- Cockburn Town
Cockburn Town — Capital city — Coordinates: Coordinates: Country United Kingdom Overseas territory Turks and Caicos Islands Island Grand Turk Island Founded 1681 Population - Town 3,700
Location and features
Cockburn Town is located on the largest island in the Turks Islands (not the Caicos island) archipelago, Grand Turk Island. Historic 18th and 19th century Bermudian architecture line Duke and Front Streets in Cockburn Town. The town is known for its long, narrow streets and old street lamps.
The seat of government ever since 1766, Cockburn Town was the first permanent settlement on any of the islands, founded in 1681 by salt collectors who arrived in the Turks and Caicos Islands. The city supposedly lies on the place where Juan Ponce de León first landed on the island.
Cockburn Town is home to the Turks & Caicos National Museum, which is housed in the colonial-era Guinep House, on Front Street. The house is believed to be over 180 years old and much of its structural material came from local shipwrecks, including a ship's mast, which is one of the building's main supports. The site was donated to the Museum in 1990.
Other exhibits detail the history of the Lucayans, the Space Race, Turks and Caicos postage stamps, Slavery and the Slave Trade, the Sisal and Salt industries, Royal Events, as well as a general history of the islands. The museum also maintains a garden, which is adjacent to the Guinep House.
Also of interest are the museum's research projects, including its Message in a Bottle Project, recording nearly 40 years' worth of messages to wash upon the shores of Grand Turk.
- ^ Turks & Caicos travel information, caribbean.com, http://www.caribbean.com/jsp/destination.jsp?currentDestination=43, retrieved 2008-11-02
- ^ Grand Turk Island, Turks & Caicos, Professiobal Travel Guide, http://www.professionaltravelguide.com/print.aspx?k=PGuiA8U5OgM%3du&t=pgZSB0vdeYQ%3dZ, retrieved 2008-11-02
- ^ "Guinep House". Turks & Caicos National Museum. Retrieved January 29, 2010.
- ^ "Molasses Reef Shipwreck". Turks & Caicos National Museum. Retrieved January 29, 2010.
- ^ Turks & Caicos National Museum. Retrieved January 29, 2010.
- ^ "Message in a Bottle". Turks & Caicos National Museum. Retrieved January 29, 2010.
British Overseas Territories Crown Dependencies Constituent countries
The Valley, Anguilla
Rothera, British Antarctic Territory
Diego Garcia, British Indian Ocean Territory
Road Town, British Virgin Islands
George Town, Cayman Islands
Stanley, Falkland Islands
Plymouth (de jure), Brades (de facto), Montserrat
Adamstown, Pitcairn Islands
Jamestown, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
Grytviken (de jure), King Edward Point (de facto), Sth Georgia & Sth Sandwich Islands
Episkopi Cantonment, Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia
Cockburn Town, Turks and Caicos Islands
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.