Cockburn Town

Cockburn Town
Cockburn Town
—  Capital city  —
Turks and Caicos Islands position in the Caribbean Sea
Map showing Cockburn Town's position with Turks and Caicos
Coordinates: 21°27′32″N 71°08′20″W / 21.459°N 71.139°W / 21.459; -71.139Coordinates: 21°27′32″N 71°08′20″W / 21.459°N 71.139°W / 21.459; -71.139
Country United Kingdom
Overseas territory Turks and Caicos Islands
Island Grand Turk Island
Founded 1681
 - Town 3,700

Cockburn Town (play /ˈkbərn/ koh-bərn)[1][2] is the capital city of the Turks and Caicos Islands.


Location and features

Cockburn Town is located on the largest island in the Turks Islands (not the Caicos island) archipelago, Grand Turk Island. Historic 18th and 19th century Bermudian architecture line Duke and Front Streets in Cockburn Town. The town is known for its long, narrow streets and old street lamps.

The closest anchorage to Cockburn Town is Hawk's Nest Anchorage, which, though sheltered, should only be entered in good light because of reefs near the entrance.


The seat of government ever since 1766, Cockburn Town was the first permanent settlement on any of the islands, founded in 1681 by salt collectors who arrived in the Turks and Caicos Islands. The city supposedly lies on the place where Juan Ponce de León first landed on the island.

National Museum

National Museum on Front Street

Cockburn Town is home to the Turks & Caicos National Museum, which is housed in the colonial-era Guinep House, on Front Street. The house is believed to be over 180 years old and much of its structural material came from local shipwrecks, including a ship's mast, which is one of the building's main supports. The site was donated to the Museum in 1990.[3]

Among the National Museum's collections is an exhibit of shipwrecks, including the oldest known European shipwreck in the Americas, the Molasses Reef Wreck, dated 1505.[4]

Other exhibits detail the history of the Lucayans, the Space Race, Turks and Caicos postage stamps, Slavery and the Slave Trade, the Sisal and Salt industries, Royal Events, as well as a general history of the islands. The museum also maintains a garden, which is adjacent to the Guinep House.[5]

Also of interest are the museum's research projects, including its Message in a Bottle Project, recording nearly 40 years' worth of messages to wash upon the shores of Grand Turk.[6]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cockburn Town — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cockburn.  Ne pas confondre avec Cockburn Harbour, un village des îles Turques et Caïques. Cockburn Town …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cockburn Town — 21.460277777778 71.141388888889 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cockburn Town — 1 Original name in latin Cockburn Town Name in other language Cockburn Town, Riding Rocks State code BS Continent/City America/Nassau longitude 24.03333 latitude 74.51667 altitude 3 Population 831 Date 2012 02 19 2 Original name in latin Cockburn …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Cockburn Town — Museo Nacional. Cockburn Town es la ciudad capital de las islas Turcas y Caicos, situada en la isla más grande en el archipiélago de las Turcas, Grand Turk. Cockburn Town fue el primer establecimiento permanente en las islas, fundado en 1681 por… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cockburn Town — ► C. de la isla antillana de Turks, en el extremo SE del archipiélago de las Bahamas, cap. de la colonia británica de Turks y Caicos; 2 500 h …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cockburn Town — n. capital of Turks and Caicos Islands …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Cockburn Town (Bahamas) — Cockburn Town Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cockburn (surname) — Cockburn, often (or usually) pronounced /ˈkoʊbərn/, is a Scottish surname that originated in the Borders region of the Scottish Lowlands. In the United States most members of the same family have adopted the simplified spelling Coburn . The… …   Wikipedia

  • Cockburn — can mean a number of things: People Cockburn (  /ˈkoʊ …   Wikipedia

  • Cockburn — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alexander Cockburn (Botschafter) (1776–1852), britischer Diplomat Alexander Cockburn, 12. Baronet (1802–1880), englischer Anwalt, Politiker und Richter Alexander Cockburn (* 1941), irischer Journalist… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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