- Jean Schmidt
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 2nd district
Incumbent Assumed office
September 6, 2005
Preceded by Rob Portman Member of the Ohio House of Representatives
from the 66th district
January 3, 2001–December 31, 2004
Preceded by Sam Bateman Succeeded by Joe Uecker Personal details Born November 29, 1951
Political party Republican Spouse(s) Peter Schmidt Children Emilie Schmidt Residence Loveland, Ohio Alma mater University of Cincinnati Occupation politician Religion Roman Catholic
Jeannette Marie Hoffman Schmidt, (born November 29, 1951) is the U.S. Representative for Ohio's 2nd congressional district, serving since 2005. She is a member of the Republican Party. The district stretches from eastern Cincinnati to Portsmouth.
Schmidt is the second female Ohio Republican to be elected to Congress without succeeding her husband and the first woman to represent the Cincinnati area in the House. She won the Ohio 2nd congressional district seat in a special election on August 2, 2005, by 3.5 percentage points over Democrat and Iraq War veteran Paul Hackett, amid national attention to the race because of Hackett's strong views on the war. The margin of her victory led many Democrats to claim a victory for their party, since the district had been reliably Republican for the past 30 years, and to forecast trouble for the Republicans in 2006. Despite these forecasts, Schmidt defeated former representative Bob McEwen in a hard-fought Republican primary in May 2006 and Democrat Victoria Wells Wulsin, a medical doctor, in 2006 with 50.4% of the vote. She was re-elected in 2008, winning with 45% of the vote, and in 2010, winning with 58.6%.
Early life, education and career
One of four children (two daughters, two sons) of Augustus ("Gus") and Jeannette Hoffman, she has a twin sister, Jennifer Black. Her father made his money in the savings and loan industry, then ran an auto racing team that competed in the Indianapolis 500.
She earned a B.A. in political science from the University of Cincinnati in 1974. Schmidt worked in her father's bank, the Midwestern Savings Association, as a branch manager from 1971 to 1978. Schmidt was a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1984. She was a fitness instructor from 1984 to 1986, when she began a four year career as a schoolteacher.
Early political career
Schmidt was elected as a Miami Township trustee in 1989, finishing first of three candidates for two seats and winning 4,362 votes. When Clermont County Commissioner Jerry McBride resigned in 1991 to become a judge, Schmidt was one of four candidates to replace him, but was not appointed by the Clermont County Republican Party. In her 1993 bid for reelection, she finished first in a field of four, taking 3,644 votes.
In 1995, she traveled to Russia to offer instruction about political campaigning in a country that had little experience of free elections. On her trip she ran in Moscow's Red Square: "Did I ever feel unsafe? No. And would I jog through Central Park in New York? No way."
One major issue during her service on the Board of Trustees was one common in Ohio: a city, in this case Milford, was annexing parts of the township and hurting its tax base. She and other trustees lobbied the Ohio General Assembly for new laws to protect townships from such annexations. In 1993, a panel of Miami Township residents recommended the township incorporate to protect itself from annexations, to have greater control over its territory, and to obtain more money from the state. However, Schmidt as a trustee was not a participant in this effort, saying she had to be a "cheerleader" on the sides. (The incorporation effort failed.)
Schmidt was reelected to a third term in 1997, finishing first in a field of three with 5,110 votes. "Jean has been an excellent trustee and has done so much for this community. It is going to be hard to find someone that's as committed to the township as she has been," said David Duckworth, Miami Township administrator, when she resigned her trustee seat to enter the Ohio House. The remaining two trustees appointed Mary Makley Wolff to the remainder of the term.
Ohio House of Representatives
In 2000 she ran for the Ohio House of Representatives seat being vacated by Sam Bateman, who was prevented by term limits from running again. She told The Cincinnati Post that before Bateman had been appointed to the seat in the early 1980s, Clermont County Republican leaders "offered me the job on a silver platter" but she turned them down because her daughter was only four years old at the time. But in 2000, her daughter was in college and she decided to run. Unopposed in the March primary, The Cincinnati Enquirer endorsed her in the general election#American_usage, writing "Seldom has a choice been more obvious than that between Republican Jean Schmidt and Democrat Sherrill Callahan." Schmidt was easily elected to the 124th Ohio General Assembly from the 71st House District by defeating Callahan, a retired high school principal from Pierce Township. Schmidt received 36,433 votes (70.4 percent) to Callahan's 15,327 (29.6 percent).
Her district was entirely within Clermont County, containing Miami Township as well as Batavia, Goshen, Pierce, Stonelick and Union Townships, plus the cities of Amelia, Batavia and Milford, and the Clermont County part of the city of Loveland. After the redistricting necessitated by the 2000 census, her district became the 66th and contained the same territory minus Pierce and Stonelick Townships."
In the House she served on the Finance and Appropriations; Human Services and Aging; Banking, Pensions and Securities; and Public Utilities Committees. She was excited to be in the Statehouse: "Oh my God, I'm really a state representative" she was overheard telling a fellow freshman. In 2002, she was elected to the 125th General Assembly without opposition in both the primary and general elections.
The Cincinnati Enquirer wrote she introduced and passed bills "remarkable in number and quality for a neophyte lawmaker." She sponsored legislation on the Clermont County courts, limiting the ability of public employees to collect both pension and salary simultaneously ("double dipping"), urban townships, and protecting townships from annexations of their territory by cities, all of which were passed into law. She also pushed legislation on the health of women, suicide prevention, abstinence education, and to "lock killers away for good" by making it easier for judges to sentence murderers to life terms. Schmidt also supported Ohio's concealed carry law.
In 2004, she ran for the 14th District seat in the Ohio Senate to replace Senate President Doug White, who was retiring. The Senate seat included Clermont, Brown, Adams and Scioto counties and part of Lawrence County. Her opponent for the Republican nomination was Tom Niehaus, a fellow member of the Ohio House from New Richmond whose 88th District represented the half of Clermont County outside her district plus Brown and Adams Counties to the east. Schmidt told the Enquirer "The fear from many of the people I meet is that because the next senator will come from Clermont County, they will be underrepresented. But if you know anything about me, I don't under-represent anybody." She also said she worried about the state budget: "We do have a history of overspending in Ohio. But it's not just recent history. It's a 40-year-old habit." The Enquirer was dismayed by advertisements from the Ohio Taxpayers Association "twisting the two candidates' voting records to Schmidt's advantage" and endorsed Niehaus.
Schmidt had endorsements from key state leaders such as Ohio State Treasurer Joe Deters and Speaker of the Ohio House Larry Householder. The campaign was marred by allegations that Householder's staff had improperly tried to obtain Niehaus's withdrawal from the race and that Householder had told Niehaus's supporters to donate money to Schmidt's campaign. In the initial count of the Republican primary vote on March 2, 2004, she led by just 62 votes. A recount was automatically ordered, which reversed the outcome. Schmidt ultimately lost by just 22 votes: 17,076 (49.97%) to Niehaus's 17,098 (50.03%). She told The Cincinnati Enquirer on election night "This is the way my whole life has been — one tough race after another."
U.S. House of Representatives
- Committee on Agriculture
- Committee on Foreign Affairs
- Subcommittee on Europe and Eurasia
- Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere
- Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure
Resolutions introduced or supported
In Congress, Schmidt sponsored non-binding resolutions that states hit by Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane Rita should adopt a uniform statewide building code (H. Con. Res. 285); that the words "under God" in the Pledge of Allegiance were not an unconstitutional endorsement of religion (H. Res. 453); and supporting Gold Star Mothers (H. J. Res. 61). As of 2005, she was the original sponsor of one bill, H.R. 4180, a campaign finance reform measure "to require communications that consist of prerecorded telephone calls to meet the disclosure and disclaimer requirements applicable to general public campaign communications transmitted through radio." She cosponsored bills to provide ultrasounds to pregnant mothers (H.R. 216); to require women having abortions be "fully informed regarding the pain experienced by their unborn child" (H.R. 356); to allow free mail from families to servicemen in Iraq and Afghanistan (H.R. 923); to require the Food and Drug Administration withdraw its approval of the abortifacient drug RU-486 because of safety concerns (H.R. 1079); the "District of Columbia Personal Protection Act", which would repeal District of Columbia law forbidding residents from owning guns (H.R. 1288); to ban human cloning (H.R. 1357); to repeal the excise tax on telephones (H.R. 1898); to forbid federal courts from hearing cases on the constitutionality of the Pledge of Allegiance (H.R. 2389); and to limit the use of eminent domain by the states, a reaction to the Supreme Court ruling in Kelo v. New London (H.R. 4128).
Schmidt has called for reducing America's dependence on foreign oil by increasing use of ethanol and drilling in Alaska's Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Schmidt told The Cincinnati Post "What's really important is to adopt an environmental policy that advances the American economy and national security. I supported the energy bill recently passed by the U.S. House that will expand the use of alternative energy sources and additives like ethanol."
The League of Conservation Voters, a political action committee advocating for environmental concerns, gave Jean Schmidt a lifetime average of 6 on a scale of 0 to 100. In 2005, she was rated at 0.
Taxes and spending
Schmidt supported the tax cuts championed by President George W. Bush. Schmidt called for additional changes to the Internal Revenue Code, such as adopting a flat tax and repealing the estate and capital gains taxes. Schmidt also professed to be a fiscal conservative. A mailing sent to voters listed four examples of "wasteful spending in Washington," which included "$45,000 to buy gold plated playing cards for Air Force Two!" and "$1.2 million to study the breeding habits of a woodchuck!"
Schmidt is strongly pro-life. When she launched her candidacy, she was president of the Right-to-Life of Greater Cincinnati. At the Chatfield College debate, Schmidt said Roe v. Wade was "a flawed law made by activist judges" and would "love to see" it reversed. Schmidt mailed literature to voters with an endorsement from Paula Westwood, executive director of the Cincinnati right-to-life:
- Jean's legislative experience is invaluable to Right to Life of Greater Cincinnati's efforts and goals for the coming years. But more importantly, she has a tenacious devotion to the sanctity of human life from conception to natural death already demonstrated in her political and private life.
Schmidt made the Iraq War an issue in the race. She declared on WCET-TV's Forum that "9/11 was a wakeup call. We lost our innocence" and praised the Bush foreign policy. "The foundation of democracy that has been planted in Afghanistan and Iraq", she said, has inspired reforms in Saudi Arabia, Syria, Lebanon and elsewhere. At the Chatfield College debate on July 7, she said of Iraq and Saddam Hussein "We have toppled a terrorist regime, a terrorist madman who now sits in a prison cell. This country has gone to the ballot box and made its decision to become a democratic regime."
Schmidt appeared in public with a button in her lapel containing a photograph of Matt Maupin, who was at the time the only prisoner of war of the Iraq campaign who had not been freed and who was a native of Clermont County.
Controversies and criticism
On November 18, 2005, the House debated a Republican-sponsored resolution, H. Res. 572, calling for the immediate withdrawal of troops from Iraq. It was prompted by the call of John P. Murtha, Jr., a Democrat from Pennsylvania, who introduced H.J. Res. 73, which called for the redeployment of American forces as soon as possible. In response, Armed Services Committee chairman Duncan L. Hunter of California introduced H. Res. 572, which the Republican leadership admitted was intended to demonstrate that calls for troop withdrawal were "out of the mainstream." Democrats in turn roundly criticized the Hunter resolution as a sham that misstated Murtha's position.
During debate on adopting the rule for debating the resolution, H. Res. 563, Schmidt said:
Yesterday I stood at Arlington National Cemetery attending the funeral of a young Marine in my district. He believed in what we were doing is the right thing and had the courage to lay his life on the line to do it. A few minutes ago I received a call from Colonel Danny Bubp, Ohio Representative from the 88th district in the House of Representatives. He asked me to send Congress a message: Stay the course. He also asked me to send Congressman Murtha a message, that cowards cut and run, Marines never do. Danny and the rest of America and the world want the assurance from this body — that we will see this through.
Schmidt's remarks threw the House into an uproar and earned her the sobriquet "Mean Jean". Many Democrats saw it as an unwarranted attack against Murtha, a 38-year Marine Corps veteran. After she said "cowards cut and run, Marines never do," angry Democrats nearly drowned out her words. Victor F. Snyder, a former Marine, of Arkansas demanded that Schmidt's remarks be "taken down." Under this disciplinary procedure, the House clerk would have re-read Schmidt's words and the presiding officer (at the time, Michael K. Simpson of Idaho) would have ruled whether they were parliamentary. Had they been ruled unparliamentary, Schmidt would not have been able to speak for the rest of the day without permission.
After 10 minutes, Schmidt asked for and received permission to withdraw her remarks and apologized to Murtha.
A spokeswoman for Bubp said that the state representative "did not mention Congressman Murtha by name nor did he mean to disparage Congressman Murtha" and that he felt "the words that Congresswoman Schmidt chose did not represent their conversation." The Cincinnati Enquirer reported Bubp said "he never mentioned. . . Murtha . . . by name when talking with Schmidt, and he would never call a fellow Marine a coward."
On March 8, 2006, The Cincinnati Enquirer reported Representatives Tom Tancredo of Colorado and Steve Chabot of Ohio stated they had not endorsed Schmidt even though Schmidt's campaign site claimed they had. Chabot later said he had endorsed both Schmidt and her primary opponent. Schmidt also claimed an endorsement from the Family Research Council, which was repudiated by the organization. After a review, the Ohio Elections Commission found that the Tancredo and Family Research Council endorsement claims were false but did not warrant any reprimand.[dead link]
Second bachelor's degree
WLW-AM reported on March 28, 2006, that Schmidt had, since 1989, claimed a B.A. in secondary education from the University of Cincinnati awarded in 1986. Schmidt had previously listed two degrees on candidate guides, her official Ohio House bio, and past campaign websites. But after her election to Congress, neither her current official or campaign website had the second degree posted. Schmidt's chief of staff, Barry Bennett, told The Plain Dealer Schmidt had completed the requirements for the degree but never filed the paperwork to be awarded a diploma. "I think it's fair to say that she earned it and never collected it," Bennett said.
On April 27, five days before the May 2 primary against McEwen, the Ohio Elections Commission voted 7-0 to issue Schmidt a public reprimand for "false statements" for her claiming to have a second undergraduate degree from the University of Cincinnati that she was not awarded. The Commission wrote in its letter of reprimand that Schmidt had "reckless disregard for truth."
Schmidt insisted the error regarding her degrees was a mistake by her staff. On May 1, the day before the election, Schmidt appeared on Bill Cunninham's show on WLW-AM in Cincinnati and was asked by a caller about the OEC reprimand. Schmidt repeated her insistence the error was caused by the designer of her website incorrectly listing her teaching certificate as a degree in secondary education and social studies. However Schmidt had been claiming the second bachelor's degree since she first ran for public office in 1989. The Clermont Sun newspaper, in a candidate guide from its November 2, 1989, issue, stated "all candidates were mailed a questionnaire; their responses appear inside [the newspaper]." In her response, Schmidt wrote she possessed "bachelor's degrees in political science and secondary education."
Views on Barack Obama's status as a natural born citizen
At the Voice of America Tea Party on September 5, 2009, Schmidt, in response to a woman who said that Obama "cannot be a president by our constitution," replied to the woman, "I agree with you, but the courts don't." Schmidt's statement to the woman appeared to contradict a statement Schmidt made in July 2009 to Loveland Magazine in which she said that "The President is indeed a Citizen of this country" and that she "voted as a Member of the House to certify the vote of the Electoral College electing him as our President."
The Armenian Genocide issue
In 2009 Armenian-American candidate David Krikorian targeted the congresswoman for her failure to publicly define what happened to the Ottoman Armenians in 1915–1916 as "the Armenian Genocide." His concern arose from a statement released by Schmidt's office noting that "at this time she [Schmidt] does not have enough information to characterize these deaths as genocide especially since those responsible are long since dead."
A few days before the 2008 congressional election, Krikorian published a controversial letter alleging that "Jean Schmidt has taken $30,000 in blood money from Turkish government sponsored political action committees to deny the slaughter of 1.5 million Armenian men, women and children by the Ottoman Turkish Government during World War I." Finally, the flier asserted that the claims it contained could be adequately verified by a visit to the Federal Election Commission's website. He repeated the claim to the Ohio Elections Commission.
The Ohio Elections Commission issued a split decision on the case, failing to find that all of the preceding three remarks had been published in violation of ORC 3517.21(B)(10) by clear and convincing evidence. In a series of 4 panel votes, Commissioners affirmed that Turkish American funds are a primary source of support for Rep. Schmidt’s political campaign, but chided Krikorian for statements related to Turkish Government funding of his opponent, because such a funding would be illegal. The votes were taken after a panel decision to disregard testimony provided regarding the Armenian "Genocide" and its "denial" – an integral component of the allegations and Krikorian’s defense —decision which was criticized by David Krikorian's party and supporters. Schmidt also attempted, to no avail, to press criminal charges against Krikorian for his statements. Sibyl Edmonds, a former FBI translator, testified on behalf of Krikorian during the Ohio Elections Commission hearing and spoke about Turkey's connections to Jean Schmidt.
In October 2010, a federal court rejected David Krikorian's appeal.
In July 2011, the House Ethics Committee announced that it was investigating accusations that Schmidt had accepted roughly $500,000 in free legal services from a Turkish-American interest group. Schmidt said that she hadn't received a bill for the legal services in question, and that she had been waiting for more than a year for guidance from the ethics committee on the proper procedure to pay the bill. In August 2011, the Ethics Committee rendered its decision, holding that the interest group's payment for legal services in connection with her proceedings against Krikorian had been improper, and ordering Schmidt to repay the group $500,000.
On September 21st 2011, the Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington added Schmidt to its "most corrupt" list for "accept[ing] hundreds of thousands of dollars in free legal services from lawyers hired by an interest group that appreciated her legislative assistance" as well as "fail[ure] to report the free legal services as gifts in her disclosure forms." In October 2011, CREW requested that the Office of Congressional Ethics investigate whether Schmidt lied to the House Ethics Committee regarding inquiries into free legal services.
2005 election to Congress
When President George W. Bush nominated Rob Portman, who had just been elected to a sixth full term, to be U.S. Trade Representative on March 17, 2005, eleven Republicans entered the race for his seat.
Schmidt launched her campaign for Congress in Montgomery on April 11, the first candidate from outside Hamilton County to declare. She emphasized the need for all parts of the district to be represented: "We must always balance the interests of Hamilton County, which is more urban, with those of the more rural part of our district." She said of her predecessor, "While I know that I cannot fill Rob's shoes, I know that I am the right person to continue the tradition of leadership and character." Early polling showed Hamilton County Commissioner Pat DeWine leading at 42%, with Schmidt tied for third at 7%.
In her campaign, Schmidt ran on a conservative platform. In one mailing to voters, she promised to "reduce our taxes", "keep our nation safe", advocated "a responsible energy policy", and for "promoting family values." The tag line on the mailer was "continuing a tradition of character and leadership." Schmidt's campaign literature noted her pro-life voting record, her opposition to same-sex marriage, her high ratings from the National Rifle Association, and that she "opposes an activist court system that acts against our conservative values." The literature also featured her endorsement by Phil Fulton, a pastor who fought the court ordered removal of tablets containing the Ten Commandments from the grounds of schools in Adams County.
A major factor in the primary campaign was DeWine's marriage. In 2004, DeWine's opponent ran ads calling attention to DeWine leaving his pregnant wife and their two children for a mistress working as a lobbyist. Schmidt made it a point in her stump speech to emphasize how long she had been married to her husband: "I am a woman of character who has been married for twenty-nine years."
Schmidt won the endorsement of The Cincinnati Enquirer, the only major newspaper of the district. The paper commented positively on her record in the Ohio House and her fifteen year record "learning local and regional issues."
Despite being far outspent by DeWine, on June 14, 2005, Schmidt finished first in the Republican primary, with 31 percent of the vote. McEwen finished second with 25 percent, Brinkman was third with 20 percent, and DeWine had 12 percent. Two days after the primary, an editorial cartoon in the The Cincinnati Enquirer, commenting on DeWine's marriage being such a factor in the primary, showed Schmidt asking Paul Hackett, who had won the Democratic primary, "You have a good marriage. I have a good marriage. What the heck are we going to campaign about?" Many politicos blame Dewine's barrage of attacks on McEwen as the main reason for Schmidt's win.
Schmidt faced Democratic nominee Paul Hackett, described by The New York Times as six foot four and "garrulous, profane, and quick with a barked retort or a mischievous joke" in the August 2, 2005, special election. Hackett had organized the recall of a councilman in Milford in 1995 and was elected to the council in his place, serving three years. He had also just returned from a tour of duty in Iraq and referred to his combat experiences in the campaign.
The district was reliably Republican, the Cook Political Report calling the Second District the fifty-seventh most Republican in America. Among Ohio's congressional districts, only the 4th District is considered more Republican. The district had been in Republican hands for all but nine years since 1879, and no Democrat had held the seat since Thomas A. Luken's narrow loss to Willis D. Gradison in 1974. The last Democrat to win a full term in the district was John J. Gilligan, who held the seat for one term after being swept into office in the giant Democratic landslide of 1964.
John Green, a political science professor at the University of Akron told USA Today "It's a real steep uphill climb for Hackett. It is such a Republican district." Jane S. Anderson, an adjunct professor of political science at the University of Cincinnati who has unsuccessfully run for the Cincinnati city council and the Ohio House as a Democrat, told the Associated Press
It's definitely worth it to the Democrats to put in the effort if only to keep the party energized. Even if Paul Hackett loses, it is very important for the party for him to do well. It could be seen as a sign of opportunities for Democrats in other GOP strongholds.
Martin Gottlieb of the Dayton Daily News wrote a Republican landslide in the district was "a self-fulfilling prophecy":
It is so overwhelmingly Republican that Democrats typically don't make a real effort as a party. A candidate puts himself up, but generally it's somebody who has no political strengths and gets no financial contributions or volunteer help to speak of. The campaign gets little attention. And the prophecy gets fulfilled.
Hackett criticized Schmidt as a "rubber stamp" for Governor Bob Taft's "failed policies", and claimed she would continue in that role for George W. Bush if elected. At their debate at Chatfield College, Hackett said "If you think America is on the right track and we need more of the same, I'm not your candidate" and asked "Are you better off today than you were five years ago?", echoing Ronald Reagan's question in his debate with Jimmy Carter in 1980. "Rubber stamp" was Hackett's catchphrase throughout the campaign. Hackett even appeared in front of the Hathaway Rubber Stamp store in downtown Cincinnati on July 27 to emphasize the point. "If you think America needs another career politician steeped in a culture of corruption who does as she's told and toes the line on failed policies, then I'm not your candidate," he wrote in a guest column for The Cincinnati Post. However, Schmidt said that she was proud to be associated with Bush, sending campaign mail with a photograph of them together in the Oval Office.
A month before the election the inspector general of the Ohio General Assembly announced he was investigating three legislators for accepting gifts and failing to report them. Schmidt was implicated in this, but could not be investigated because she was no longer a member of the Ohio house. (The others were Representatives Jim Raussen of Springdale, Michelle G. Schneider of Madeira, and Diana M. Fessler of New Carlisle.) On October 24, 2004, the legislators had accepted dinner at Nicola's Ristorante on Sycamore Street in Cincinnati's Over-the-Rhine neighborhood and Cincinnati Bengals tickets from a lobbyist for pharmaceutical company Chiron. Schmidt said she thought her $644 gift was from former Bengals player Boomer Esiason, who was, like Chiron, interested in cystic fibrosis. Schmidt repaid the lobbyist for the cost of the entertainment. Her spokesman told The Columbus Dispatch "Jean specifically asked if this was a reportable gift. We immediately corrected it by paying the full price of the tickets." Her former colleague Raussen blamed the lobbyist. "Here we have a lobbyist who was extremely sloppy."
Hackett hammered on Schmidt's ethics. When she denied she knew or ever met Thomas Noe, at the center of the Coingate investment scandal at the Ohio Bureau of Workers Compensation, Hackett produced minutes from a meeting of the Ohio Board of Regents that showed Schmidt had indeed met with Noe, once a regent. On July 29, the Toledo Blade reported on a 2001 e-mail from Taft's assistant Jon Allison complaining Schmidt was "bugging" him about setting up an Internet lottery for Cincinnati businessman Roger Ach, who gave her a $1,000 contribution the next year. Schmidt spokesman Fritz Wenzel said the candidate did not recall any conversations with the governor about Ach's business.
The candidates participated in only two debates. The first was held on July 7 at Chatfield College in St. Martin in Brown County, moderated by Jack Atherton of WXIX-TV, the Fox Network affiliate in Cincinnati. Hackett told the audience his opponent was "a rubber stamp for failed policies" and "if you think America is on the right track and we need more of the same, I'm not your candidate." The second debate was held July 26 at the Ohio Valley Career and Technical Center in West Union in Adams County. Howard Wilkinson of The Cincinnati Enquirer said Hackett in the second debate was "trying to paint Schmidt as a Taft-Bush robot." The two also made joint appearances on WCET-TV's Forum on July 28 and WKRC-TV's Newsmakers on July 31.
The Cincinnati Enquirer ran a front page story on July 2 reporting on the candidates financial disclosure statements that revealed both were millionaires. Schmidt was worth between $1,700,000 and $6,800,000; most of her wealth was her share of RTJJ, LLC, a real estate company owned with her three siblings. Hackett was worth between $650,000 and $1,600,000. (These figures did not include the value of either's home. The Clermont County Auditor valued Schmidt's home on .667 acres (2,700 m2) at $138,510 and the Hamilton County Auditor valued Hackett's home on 5 acres (20,000 m2) at $552,800.)
Schmidt used her own wealth in the campaign. She told The Cincinnati Post the week before the election she put $200,000 of her money in the campaign that she had planned to use to buy a condominium in Florida. The paper noted the median household income in the district was $46,813.
National attention on the race
Hackett attracted national attention in newspapers, and expenditures by both parties at the national level. The National Republican Congressional Committee announced on July 28 it was spending $265,000 for television ads in the Cincinnati market, covering the western part of the district, and $250,000 for ads in the Huntington, West Virginia, market, covering the eastern half. The Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (DCCC) responded with commercials noting that Schmidt had voted to raise the sales tax by 20% and the excise tax on gasoline by 30 percent when she was in the legislature. A DCCC mailing to voters reiterated these charges under the headline "Who Voted for the Taft Sales Tax Increase — the Largest in Ohio History?" and asked "can we trust Jean Schmidt to protect middle-class families in Washington?"
General election results
Schmidt won by a narrow margin of 3.5 percent, receiving 59,671 votes to Hackett's 55,886, the worst showing of any Republican in the district since 1974, but which made her the second Republican woman elected to Congress from Ohio in her own right (behind Deborah Pryce) and the first woman to represent southwestern Ohio in Congress. Schmidt in her victory speech late on election night declared:
We began this race way back in late March, and no one had thought we'd be the focus of the national media or be the so-called first test of the Republican Party and the Bush mandate. Well, ladies and gentlemen, we passed that test.
Schmidt was sworn in on the evening of September 6, 2005. (Ordinarily, representatives chosen in special elections take office immediately, but the House was in its August recess at the time of the election.) In her maiden speech, Schmidt said:
- I stand here today in the same shoes, though with a slightly higher heel, as thousands of Members who have taken the same oath before me. I am mindful of what is expected of me both by this hallowed institution and the hundreds of thousands of Americans I am blessed to represent. I am the lowest-ranking Member of this body, the very bottom rung of the ladder; and I am privileged to hold that title. . .
- I pledge to walk in the shoes of my colleagues and refrain from name-calling or the questioning of character. It is easy to quickly sink to the lowest form of political debate. Harsh words often lead to headlines, but walking this path is not a victimless crime. This great House pays the price.
- So at this moment, I begin my tenure in this Chamber, uncertain of what history will say of my tenure here. I come here green with only a desire to make our great country even greater. We have much work to do. In that spirit, I pledge to each of you that any disagreements we may have are just that and no more. Walking in each other's shoes takes effort and pause; however, it is my sincere hope that I never lose the patience to view each of you as human beings first, God's creatures, and foremost. I deeply appreciate this opportunity to serve with each of you. I very much look forward to getting to know you better.
2006 re-election bid
Schmidt faced Democrat Victoria Wells Wulsin, a doctor from Indian Hill in the November general election. She only won by 2,800 votes (out of almost 240,000 votes cast)--a margin of 1.26%. This was the closest a Republican had come to losing the seat in 42 years. Schmidt held her seat by winning her home base in Clermont County by almost 8,000 votes.
During Schmidt's re-election bid there were several controversies, which affected her campaign. One was a March 2006 report about Schmidt's past claims that she had a B.A. in secondary education from the University of Cincinnati, awarded in 1986. Schmidt's defenders pointed out that neither her current official or campaign website had the second degree posted, and said that Schmidt had completed the requirements for the degree but never filed the paperwork to be awarded a diploma. On April 27, five days before the May 2 primary, the Ohio Elections Commission voted 7-0 to issue Schmidt a public reprimand for "false statements" for her claiming to have that second degree. The Commission also found that Schmidt had made false claims of being endorsed by several organizations, but that these did not warrant any reprimand.
Schmidt won the Republican primary with 33,314 votes to 29,611 votes for Bob McEwen, the former congressman who finished second in the special primary in 2005. The other two candidates received slightly fewer than 7,000 votes. In the Democratic primary, Wulsin received 10,250 votes, 37 percent of the total vote in that primary.
2008 re-election bid
On January 20, 2008, Schmidt received the Hamilton County Republican Party's endorsement for the March 4 Republican primary.
The Schmidt campaign sent out a fundraising letter accusing her Democratic opponent, Victoria Wulsin of harboring a "contempt for the culture of life" that led her to "participate in grotesque medical experiments" involving injections of "malaria virus" into AIDS patients in Africa and China without their consent. The Wulsin campaign vigorously denied the charges.
The "grotesque medical experiments" charge appears to be a reference to 2004 work that Wulsin did with the Heimlich Institute in Ohio. She examined data that was supplied to her as part of a literature review, taken from ongoing studies, of experimental AIDS therapies that Wulsin concluded had potential. "She never participated in any of the studies," said Wulsin communications director Kevin Franck. "She was never in a position to stop any of them while they were in progress ... Jean Schmidt knew that those complaints and those allegations had no merit when she mailed the letter." There is also no such thing as a malaria virus, as malaria is caused by protozoans.
Schmidt was struck by a hit and run driver while jogging, and was diagnosed with two broken ribs and two fractured vertebrae. The injuries were not diagnosed immediately after the accident. However, the week following the accident she was embarking on a weekend fact-finding visit to Afghanistan when severe pain caused her to pass out while landing at a U.S. Air Force Base in Germany. As a sign of respect, her Democratic opponent, Victoria Wulsin, suspended her campaign while Schmidt rested at home.
In 2008, Representative Schmidt won re-election to the United States Congress with just under 45% of the vote. She defeated Indian Hill Democrat Victoria Wells Wulsin (37.3%) and independent David Krikorian (17.3%).
Schmidt was being challenged by Democratic nominee Surya 'Chili' Yalamanchili, a former Procter & Gamble brand manager, and Libertarian nominee Marc Johnston. Schmidt won re-election with 58.6% of the vote.
Schmidt and her husband, Peter W. Schmidt have one child, a daughter, Emilie (born in 1978). A Roman Catholic, she has been a member of Elizabeth Ann Seton Church since 1978. She is a marathon runner.
Schmidt is a member of the Clermont County Chamber of Commerce, the Clermont County 20/20 Committee, Clermont County League of Women Voters, the Clermont County Agricultural Society, Clermont County Township Association, and the Milford-Miami Township Chamber of Commerce.
She was elected chairman of the Greater Cincinnati Right to Life organization in 2005. Schmidt is a trustee of the Clermont County Library, having previously served from 1980 to 1992 and 1994 to 2000. She was reappointed to the board in 2005. She is also a director of the Mercy Hospital Clermont Foundation Board.
- ^ a b SCHMIDT, Jean Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 26, 2007.
- ^ Penix, Len (28 Sep 1995). "Miami trustee visits Russia". Cincinnati Post: p. 1.
- ^ Penix, Len (14 Oct 1993). "A 'City of Miami' in doubt Township drive runs out of steam". Cincinnati Post: p. 1.
- ^ "Townships seek to fill trustee positions Departing leaders need replacements". Cincinnati Post: p. 2. 22 Nov 2000.
- ^ Steve Kemme (October 24, 2001). "District changes benefit suburbs". Cincinnati Enquirer. http://www.enquirer.com/editions/2001/10/24/loc_district_changes.html.
- ^ Tougher law on killer sentencing sought in Ohio November 14, 2002.
- ^ Debra Jasper (November 12, 2000). "Excited freshmen plan bills". Columbus Enquirer Bureau. http://www.enquirer.com/editions/2000/11/12/loc_excited_freshmen.html.
- ^ New Clermont clerk job on way June 30, 2003.
- ^ cincypost.com, "Ohio moves to end double dipping", February 9, 2001.
- ^ Concealed carry rules January 8, 2004.
- ^ Endorsements in GOP legislative races February 29, 2004.
- ^ Candidate Q&A: Ohio 14th District state Senate seat February 18, 2004.
- ^ cincypost.com, "A cloud of smoke", March 13, 2004.
- ^ 62-vote difference means a recount in state Senate March 3, 2004.
- ^ Lyle, Troy (01 July 2005:). "Hackett calls for an Ohio River cleanup". Cincinnati Post: p. 10.0.
- ^ "National Environmental Scorecard" (PDF). National Environmental Scorecard. http://www.lcv.org/images/client/pdfs/LCV_2006_Scorecard_final.pdf.
- ^ a b Cincinnati Right to Life newsletter April 2005. Retrieved October 26, 2007.
- ^ Horstman, Barry M. (08 July 2005). "Debate shows sharp divide". Cincinnati Post: p. 12.0.
- ^ Sewell, Dan (08 Aug 2005). "Marathon veteran captures House race". Ocala Star - Banner (Ocala, Fla).
- ^ Jean Schmidt cuts and runs, John Murtha doesn't on YouTube October 21, 2006.
- ^ Sidoti, Liz (19 Nov 2005). "Congress wages nasty war debate ; GOP forces House to vote on pullout; Democrats call it a ploy". Columbian (Vancouver, Wash): p. 2.
- ^ "Words Taken Down". http://www.c-span.org/guide/congress/glossary/wordtake.htm.
- ^ Congressional Record November 18, 2005.
- ^ Cloud, David S. (22 Nov 2005). "Lawmaker Returns Home, A Hawk Turned War Foe". New York Times: p. 14.
- ^ Collins, Michael (23 Nov 2005). "Schmidt regrets Murtha comment". Cincinnati Post: p. 1.0.
- ^ a b c "Schmidt gets reprimand: 'False statements' cited". Cincinnati Enquirer. April 28, 2006. http://news.enquirer.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20060428/NEWS01/604280402/1077.
- ^ Jean Schmidt's shifting bio (with update) March 31, 2006.
- ^ YouTube video showing Rep. Jean Schmidt (R-OH) talking to a woman at the Voice of America Tea Party September 5, 2009.
- ^ Jean Schmidt Not a Birther July 2009.
- ^ Jean Schmidt Must Go. The (Shawnee State) University Chronicle. Portsmouth, OH
- ^ "Niet compatibele browser". Facebook. http://www.facebook.com/notes.php?id=16146966396. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
- ^ Majors, Stephen (02 Oct 2009). "Candidate defends claims". Journal - Gazette (Ft. Wayne, Ind): p. C.4.
- ^ a b "Ohio Commission Issues Convoluted Split-Decision on Schmidt v. Krikorian Case | Asbarez Armenian News". Asbarez.com. 2009-10-02. http://asbarez.com/71401/ohio-commission-issues-convoluted-split-decision-on-schmidt-v-krikorian-case/. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
- ^ "Turkish American Legal Defense Fund Declares Legislative Victory in Sacramento". Taldf.com. 2009-10-02. http://www.taldf.com/ohio_100209.html. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
- ^ "Panel Rules Against Challenger in "Blood Money" Speech Dispute Against Lawmaker Backed By Turkish Interests - OpenSecrets Blog". OpenSecrets. 2009-10-08. http://www.opensecrets.org/news/2009/10/panel-rules-against-challenger.html. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
- ^ "Sibel Edmonds' Deposition: Video And Transcript Released - Jean Schmidt, Congress". Dailyradar.com. http://dailyradar.com/beltwayblips/story/sibel_edmonds_deposition_video_and_transcript_released/. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
- ^ http://news.cincinnati.com/article/20101021/NEWS0108/10220345/Krikorian-loses-election-suit
- ^ BRUNSMAN, BARRETT J. . Schmidt creating trust fund for legal expenses. cincinnati.com. 2010-07-30. URL:http://news.cincinnati.com/article/20100721/NEWS0108/7220343/Schmidt-creating-lawsuit-fund. Accessed: 2010-07-30. (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/5rc3RP4PM)
- ^ http://www.taldf.com/ohio_71210.html
- ^ "House Ethics Panel Confirms Two Investigations". The New York Times. 2011-07-01. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/02/us/02brfs-HOUSEETHICSP_BRF.html. Retrieved 2011-07-02.
- ^ "Meeks, Schmidt under scrutiny by ethics investigators". POLITICO. 2011-07-01. http://www.politico.com/blogs/glennthrush/0711/Meeks_Schmidt_under_investigation_by_ethics_investigators.html. Retrieved 2011-07-02.
- ^ Malia Rulon (July 1, 2011). "Ethics committee investigating Jean Schmidt". Cincinnati Enquirer. http://news.cincinnati.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/AB/20110701/NEWS0108/307010028.
- ^ Lipton, Eric (August 6, 2011). "Ethics Panel Takes Action in 3 Cases". The New York Times: pp. A12. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/06/us/politics/06ethics.html?_r=3. Retrieved 2011-08-13.
- ^ "CREW Requests Schmidt Investigation". Roll Call. 2011-10-27. http://www.rollcall.com/issues/57_49/CREW-Requests-Schmidt-Investigation-209808-1.html?pos=hbtxt. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
- ^ DeWine's name helps - and hurts June 1, 2005.
- ^ Jim Borgman cartoon June 2005.
- ^ Candidates toe the line on 'values' June 3, 2005.
- ^ The mud's flying in 2nd Dist. campaign June 5, 2005.
- ^ Dao, James (28 July 2005). "Iraq duty helps Democrat's election odds". International Herald Tribune (Paris): p. 4.
- ^ Cornwell, Lisa (16 June 2005). "Democrats see opportunity with Hackett". Cincinnati Post: p. 20.0.
- ^ Gottlieb, Martin (29 July 2005). "Hackett tests 2nd's Republicanism ; If the prophecies are right, it won't be because they're self- fulfilling". Dayton Daily News (Dayton, Ohio): p. 10.
- ^ Horstman, Barry M. (08 July 2005). "Debate shows sharp divide". Cincinnati Post: p. 12.0.
- ^ Hackett, Paul (23 July 2005). "The 2nd district candidates". Cincinnati Post: p. 13.0.
- ^ "Lawmakers fail to report dinner, football tickets". Cincinnati Post: p. 7.0. 09 July 2005.
- ^ Four face ethics probe July 8, 2005.
- ^ Debate shows differences July 8, 2005.
- ^ Schmidt chips in another $20K for home stretch July 22, 2005.
- ^ Schmidt has had lifelong drive to succeed July 24, 2005.
- ^ Anti-tax group, liberal PAC airing 'don't vote' message July 29, 2005.
- ^ FOP decries Hackett suit, endorses rival July 28, 2005.
- ^ Money pouring into race July 29, 2005.
- ^ Schmidt can't recall Ach favor July 30, 2005.
- ^ a b Schmidt for Congress: Republican offers better experience, fit for 2nd District July 31, 2005.
- ^ Budd, Lawrence (03 Aug 2005). "Schmidt prevails in race to take 2nd District seat". Dayton Daily News: p. 4.
- ^ Maiden Speech by the Honorable Jean Schmidt September 6, 2005.
- ^ "2006 Election Results". http://www.sos.state.oh.us/SOS/ElectionsVoter/results2006.aspx?Section=1849.
- ^ "Ohio representative's photo altered, opponent says". The Charleston Gazette (Charleston, W.V): p. 3C. 25 Aug 2006.
- ^ Schmidt gets endorsed by Hamilton Co. GOP January 20, 2008.
- ^ The TPM DOCUMENT COLLECTION - Jean Schmidt Fundraising Letter
- ^ House GOPer Accuses Dem Foe Of ... "Grotesque Medical Experiments" On Human Guinea Pigs, June 11, 2008. 
- ^ Schmidt's injuries worse than previously thought Dayton Daily News October 14, 2008.
- ^ "Rep. Schmidt Returns From Abroad After Feeling Injuries From Earlier Accident". Fox News. Fox News Network, LLC.. 2008-10-13. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,437041,00.html. Retrieved 2008-10-15.
- ^ "District 2 Race Toned Down After Schmidt Injury". WLWT.com. Internet Broadcasting Systems, Inc.. 2008-10-14. http://www.wlwt.com/news/17710234/detail.html?rss=cin&psp=news. Retrieved 2008-10-15.
- ^ Congresswoman Jean Schmidt Wins Re-Election November 5, 2008.
- ^ dcpolitical report on Ohio elections
- U.S. Congresswoman Jean Schmidt official U.S. House site
- Jean Schmidt for Congress official campaign site
- Profile on the Ohio Ladies' Gallery website
- Biography at WhoRunsGov.com at The Washington Post
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Voting record maintained by The Washington Post
- Biography, voting record, and interest group ratings at Project Vote Smart
- Congressional profile at GovTrack
- Congressional profile at OpenCongress
- Issue positions and quotes at On The Issues
- Financial information at OpenSecrets.org
- Staff salaries, trips and personal finance at LegiStorm.com
- Campaign finance reports and data at the Federal Election Commission
- Appearances on C-SPAN programs
- 2000, 2002, 2004 Campaign contributions at the National Institute for Money in State Politics
- Advocacy group ratings at The Hill
- Profile at SourceWatch
- Video of the "cowards cut and run" remark, from C-SPAN
United States House of Representatives Preceded by
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 2nd congressional district
United States order of precedence Preceded by
United States Representatives by seniority
Ohio's current delegation to the United States Congress Senators RepresentativesSteve Chabot (R), Jean Schmidt (R), Mike Turner (R), Jim Jordan (R), Bob Latta (R), Bill Johnson (R), Steve Austria (R), John Boehner (R), Marcy Kaptur (D), Dennis Kucinich (D), Marcia Fudge (D), Pat Tiberi (R), Betty Sutton (D), Steve LaTourette (R), Steve Stivers (R), Jim Renacci (R), Tim Ryan (D), Bob Gibbs (R) Other states'
- New Hampshire
- New Jersey
- New Mexico
- New York
- North Carolina
- North Dakota
- Rhode Island
- South Carolina
- South Dakota
- West Virginia
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