Veolia Transport

Veolia Transport
Veolia Transport
Type Subsidiary
Industry Transportation Services
Founded 1876
Headquarters Paris, France
Key people Henri Proglio (Chairman and CEO) of Veolia
Products Transportation as Veolia Transportation
Revenue €6.1 billion EUR (2009)
Owner(s) Veolia Environnement
Employees 83,654 (2009)

Veolia Transport (formerly Connex) is the international transport services division of the French-based multinational company Veolia Environnement. Veolia Transport trades under the brand names of Veolia Transportation in North America and Israel), Veolia Transport, Veolia Verkehr in Germany and with the former name Connex preserved in Lebanon and Jersey.

Veolia has diverse road and rail operations across the globe, employing 72,000 workers worldwide and serving completely or partly about 40 metropolitan areas with more than 1,000,000 inhabitants, including:

  • Africa: Rabat
  • Asia : Mumbai, Seoul, Nanjing, Huainan, Hong Kong, Israel
  • Europe : Paris, Marseille, Lyons, Barcelona, Madrid, Bilbao, Belgrade, Berlin, Frankfurt, Stuttgart, Stockholm, Gothenburg, Copenhagen, The Hague/Haaglanden, Helsinki, Prague, Warsaw, Dublin, Tyne & Wear,
  • North America : Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Boston, Denver, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, Phoenix, Pittsburgh, Raleigh, Sacramento, San Diego and Toronto (York) Region,
  • South America : Bogota and Santiago,
  • Oceania : Sydney, Brisbane, Perth and Auckland.

In 2007, the group posted revenues of 5.6 billion.[1]

The rail freight branch of the organisation Veolia Cargo was sold in 2009 to SNCF and Eurotunnel.[2]

On July 23, 2009, the merger between Veolia Transport and Transdev was announced.[3] In March 2011 the holdings merged into Veolia Transdev.[4]




  • Huaibei : Bus network operated as a joint venture into a city of 2 040 000 inhabitants (932 185 hab. urban in 2006) in Anhui province,
  • Huainan : Bus network operated as a joint venture into a city of 1 076 000 inhabitants (1 075 754 hab. urban in 2006) in Anhui province,
  • Nanjing : 2 bus networks into Pukou and Luhe Districts in the western part of the city on the other side of the Yangtze,
  • Ma'anshan : Bus network operated as a joint venture into a city of 1 243 900 inhabitants (545 534 hab. urban in 2006) forming part of outer suburban Nanjing,

Hong Kong


  • Macau: Veolia had successfully secured a bus operating contract effective October 2010 to operate two of five sections of bus routes in the city.



  • Mumbai: Veolia is part of a consortium which is led by Anil Ambani's Reliance Energy Limited. They will build the first corridor of the Mumbai Metrorail on the 11.4 km stretch between Versova-Andheri-Ghatkopar on the east-west corridor. The project is expected to begin by end of 2006, to be completed by March 2011. It is projected that the line will serve about 600,000 people during weekdays.[8]

South Korea


  • Around a 40 km radius from Beirut : Connex operates school bus services for the Grand Lycée Franco-Libanais in Achrafieh, Beirut using a fleet of TEMSA Prestij buses, Nissan Civilian buses and Nissan Urvan vans.



  • Autocars De Polder has been part of the Veolia Group since 1995.[9]
  • Veolia operates some de Lijn routes under contract.

Czech Republic

Veolia Transport is one of the largest bus operators, operates also one regional railway line and one trolleybus network. Main acquisitions carried out (as Connex) in 2002–2004 (ČSAD Ostrava, Třinec, Praha-Vršovice, Příbram, DP Teplice), smaller in 2005 (MAD Kolín), 2008 (Nerabus), 2010 (Spojbus) etc. In summer 2008, it changed its trademark from Connex to Veolia Transport. In 2004–2007, several times competed or offered for passenger railway transport, however have got no new job yet.

  • Veolia Transport Česká republika a. s. (since 2006 a daughter of German company VEOLIA Transport Central Europe GmbH) has 4 operator subcompanies:
    • Veolia Transport Morava a. s. (based on former companies ČSAD BUS Ostrava→Connex Morava and ČSAD Třinec→BUS Slezsko), operates regional bus transport in Moravian-Silesian Region and Olomouc Region, urban bus networks in 7 cities, e. g. Třinec, Český Těšín, Šumperk and Krnov, many long-distance bus lines, some skibus and cyclobus lines etc. Operates the local railway line 293 (Desná Railway).
    • Veolia Transport Východní Čechy a. s. (based on the former companies ČSAD AUTOBUSY CZ Chrudim→Connex Východní Čechy and Městská autobusová doprava Kolín, s. r. o.), operates regional bus transport in the east Bohemia (east part of Central Bohemian Region, Pardubice Region, Hradec Králové Region etc.), urban bus networks in Chrudim, Kutná Hora and Kolín and some long-distance bus, skibus and cyclobus lines.
    • Veolia Transport Praha s. r. o. (based on the former companies ČSAD Praha-Vršovice→Connex Praha, ČSAD Příbram→Connex Příbram, NERABUS s. r. o. and SPOJBUS s. r. o.), operates regional bus transport mostly south and south-east of Prague, including several bus lines of Prague city transport and urban bus networks in Příbram, Neratovice, Roudnice nad Labem, Říčany etc.
    • Veolia Transport Teplice s. r. o. (based on the former city enterprise DP Teplice), operates urban network of bus and trolleybus lines in Teplice.


A Veolia bus in Helsinki advertising the Hesburger fast-food chain
  • Veolia ran half of the transport operations of the privatised Combus especially around Copenhagen. These operations were sold to Arriva in October 2007.


  • Helsinki: Veolia owns Helsinki Metropolitan Area's bus company Veolia Finland, which was previously Linjebuss and operates essentially in Vantaa, a northern suburb of Helsinki.
  • Tampere: Veolia owns the regional bus company previously known as Alhonen & Lastunen
  • Seinäjoki: Veolia owns yet another local bus company, now known as Veolia Transport West Oy, operating both local and long-distance routes.


Tramway on tires in Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle
The Bayerische Oberlandbahn near Munich is operated by Veolia.


  • Veolia Verkehr, former Connex Verkehr, offers train services, several of a regional character such as the Bayerische Oberlandbahn from Munich, and two long-distance services. Veolia owns a number of bus companies, mostly in suburban areas. It also operates tram systems:
    • Aachen: Suburban buses,
    • Berlin: Suburban tram line linking to the S Bahn,
    • Frankfurt: Suburban buses,
    • Hagen: Urban network,
    • Pforzheim: Urban network won by Veolia in August 2006. Network included in "Karlsruher Verkehrsverbund GmbH" (KVV) and linked to it by Tram-Train line,
    • Schwäbisch Hall: Urban network,
    • Stuttgart: Suburban buses,
    • ...and also into rural areas.


  • Dublin: Veolia operates the Luas tramway which started operations in June 2004.
  • Galway: Veolia owned the Nestor Airlink bus company which operates between Galway and Dublin Airport. However Jim Burke & Sons own and run it as of March 2009.



Veolia train (Stadler GTW) in the Netherlands
  • Veolia Transport Nederland consists of:



  • Veolia owns a number of bus companies and operates an urban network:
    • Tczew: Urban city network.


  • Veolia owns a number of bus companies and operates 2 urban networks:


  • Nitra: Urban network and bus station.




  • Gothenburg: Veolia owns the ferry company Styrsöbolaget that operates the cross-river ferries (Älvsnabben) as well as the ferries to the south archipelago. Veolia also operate some local city bus networks or interurban lines on contract to the local authorities (Västtrafik).
  • Norrköping: Veolia operate the Norrköping tramway on behalf of Östgötatrafiken.
  • Stockholm: Veolia runs three tram (Lidingöbanan, Nockebybanan and Tvärbanan) or local rail networks (Saltsjöbanan) in the city on behalf of SL. It also runs the long distance trains from Gothenburg and Stockholm to northern Sweden, as well as several local city bus networks or interurban lines on contract to local authorities. Veolia ran the Stockholm Metro contracted by the Stockholm County Council until 2009, after which the contract was taken over by Hong Kong's MTR.[11]

United Kingdom

A Veolia bus leaving Pontypridd bus station in Wales.
A former Connex South Central train at Haywards Heath station in 2002.
  • Connex South Eastern - A train operator on the southeastern of England ran from 1996 to 9 November 2003, the contract being due to run to 2011. It was stripped of its contract early due to poor financial management after repeated warnings from Government.
  • Connex South Central - A train operator on the southern of England ran from October 1996 to mid-2001, the contact being due to run to 2003. It lost out in the competition for a new longer contract, being beaten by the GoVia consortium.
  • Dunn-Line – A National Express franchisee. Veolia sold its Nottingham bus and private hire coach operations to Premiere Travel from 31 January 2011; on 6 January 2011, its National Express coach work from the city passed to Yourbus.[12]
  • Veolia Transport Cymru, which has bought up the following:
    • Pullman Coaches.
    • Bebb Travel – A National Express franchisee,
    • Shamrock Coaches are seen with Veolia address and contact details as well as their own and vice versa.
    • Longs
    • Astons Coaches (Kempsey, Worcester)
    • Hawkes
  • Paul James Coaches
  • Veolia Transport – Running a number of local services in Tyne & Wear. (Veolia local and sightseeing services in York were taken over by Transdev York in Summer 2008.)

Despite the merger with Transdev, the former Veolia operations are to be disposed of, with all but one of the South Wales depots due to close before July 2011. Notification has been made with the regulator VOSA for the deregistration of most South Wales services. As of May 2011 there is no news regarding the future ownership of the remaining English Midlands and North East Veolia operations.

North America

Veolia Transportation is the North American business unit of Veolia Transport[13]


In April 2005 Veolia were awarded the contract in York Region in suburban Toronto, Ontario, Canada running the bus rapid transit (BRT) naming the routes VIVA and joining with York Region Transit (YRT) as a one fare transit system.[14]

Veolia also operates transit services in the Greater Montreal Area

United States

Veolia arrived in the United States in 2001, with the acquisition of Yellow Transportation in Baltimore, Maryland. On September 1, 2005, Veolia (then "Connex") acquired ATC, making Connex-ATC the largest privately owned public transportation company in North America. In 2006, Connex-ATC changed its name to Veolia Transportation, acquired ShuttlePort, and won several contracts in the USA, including:

Veolia now employs over 16,000 employees with 6,500 vehicles and a revenue of over $1 billion. in 2005 in North America. Its executive team includes Mark Joseph (CEO of VTNA). It is headquartered in Oak Brook, Illinois.

Veolia also owns the SuperShuttle shared-ride airport shuttle service, as well as the ExecuCar black car/sedan service. Veolia also operates taxicab services across the country under various brands.


A Veolia Bus in Brisbane, Australia.
A Veolia operated DMU train at the Britomart Transport Centre in Auckland, New Zealand


Former Operations

New Caledonia

  • Nouméa: Veolia created and runs the Noumea suburban bus network.

New Zealand

South America


  • Santiago: Veolia operates feeder services to the Metro and "Troncales" in northern suburban Santiago.


  • Bogotá: Veolia, in conjunction with three other operators, runs a 90 km right-of-way bus line called the TransMilenio system used by more than 1,400,000 persons a day.


In Israel, Veolia has been contracted, among other contractors, to develop and operate a light rail line [2] running from Mt. Herzl in the South Western section of Jerusalem to the North of the city, where neighborhoods that their annexation by Israel is contested by some are located. In November 2006, ASN, a Dutch bank, broke off financial relations with Veolia on account of the light rail contract.

According to Al-Jazeera "Lawyers for Palestinian Human Rights (LPHR) has overseen significant research that makes a strong legal case for local authorities to exclude Veolia Environmental Services from bidding for local authority contracts. This will enable campaigners to challenge UK local authorities which hold a contract with, or invite, Veolia to tender for a contract. If no satisfactory response is given, legal action could be the next move."[20]

It should be noted that since the light rail is set to provide service also to the residents of Arab neighborhoods of East and North East Jerusalem (Shuafat, Bab a-Zahara and Beit Hanina), as seen in the light rail route map [3], the allegations are disputable, especially considering the reaction to the alternative in which these neighborhoods would not have been included in the route plan.


  1. ^ "Veolia Transport | Public transportation and freight services".
  2. ^ SNCF and Eurotunnel acquire Veolia Cargo via
  3. ^ Merger of Veolia Transport and Transdev
  4. ^ "VEOLIA TRANSDEV : NAISSANCE DU 1ER ACTEUR PRIVÉ MONDIAL DE LA MOBILITÉ DURABLE". 2011-03-01.,finalisation-veoliatransdev.htm. Retrieved 2011-04-06. 
  5. ^ French firm to fully own tramway
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ "Modi'in residents irate over new bus service".
  8. ^
  9. ^ "De Polder - History". Retrieved 2010-04-07. 
  10. ^ "Transports Touristiques". Veolia Transport. Retrieved 2008-08-13. 
  11. ^ "Hongkong Bolag Vann T-bannekontrakt Värt 36 Miljarder (Swedish)". 
  12. ^ "Take Over Times". Omnibuses. 2011-01-07. Retrieved 2011-02-15. 
  13. ^ Veolia Transportation: about us
  14. ^ "Bus Rapid Transit". Veolia Transport. Retrieved 2008-09-20. 
  15. ^ "Feds investigating Austin's Capital MetroRail incident"
  16. ^ "Our partnerships". Massachusetts Bay Commuter Railroad Company (MBCR) Co.. 2009-02-02. "The MBTA Board of Directors officially approved a new three-year contract with the Massachusetts Bay Commuter Railroad Co. to run the commuter rail." 
  17. ^
  18. ^ Castillo, Alfonso (June 10, 2011). "Pick to run LI Bus has D'Amato tie". Newsday. Retrieved June 10, 2011. (subscription required)
  19. ^ Veolia Environment Australia 2004 Sustainable Development report, page 57
  20. ^ Ruth Tenne (2008-10-14). "Society in action". 

External links

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