- Mental foramen
Bone: Mental foramen Mandible. Outer surface. Side view. (Mental foramen visible at left.) Latin foramen mentale Gray's subject #44 172
The mental foramen is one of two holes ("foramina") located on the anterior surface of the mandible. It permits passage of the mental nerve and vessels. The mental foramen descends slightly in edentulous individuals.
The most frequent position (63%) of the mental foramen is in line with the longitudinal axis of the 2nd premolar tooth. Multiple mental foramina are observed in 17% of the sides. Only (4%) of the mandibles show bilateral multiple mental foramina. The majority of the multiple foramina are unequal in size: a single large foramen while the others are small (satellite) foramina. An incisive mental foramen is observed in 1% of the sides.
- ^ Soikkonen K, Wolf J, Ainamo A, Xie Q. (November 1995). "Changes in the position of the mental foramen as a result of alveolar atrophy". J Oral Rehabil. 22 (11): 831–3. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2842.1995.tb00230.x. PMID 8558356.
- cranialnerves at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown University) (V)
- Roche Lexicon - illustrated navigator, at Elsevier 34256.000-1
- Roche Lexicon - illustrated navigator, at Elsevier 34256.000-2
- SUNY - lateral view
- SUNY - frontal view
- Diagram at uni-mainz.de
Bones of head and neck: the facial skeleton of the skull (TA A02.1.08–15, GA 2.156–177) MaxillaSurfacesProcessesOther Zygomatic PalatineFossaePlatesProcesses Mandible Minor/
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