Hit and run (vehicular)

Hit and run (vehicular)

Hit-and-run is the crime of colliding with a person, their personal property (including their motor vehicle), or a fixture, and failing to stop and identify oneself afterwards.

Additional obligation

In many jurisdictions there may be an additional obligation to exchange information about one's financial responsibility (including any applicable insurance) or to summon emergency services if they are needed.

Legal consequences

Hit-and-run has severe legal consequences including the suspension or cancellation of one's driver's license, as well as imprisonment. Lifetime revocation of a driver license is possible in certain jurisdictions.

Cruelty to animals

In many jurisdictions, hitting an animal and leaving the scene without stopping counts as cruelty to animals. [cite web |url=http://tarlton.law.utexas.edu/dawson/cruelty/nh_cruel.htm |title=New Hampshire legislation |publisher=University of Texas |accessdate=2006-08-27] [cite web |url=http://tarlton.law.utexas.edu/dawson/cruelty/nh_cruel.htm |title=Washington legislation |publisher=University of Texas |accessdate=2006-08-27] Depending on the jurisdiction, sentences range from $200–$20,000 fines to imprisonment. [ [http://www.criminal-law-lawyer-source.com/terms/hit-run.html criminal-law-lawyer-source.com] ]


In the United Kingdom, the Department for Transport collects and publishes statistics and reports on accidents, including an analysis of hit-and-run accidents.cite web|url=http://www.dft.gov.uk/rmd/project.asp?intProjectID=10140
title=DfT Research: Statistical Analysis Of Accident Data II
author=Department for Transport
work=DfT Research Management Database

Their evidence indicates that hit and run accidents occur most often on roads with a speed limit of at most 40mph. On these roads, 8% of fatal accidents were hit-and-runs in 2002, rising to 14.7% of slight accidents. [in this context, a "slight accident" is one in which at least one person is injured, but no-one is killed or seriously injured.] However there is also a pronounced effect due to time of day; between 12am and 3am the number of slight accidents that were hit-and-runs rose to 20%.

Hit-and-run drivers were more likely to be driving vans than cars; to be young males; and were far more likely to fail a breathalyzer test than other drivers, if apprehended.

Country-specific penalties


Article 142 of the "Strafgesetzbuch" (penal code) hit-and-run ("illicit leaving of the scene of an accident") is punished with prison up to three years or a fine. Persons who have caused a traffic accident, or have contributed to it, have the duty to identify themselves to the victims or to other contributors. If the victim is not present (e.g. damage of a parking car) the one who caused the accident has to wait a certain time. If the victim doesn't appear, he has to leave his address or to report the accident to the police.

Different in that it applies not only to the perpetrator of an accident, article 323c states that "anyone" who fails to provide necessary help in an emergency can be punished with prison up to one year or a fine. This only applies if providing help is a "reasonable burden", that is when it can take place "especially without putting yourself in substantial danger or neglecting other important duties". Not being explicitly asked to help is, to the contrary, no acceptable reason not to do so. In a traffic accident for example, the actions expected would be 1. securing the site against follow-up accidents, 2. calling emergency services, and 3. providing first aid to your ability until professional help arrives.

Mainland China

Article 101 of the Road Traffic Safety Law of the People's Republic of China provides "lifetime revocation" of driver licenses for hit and run.


Administrative penalties

Article 62 of the Act Governing the Punishment of Violation of Road traffic Regulations () proclaimed on 28 December 2005 and effective on 1 July 2006 provides the following administrative penalties:

Section 1: Without personal injury and death, hit-and-run drivers of motor vehicles are subject to administrative fines of 1000 to 3000 new Taiwan dollars and suspension of their driver licenses for 1 to 3 months.

Section: 4: With minor personal injury, hit-and-run drivers of motor vehicles are subject to revocation of their driver licenses, for 1 year pursuant to Section 3 of Article 67. With serious personal injury or death, hit-and-run drivers of motor vehicles are subject to revocation of their driver licenses, for "lifetime" pursuant to Section 1 of Article 67, but Article 67-1 allows a possible waiver after serving the revocation for 12 years if the revocation involved personal death, or 10 years if involving serious personal injury.

Criminal penalty

With personal injury or death, hit-and-run drivers of motor vehicles are also subject to imprisonment of 6 months to 5 years pursuant to Article 185-4 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of China ().Hit and Run, although illegal, is seldom prosecuted on Taiwan.Drunk driving has a much more severe penalty so drunk drivers involved in accidents rarely stop to be tested.

Case law

On 13 September 1991 in the Taiwan Area, the Judicial Yuan of the Republic of China in its Interpretation 284 considered that revoking a driver license for vehicular hit and run involving personal injury or death would not violate the Constitution of the Republic of China. [ [http://www.judicial.gov.tw/constitutionalcourt/EN/p03_01.asp?expno=284 Judicial Yuan Interpretation 284] translated by Li-Chih Lin, Esq., J.D.]

On 19 October 2001 in the Taiwan Area, the Judicial Yuan of the Republic of China in its Interpretation 531 further considered that lifetime revocation of a driver license for vehicular hit and run involving personal injury or death would not violate the Constitution of the Republic of China. However, this Interpretation also suggested relevant authorities in charge to reconsider the lifetime revocation and consider reinstatement for rehabilitated drivers. [ [http://www.judicial.gov.tw/constitutionalcourt/EN/p03_01.asp?expno=531 Judicial Yuan Interpretation 531] translated by Li-Chih Lin, Esq., J.D.]

United States

The penalties (and the definition) of hit-and-run vary from state to state. [cite web|url=http://public.findlaw.com/traffic-ticket-violation-law/traffic-ticket-a-z/hit-and-run-laws.html|title=Leaving the Scene of an Accident/Hit and Run|work=Findlaw for the Public] For example, in Virginia, the crime is a felony if the accident causes death, injury, or damage to attended property in excess of a certain dollar amount; otherwise, it is a misdemeanor. [cite web|url=http://leg1.state.va.us/cgi-bin/legp504.exe?000+cod+46.2-894|title=Code of Virginia §46.2-894|work=LIS Code of Virginia Searchable Database]

ee also

*Road rage


External links

* [http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/us_and_americas/article4079491.ece "Video shows motorists leaving hit-and-run victim for dead"]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hit and run — typically refers to:*Hit and run (vehicular), the crime of failing to stop and identify oneself after a vehicular collision *Hit and run (baseball), a baseball play in which runners are in motion before the ball is hitHit and run may also refer… …   Wikipedia

  • hit-and-run — hit and runner, n. /hit n run /, adj., v., hit and ran, hit and running. adj. 1. guilty of fleeing the scene of an accident or injury one has caused, esp. a vehicular accident, thereby attempting to evade being identified and held responsible: a… …   Universalium

  • hit-and-run — hit′ and run′ adj. v. ran, run•ning 1) guilty of fleeing the scene of an accident one has caused, esp. a vehicular accident: a hit and run driver[/ex] 2) involving or resulting from such action or conduct: hit and run fatalities[/ex] 3) spo… …   From formal English to slang

  • Vehicular homicide — ( or sometimes known as Vehicular Manslaughter ) in most states in the United States, is a crime. In general, it involves death that results from the negligent operation of a vehicle, or that results from driving whilst committing an unlawful act …   Wikipedia

  • Run-off area — A run off area is an area on a racetrack that exists for racer safety. Run off areas are usually located along a race course in places that are the most likely places for racers to unintentionally depart from the prescribed course due to a… …   Wikipedia

  • tunnels and underground excavations — ▪ engineering Introduction        Great tunnels of the world Great tunnels of the worldhorizontal underground passageway produced by excavation or occasionally by nature s action in dissolving a soluble rock, such as limestone. A vertical opening …   Universalium

  • Cooper River Bridge Run — The Cooper Bridge in South Carolina The Cooper River Bridge Run is an annual 10 kilometer (6.2 mi) one way road running event held in the cities of Mount Pleasant and Charleston in South Carolina, on the first Saturday in April, unless it is …   Wikipedia

  • California v. Byers — SCOTUS Infobox Litigants=California v. Byers ArgueDate=December 8 ArgueYear=1970 DecideDate=May 17 DecideYear=1971 FullName=California v. Jonathan Todd Byers USVol=402 USPage=424 Citation=91 S.Ct. 1535, 29 L.Ed.2d 9 Prior=71 Cal.2d 1039, 80… …   Wikipedia

  • Health and Disease — ▪ 2009 Introduction Food and Drug Safety.       In 2008 the contamination of infant formula and related dairy products with melamine in China led to widespread health problems in children, including urinary problems and possible renal tube… …   Universalium

  • Uninsured motorist clause — An Uninsured Motorist Clause is a provision commonly found in United States automobile insurance policies that provides for a driver to receive damages for any injury they receive from an uninsured, negligent driver. The owner of the policy pays… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”