) · Martin Scorsese (2006) · Julian Schnabel (2007) · Danny Boyle (2008) · James Cameron (2009) · David Fincher (2010)
Complete List · (1943–1965) · (1966–1990) · (1991–2015)
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