Foramen ovale (skull)

Foramen ovale (skull)

Infobox Bone
Name = Foramen ovale of Sphenoid
Latin = foramen ovale ossis sphenoidalis
GraySubject = 35
GrayPage = 150



Caption = Sphenoid bone. Upper surface. (foramen ovale labeled at left, third from bottom)


Caption2 = Horizontal section of nasal and orbital cavities.
MeshName =
MeshNumber =
DorlandsPre = f_12
DorlandsSuf = 12373448
At the base of the skull the foramen ovale (Latin: oval window) is one of the larger of the several holes (the foramina) that transmit nerves through the skull. The foramen ovale is situated in the anterior part of the sphenoid bone, posteriolateral to the foramen rotundum.

Contents

Several nerves, arteries and veins pass through the foramen ovale. They are as follows:

* Lesser superficial petrosal nerve of (CN IX) (note: the lesser superficial petrosal nerve sometimes passes through a special canal ("canaliculus innominatus" of Arnold), situated medial to the foramen spinosum)
* Accessory meningeal artery (small meningeal or parvidural branch, sometimes derived from the middle meningeal artery)
* Mandibular nerve (the third branch (V3) of the trigeminal nerve)
* Emissary veins (from the cavernous sinus to the pterygoid plexus)

The contents of this foramen neatly form the mnemonic 'LAME'.

The otic ganglion is situated directly under the foramen, but is also transmitted through the foramen ovale.

Morphology and morphometry

Similar to other foramina, the foramen ovale differs in shape and size throughout the natural life. The earliest perfect ring-shaped formation of the foramen ovale was observed in the 7th fetal month and the latest in 3 years after birth, in a study using over 350 skulls. cite journal | author=Yanagi S | title=Developmental studies on the foramen rotundum, foramen ovale and foramen spinosum of the human sphenoid bone | journal=The Hokkaido Journal of Medical Science | year=1987 | pages=485–96 | volume=62 | issue=3 | pmid=3610040]
In a study conducted on 100 skulls, the foramen ovale was divided into 2 or 3 components in 4.5% of the cases. The borders of the foramen in some skulls were also irregular and rough. This may suggest, based on radiological images, the presence of morbid changes, which might be the sole anatomical variation in the foramina ovale of humans. (Reymond et al.) cite journal | author=Reymond J, Charuta A, Wysocki J | title=The morphology and morphometry of the foramina of the greater wing of the human sphenoid bone | journal=Folia Morphologica | year=2005 | pages=188–93 | volume=64 | issue=3 | pmid=16228954]

In newborn, the foramen ovale is about 3.85 mm and in the adults about 7.2 mm in length. The average maximal length is about 7.48 mm and its average minimal length is 4.17 mm in the adult. The width extends from 1.81 mm in the newborn to 3.7 mm in adults.cite journal | author=Yanagi S | title=Developmental studies on the foramen rotundum, foramen ovale and foramen spinosum of the human sphenoid bone | journal=The Hokkaido Journal of Medical Science | year=1987 | pages=485–96 | volume=62 | issue=3 | pmid=3610040] cite journal | author=Lang J, Maier R, Schafhauser O | title=Postnatal enlargement of the foramina rotundum, ovale et spinosum and their topographical changes | journal=Anatomischer Anzeiger | year=1984 | pages=351–87 | volume=156 | issue=5 | pmid=6486466]


=Additional

References

ee also

* Foramina of skull

External links

*
* (NormanAnatomyFig|IX)
*
*
* [http://zemlin.shs.uiuc.edu/Skull/slide-Pages/10.htm Adult skull as seen from beneath at uiuc.edu]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Foramen ovale — There are multiple structures in the human body with the name foramen ovale (plural: foramina ovalia; Latin for oval hole ): In the fetal heart, the foramen ovale (heart) is a shunt from the right atrium to left atrium. At the base of the skull,… …   Wikipedia

  • Foramen spinosum — Infobox Bone Name = Foramen spinosum of Sphenoid Latin = GraySubject = 35 GrayPage = 150 Caption = Sphenoid bone. Upper surface. (foramen spinosum labeled left, second from bottom.) Caption2 = Base of the skull. Upper surface. (Sphenoid is yellow …   Wikipedia

  • Foramen rotundum — Infobox Bone Name = Foramen rotundum of Sphenoid Latin = foramen rotundum ossis sphenoidalis GraySubject = 35 GrayPage = 150 Caption = Sphenoid bone. Upper surface. (Foramen rotundum labeled at center left) Caption2 = Base of the skull. Upper… …   Wikipedia

  • Foramen magnum — Bone: Foramen magnum Occipital bone. Inner surface. Gray s subject #31 129 …   Wikipedia

  • Foramen — In anatomy, a foramen (pl. foramina) is any opening. ExampleskullSee Foramina of skullOther* the apical foramen is the hole at the tip of the root of a tooth. * the foramen ovale (heart) is a hole between the venous and arterial sides of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Base of the skull — The base of the skull (lat. basis cranii) is the most inferior area of the skull.tructuresStructures found at the base of the skull are for example: *Foramen magnum *Foramen ovale (skull)Bones*Ethmoid bone *Sphenoid bone *Occipital bone *Frontal… …   Wikipedia

  • Foramina of the skull — Bone: Foramina of the skull Base of the skull. Upper surface …   Wikipedia

  • Mastoid foramen — Bone: Mastoid foramen Left temporal bone. Inner surface. (Mastoid foramen labeled at bottom left.) …   Wikipedia

  • Sphenoidal emissary foramen — Infobox Bone Name = Sphenoidal emissary foramen Latin = Foramen venosum GraySubject = 35 GrayPage = 150 Caption = Sphenoid bone. Upper surface. (Sphenoidal emissary foramen labeled at left, fourth from bottom.) Caption2 = Base of the skull. Upper …   Wikipedia

  • Mental foramen — Bone: Mental foramen Mandible. Outer surface. Side view. (Mental foramen visible at left.) Latin foramen mentale Gray s …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”